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Culture and Psychology

Addresses the centrality of culture necessary for a basic understanding of the psychology of human beings, social conduct and intersubjective experiences.

matsumoto

behavior

cognition psychology

clinical psychology

social psychology

converging perspectives

gender psychology

different regions

interests

controversies

People with mental health problems can get better but may not recover completely.

  • True
  • False

Use your differences in _____ ways.

  • Helpful

Political scientists attempt to analyze and understand historic political patterns in addition to specific political events.

Concepts of Functionalism
Concepts of Functionalism
  • a. Economics
  • b. none of the above
  • c. Sociology
  • d. history

A common diagnosis of individuals in mental hospitals, and it was often evidenced by symptoms like hallucinations and delusions, indicating a loss of contact with reality.

  • Psychosis

. According to the ________ theory of emotion, emotional experiences arise from physiological arousal.

  • a. Darwinian
  • b. Cannon-Bard
  • c. James-Lange
  • d. Schachter-Singer two-factor

Psychological processes do not influence culture since it is a subjective aspect of a person. True or Fale?

  • True
  • False

It was also used, and the way the treatment was administered often broke patients’ backs.

  • Electroshock

It asserts that emotions arise from physiological arousal.

  • James-Lange Theory

Because Western-based personality assessments cannot fully capture the personality constructs of other cultures, the indigenous model has led to the development of personality assessment instruments that are based on constructs relevant to the culture being studied

  • True
  • False

The psychological process that gives behavior purpose and direction.

  • Motivation

Political scientists usually organize the study of their own country into a separate sub discipline, so within the United States, it is recognized as its own specialty.

  • american politics

It can be achieved through reconciling personal interests with organizational goals.

  • Co-ordination

True or False. Partners in a growing relationship continue to grow individually.

  • True
  • False

It requires group health plans and insurers to make sure there is parity of mental health services.

  • Mental health parity and addiction equity act of 2008

The feelings we have toward different aspects of the work environment.

  • Work attitudes

It is the art, science, and practice of effectively managing government.

  • Public Administration

The first institutions created for the specific purpose of housing people with psychological disorders, but the focus was ostracizing them from society rather than treating their disorders.

  • Asylums

It involves the study of how people participate in political processes and respond to political activity.

  • Political behavior

It states that employees strive for equity between themselves and other workers.

  • Adam's theory

It involves the study of specific policy problems and governmental responses to them.

  • Public policy

The most common mental problem treatment in the past, often conducted by priests or other religious figures.

  • Exorcism

It is a process that makes possible the coexistence of difference and conflict.

  • politics

She argues, ‘if we want people to be free we must always allow for the possibility that conflict may appear and provide an arena where differences can be confronted’.

  • chantal mouffe

Some things aren’t worth fighting about, and some times are bad times for fighting. True or False?

  • True
  • False

Trauma or abuse is an example of what mental health contributor?

  • Life experiences

It is which in Filipino directly refers to the wealth of ideas referred to by the philosophical concept of ‘essence’ and an entire range of psychological concepts from awareness to motives to behavior’’.

  • diwa

It is the expression of emotion in terms of body position or movement.

  • Body language

They often encourage their children to talk with them about their problems, but they usually don't put much effort into discouraging poor choices or bad behavior.

  • Permissive parents

Positive mental health allows people to work unproductively. True or False?

  • True
  • False

The most important aspect of Sikolohiyang Pilipino definition.

  • Filipino Orientation

The reason why we need motivated employees.

  • Survival

It involves the study of philosophical thought about politics from ancient Greece to the present.

  • political theory

Every culture includes a somewhat different web of patterns and meanings.

  • True
  • False

They don't devote much time or energy into meeting children's basic needs.

  • Uninvolved parents

Despite different emotional display rules, our ability to recognize and produce facial expressions of emotion appears to be universal.

  • True
  • False

In this phase of learning, the learner begins to gain skill in performing the task.

  • Fixation learning phase

Motivated employees are less productive.

  • True
  • False

It is more idealistic and hopeful, emphasizing the problem-solving abilities of international institutions.

  • liberalism

Strong emotional responses are not associated with strong physiological arousal.

  • True
  • False

It views learning as a function of the whole person and believe that learning cannot take place unless both the cognitive and affective domains are involved.

  • Humanist learning theory

Jose Rizal and Apolinario Mabini expressed satisfaction at the pejorative interpretations of Filipino behavior by Western observers.

  • True
  • False

Genes or brain chemistry is an example of what mental health contributor?

  • Biological factor

True or False. Couple should allow their partner to be perfect.

  • True
  • False

A kind of parenting that use punishments instead of discipline.

  • Authoritarian

Sometimes people in this kind of relationship fought even before they got married.

  • Conflicted

Yelling or fighting with family and friends is an early warning sign of mental problem.

  • True
  • False

Today, most people suffering from mental illnesses are not hospitalized.

  • True
  • False

It is the basic source of culture.

  • People

Family history of mental health problems is not a factor for mental health problem.

  • True
  • False

Public administrators are also known as what?

  • bureaucrats

Republicans are more likely to promote free-market policies such as tax breaks and business deregulation, while Democrats favor business regulation and government intervention as a way of promoting economic equality.

  • a. none of the above
  • b. Economics
  • c. history
  • d. Sociology

The study of power in government —who gets what, and how.

  • Politics

He argued for more humane treatment of the mentally ill during the 1700’s.

  • Philippe Pinel

He argues for the need to identify ‘the affirmative dimension of contestation'.

  • bonnie honig

Children with this kind of parents are likely to struggle with self-esteem issues.

  • Uninvolved

A product of the way individuals learn to coordinate desirable and useful activities with others.

  • Culture

Refers to a prolonged, less intense, affective state that does not occur in response to something we experience.

  • Mood

It was run by state governments and local community hospitals focused on short-term care in replaced of asylum.

  • Psychiatric hospital

The most important aspect of Sikolohiyang Pilipino.

  • filipino orientation

It has long played a major role in human behavior and has led to the rapid spread of fashions and ideas in clothing, food, music, and forms of recreation.

  • technology

It denotes willing co-operation of the employees towards their work and getting them into confidence and winning their trust.

  • Morale

According to this theory, emotions are composed of two factors: physiological and cognitive.

  • Schacter-singer two-factor theory

In many Asian cultures, social harmony is prioritized over individual gain.

  • True
  • False

In this phase of learning, the patient learns the overall picture of what the task is and the sequences involved.

  • Cognitive phase

It is achieved when the ratio of employee outcomes over inputs is equal to other employee outcomes over inputs.

  • Equity

It is designed to provide young people with the experiences necessary to adapt to the demands of modern society by providing a broad array of cultural knowledge of specific topics (e.g., reading, mathematics, and science) but also knowledge of how people interact with one another.

  • School

It is based on the belief that employee effort will lead to performance and performance will lead to rewards.

  • Adam's theory

It is now called electroconvulsive treatment, and the therapy is still used, but with safeguards and under anesthesia.

  • Electroshock

It is define as the stock, or supply of materials, assets, money and staff, that people used to function effectively.

  • Resources

The means through which we not only acquire skills and knowledge but values, attitudes, and emotional reactions as well.

  • Emotion

They are required to develop future visions, and to motivate the organizational members to want to achieve the visions.

  • Leaders

Early mentally ill person treated very poorly. True or False?

  • True
  • False

Facebook and Twitter are examples of what element of culture?

  • Objective element

Argued that lower level needs had to be satisfied before the next higher level need would motivate employees.

  • Maslow

Emotion is not only displayed through facial expression.

  • True
  • False

Asserted that some emotions occur separately from or prior to our cogniti. ve interpretation of them, such as feeling fear in response to an unexpected loud sound.

  • Zajonc

Refers to the psychology born out of the experience, thought and orientation of the Filipinos, based on the full use of Filipino culture and language.

  • Sikolohiyang Pilipino or Filipino Psychology

The study of government and power is confined to political science.

  • True
  • False

She led reform efforts for mental health care in the United States.

  • Dorothea Dix

He embarked on a research into the historical and cultural roots of Philippine Psychology.

  • Virgilio Gaspar Enriquez

It asserts that facial expressions are capable of influencing our emotions, meaning that smiling can make you feel happier.

  • Facial feedback hypothesis

A process by which an executive can direct, guide and influence the behavior and work of others towards accomplishment of specific goals in a given situation.

  • Leadership

Here, the partners continue to enjoy each other and to build their relationship.

  • Growing

All settings for learning, including schools, are socially constructed contexts shaped by culture.

  • True
  • False

Started in 1954, these proved a tremendous help in controlling the symptoms of certain psychological disorders, such as psychosis.

  • Antipsychotic medications

Once a desired behavior is established, intermittent reinforcement loses the behavior.

  • True
  • False

Individuals suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder have been shown to have reduced volumes of the ________.

  • a. hypothalamus
  • b. thalamus
  • c. amygdala
  • d. hippocampus

IDENTIFICATION: It is based on the belief that employee effort will lead to performance and performance will lead to rewards.

  • Vroom's theory

The beliefs, values, behavior, and material objects that constitute a people’s way of life.

  • Culture

The basic source of culture.

  • People

A process of afflicting small hole in the individual’s skull to release spirits from the body.

  • Trephining

Partners in a worn out relationship are committed to a strong marriage. True or False?

  • True
  • False

According to this view, physiological arousal and emotional experience occur simultaneously, yet independently.

  • Cannon-Bard Theory

A leader has to not only supervise but also play a guiding role for the subordinates.

  • Providing guidance

The study of political science is motivated by the need to understand the sources and consequences of political stability and revolution, of repression and liberty, of equality and inequality, of war and peace, of democracy and dictatorship.

  • True
  • False

Refers to the intricacies of raising a child and not exclusively for a biological relationship.

  • Parenting

A cultural display rule dictates the types and frequencies of emotional displays considered acceptable within a certain culture

  • True
  • False

A culturally recognized union between people, called spouses that establishes rights and obligations between them.

  • Marriage

Pulling away from people and usual activities is an early sign of bad mental health. True or False?

  • True
  • False

According to the ________ theory of emotion, emotional experiences arise from physiological arousal.

  • a. James-Lange
  • b. Darwinian
  • c. Cannon-Bard
  • d. Schachter-Singer two-factor

Does culture can be learned? Yes or no?

  • Yes

It asserts that our emotions are determined by our appraisal of the stimulus.

  • Cognitive-mediational theory

People who live in this kind of cultures tend to believe that independence, competition, and personal achievement are important.

  • Individualist

It is an important factor which can be achieved through expressing the work efforts to the subordinates, explaining them clearly their role and giving them guidelines to achieve the goals effectively.

  • Confidence

They are also known as "area specialists".

  • political scientists

The more negative the reward the more likely the employee will be highly motivated.

  • True
  • False

It simply states those employees' behaviors that lead to positive outcomes will be repeated and behaviors that lead to negative outcomes will not be repeated.

  • Skinner's theory

The core of the behaviorist approach.

  • Reinforcement

A leader should treat employees on humanitarian terms.

  • True
  • False

Leadership is situation bound.

  • True
  • False

This parent usually takes on more of a friend role than a parent role.

  • Permissive

The process by which a person adopts the behavior patterns of the culture he lives in.

  • Enculturation

This approach seeks to test Western ideas about personality in other cultures to determine whether they can be generalized and if they have cultural validity.

  • Cultural-Comparative

Considered as the way of life of people.

  • Culture

Two systematic ways in which companies can track work attitudes: through attitude surveys and what?

  • Exit interview

These are the elements that do not survive people as physical artifacts.

  • Subjective

Which of the following is not one of the seven universal emotions described in this chapter?

  • a. anger
  • b. disgust
  • c. melancholy
  • d. contempt

This is an approach whereby they value social harmony, respectfulness, and group needs over individual needs.

  • Collectivist

It involves the study of the politics of different countries.

  • Comparative politics

It is about the study of relations of organisms to one another and to their physical surrounding.

  • Ecology

The study of the interactions between nations, international organizations, and multinational corporations.

  • International Relations

They invest time and energy into preventing behavior problems before them start.

  • Authoritative parents

Political scientists also study the social bases of politics.

  • a. none of the above
  • b. history
  • c. Economics
  • d. Sociology

The principal emphasis of Sikolohiyang Pilipino is to foster national identity and consciousness, social involvement, and psychology of language and culture.

  • True
  • False

There is some evidence that men and women may differ in regulation of emotions

  • True
  • False

Asserted that some emotions occur separately from or prior to our cognitive interpretation of them, such as feeling fear in response to an unexpected loud sound.

  • Zajonc

It means looking for the indigenous psychology from within the culture itself and not just clothing a foreign body with a local dress.

  • indigenization from within

Also called as intrinsic factors, such as achievement and recognition, that produces job satisfaction.

  • Motivator

Complete the statement: Talk to findAnswer

  • rather than to blame or hurt your spouse.

There may be gender differences involved in emotional processing.

  • True
  • False

It is the combined approach, which serves as a bridge between Western and indigenous psychology as a way of understanding both universal and cultural variations in personality.

  • Cross-cultural studies

There is no best style of leadership. It all depends upon tackling with the situations.

  • True
  • False

Considered to be acceptable human behavior varies from culture to culture and from time period to time period.

  • True
  • False

Cultures do not differ in the social consequences that they assign to different emotions.

  • True
  • False

Factors that contribute to mental health are biological factors, family history and _____

  • Life experiences

This is an approach whereby the theoretical framework and methodology emerge from the experiences of the people from the indigenous culture.

  • Indigenization from within

It was found out that people in individualist cultures displayed more personally oriented personality traits, whereas people in collectivist cultures displayed more socially oriented personality traits.

  • True
  • False

Research suggests that we are quite sensitive to the emotional information communicated through body language, even if we’re not consciously aware of it.

  • True
  • False

It emphasizes the positive aspect of conflict and, as such, does not see the reconciliation of difference or the resolution of conflict as the only desirable outcomes of politics.

  • Agonism

He simply states those employees' behaviors that lead to positive outcomes will be repeated and behaviors that lead to negative outcomes will not be repeated.

  • Skinner

It includes our emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It affects how we think, feel, and act.

  • Mental health

There is some evidence that men and women may differ in regulation of emotions.

  • True
  • False

It came about in reaction to the dominance of Western approaches to the study of personality in non-Western settings.

  • Indigenous approach

At one time the spouses may have enjoyed each other, but then the excitement died away.

  • Worn out

Which of the following theories of emotion would suggest that polygraphs should be quite accurate at differentiating one emotion from another?

  • a. James-Lange theory
  • b. Cannon-Bard theory
  • c. Darwinian theory
  • d. Schachter-Singer two-factor theory
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