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# Perspective and Rendering

A comprehensive course that teaches techniques and principles for creating realistic and visually appealing three-dimensional renderings and illustrations.

## motion blur

Where is the focal point in this picture?

• Where is the focal point in this picture?
• Select one:
• The Trees
• The man on the dinosaur
• The mountain

Used as a noun, it means the 3D object created as the end product of the modelling process.

• Model

The following are the steps under post-production stage except

• Color Correction
• Compositing
• 3D Rigging
• 3D Texturing
• Rendering

What is the correct option out of the following which lands the classification of perspective drawing:

• Picture Planes
• Ground Line
• Station Points
• Vanishing Points

Ortho means “_____________”. (Slide 9)

• straight

A shading method in which a simple grid of lines is used to represent the basic contours of the underlying model. For many 3D artists, this is a favoured mode to work in, since it permits them to see faces and surfaces that would otherwise be hidden by overlying geometry.

• Wireframe

When using ___________________________, the artist establishes a horizon line and creates ONE vanishing point on it, where all lines converge.

• Linear Perspective
• Vanishing Point
• One-Point Perspective
• Two-Point Perspective
• Eye Level

How many subdivisions axis does this cylinder have?

• 8

The process of developing geometric surface representation of any object in a specialized 3D software such as Maya or 3Ds Max.

• 3D Modeling

The animator will draw out key poses in an animated scene to block out the action, once the key poses are just right the animator will fill in the animation with what are called in-between drawings to polish off feel and timing.

• Slow in Slow out
• Pose to Pose
• Secondary Action

Rendering generates the final ____ image that represents 3D scene when displayed. (Slide 31)

• 2D

how many subdivisions axis does this torus have?

• 7

The _______________________ is the point at which parallel lines appear to come together.

• Linear Perspective
• Vanishing Point
• One-Point Perspective
• Two-Point Perspective
• Eye Level

Is this picture using perspective?

• Yes
• No

This is the term for animation that is applied to items that are attached to a character that do not move independently. When a character entering a scene reached the spot for his next action, the character often has to come to a sudden stop.

• Staging
• Timing
• Follow Through and Overlapping Action
• Appeal

A set of 3D objects, including the models themselves and the lights and camera that will be used when rendering them out.

• Scene

George has a small stroke that results in a partial paralysis of his left side. The damaged area is most likely in his _____ lobe.

• Right frontal
• Left frontal
• Right parietal
• Left temporal

How many vanishing points will be there in a Zero point perspective drawing?

• 0
• 1
• 2
• 3

Animators use arcs to make sure that the animation of a character for example looks solid and the proportions stay the same, even if squash and stretch is being applied.

• Slow in Slow out
• Exaggeration
• Arcs
• Secondary Action

3D Modeling is the process of ___-dimensional objects in a computer. (Slide 2)

• 3
• 2

Your heart races. You begin to breathe faster. Your pupils enlarge and your appetite is gone. Your _____ division has just been activated.

• Sympathetic
• Parasympathetic
• Autonomic
• Somatic

What does set design do for a play or musical?

_____________________ is an illusion of depth that an artist can create by using details and distinctive marks on objects that are closer on the page, and using fuzzy and undetailed marks for objects that are further away.

• Linear Perspective
• High & Low Placement
• Overlapping
• Size
• Aerial Perspective

Descriptive of a region of space that has width, height and depth.

• 3D

Which sense is NOT sent to the cortex by the thalamus?

• Hearing
• Smell
• Taste
• Vision

How horizontal lines in perspective view of object are drawn?

• Vertical
• Horizontal
• To a Focal Point
• To a Vanishing Point

What is in the foreground of this picture?

• The tree
• The man
• The mountain

An imitation of real-life motion through moving pictures. Still pictures when made to move at certain number of frames per second lead to an illusion of continuous motion.

• Animation

Lighting and shadow simulation: Sophisticated calculations that produces ___________________, physically accurate, effects of light. (Slide 6)

• photo-realistic

Light objects are used to produce virtual __________ on an object, or in a scene. (Slide 30)

A set of mathematical attributes that determine the ways in which the surface of a model to which they are applied reacts to light. These attributes are sub-divided into individual channels.

• Material

Vector-based just like traditional animation. The difference is that frames are not drawn manually instead a computer program like Flash or Adobe Animate is used for animating the fundamental frames.

• 2D Animation

What is this?

• Design Concept
• Inspiration Board
• Rendering
• Model

A simple three-dimensional form used as the basis for constructive solid geometry modelling techniques. Typical primitives include the plane, the cube, the sphere, the cone and the torus.

• Primitives

Rendering includes visible surfaces, lighting, colors, __________, and special effects. (Slide 31)

• materials

The following are the main reasons for using a pipeline in 3D animation production except

• Time Management
• Budget Management
• Team Management
• Software Management
• Animation Management

The following are primitives except.

• Cube
• Soccer Ball
• Hourglass
• Wire
• Pyramid

• A.
• Question text

UVWs correlate to the ___, Y, and Z axes dimensions of a model. (Slide 23)

• X

All 3D objects are a collection of 3 fundamental ______________ components: vertices, edges, and faces. (Slide 16)

• subgeometry

Jeff is undergoing brain surgery to remove a tumor. The surgeon applies electrical simulation to various areas around the tumor, causing Jeff to report tingling sensations in various areas of his skin. The tumor is most likely in which lobe of Jeff's brain?

• Frontal
• Temporal
• Occipital
• Parietal

• A
• B

The process of preparing a character model for animation, including setting up an underlying skeleton, complete with constraints, controllers and kinematic systems, and linking it to the mesh of the character model.

• Rigging

Plugins: __________ that adds features to the application, extending its capabilities. (Slide 6)

• software
• hardware

A modelling technique in which a two-dimensional outline or profile is duplicated outwards along a linear path, and the set of duplicated profiles joined to create a continuous three-dimensional surface.

• Extrusion

Based on the idea of the animator wanting to show off the extremes or key poses in an animated sequence, the animator would draw more in-betweens around these poses to draw the audience attention to the key pose.

• Squash and Stretch
• Exaggeration
• Anticipation
• Slow in Slow out

What is the artist doing to create rhythm in this picture?

• Repeating animals and people

Add textures: Texture _________ involves adding patterns or bitmap images to the surface of a mesh. (Slide 23)

• mapping

Damaged nerve fibers in the body can repair themselves because they are coated with _______, which forms a protective tunnel around the nerve fibers.

• Glial
• Soma
• Myelin
• Neurilemma

Commonly labelled as frames per second (fps), is a term used to describe how many still frames will compose a single second of a moving image.

• Frame Rate

Point on the Horizon line that all converging lines move back in space to are called:

• Center point
• Vanishing point
• Converging point
• Focal point

Recognizing the face of someone you run into at the mall is a function of the _____ hemisphere; being able to retrieve that person's name from memory is a function of the ______ hemishpere.

• Left; right
• Right; left
• Right; right
• Left; left

______________ mimics the human eye; gives the best representation of final product, has a virtual vanishing point. (Slide 8)

• perspective

A shading method in which a simple grid of lines is used to represent the basic contours of the underlying model.

• Wireframe

The movements of the 3D objects or characters in a scene or setting are created during the animation stage.

• 3D Motion Graphics
• Stop Motion
• Claymation
• 3D Animation

Lines of an object that move from the front to the vanishing point on the horizon line in a composition using perspective are called.

• Common lines.
• Juxtaposition.
• Converging lines.
• Vanishing points.

Identify the Multi Cut Tool

• Image: https://quizizz.com/media/resource/gs/quizizz-media/quizzes/530efdec-f19b-4fa8-b72d-2460d78906cd?w=90&h=90
• Image: https://quizizz.com/media/resource/gs/quizizz-media/quizzes/b30aefdd-b0bb-4e18-a7db-7126967c0ccc?w=90&h=90
• Image: https://quizizz.com/media/resource/gs/quizizz-media/quizzes/eb6c7c94-6ce3-4ce9-8721-fc1f38c7f6d5?w=90&h=90

In 3D software, light objects and camera objects are node objects that can hold _________. (Slide 29)

• information

Identify the Extrude Tool

• Image: https://quizizz.com/media/resource/gs/quizizz-media/quizzes/63e033b7-182c-44df-bc6b-be7b7ca17c45?w=90&h=90
• Image: https://quizizz.com/media/resource/gs/quizizz-media/quizzes/59266f13-68cd-4bcd-87f8-d4d03ca55beb?w=90&h=90

Pertaining to artist draftsmanship skills, it has to do with the understanding of drawing. Creating a visual that becomes three dimensional on a two dimensional surface is the main goal.

• Staging
• Timing
• Solid Drawing
• Appeal

Also known as pushing the pose, it has to do with taking an action and pushing it to the next level for clarity of story.

• Squash and Stretch
• Exaggeration
• Anticipation
• Secondary Action

Means literally that you begin with the first drawing and then the second and so forth.

• Slow in Slow out
• Pose to Pose
• Secondary Action

__________: a single point in 3D space. (Slide 16)

• vertex

A generic term describing any item that can be inserted into and manipulated within a 3D scene.

• Object

What should you do when you read the script for the first time?

• Find the setting of the play
• Read the script for sensory and physical needs.
• Read the script for enjoyment
• Take any notes

The action of hormones in the bloodstream is most similar to which of the following?

• The action of sodium ions in the action potential
• The action of myelin surrounding the axons
• The action of glia cells in the brain
• The action of neurotransmitters in the synapse

Identify the Edge Loop Tool

• Image: https://quizizz.com/media/resource/gs/quizizz-media/quizzes/530efdec-f19b-4fa8-b72d-2460d78906cd?w=90&h=90
• Image: https://quizizz.com/media/resource/gs/quizizz-media/quizzes/b30aefdd-b0bb-4e18-a7db-7126967c0ccc?w=90&h=90
• Image: https://quizizz.com/media/resource/gs/quizizz-media/quizzes/118c48ed-d1c6-4dcc-9944-f51a3500f951?w=90&h=90

_______________________ is a tool that allows artists to create an illusion of depth on their page. It imitates human vision, which sees parallel lines leading away as eventually coming together (or getting farther away).

• Liner Perspective
• Vanishing Point
• One-Point Perspective
• Two-Point Perspective
• Eye Level

The technique of showing depth in a picture by using a horizon line and two vanishing points on the horizon line is called:

• One point perspective.
• Two point perspective.
• Converging perspective.
• Horizon line.

What is the pattern in this picture?

• The hat
• The white and black line
• The dinosaur

Heather is beautifully proportioned, but at 18 years of age she is still no taller than the average 10-year-old. heather most likely had a problem with her _____ gland(s) while she was growing up.

• Pituitary
• Thyroid
• Pineal

Motion capture: Movement ___________ tracked using specialized equipment is used to drive a virtual actor. (Slide 6)

• data

The research, designing and planning phase of the entire 3D project which is split between two teams: The design team which creates the idea, story and designs, and the management team who writes down the production plan.

• Pre-Production

The following are the steps under pre-production stage except

• Stroyboarding
• Animatic
• Idea Generation
• Lighting
• 3D Layout

What is this?

• Full-Color Rendering
• Sketch
• White Model
• Scenic Model

What is in the background in this picture?

• The man
• The dinosaur
• The mountain

What technique is used to create three-dimensional look in a composition using straight lines?

• Abstract Perspective
• Linear Perspective
• Atmospheric Perspective
• Pointillism

How many subdivisions height does this cylinder have?

• 6

A method of displaying 3D scenes adopted by many high-end software applications, in which a scene is shown simultaneously in Top, Side, Front and Perspective views.

This artist uses this to make his art

• Computer
• Pencil
• Chalk

At this stage, the final touches are added to the project to make it look polished and professional (the definition of polished and professional might differ in various projects, of course).

• Post Production

Identify the Slide Edge Tool

• Image: https://quizizz.com/media/resource/gs/quizizz-media/quizzes/530efdec-f19b-4fa8-b72d-2460d78906cd?w=90&h=90
• Image: https://quizizz.com/media/resource/gs/quizizz-media/quizzes/b30aefdd-b0bb-4e18-a7db-7126967c0ccc?w=90&h=90
• Image: https://quizizz.com/media/resource/gs/quizizz-media/quizzes/eb6c7c94-6ce3-4ce9-8721-fc1f38c7f6d5?w=90&h=90

Animators play with this principle all of the time, sometimes you hold a drawing or image for 3, 4, 1 frames and so on, until the desired look appears in the playback.

• Staging
• Timing
• Follow Through and Overlapping Action
• Appeal

Line that moves from one side to the other that tells the viewer where the back of the image concludes or ends is called the:

• Converging line.
• Vanishing point
• Line of sight.
• Horizon line.

Mrs. Fromal is the best art teacher you've ever had.

• Yes.
• True.
• DEFINITELY.
• I love Mrs. Fromal and I wish I could have art class with her all 4 blocks.

_____________: Rotates the viewport camera around a fixed point, typically a selected object. (Slide 11)

• orbit/arc rotate

Choose all the 3D file format

• .OBJ
• .TARGA
• .TIFF
• .FBX
• .STL

In the structure of the neuron, the ______ sends information to other cells.

• Axon
• Dendrite
• Soma
• Myelin

How does one neuron communicate with another neuron?

• An electrical spark jumps over the gap between cells
• Charged particles leap from one cell to the next
• Chemicals in the end of one neuron float across the gap to fit into holes on the next neuron
• The end of one neuron extends to touch the other neuron

_____________________ can be used as an illusion of depth by making closer objects appear larger in proportion, and farther objects appear smaller in proportion.

• Linear Perspective
• High & Low Placement
• Overlapping
• Size
• Aerial Perspective

Step One: Read and Analyze the _____

• Script

Which type of cell makes up 10 percent of the brain?

• Glial cells
• Neurons
• Stem cells
• Afferent cells

Step 8:__________________

• READ AND ANALYZE THE SCRIPT
• DRAW AND RENDER
• FULL-COLOR, SCALE MODEL OR RENDERING
• TECHNICAL REHEARSALS, OPENING NIGHT, AND PERFORMANCES

The surface geometry of a 3D model, made up of a series of linked geometry elements such as polygons, patches or NURBS surfaces.

• Mesh

Voluntary muscles are controlled by the ______ nervous system.

• Somatic
• Autonomic
• Sympathetic
• Parasympathetic

What is a Set Rendering?

• perspective drawing of what your design will look like
• model of what you are designing
• the full design complete
• a drawing done in Black & White

Primitive objectives and Shapes are ________________ - changes to the object’s characteristics can be made based on adjusting numeric values for object dimensions. (Slide 15)

• parametric

What is the polycount of this cube?

• 24

Which step includes creating a Full-color Rendering

• 2
• 4
• 3
• 6

An audience must be taken through a planned sequence of actions that will lead them clearly from one activity to the next. The viewer must be prepared for the next movement and expect it before it actually occurs.

• Squash and Stretch
• Exaggeration
• Anticipation
• Secondary Action

What tools does a designer use to create a set design?

• visual script analysis
• thumbnail sketches
• detailed sketches
• scenic models
• Costume Rendering
• Costume Rendering
• Costume Rendering

Which of the following is the correct path of a reflex arc?

• Efferent neuron to interneuron to afferent neuron
• Efferent neuron to afferent neuron to interneuron
• Afferent neuron to interneuron to efferent neuron
• Afferent neuron to efferent neuron to the brain

Which technique of studying the brain actually damages neurons?

• EEG
• Deep lesioning
• ESB
• MRI

A bitmap image that is applied to the surface of 3D object to give it detail.

• Texture

This is the most general of principles; it covers so many areas and goes back so far in the theater. The meaning however is very precise; it is the presentation of any idea so that it is completely and unmistakable clear.

• Staging
• Timing
• Follow Through and Overlapping Action
• Appeal

Did you enjoy taking this quiz? (Click ALL that apply)

• Yes.
• True.
• DEFINITELY.
• Not really

A hypothetical linear path around which an object can be rotated, or across which it can be mirrored.

• Axis

When a neuron is in the resting potention state, where are the sodium ions?

• Inside the cell
• Outside the cell
• Inside the soma
• In the synapse

______________________ is an illusion of depth that an artist can create by placing closer objects lower on the page, and farther objects higher on the page.

• Linear Perspective
• High & Low Placement
• Overlapping
• Size
• Aerial Perspective

______________: Final compilation of all of the visual components of a scene. (Slide 31)

• rendering

Linda is recovering from damage to her brain. Her main symptom is a speech problem; instead of saying "I am going to P.T. (physical therapy) at nine o'clock" she says, "I go . . . P.T. . . . non o'cot." Linda's problem is _______.

• Spatial neglect
• Visual agnosia
• Broca's aphasia
• Wernicke's aphasia

A method of reducing or preventing rendering artefacts by using colour information to simulate a higher screen resolution.

• Anti-Aliasing
• Retopology
• Z Remesh

• A
• B
• C

Changing viewport camera: _______ - Moves the user’s viewport camera up and down, left and right – parallel to the subject from the current point of view. (Slide 11)

• pan

The automatic alignment of one object to another or to a reference grid, intended to aid the precise placement of objects within a scene or modelling hierarchy.

• Snap

Which part of the brain is the link between the brain and the glandular system?

• Hippocampus
• Thalamus
• Hypothalamus
• Amygdala

_____________ mode: Simulates a first-person perspective. (Slide 11)

• walkthrough

Maria suffered a stroke that damaged a part of her brain. She fell into a sleeplike coma and could not be awakened. If we know that the area of damage is somewhere in the brain stem, which structure is most likely damaged?

• Medulla
• Pons
• Reticular formation
• Cerebellum

The height from which the viewer sees the scene is his/her _________________.

• Linear Perspective
• Vanishing Point
• One-Point Perspective
• Two-Point Perspective
• Eye Level

In a Two Perspective drawing where will the Vanishing Points be?

• On the horizon
• Below the horizon
• Above the horizon
• On vertical

This principle deals with actions that happen in addition to the characters primary action.

• Squash and Stretch
• Exaggeration
• Anticipation
• Secondary Action

When using ___________________________, the artist establishes a horizon line and creates TWO vanishing points on it, where all lines converge through TWO sets of orthagonal lines.

• Linear Perspective
• Vanishing Point
• One-Point Perspective
• Two-Point Perspective
• Eye Level

Melatonin is secreted by the _____ gland(s).

• Pituitary
• Thyroid
• Pineal

Importing/Exporting: Supporting ____________ file format. (Slide 6)

• non-native

The process of binding the surface of a model to the underlying skeleton during character rigging.

• Skinning

The _______________________ is the point at whicih parallel lines appear to come together.

• Linear Perspective
• Vanishing Point
• One-Point Perspective
• Two-Point Perspective
• Eye Level

____________ views include Top, Bottom, Front, Back, and Left and Right Sides. (Slide 9)

• orthographic

This is one of the most important principles to learn. To have this, the image does not always have to be what is considered a traditionally pretty or a beautiful image.

• Staging
• Timing
• Solid Drawing
• Appeal

Which one of these pieces is abstract?A. B

• A
• B

___________________is an illusion of depth that an artist can create by drawing/painting one object in front of another object by covering parts of the further object.

• Linear Perspective
• High & Low Placement
• Overlapping
• Size
• Aerial Perspective

The process of creating simplified models with low polygon counts, usually for use in videogames, where scenes must be rendered in real time, by software with a limited ability to handle complex models.

• Re mesh
• Retopology
• Low Poly Modeling
• Baking

A modelling tool which deforms the structure of an entire object. However, the exact meaning of the term varies from software package to software package.

• Deformer

This modelling technique starts with some primitive object, such as a cube or sphere, and we use classic modeling tools to create a shape from it.

• Box Modeling

An object created by combining two objects using mathematical operators. The two objects may be subtracted from one other, merged, or intersected to form the new object.

• Boolean

Which of the following techniques for imaging the brain would NOT be advisable for a person with a metal plate in his or her head?

• EEG
• CT
• MRI
• PET

This is used to create the illusion of form or shape of an object such as a sphere.

• Line and perspective.
• Tonal value.
• Camera obscura.
• Vanishing point.

Who is the Scenic Designer (set designer)

• Designer for the costumes
• charged with developing the environment used to tell the story of a play, musical, or performing arts piece.
• charged with developing the sound used to tell the story of a play, musical, or performing arts piece.
• charged with developing the lights used to tell the story of a play, musical, or performing arts piece.

The ______ division controls ordinary, day-to-day bodily functions.

• Sympathetic
• Parasympathetic
• Central
• Somatic

Considered the most important discovery, it allows organic and inorganic objects to come to life in an exaggerated manner.

• Squash and Stretch
• Exaggeration
• Anticipation
• Secondary Action

Which one of these pictures was made by James Gurney?A.B.

• A
• B

How many subdivisions caps does this cylinder have?

• 4

Which neurotransmitter is associated with the control of the pain response?

• Acetylcholine
• GABA
• Serotonin
• Endorphin

Alex, who is two months old, is having his picture taken. The photographer tries to sit him up, but Alex keeps sinking down. Alex cannot sit upright yet because the _____ in his brain stem is not yet fully developed.

• Medulla
• Pons
• Reticular formation
• Cerebellum

At this stage, visual elements of the 3D animation will be handed out to the designated teams and artists.

• Production

The following are the steps under production stage except

• VFX
• Rendering
• 3D Modeling
• 2D VFX
• Compositing

Design is a ______

• Team effort

Shaders and materials are related to __________. Shaders and materials affect the appearance of surface of objects. (Slide 6)

• textures

Identify the Bridge Tool

• Image: https://quizizz.com/media/resource/gs/quizizz-media/quizzes/2ee521a1-b651-4f69-93da-fed89de4a86c?w=90&h=90
• Image: https://quizizz.com/media/resource/gs/quizizz-media/quizzes/b30aefdd-b0bb-4e18-a7db-7126967c0ccc?w=90&h=90
• Image: https://quizizz.com/media/resource/gs/quizizz-media/quizzes/118c48ed-d1c6-4dcc-9944-f51a3500f951?w=90&h=90

Modifiers: deformations; detailed _____________ editing capabilities. (Slide 6)

• parametric

__________________ are the window into a scene; the virtual 3D environment. (Slide 8)

• viewports

With this technique we use a camera and photograph an object multiple times from all angles in a lighting condition that is as even as possible.

• Photogrammetry

_____________ is used to describe multi-sided shapes, for example, pentagons, hexagons, etc. (Slide 15)

• Ngon