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The study of the mind and behavior, exploring various topics such as cognition, emotions, and mental health to understand human thought processes and actions.
















______ is the most common reason victims report for why they did not report a crime to police.

  • Private or personal matter
  • Fear
  • Involvement
  • Unsuccessful crime/property returned

What percentage of cases reported to police are actually discovered to be false?

  • Fewer than 5%
  • 5%
  • 34%
  • 12.5%

Which type of victimization suggests that a person has been a victim of the same crime more than once?

  • Repeat victimization
  • Recurring victimization
  • Revictimization
  • Near-repeat victimization

Interaction between genes and the environment

  • Epigenotic theory
  • Epegenetic theory
  • Epigenetic theory

Split brain operations are done to

  • shrink tumors
  • increase memory
  • help speech disorders
  • help stop seizures

Which type of elder abuse occurs when a caretaker illegally or improperly uses an elderly person's property or funds?

  • Power of attorney abuse
  • Neglect
  • Financial exploitation
  • Emotional abuse

Where participants are misled or wrongly informed about the aims of the research, this is referred to as

  • deception

Which of the following is a cost of victimization?

  • Mental health issues
  • Money spent by the CJS preventing and responding to crime
  • Fear of being a victim
  • All of the above

What was the CR in Pavlov's research?

  • salivation

Noam Chomsky argues that the mind processes information as to what?

  • Mental images
  • Subconscious impulses
  • Visual cues
  • Computational formulas

When was DSM-5 published?

  • May 13, 2018
  • May 18, 2013
  • March 13, 2018
  • March 18, 2018

The most common violent crime according to the NCVS is _______.

  • Simple assault
  • Homicide
  • Rape
  • Aggravated assault

As a whole, what kind of responses to gun- and gang-related homicides have been successful in decreasing homicide rates?

  • Court
  • Community
  • Police
  • Restorative justice

How do victimologists determine who is more likely to be a victim today?

  • Look at official data (UCR)
  • Victimization surveys (NCVS)
  • Victimization is more prevalent than previously thought
  • All of the above

Who researched rats in a box?

  • Skinner

Positive Education brings positive psychology's goals of well-being and _____________ health support for everyone into the school setting

  • mental

Parent-led activities during the "new normal" shows great time for the parents to teach their children to _____________

  • cook or bake
  • sing and dance
  • study a musical instrument
  • all of the choices

Clare gets fired and blames her job loss on her co-workers. This is an example of which defense mechanism?

  • Rationalization
  • Denial
  • Displacement
  • Projection

During the Middle Ages, this is a mental disorder in which the patient is believed to be a wolf or some other nonhuman animal.

  • tarantism
  • St. Vitus' dance
  • lycanthropy
  • lunacy or non compos mentis

Alexis is angry with Matt, but eventually, she becomes friends with him and is nice to him. This is an example of what defense mechanism?

  • Reaction Formation
  • Rationalization
  • Repression
  • Projection

Turanovic and Pratt (2014) found that victims with ______ are less likely than others to change their risky behaviors than those with higher levels.

  • Low levels of anxiety
  • Low levels of depression
  • Low levels of anger
  • Low self-control

In the year 2012, Christian and Muslim groups protested during Lady Gaga's concert in the Philippines. They criticized Gaga's provocative lyrics and risqué costumes. For a widely Christian and Muslim country, these Filipinos see such attitudes and behaviors as deviant. Which criteria correctly describes the situation?

  • Those Filipino and Muslim groups see Lady Gaga's attitudes and behaviors as culturally typical.
  • Lady Gaga's behaviors and attitudes is discriminatory.
  • Lady Gaga is dangerous.
  • Those Filipino groups see Lady Gaga's attitudes and behaviors as inappropriate for them.

A practice during the first half of 19th century which includes treating institutionalized patients as normally as possible in a setting that encouraged and reinforced normal social interaction.

  • Moral Therapy
  • Mental Hygiene Movement
  • Psychoanalysis
  • Humanistic-Existential Therapy

Which measure of crime includes only crimes reported to the police?

  • National Crime Victimization Survey
  • Uniform Crime Reports
  • International Crime Victims Survey
  • Monitoring the Future Survey

Psychologists are interested in a number of things, such as_________________________.

  • How a person grows and matures.
  • Learning, memory, growth and development.
  • What someone has inherited from their parents.

There are ______ stages of psychosocial development

  • 8
  • 9
  • 6
  • 7

The idea that psychology should focus on the objective and scientific study of behavior

  • Neknek mo
  • Behavioral theory
  • Social cultural theory

Kung tatakbo ba kong president boboto mo b ko

  • Oo
  • Hindi

Identify an ethical concern associated with the experiment.

  • [No Answer]

What is Sports Psychology? Pick two

  • How factors influence athletic performance
  • Analysing movement
  • How psychological factors influence exercise
  • How psychological factors influence athletic performance

For victims of sex crimes, which type of programs seemed to increase the likelihood that a victim would be able to reduce subsequent sexual victimizations?

  • Risk recognition programs
  • Self-defense programs
  • Clery act
  • Bystander programs

Adolescents are faced with conflicts as 'who they are'. The concept refers to

  • Adolescent Egocentrism
  • Personal Fable
  • Identity Confusion
  • Imaginary Audience

_Select three (3) examples of Altered states of consciousness:

  • Hypnosis
  • Hallucination
  • Meditation
  • Dreams
  • Dreams

Which of these descriptions most accurately relates to the traditional role cognitive psychologists typically play in psychology?

  • Studying in the ways cognitive processes change throughout the lifespan.
  • Studying mental processes and how they relate to perception, attention, and decision making.
  • Studying the mental processes involved in thinking about others and their social interactions
  • Studying the association between mental processing and brain activity.

According to LaViolette and Barnett, there are two steps that are critical for the victim to leave the abuser and become a survivor and they are

  • Breaking the isolation of abuse and having a supportive and encouraging person in their life
  • Consulting with clergy and receiving counseling about how to deal with violence in the home
  • Joint counseling between the victim and abuser and supportive law enforcement
  • None of the above

Your central nervous system is made up of your...

  • Brain and spinal chord
  • Brain only
  • Brain and neurons
  • Brain, neuron, and nerves

What does the population heterogeneity perspective state?

  • Victimization and offending are not related
  • Victimization and offending both stem from risk lifestyles
  • Victimization and offending both stem from biological factors
  • Victimization and offending both are related to personality characteristics or environmental factors

Which of the following crimes is not an eligible crime for which victims can apply for victim compensation?

  • Rape
  • Homicide
  • Burglary
  • Drunk driving

Researchers must ensure that those taking part in research will not be caused distress. They must be protected from ________________ and _____________ harm.

  • social
  • physical
  • anti-social
  • mental

Sexual violence includes ________.

  • Unwanted sexual contact
  • Sexual coercion
  • Rape
  • All of these

Tony's friends confront him about his excess drinking, but he thinks he doesn't have a problem. Bill is experiencing:

  • Denial
  • Repression
  • Rationalization
  • Projection

As indicated in the LaViolette and Barnett book, the battering control pattern, as defined by Adams, includes

  • Intimidation and pressure
  • The withholding of financial or emotional support
  • The issuance of ultimatums and accusations
  • All of the above

What is a Dependent Variable?

  • It is measured
  • It is changed

One of the overarching goals of the victims' rights movement was to increase _______ and consultation by victims in all stages of the criminal justice system.

  • Participation
  • Representation
  • Compensation
  • Observation

What is the main reason that people with mental illness may choose not to report a crime?

  • Afraid they will not be believed
  • Unaware that a crime has occurred
  • Do not want to be mistreated by criminal justice personnel
  • Do not feel the crime is worthy of reporting

What type of conditioning did the rat studies demonstrate?

  • operant

Which of the following is not a common victims' right given by all the states?

  • Right to compensation
  • Notification of rights
  • Victim case worker
  • Notification of court appearances

Give an example of subjective quantitative measure.

  • [No Answer]



After the research is over the participant should be able to discuss the procedure and the findings with the psychologist. This is called

  • briefing
  • debriefing

Which 2 organs which make up the nervous system?

  • [No Answer]

What is intrinsic motivation?

  • Exercising because it feels good
  • Exercising for competing against someone
  • Exercising to win a medal
  • Exercising to win money

Refers to a progressive series of changes in an orderly and coherent type towards the goal of maturity

  • Development
  • Progressive
  • Maturation
  • Learning

The most common type of victimization to occur in K-12 schools is _________.

  • Theft
  • Robbery
  • Aggravated assault
  • Sexual assault

The founder of the practice of hypnotism.

  • Franz Anton Mesmer
  • Jean-Martin Charcot
  • Sigmund Freud
  • Josef Breuer

______ occurs when a perpetrator says something or makes sounds that are intentionally condescending, sexual, or abusive.

  • Verbal abuse
  • Visual abuse
  • Sexual coercion
  • Unwanted sexual contact

Leaving a purse or wallet in plain view and then having it stolen is an example of ________.

  • Victim facilitation
  • Victim precipitation
  • Victim provocation

What are some effects of sleep deprivation/inadequate sleep?

  • [No Answer]

What does cognitive mean?

  • refers to thinking, conscious and mental processes
  • being aware of your surroundings
  • being able to take in information from your environment (e.g. sight)
  • studying the brain and human behaviour

what is psychology

  • study of behaviour
  • study of mind
  • study of soul

According to LaViolette and Barnett, effective prevention of IPV includes

  • Changing the prevailing model of masculinity
  • Training women to overlook their partners flaws
  • Training women across the globe to accept the violence they cannot change
  • Increasing patriarchal controls over women

What do we study today in Victimology?

  • The crime victim
  • The offender
  • The crime itself
  • The laws surrounding punishment of offender

Which act provided funding to process the backlog of rape kits?

  • Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act
  • Justice for All Act
  • Victims' Rights Clarification Act
  • Federal Victim Witness Protection Act

Homicide research demonstrates that anywhere up to ______ of homicide victims had previous offending records.

  • 50%
  • 10%
  • 20%
  • 30%

Types of PerceptionA) Visual PerceptionB) Auditory perceptionC) Aromatic PerceptionD) Perception of Taste and TouchE) Perception of sweat

  • a,b,c,d
  • a,b,c,d,e
  • Only a,b,c
  • Only a,b,e

A man is a victim of an armed robbery at 19, and then suffers an assault at the hands of his girlfriend when he is 20. This is an example of _______.

  • Recurring victimization
  • Repeat victimization
  • Poly-victimization
  • Near-repeat victimization

_______ principle suggests that retribution is the key to justice.

  • Habeas corpus
  • Modus operandi
  • Mens rea
  • Lex talionis

The brain's ability to modify and adapt it's structure/function throughout life is called...

  • neuroplasticity

Middle school 6-12 years is called what?

  • Trust vs. Mistrust
  • Industry vs. Inferiority
  • Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
  • Idenitity vs. Idenitity Confussion

What is the difference between Insomnia and Narcolepsy?

  • [No Answer]

What is true about " Bottleneck theory"?

  • can also be understood as "early selection model of attention"
  • Image:
  • is named because of its physical characteristics
  • filter helps to transmit information faster from every source
  • Image:
  • filter helps to transmit information faster from every source
  • Image:

A child is hit by his parents and bullied by students at school. This is an example of ______.

  • Poly-victimization
  • Near-repeat victimization
  • Repeat victimization
  • Revictimization

Victimologists use the scientific method to answer questions about ________.

  • Offenders
  • Abusers
  • Victims
  • All of these

Identify the personality.

  • Avni Chaturvedi
  • Gunjan saxena
  • kalpana chavla
  • Sreemathi rajan

According to Krakauer ______ could be blamed for rape scandal

  • The University of Montana
  • The Missoula Police Department
  • The Missoula County Attorney's Office
  • All of the above

What percentage of victims reported rapes that fell under categories of drug- or alcohol-facilitated or incapacitated rapes?

  • 5%
  • 10%
  • 33%
  • 20%

This refers to the study of abnormal behavior across the entire age span.

  • Abnormal Psychology
  • Developmental Psychopathology
  • Lifespan Developmental Psychopathology
  • Psychopathology

Erikson's Preschool age (3-6yrs) is called what?

  • Initiative vs. Guilt
  • Atuonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
  • Industry bs. Intergerity
  • Ego integrity vs. despair

any action that people can observe or measure

  • behavior
  • psychology
  • sociology
  • cognition

According to the appendices included in the book by LaViolette and Barnett, the most likely victims of murder by partner are

  • Men
  • Women
  • Children
  • None of the above

Middle Adulthood is called what?

  • 40-64
  • Generativity vs. Stagnation
  • Integrity vs. Despair
  • Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt

The average is also known as....

  • mean
  • median
  • mode

Investigations in psychology can be classified as either qualitative or quantitative. Each style of investigation has advantages and disadvantages. Describe one advantage of qualitative investigations.

  • [No Answer]

According to LaViolette and Barnett, the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 led to a criminal justice and societal response in five major areas (it had five Titles) including

  • Safe streets for women
  • Childcare for victims
  • Monetary payment to victims/survivors
  • All of the above

Psychologists study human _______________________ by observing and measuring how people act.

  • behavior
  • natural
  • bilogy
  • none of the above

The most common act of bullying students experienced was _______.

  • Being made fun of
  • Being threatened
  • Having a personal item taken from them
  • Physical bullying

Which statement is TRUE about "Cognitive Motivation"?

  • is driven by an interest which exists within individuals
  • external factors can create motivation
  • need training and basic education
  • we cannot reduce our inner motivation

The most common property crime according to the NCVS is ______.

  • Theft
  • Burglary
  • Robbery
  • Arson

There is this girl at work who I hate so much. She's intimidating, disrespectful, and offensive. Strangely, she's now one of my best friends, and we get on really well.

  • Sublimation
  • Rationalization
  • Reaction Formation
  • Projection

Freud (1900) considered dreams to be the royal road to the unconscious:

  • True
  • False

Which among the following is not a criteria of abnormal behavior?

  • dysfunction
  • disease
  • dangerousness
  • distress

Consultation may also occur before an offender is ________.

  • Paroled
  • Fined
  • Sentenced
  • Paroled and/or sentenced


  • TRUE

_____________ breaks down everyday things into distinct, basic elements such as sensations, feelings, and images.

  • Behavioralism
  • Connectionism
  • Structuralism
  • Functionalism

Which researchers advanced the principle of homogamy?

  • Sampson and Lauritsen
  • Cullen and Fisher
  • Clarke and Cornish
  • Felson and Cohen

According to LaViolette and Barnett, the response to batterers that is most successful in stopping the abuse includes

  • Counseling
  • The criminal justice system
  • A coordinated response by clergy to reunite the family
  • All of the above

Why behaviour is accepted as a study of Psychology?

  • [No Answer]

What is the correct definition for sensation?

  • is the process of getting, selecting and organising the information that is being sent from the five senses.
  • the process that allows our brains to take in information from our five senses. This information can then be interpreted by the brain. the brain, which then tells the body what to do.
  • refers to your own awareness of your thoughts, memories, feelings, sensations, and environment.

The recent classification and statistical manual for mental disorders was published in 2013 by _.

  • American Psychological Association
  • World Health Organization
  • American Psychiatric Association
  • Psychological Association of the Philippines

According to research presented in the LaViolette and Barnett book, the variable most associated with IPV (though some question this finding) is

  • Being a minority group member
  • Being poor
  • Being white
  • Being homeless

There are ___ pairs of chromosomes

  • 23

Behaviour is an avenue for the _____________of Human Being

  • Internal Psychic events

The Matthew Shephard and James Byrd, Jr. Crime Prevention Act added ______ category to the list of hate crimes classifications.

  • Gender
  • Disabilities
  • Age
  • Occupations

______ stage is the first stage of Sigmund Freud's Psychosexual Development

  • Oral

Broadening of an existing schema to include new information

  • Assimilation
  • Accommodation
  • Schema

The number that occurs the most is...

  • mean
  • median
  • mode

Victims are said to experience ______ when they feel that responding to victimizations is useless.

  • Learned helplessness
  • Self-blame
  • PTSD
  • Anxiety

Which core principle of the scientific method involves the identification of the underlying causes of behavior?

  • determinism
  • parsimony
  • testability
  • empricisim

__________ Is not in its usual wakeful condition :

  • Altered states of consciousness
  • Alternative states of consciousness

Educational challenges of the new normal among teachers include. . .

  • Lack of time for planning
  • Performance pressure from school administrators
  • Handling too many masters
  • Getting burn out easily
  • All of the choices

•The restorative justice movement was an outgrowth of the attention given to the need for victims' rights and also the pushback from adoption of a crime-control model exclusively focused on punishment

  • True
  • False

Which school of psychology do you prefer

  • behaviorism
  • psychoanalysis
  • humanistic
  • cognitive

As discussed by LaViolette and Barnett, Lenore Walker's cycle of violence includes

  • Tension building
  • Acute battering
  • Honeymoon
  • All of the above

What is Matched Pairs Design?

  • It is where the participants are matched with another participant in another group so that the results can be compared.
  • It is an experimental design where different participants are used in each condition of the experiment.

The newborn's movements are governed by ____

  • reflex

Which field of psychology evaluates people with problems, then helps them to resolve those problems and change their self-defeating behavior?

  • Clinical psychology
  • Counseling psychology
  • Educational psychology
  • Developmental psychology

Who coined the term victimology?

  • Benjamin Mendelsohn
  • Robert Agnew
  • Hans von Hentig
  • Stephen Schafer

Most of the homicides for which the circumstances were known resulted from a(n) ______.

  • Argument
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Robbery
  • Carjacking

When mental health institutions are unable to retain patients for longer periods of time or at all, this is called ______.

  • Deinstitutionalization
  • Reintegration
  • Hard rehabilitation
  • Independence therapy

According to research presented in the LaViolette and Barnett book, older women tend to be abused by

  • Their husbands/partners
  • Their caregivers
  • Other family members
  • None of the above

Which type of disability suggests that an individual suffers from an intellectual impairment?

  • Developmental disability
  • Physical disability
  • Structural disability
  • Neural disability

Our DSM was patterned to this German's work of classifying mental disorder.

  • Emil Kraepelin
  • Wilhelm Wundt
  • Philippe Pinel
  • Sigmund Freud

People in research are referred to as the......

  • participants

A psychologist conducted an investigation where they measured the daily hours of social media use by a group of 200 10-year-olds compared to a group of 200 18-year-olds over a 7-day period. The results for the two groups are shown in the table provided above. Calculate the overall mean for the daily use of social media for both groups.

  • 3; 5

The scientific method of researching means that...

  • collection of empirical evidence
  • a systematic approach to planning
  • replication
  • all of the above are correct

A group of year 10 psychology students were told by their teacher that they needed to take part in a study to measure the effects of watching a frightening movie on heart rate as a part of their course requirement for assessment. The students were allocated randomly to one of two different groups of equal size. The experimental group watched a movie that was extremely frightening and the control group watched a movie that was not frightening. The results showed that participants exposed to the frightening movie had a significantly higher average heart rate (31 BPM) than those who were exposed to the movie that was not frightening (22 BPM). Identify an advantage of using this investigation design.

  • [No Answer]

The average cost of the rape crime to a victim, including quality of life costs is ______.

  • $87,000
  • $5,800
  • $150,000
  • $43,000

What is cognitive psychology?

  • refers to all processes by which sensory input is transformed, elaborated, stored, recovered, and used.
  • the study of the physical operations that support people's movement and use of boyd-parts.
  • the study of interaction among people and communities, organization-non-organizational
  • the study of the mental operations that support people's acquisition and use of knowledge.

A child throws a tantrum in a local shopping centre because his mother refuses to purchase him his favourite ice-cream. After a few minutes of screaming and after receiving a few concerned looks from other shoppers, the mother decides to purchase her child the ice-cream. Use the Biopsychosocial model to explain the behaviour of the mother and/or the child.

  • [No Answer]



Which ethical principle states participants should be free to leave the research setting whenever they wish.

  • informed consent
  • withdrawal
  • confidentiality
  • debriefing

What is Synaptic Pruning?

  • The process of eliminating connections
  • The process of forming new synapsis
  • It is the growth and development of the white fatty substance called myelin that wraps around axons
  • The ability of the brain's neural structure or function to be changed by experience throughout the life span

. A hungry baby crying until he was fed is an example of what?

  • Ego
  • Id
  • Superego
  • All

Most psychologists are interested mainly in animal behavior.

  • True
  • False

The majority of hate crimes are perpetrated by those who have a bias against individuals with a specific ______.

  • Race/ethnicity/ancestry
  • Religion
  • National origin
  • Sexual orientation

What is Brain Plasticity?

  • The ability of the brain's neural structure or function to be changed by experience throughout the life span
  • The process of forming new synapsis
  • The process of eliminating connections
  • It is the growth and development of the white fatty substance called myelin that wraps around axons

In terms of their experience with and reactions to PTSD, battered women are most like

  • Soldiers who have experienced wars
  • Students after taking quizzes
  • Children after being exposed to trauma
  • Boxers after a particularly violent fight

Pick two examples where athletes can improve their mental performance on and off the pitch

  • In the Gym
  • Playing with their team mates
  • Having down time off the pitch
  • Sleep, rest and recovery

Name a Healthy Living Program class where you set goals

  • Goals and visualization class

The belief that all things are living , like oneself

  • Animism

Lily is having an emotional breakdown and sometimes this is exhibited also in her behaviors. Which of the following criteria best fits Lily's experience?

  • dysfunction
  • disease
  • dangerousness
  • distress

Memory is how people ___________ things.

  • remember

A home is burglarized in a neighborhood, and 6 months later, the house next door is burglarized. This is an example of ___________.

  • Near-repeat victimization
  • Poly-victimization
  • Repeat victimization
  • Revictimization

The measure used by researchers that indicates the speed with which someone completes a task is known as

  • an independent variable
  • self-report
  • accuracy
  • reaction-time

Write what do you perceive out of this image.

  • [No Answer]

Learning refers to the way in which we gain __________?

  • knowledge

Self-care is the deliberate practice of activities that takes care of . . . (tick as many possible answers)

  • mental health
  • physical health
  • spiritual health
  • emotional health
  • social health
  • social health

Why would an athlete need a sports psychologist?

  • help athletes achieve their goals

Who is known as the "Father of Psychology?"

  • Sigmund Freud
  • Wilhelm Wundt
  • William James
  • John Locke

Which principle suggests that the more one comes into contact with offenders, the more likely he is to be victimized?

  • Principle of status quo
  • Principle of hierarchy
  • Principle of homogamy
  • Principle of lex talionis

Behaviourists say all behaviour should be ? and ?

  • observable and measurable

Identify the personality

  • Karambir Singh
  • Jaishankar
  • Ajit Doval
  • Karan Desai

What are the three main approaches in cognitive psychology?

  • Experimental Psychology
  • Computational Modelling
  • Sensational Approach
  • Cognitive neurospsychology/neuroscience

What are the electrical impulses that send signals between neurons called?

  • Membrane Potential
  • Reuptake
  • Action Potential
  • Receptor Site

In what age group are night terrors common?

  • [No Answer]

How to Stay Motivated When You Are Working From Home? (tick as many possible answers)

  • Indulge in Netflix movies
  • Create a schedule and to-do-list
  • Dedicate a working space in the house
  • Prolong sleeping time up to 10 hours
  • Practice good self-care

Victimization does appear to be linked to ______.

  • Low self-esteem
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • All of these

The NCVS has several advantages, including _________.

  • Its estimates of victimization has several offenses not included in Part I of the UCR
  • It does not measure only crimes reported to the police
  • Its two-stage measurement process allows for a more conservative way of estimating the amount of victimization that occurs each year
  • All of these

attention, perception, memory, and decision making are all different types of mental processes in which the mind engages. these are known as different types of what?

  • cognition

What animal did Pavlov study and what type of conditioning did he develop?

  • Dogs and classical conditioning

One is at higher risk of recurring victimization if he is a victim of crime and ______.

  • Looks foreign
  • Is autistic
  • Has aspergers
  • Has the 7-repeat allele of the DRD4 gene

Males are more likely to be victimized than females overall.

  • True
  • False

According to Krakauer the real scandal is that

  • As high as the rate of rape in Missoula is, that rate is lower than average for a town its size
  • Innocent young men are often falsely accused of rape
  • The Prosecutor in the rape trials won re-election
  • Rape is a relatively rare even in college towns

This approach suggests that employees should be treated in a fatherly way as if the organization is a family and they are its dependent members.

  • Authoritarian approach
  • Exchange approach
  • Paternalistic approach
  • Behavioral approach

In the aftermath of the rape scandal and its investigation by the DOJ

  • The Prosecutor lost his job to one of the accused rapist's defense attorneys
  • A cadre of cops, prosecutors, and academics developed a set of best practices for dealing with sexual assault cases
  • A few colleges and universities have established effective systems for investigating and resolving rape allegations
  • All of the above

What does the term "ethics" mean in psychology?

  • correct rules of conduct necessary when carrying out research
  • experiments
  • opportunity sampling
  • publishing research findings

In the Jordan Johnson case (he was accused of raping Cecelia Washburn)

  • Jordan pled guilty of raping Cecelia
  • The prosecution refused to file charges
  • The jury found him innocent
  • None of the above

Identify some of the ethical issues with Milgram's Obedience Experiment.

  • deception
  • protection
  • briefing
  • withdrawal

He employed the techniques of mesmerism and discovered the organic basis for hysteria, which greatly contributes to his student's ultimate proposition of psychoanalysis.

  • Franz Anton Mesmer
  • Jean-Martin Charcot
  • Sigmund Freud
  • Josef Breuer

What theory can explain why some drug dealers experience property victimization?

  • Biosocial explanations
  • Dynamic causal perspective
  • Victim-rationality perspective
  • Routine activities and lifestyles theory

Humanistic approach involves empathetic understanding.

  • Yes
  • No
  • May be

Draw a neuron!

  • [No Answer]

Research shows that about 20–40% of the correlation between violent victimization and offending is due to shared genetic factors

  • True
  • False

Which theory suggests that victimization and offending is part of a broader cultural belief in the acceptability and sometimes necessity of violence?

  • Subculture of violence theory
  • Lifestyles theory
  • Routine activities theory
  • General strain theory

This French physician started the humane treatment of the mentally ill at the Paris asylum for men in Bicêtre.

  • Emil Kraepelin
  • Wilhelm Wundt
  • Philippe Pinel
  • Sigmund Freud

Victims can be compensated for a wide variety of expenses including _______.

  • Medical care
  • Mental health
  • Funeral costs
  • All of these

What is Sprouting?

  • It is the process of growing new dendrites
  • A neuron finds a different neuron to connect to

When a disorder or sympton lasts a longer period of time, it is said to be _____.

  • chronic
  • acute
  • time-limited
  • episodic

This is the meaning of the word REM:

  • rapid eye movement

There are significant differences in victimization across racial groups.

  • True
  • False

This is the reason why Freud Begins his theory about dreams:

  • Because he used to dream a lot
  • Because he realized how his conscience is released through a dreams
  • Because he fell in love with Irma and he wanted to help her

Identify two limitations due to the characteristics of the sample

  • [No Answer]

Explain how positive reinforcement was demonstrated with rats?

  • The rat pressed a lever which stopped the loud irritating noise being played into the box
  • The rat pressed a lever and received an electric shock
  • The rat pressed the lever and received a food pellet.
  • The rat pressed the level and received a food pellet and an electric shock

What is Synaptogenesis?

  • It is the growth and development of the white fatty substance called myelin that wraps around axons
  • The process of eliminating connections
  • The process of forming new synapsis
  • The ability of the brain's neural structure or function to be changed by experience throughout the life span

Individuals with cognitive disabilities are especially vulnerable to which crimes?

  • Simple assault
  • Burglary and simple assault
  • Rape and aggravated assault
  • Identity theft and robbery



Different types of widely used victimization surveys include

  • All of the above
  • International victimization studies
  • National victimization studies
  • Local victimization studies

Our ability to fully entrust our heart to god and within wise boundaries to others

  • Basic trust
  • Basic love
  • Basic need

Which of the following is not a common reason women report for not leaving abusive relationships?

  • Advised by friends and family not to leave
  • Children
  • Financially dependent
  • Love and commitment

The definition of battering used in the LaViolette and Barnett book includes six elements, including

  • Pampering
  • Emotional support
  • Physical abuse
  • Respect for sexual needs

Karen decides to go out and party the whole week before her midterm instead of studying. She fails her midterm and tells her parents that she failed it due to being sick and not getting enough sleep.

  • Rationalization
  • Projection
  • Displacement
  • Denial

As discussed by LaViolette and Barnett The group that is more likely below the poverty line includes

  • White people
  • Men
  • Women
  • Gay men

Choose information and pictures related to "Constructivism"?

  • supports "active engagement" and outlook through "student perspective"
  • Image:
  • Image:
  • learners construct their own knowledge and do this by organizing and categorizing information using a coding system
  • Syntactic rules: learned through linguistic stimuli during development
  • Syntactic rules: learned through linguistic stimuli during development


  • Only A
  • B, D & E
  • A, B, D & E
  • Only C

Gaining permission from a person to take part in a study and telling them what is involved is referred to as.....

  • withdrawal
  • confidentiality
  • informed consent
  • debriefing

Who revolutionized Cognitive Psychology with his Cognitive Development Theory which holds the belief in an innate set of structural rules, that are independent of sensory experience?

  • Image:
  • Image:
  • Image:
  • Image:

The "disease to please," as discussed by LaViolette and Barnett and named by Oprah Winfrey, is based on the inclination of

  • Boys to woo girls
  • Men to strive hard in the workplace
  • Women to be nice so as not to harm their relationships
  • Men and women in our society tend to "go along, to get along"

Name your 5 senses

  • [No Answer]

How can we study the mind?

  • Stimulus and response
  • Physiology
  • Observe ourselves and others
  • Predicting people`s future
  • Predicting people`s future

As indicated in Krakauer's book, Kelsey Belnap was raped while mostly unconscious

  • Allegedly by her best friend's boyfriend
  • Allegedly by an acquaintance after a party
  • Allegedly by four football players she had just met
  • In a gym after a soccer meet

Focuses on the structure and development of the individual's thought process and their affection his or her attitude beliefs and behaviors

  • Cognitive theory
  • Developmental theory
  • Epigenetic theory

There have been laws prohibiting violence against wives since which century?

  • 1600s
  • 1900s
  • 1700s
  • 1800S

Which of the following is the term for money paid directly from the offender?

  • Civil litigation
  • Restitution
  • Insurance
  • Victim compensation

Courts often assign maltreated children advocates from ______ organization so they can provide protection and guidance in the case as needed.

  • Guardian ad litem
  • Child Protective Services
  • Child Advocacy Centers
  • Child Savers

What accounts for the greatest amount of homicides that occur at the workplace?

  • Robberies
  • Intimate partner violence brought to the workplace
  • Disgruntled workers
  • Unsatisfied patrons of the business

Does projective techniques help in understanding unconscious desires and motives.

  • [No Answer]

What should you do in a team situation if a team mate is not passing the ball during a match?

  • Give out to them
  • Communicate with them
  • Tackle them to retrieve the ball

Most murder victims murdered by an acquaintance

  • True
  • False

Cognitive Revolution let us examine more important things:

  • AI
  • Language
  • Practical Applications
  • Psychobiology
  • Development
  • Development
  • Development

According to the appendices included in the book by LaViolette and Barnett, the most likely victims of serious and violent IPV are

  • Men
  • Women
  • Children
  • All of the above

Happiness is the end goal of education. Which famous philosopher stated this?

  • Socrates
  • Eratosthenes
  • Plato
  • Aristotle

Hate crime victimization may be a response to a perceived threat, such as _______.

  • All of these
  • Violations of territory or property
  • Violations of what is sacred
  • Violations of status

Less than half of all victimizations are reported to the police.

  • True
  • False

Which type of rape occurs when a victim is violated after self-induced alcohol or drug intoxication?

  • Incapacitated rape
  • Drug- or alcohol-facilitated rape
  • Statutory rape
  • Forcible rape

Late Adulthood (65+yrs.) is called what?

  • Integrity vs. Despair
  • Shame vs. Doubt
  • Sickness vs. Wellness
  • Intimacy vs. Isolation

What type of teacher is more likely to be victimized than other teachers?

  • English teachers
  • Physical education teachers
  • Special education teachers
  • Music teachers

What is the song about?

  • love
  • compassion
  • power
  • unity

Most victims of human trafficking that end up in the United States come from which countries?

  • Asia, Mexico, and the former Soviet Bloc countries
  • Thailand, Western Europe, and Latin America
  • South America and Africa
  • Australia, Canada, and the United States

A psychologist did an experiment to see if different teaching methods affected people's scores on a math test. In this example, scores would be the ____________ variable.

  • independent
  • dependent
  • extraneous
  • random


  • [No Answer]

Opportunities of the new normal among teachers include a new learning experience to embrace technology in teaching.

  • True
  • False

What is an Independent Group Design?

  • Where different participants take part in each condition of the independent variable
  • It is an experimental design where different participants are used in each condition of the experiment.
  • It is where the participants are matched with another participant in another group so that the results can be compared.

How many white boxes are visible in the picture?

  • 63
  • 54
  • 72
  • 77

Instead of taking out his anger on others, Nathan, when he gets really angry, plays the saxophone. This is an example of what defense mechanism?

  • Sublimation
  • Displacement
  • Projection
  • Repression

Later childhood from the age 6 or 7 years has been called the stage by Piaget.

  • Sensorimotor
  • Pre-Operational
  • Concrete Operational
  • Formal Operational

Who proposed psychoanalytic theory question mark

  • Sigmund freud
  • Erik erikson
  • Wilhelm wundt

According to sigmund freud developmental in the first four years progresses through three stages

  • True
  • False

What is an Independent Variable?

  • It is what is changed
  • It is measured

Erikson's adolescence age (12–18 yrs) is called what?

  • Identity vs. role confusion
  • intimacy vs. isolation
  • Industry vs. inferiority
  • generativity vs. stagnation

sqrt{ }​ 169

  • 13
  • 14
  • 21
  • 20

What are the characteristics of a Hypothesis?

  • Independent Variable, Dependent Variable, Population/Sample, Prediction, 'It is hypothesised' and a comparison group
  • Independent Variable, Dependent Variable, Population/Sample, Prediction, 'It is hypothesised' and compared
  • Independent, Dependent Variable, Population/Sample, Prediction, 'It is hypothesised' and a comparison group
  • Independent Variable, Dependent Variable, Prediction, 'It is hypothesised' and a comparison group

Out of sight, Out of Mind, phenomenon for young children

  • Object Permanence

As indicated in Krakauer's book, collection of evidence for a rape kit

  • Is a relatively simple procedure involving a few swabs
  • Can be done well by any medical provider
  • Involves hours of swabbing, combing, and examination
  • Is conducted in the police station

Stage of sleeping in which your muscles and bonds recovers:

  • NREM Stages 1
  • REM Stage 4
  • NREM 3

One's victimization risk increases over time the more enmeshed they are in deviant lifestyles during adolescence

  • True
  • False

As indicated in Krakauer's book, when the alleged rapist in Kerry Barrett's case was interviewed by the police

  • A thorough statement was taken
  • The interrogating officer challenged what he said
  • The interrogating officer probed for more material
  • The interrogating officer assured the accused that she believed him

An Austrian physician and physiologist, wherein his case study of his client named Bertha Pappenheim or popularly known as Anna O, Sigmund Freud was introduced to the cathartic method which was pivotal to his idea of psychoanlysis.

  • Franz Anton Mesmer
  • Jean-Martin Charcot
  • Sigmund Freud
  • Josef Breuer

This refers to a psychological dysfunction within an individual that is associated with distress or impairment in functioning and response that is not typical or culturally expected.

  • Abnormal Behavior
  • Psychological Illness
  • Psychological Disorder
  • Psychopathology

Which answer best represents the typical criminal according to the Uniform Crime Reports?

  • Young, Black, male
  • Young, White, male
  • Young, Hispanic, male
  • Young, Asian, male

Does every athlete need a sports psychologist? Pick two

  • No
  • If it helps them improve their confidence
  • Yes
  • If it helps them improve their performance

Erikson's infancy to birth stage is called what?

  • Initiative vs. Guilt
  • Trust vs. Freightened
  • Trust vs. Mistrust
  • Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
  • Naked baby vs. Cothed baby

Erikson's developmental stage during the toddler stage (1-3) is called what?

  • Crawling vs. Walking
  • Dry vs. Wet
  • Autonomy vs. Doubt
  • Initiative vs. Guilt

According to LaViolette and Barnett, the voices of the survivors of domestic violence would indicate that

  • Doing something to end the violence sometimes helps
  • Staying in the abusive relationship never helps
  • There is danger associated with trying to end an abusive relationship
  • All of the above

Ellen wakes up in the middle of the night to find her teenage daughter with a boy in her room. Without thinking, Ellen grabs a handgun from the hall closet, shoots, and kills the boy. This is an example of what kind of homicide?

  • Second-degree murder
  • First-degree murder
  • Manslaughter
  • Felony murder

who is the father of psychoanalysis

  • sigmund
  • skinnner
  • pavlov
  • gutherie

Write in detail about the scope of Psychology?

  • [No Answer]

Young adulthood (18-40 yrs) is called what?

  • Autonomy vs. shame
  • Initiative vs. guilt
  • Intimacy vs. isolation
  • Generativity vs. stagnation
  • Sickness vs. Wellness

As indicated in Krakauer's book, the prosecutor in Kelsey Belnap's case refused to prosecute even though he had evidence

  • From the rape kit
  • From the bruises and abrasions on the victim
  • Of lack of and failure to give consent
  • All of the above

Who developed the general strain theory?

  • Robin Engel
  • Erving Goffman
  • Hans von Hentig
  • Robert Agnew

During the new normal, learners can utilize varied interactive platforms of learning and games such as:(Tick as many possible answers)

  • Mobile Legends
  • Zoom
  • Call of Duty
  • Google Meet
  • Messenger

The anticipated course of a disorder is called _____.

  • incidence
  • prevalence
  • prognosis
  • description

Identify a disadvantage of using an experimental investigation design.

  • [No Answer]

If a mugger attempts to steal a man's wallet, but the man responds by pulling out a gun and shooting the mugger, this is an example of _________.

  • Victim provocation
  • Victim facilitation
  • Victim precipitation

Phenotype refers to

  • That which is observable in genes
  • Genetic characteristics seen and unseen
  • Dominating genes
  • Recessive genes

At this Stage of sleeping you starts to dream, additionally your legs and arms are totally paralyzed:

  • NREM Stage 2
  • REM Stage 4
  • NREM Stage 1
  • NREM Stage 3

Language is what we use to ______________ with people,

  • communicate

If Ozi sees his groupmate's smile and believes it means the he is happy to see him, what stage of social information processing would Ozi be in?

  • Encoding
  • Mental representations
  • Response accessing
  • Evaluation
  • Enhancement

Intimate partner violence, rape, ______, and property victimizations are all at high risk of recurring victimization.

  • Assault
  • Homicide
  • Armed robbery
  • Arson

What type of determinism does the behaviourist approach show?

  • environmental

According to LaViolette and Barnett, shelters serve to

  • Provide a place where partners engaged in IPV can reunite
  • Provide housing for victims of IPV and their children
  • Learn how they can accept the violence they cannot change
  • None of the above

In Britain, ethical guidelines for research are published by the.........

  • Scottish Government
  • SQA
  • British Psychological Society
  • American Psychological Association

______ financial remedy is coordinated by the state and does not require a court order to receive it.

  • Civil litigation
  • Restitution
  • Insurance
  • Victim compensation

In the Beau Donaldson case (he was accused of raping Allison Huguet)

  • Beau pled guilty of raping Allison
  • The prosecution refused to file charges
  • The jury found him innocent
  • All of the above

What does the Occipital Lobe do?

  • Visual Perception, including colour, form and motion
  • Sensory information, including touch, temperature, pressure and pain.

who is the father of psychology?

  • W.wundt
  • B.F.Skinner
  • I.V.Pavlov
  • Sigmund FRUED

What is Social Perception?

  • Perception of Person's Social life
  • Perception of Society
  • Perception of Social being
  • all the above

A college student is sexually assaulted in May, and then is sexually assaulted in June of the same year. This is an example of ________.

  • Repeat victimization
  • Revictimization
  • Near-repeat victimization
  • Poly-victimization

What is Psychology? a) Study of Brainb) Study of Human Mind and SoulC) Study of BehaviourD) Study of Actions

  • Only a)
  • A), B), C)
  • Only C)
  • B) & C)

Two of the most popular theories to explain victimization are _______ theory and _______ theory.

  • Routine activities; lifestyle
  • Social learning; structural
  • Routine activities; social learning
  • Subculture of violence; lifestyle

Who created Wish Fulfillment Theory?

  • Sigmund Freud
  • Carl Jung
  • Alfred Adler
  • Phineas Gage

According to LaViolette and Barnett, the medical, child protective and criminal justice systems have all harbored serious prejudices against women and misconceptions about their abuse. One solution that appears to have the greatest effect on changing these attitudes and perceptions is

  • Retraining
  • Counseling
  • Referral to religious counseling
  • None of the above

As discussed by LaViolette and Barnett, battered women are

  • Just as likely to be rich as poor
  • Are less likely to have been a victim of abuse as a child
  • Have no distinct personality traits
  • More likely to be of Asian descent

What are the three types of research design?

  • experimental, quantitative observational and qualitative designs

Argh, my mother-in-law has come to stay for the weekend, and she's driving me crazy. I'm just staying out of the way by doing the housework so that I don't have to talk to her.

  • Sublimation
  • Reaction Formation
  • Repression
  • Projection

Identify the subjective data collected.

  • rate of performance

When abuse and/or neglect is perpetrated by someone within an institution, the group most likely to perpetrate said maltreatment is ______.

  • Nursing aides
  • Doctors
  • Psychiatric staff
  • Administrative staff

What ethical principle states that all data must be kept anonymous.

  • informed consent
  • confidentiality
  • withdrawal


  • B.f.skinner
  • Sigmund Freud
  • Pavlov
  • Abraham Maslow

In response to the media revelations about the rape culture at the University of Montana, particularly as it involved the football program, the football program, and the community

  • Supported the victim
  • Immediately denounced the alleged perpetrators
  • Tended to blame the victims and the media
  • Began a serious reexamination of how they promoted a rape culture

What are the two parts of Adaptive Plasticity?

  • Sprouting - Growing new dendrites
  • Rerouting - A neuron finds a different neuron to connect to
  • Synaptic pruning

There are 2 parts to the nervous system

  • true
  • false

As indicated in Krakauer's book, Keely Williams was raped

  • Allegedly by four football players she had just met
  • Allegedly by an acquaintance after a party
  • In a gym after a soccer meet
  • Allegedly in her dormitory bathroom by a friend

Psychology can be defined as....

  • study of personality
  • examination of unconscious patients
  • scientific study of behaviours and its causes
  • a study of people's mental life

The ______ required that statistics be kept on incidents and effects of rape in prison.

  • Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003
  • Offender Statistical Information Act
  • Inmates Victimization Act of 2001
  • Justice for All Act

This is an ancient belief defined during the 18th century by William Blackstone as a phenomenon where an individual loses the use of his reason and has lucid intervals, of sometimes enjoying his senses, and sometimes not, and that frequently depending upon the phases of the mood.

  • tarantism
  • St. Vitus' dance
  • lycanthropy
  • lunacy or non compos mentis

What of the following is/are true about immediate memory? Select all that apply.

  • Short-term memory is another name for immediate memory
  • We confuse letters when they sound alike because we convert visual to an auditory coding in our minds
  • The amount of time it takes to say the word influences the amount of words you can store
  • The amount of delay time between a given task doesn't matter if that delay time is unfilled

What was the CS in Pavlov's research?

  • Bell

How many lobes are there in the brain?

  • 4
  • 5
  • 2
  • 1

What do school psychologists do?

  • They work with school districts, helping them plan their classes and instructional methods.
  • They test students who may have a learning disability in help them get the support they need to learn better.
  • They help students with psychological disorders and other behavioral issues.

Focusing on single characteristic trait for understanding an event or object ____

  • Centration

An experiment was conducted on the effect of sleep deprivation on children aged 10 to 15. Children were allocated to Group A or Group B. Group A were allowed to sleep normally. Group B were kept awake all night by doing a variety of tasks. The next morning, each group did a series of tests and were asked to rate their performance. Give one reason why this is described as an experiment.

  • [No Answer]



Which of these are not one of your 5 senses?

  • Sight
  • Hearing
  • Taste
  • Feeling
  • Smell

Self-care activities have the potential to improve self-awareness, self-regulation, coping, and balancing of self and others.

  • True
  • False

According to research presented in the LaViolette and Barnett book, LGBTQ+ persons are

  • Find it difficult to leave abusive partners because there is little support for them in the larger community
  • Are more likely to leave their partners
  • Are believed when they report their abuse to law enforcement
  • Often lack the support of others in the LGBTQ+ community

Most victims are likely to live in what areas?

  • Suburbs
  • Rural/county
  • Small towns
  • Urban areas

Why were the results of Köhler’s chimpanzee studies considered groundbreaking?

  • They proved that chimpanzees were as intelligent as humans.
  • They suggested that there was little difference between the brains of humans and chimpanzees.
  • They shattered long-held beliefs about animal cognition.
  • They showed that animals could learn through trial-and-error methods.

Is personality genetic or learned?

  • It is genetic
  • It is learned
  • 50% of both

Pick three important strategies for motivation

  • Goals
  • Communication
  • Action Plans
  • Vision
  • Teamwork
  • Teamwork

The pioneer and great crusader for the mental hygiene movement in the United States.

  • Philippe Pinel
  • Eil Kraepelin
  • Dorothea Dix
  • William James

Marvin Wolfgang found common characteristics in precipitated homicides, which included ______.

  • The victim and offender knew each other
  • Alcohol was likely involved
  • Homicides involved male victims and male offenders
  • All of the above

Who is the "typical" victim today?

  • Young male who lives in urban areas
  • Young female who lives in urban areas
  • Middle-aged male who lives in urban areas
  • Middle-aged female who lives in urban areas

Walker's "Cycle of Violence" has been modified over the years because

  • Research found that the cyclical pattern of violence failed to account for an end to the violence over time
  • Research found that the honeymoon period may be more a cessation of violence rather than an actual honeymoon
  • Research found that batterers' violence is more predictable than this cycle predicts
  • Research found that types of abuse over the cycle remained the same or constant

What is the Mind and Body Problem?

  • The mind-body problem is a debate concerning the relationship between thought and consciousness in the human mind, and the brain as part of the physical body.
  • It is the debate between whether the soul is kept in the mind or body

Which act included the Violence Against Women Act as well?

  • Child Victims' Bill of Rights
  • Victims of Crime Act
  • Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act
  • Federal Victim Witness Protection Act

What is the independent variable in this experiment?

  • Sleep deprivation

In terms of race, homicide is an overwhelmingly ______ event.

  • Intra-racial
  • Interracial
  • White
  • Black

______ type of a program is one in which a police officer and victim advocate will revisit an intimate partner violence victim to provide her or him with information on social and legal programs to assist her or him.

  • Second Responder Programs
  • First Responder Programs
  • Risk recognition programs
  • Prevention Advice Programs

A man who cheats on his wife accuses her of being unfaithful. This is an example of:

  • Projection
  • Displacement
  • Regression
  • Rationalization

In his book Krakauer makes a powerful argument for victims/survivors of rape reporting the crimes against them that includes

  • Speaking out will encourage other victims to come forward
  • Speaking out will deal a powerful blow to their assailants
  • Speaking out will reduce the shame associated with the crime of rape
  • All of the above

In same-sex intimate partner violence, victims may be harmed through ______ unique type of emotional abuse.

  • Being "outed" by the perpetrator
  • Slang terms used by the perpetrator
  • Denying that perpetrator and victim are in a relationship
  • None of these

As discussed by LaViolette and Barnett, immigrant women are faced with special challenges when trying to leave their partners including

  • Language barriers
  • Racism
  • Low paying or barriers to employment
  • All of the above

It is also possible that the factors that place youth at risk for victimization outside school are similar to the ones that place them at risk of being victimized in school--such as ______.

  • All of these
  • Low self-control
  • Lack of capable guardianship
  • Having deviant or delinquent peers

Which of the following is an example of negative reinforcement?

  • Getting pocket money
  • Plugging in your seat belt to stop the alarm
  • Detention for not doing your HW
  • Getting pocket money taken away for not tidying your room

Which database was created to address the flaws in the Uniform Crime Reports?

  • National Crime Victimization Survey
  • Uniform Crime Reports 2
  • Crime in the United States Reporting System
  • National Incident-Based Reporting System

Which group of caretakers is the most likely to perpetrate child maltreatment?

  • Biological parents
  • Paternal grandparents
  • Stepparents
  • Cohabitants of single parents

What does UCS stand for?

  • unconditioned stimulus

One of the university regents who was critical of the University of Montana football players involvement in sexual assaults, robbery, burglary and numerous DUIs over five years

  • Was given a merit award by the Governor for speaking up
  • Was removed from the board of regents
  • Was supported by the general public for taking a "principled" stand
  • Moved out of the state to a place where he hoped such "thuggery" was less tolerated

Systematic and logical thinking during adolecence according to Piaget is called _____ reasoning.

  • Hypothetical Deductive

What is psychology?

  • The study of behavior.
  • The study of mental processes.
  • The study of the mind.
  • All of the above.

As indicated in Krakauer's book, in studies by Lisak and Miller and separately by McWhorter, the researcher's found that

  • A majority of the unidentified rapists in their study were serial rapists
  • It was rare for an identified rapist in their study to rape again
  • Most of the rapist's victims, in these studies, were young boys
  • None of the above

What is a Repeated Measures Design?

  • Where the participants take part in each condition of the independent variable
  • It is an experimental design where different participants are used in each condition of the experiment.
  • It is where the participants are matched with another participant in another group so that the results can be compared.

Based on Dr. Lisak's summary of the research on rape

  • Most rapes are committed by non-strangers
  • Victims of non-stranger rape suffer as much as victims of stranger rape
  • There is no profile of a rapist that identifies them
  • All of the above

Stages of Sleep starts it's cycle every:

  • 3 hours
  • 90 minutes
  • 60 minutes
  • 120 minutes

Which type of child maltreatment occurs when a caretaker has failed to attend to a child's basic needs?

  • Neglect
  • Physical abuse
  • Psychological abuse
  • Sexual abuse

What was the UCS in Pavlov’s research?

  • food

How many types of consciousness are there?

  • 3
  • 1
  • 5
  • 8

Describe Wish Fulfillment Theory

  • [No Answer]

An Operationalised DV or IV or hypothesis gives more _____ than a non operationalised one

  • detail

It is the study of the strength and virtue. It also means nurturing what is best within ourselves.

  • Behavioral Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Negative Psychology
  • Positive Psychology

Hate crimes accounted for ______ of all violent victimizations recorded in the NCVS.

  • 1%
  • 10%
  • 15%
  • 5%

In the Department of Justice (DOJ) investigation of the Missoula County prosecutors office the DOJ DID NOT find that

  • The prosecutors treated the female victims with disrespect
  • The prosecutors made statements to women victims, advocates, and the public that diminished the seriousness of sexual violence
  • The prosecutors kept the victims informed of the charges to be filed and sought their input
  • None of the above

A person is abused as a child, and then is raped as an adult. This is an example of _______.

  • Revictimization
  • Repeat victimization
  • Poly-victimization
  • Near-repeat victimization

What is the third element in the Routine Activities Theory: Motivated Offender, Suitable Target, and ___________?

  • Security Measures
  • Capable Guardianship
  • Protective Actions
  • Victimization Reactors

Non- verbal Communicationsa) Speaking and laughingb) Facial Expressionsc)eye contactd)body movements e)touching and Proxemics

  • only a
  • b,c,e
  • b,c,d,e
  • c,d,e

According to LaViolette and Barnett, stopping the abuse requires

  • Reuniting family members
  • Help from clergy members to reunite the family
  • Counseling for the victims/survivor
  • All of the above

This refers to the scientific study of psychological disorders.

  • Psychiatry
  • Abnormal Psychology
  • Psychopathology
  • Deviance

Employees who enjoy their job and have genuine interest in what they are doing will respond best to __________________.

  • Intrinsic motivation
  • Extrinsic motivation
  • Promotions
  • Salary increase

Why is Phineas Gage an important figure in psychology?

  • [No Answer]

As discussed by LaViolette and Barnett, posttraumatic stress related to battering can lead to

  • Shock and disorientation
  • A feeling of euphoria or contentment
  • A willingness to let matters slide until the stress dissipates
  • None of the above

How do we use sports psychology in our PE class. Name two ways

  • Building teamwork

Providing the starting letter of a forgotten word is called a retrieval ___

  • cue

Which type of rape occurs when someone has sex with a person under the legal age of consent, even if that person may have verbally consented to the act?

  • Statutory rape
  • Drug- or alcohol-facilitated rape
  • Incapacitated rape
  • Forcible rape

The findings from the international victimization study indicate that

  • None of the above
  • Girls are more likely to be victimized than boys
  • People over 50 were more likely victims than those younger than this
  • Rural community residents experienced more crime than those living in urban areas

Based on the research provided in the LaViolette and Barnett book, women are less likely to leave an abusive relationship when

  • They are economically independent of the abuser
  • They are bound to their marriage by religious beliefs
  • Their clergy supported them leaving an abusive relationship
  • None of the above

Which of the following is an example of positive punishment?

  • A black eye
  • Phone confiscation
  • No dessert

Name the two types of motivation

  • Positivity
  • Extrinsic
  • Teamwork
  • Intrinsic
  • Etrinsic

During pandemic days, _______________ are the ideal working partners of teachers to provide the best learning experience for students.

  • parents

Name two skills that are important during a basketball game

  • Communication skills

______ is a term that is generally used for childhood recurring victimization, when a person has experienced multiple forms of victimization.

  • Poly-victimization
  • Near-repeat victimization
  • Repeat victimization
  • Revictimization

Trafficking victims operating in the United States are allowed to be ______ so they can receive certain benefits and services from the government.

  • Certified
  • Given citizenship
  • Accredited
  • Given a work visa

After Zoe participates in a study to look at how stress affects memory, the researcher explains the findings and the supports available if any short term or long term effects are experiences. This explains the process of...

  • reporting and debriefing
  • debriefing
  • obtaining informed consent
  • establishing external validity

Which victimology theorist proposed that victims and offenders needed to be considered in a dyad (criminal-victim dyad) in order to fully understand victimization?

  • Hans von Hentig
  • Marvin Wolfgang
  • Stephen Schafer
  • Benjamin Mendelsohn



______ found that arrest was an effective deterrent to subsequent violent acts by perpetrators of intimate partner violence.

  • Minneapolis Domestic Violence Experiment
  • Milwaukee Domestic Violence Experiment
  • Dade County Domestic Violence Experiment
  • Cincinnati Domestic Violence Experiment

Present finding is that both ________ contribute jointly to the determination of behaviour.

  • Motivation and Emotion
  • Intelligence and Emotion
  • Society and Culture
  • Heredity and Environment

The goal of psychology is to_______________

  • describe and explain behavior.
  • understand what influences behavior.
  • predict and control behavior.
  • All of the above.

Empiricism is.....?

  • early school of psychology that used introspection to explore elemental structure of human mind led by - Wundt
  • the view that (a) knowledge comes from experience via the senses, and (b) science flourishes through observation and experiment.
  • belief in reason and logic as the primary source of knowledge (logic & theory)
  • a school of psychology that focused on how mental and behavioral processes function - how they enable the organism to adapt, survive, and flourish; assumes all mental and behavioral processes have a purpose

Where's your frontal lobe?

  • [No Answer]

Who commits most hate crimes?

  • Strangers
  • Intimate partners
  • Coworkers
  • Acquaintances

According to LaViolette and Barnett in the early 1970s the _____ movement spawned the development of shelters and the recognition of woman battering

  • The children's rights movement
  • The women's movement
  • The civil rights movement
  • None of the above

Erikson's stages of psychosocial development are based on ___________.

  • Erikson's psychosexual theory
  • Freud’s psychosexual theory
  • Newton's psychosexual theory
  • None of the above

Late adulthood or old age 60 to death

  • True
  • False

Which programs are responsible for notifying victims of court proceedings and providing guidance during the court process?

  • Victim advocacy agencies
  • Victim/witness assistance programs
  • Courtroom companionship agencies
  • Grassroots agencies

Jose has an argument with his boss and yells at his kids when he gets home. Which defense mechanism is Mary displaying?

  • Displacement
  • Reaction Formation
  • Rationalization
  • Repression

In the 1960's, Milgram set up an experiment to investigate obedience to authority. Forty males aged between 20 to 50 years were recruited through a newspaper advertisement to participate in a study on the effect of punishment on learning. They were paid $4.50 per hour. The participants (teachers) were instructed to administer an electric shock each time the learner gave an incorrect answer. The level of shock increased each time the learner was incorrect. The teacher could not see the learner, but could communicate through a microphone. Milgram reported that 65% of the "teacher" participants continued to obey the experimenter until they reached the highest shock level. Discuss 2 ethical issues related to this study, give reasons why it was unethical.

  • [No Answer]

Rorschach ink blot test is a .........

  • Protective technique

______ suggests that recurring victimization occurs because of the quality or character of a victim.

  • Risk heterogeneity (flag explanation)
  • State dependence (boost explanation)
  • Compounding vulnerability
  • Victimization salience

What is Myelination?

  • It is the growth and development of the white fatty substance called myelin that wraps around axons
  • The process of forming new synapsis
  • The process of eliminating connections
  • The ability of the brain's neural structure or function to be changed by experience throughout the life span

As discussed by LaViolette and Barnett, there are several factors that contribute to the high levels of violence against women and girls in our and other cultures and they include

  • Socialization into traditional sex roles that value males of females
  • The intersection of power and independence that defines femininity
  • The high regard that female achievement is given
  • None of the above

Research shows that a motivated, engaged and responsive workforce is substantially less productive than an unmotivated, apathetic group of employees.

  • True
  • False

Incidents perpetrated by non-strangers were more likely to result in injury than those perpetrated by strangers

  • True
  • False

The sample represents the....

  • Population

It is a highly activated and pleasurable emotional, behavioral, and cognitive involvement in the work role.

  • Reward
  • Motivation
  • Work Engagement
  • Punishment

The findings from the international victimization study indicate that ______ is/are associated with reduced crime

  • All of the above
  • Family bonding
  • Sound neighborhoods
  • Order at schools

As discussed by LaViolette and Barnett, the gender equivalence argument is flawed because it has

  • False assumptions about the context of abuse
  • There are flaws in the self-report data that supported it
  • Some of the survey questions were flawed
  • All of the above

As discussed in the LaViolette and Barnett book, when racial and ethnic groups of women are compared it has been found that

  • American Indians/Alaskan Natives reported the most male partner violence
  • Black female survivors have a higher rate than White female survivors
  • Hispanic (Latinx) women had the highest rate of sexual abuse
  • All of the above

When a disorder improves or recovers in a relatively short time with no signs of recurrence, it is said to be _____.

  • chronic
  • acute
  • time-limited
  • episodic

According to LaViolette and Barnett and the researchers they highlight in their book, police training to deal with domestic violence should include

  • Defensive tactics in how to deal with abusers
  • How to detect if the victim is lying
  • Sensitization to the research on domestic violence
  • False reports of abuse by alleged victims

What is Rerouting?

  • It is the process of growing new dendrites
  • A neuron finds a different neuron to connect to

Ashley was abused as a child. She doesn't remember the abuse but now struggles to trust others and form relationships.

  • Repression
  • Rationalization
  • Projection
  • Sublimation

Which program was developed to improve treatment of rape/sexual assault victims by medical personal?

  • Sexual assault nurse examiner programs
  • Rape shield laws
  • Medical personnel rape programs
  • Megan's law

Which of these is the most accurate definition of the discipline of psychology?

  • the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
  • the scientific study of mental processes
  • the scientific study of behavior
  • the scientific study of human behavior and mental processes

Which of the following is regarded as a well know Gestalt psychologist?

  • Image:
  • Image:
  • Image:
  • Image:

Household-level risk factors that increase the likelihood of recurring victimization include all except which of the following?

  • Only one car for the household
  • Low-income household
  • Two or more adults in the home
  • Children

Severing a person's Corpus Callosum causes ___ Syndrome

  • split brain

Chandigarh is capital of

  • Punjab
  • Madhya pradesh
  • Haryana
  • kerala

Identify an advantage and a disadvantage to using the quantitative design

  • [No Answer]

As discussed by LaViolette and Barnett, psychological abuse in IPV is most effective in creating

  • Anger
  • Fear
  • Love
  • A striving for independence

The middle point when the data is arranged in ascending order is....

  • mean
  • median
  • mode

Close emotional bond of affection between infants and their care givers is called

  • Attachment

How is Cognitive Psychology different from other theories?

  • It explicitly acknowledges the existence of internal mental states (such as belief, desire, idea, knowledge and motivation).
  • It accepts the use of the scientific method, and generally rejects introspection as a valid method of investigation - in contrast with such approaches as Freudian psychology
  • Variables highly similar to previously existing constructs were often introduced
  • It cannot be done without using A.I or other software

Using fighting words is an example of _________.

  • Victim precipitation
  • Victim facilitation
  • Victim provocation
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