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Commonly known as body fat, plays a crucial role in energy storage, insulation, and overall metabolic health in the human body.
what are chylomicrons
metabolism of steroid hormones..White fat also ______________ CHOLESTEROL
fuel reserve and storage..Fatty acids store energy _______________ adipose cells
WAT and BAT have essentially ___________________ functions
adipose tissue function..1. Serve as an energy ____________ for times of starvation (TAG)
How does adipose tissue contribute to the regulation of glucose levels in the blood?
what are some physical characteristics of adipocytes?
Which of the following hormones is primarily produced by adipose tissue and is involved in regulating appetite and metabolism?
lipolysis.._________________ triglycerides (fats) into their component fatty acid and glycerol molecules
Which of the following hormones is primarily produced by adipose tissue and regulates appetite by suppressing hunger?
role in glucose homeostasis..WAT is needed for _________________ glucose homeostasis
What is the primary function of beige adipose tissue?
Breakdown of fats and other lipids by hydrolysis to release fatty acids
where does white adipose tissue originate?
Where is brown adipose tissue primarily found in adult humans?
Which of the following statements about adipose tissue is correct?
Which type of adipose tissue is involved in energy dissipation through thermogenesis?
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the pancreas?
Which hormone is responsible for signaling the brain when energy stores are sufficient?
Which of the following hormones is produced by adipose tissue and has anti-inflammatory properties?
How is white adipose tissue distributed?
BAT..__________________ heat and actually consumes energy
in the periscapular region
___________ fat is closer to muscle than to fat
leptin..Critical hormone in energy __________________
what is the function of white adipose tissue?
How does brown adipose tissue contribute to thermogenesis?
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the liver?
Which of the following is NOT a function of adipose tissue in the body?
Which hormone is responsible for signaling the brain when energy stores are low?
a mix of white and brown fat- pure hibernomas are very rare
specialized in the dissipation of energy throughthe productionof heat
what is thermogenin?
Which type of adipose tissue is responsible for thermogenesis in newborns?
unidifferentriated mesenchymal cells
peroxisome proliferation activated receptor gamma ( PPAR gamma)
What is the role of leptin in adipose tissue?
Which of the following factors can contribute to the expansion of adipose tissue mass?
Which of the following is a function of adipose tissue in the liver?
What is the main function of white adipose tissue?
What is the primary function of beige adipose tissue in the body?
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the spleen?
it produces heat, which warm the blood flowing through the tissue
Which adipokine has anti-inflammatory properties and is associated with improved insulin sensitivity?
Which of the following is a function of brown adipose tissue?
multiocular adi[ose tissue constitutes 2- 5 % of the body weight and is as shown in the photo- the black areas indicate multiocular adipose tissue and shaded areas are a mixture of multiocular and uniolcular adipose tissue
stores excess energy as TAG
Which of the following is a key characteristic of beige adipocytes?
into lobes by connective tissue
Where is brown adipose tissue primarily located in the human body?
adipose tissue function..4. ________________ and ___________________ hormones and molecules with major roles in: glucose homeostasis, feed intake and metabolism, inflammation, etc.
Which of the following is a potential consequence of excessive visceral adipose tissue?
Which of the following is a function of adipose tissue in the body?
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the eyes?
leptin..Leptin has actions ____________ centrally (hypothalamus where it has receptors) and in peripheral organs
Which hormone is released by adipose tissue and promotes the breakdown of fat for energy during periods of fasting?
Which of the following factors can lead to the "browning" of white adipose tissue?
is the most common benign adipose tissue tumor
white adipose tissue (WAT)..Mainly under the skin (subcutaneous)Also in deposits between the musclesIn the intestines and in their membrane folds Around the heart and gonadsMen accumulate fat around the waist women tend to accumulate more fat around the hips than the waist
Which hormone, produced by adipose tissue, is involved in the regulation of blood sugar levels?
is a source of HORMONES, which serve various roles in METABOLISM and ENDOCRINE FUNCTION
Which of the following hormones is produced by adipose tissue and has a role in regulating metabolism and hunger?
BAT..Tan color due to ___________________ of lysosomes and mitochondria(energy-producing from ATP)
role in glucose homeostasis..WAT has the ability to __________________ glucose under certain conditions to provide energy for the body
What is the primary function of brown adipose tissue?
-around organs- in omentum- in mesenteries-bone marrow - feet axilla -orbits Fat A*s Mom say MOOO
leptin..Function: "satiety hormone" _____________ hunger!
Which adipokine is primarily secreted by adipose tissue and is associated with insulin resistance?
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the body during extreme cold exposure?
- predominate type in adults
BAT..Not _______________ distributed. Located on the back, upper half of the spine and shoulders (mainly found around vessels, adrenal glands and neck region)
____________ fat plays a wide-ranging role in metabolic regulation andphysiological homeostasis, far beyond the simple paradigmof fat storage
white adipose tissue- only one fat droplet
Produced principally by WAT
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the brain?
Which enzyme is responsible for the hydrolysis of triglycerides into fatty acids and glycerol in adipocytes?
white adipose tissue (WAT)..Variable size mainly ______________ on the size of the single lipid droplet stored in them
Which of the
is the process by which hibernating animals produce heat ultizing brown fat cell
leptin..__________________ apeptite and energy expenditure
areas around the kidney, adrenal glands, aorta, regions of the neck and mediastium
fuel reserve and storage.._________________ is the primary energy source for the brain, not fatty acids
Which factor can stimulate the differentiation of adipocyte precursor cells into mature adipocytes?
it uncouples oxidation of fatty acids from the production of ATP
white adipose tissue (WAT)..Each adipocyte of WAT is spherical and contains a large ____________ droplet of fat (unilocular) that accounts for 90% of thecell volume!
WAT play a key role in inflammatory processesDysregulation can lead to diabetesIn obese states, adipose tissue is subjected to oxidative stress, resulting in aging, accumulation of macrophages, production of proi-nflammatory cytokines and suppression of hormone production
fuel reserve and storage..Energy is stored with ____________ water, making adipose very efficient!
what are the functions of adipose tissue?
what is the main function of brown adipose tissue?
adipocytes ( fat storing cells)
Where is beige adipose tissue primarily located in the human body?
Which type of adipose tissue is typically found in higher amounts in individuals who are overweight or obese?
individual cells and small groups of cells scattered throughout loose connective tissue
metabolism of steroid hormones..White fat is __________________ in themetabolism of steroid hormones
large lipid droplets
Which hormone, produced by adipose tissue, is responsible for increasing appetite and promoting fat storage?
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the stomach?
Where is beige adipose tissue primarily located in the body?
role in glucose homeostasis.._____________________ (stored within adipocytes), are broken into fatty acids and glycerol
what hormones do adipocytes synthesize?
how does thermogenin work?
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the mammary glands of lactating females?
Which type of adipose tissue is often referred to as "good fat" due to its potential benefits for metabolism?
BAT..Greater _________________ demand, contains more capillaries than white fat.
fuel reserve and storage..When other tissues ____________ energy, certain hormones bind to adipose cells and trigger the hydrolysis of TAG, resulting in the release of energy-rich fatty acids and glycerol:process known as __________________
white adipose tissue (WAT)..Cytoplasm of adipose cell is sheet-like with a ___________________ nucleus
What is the primary function of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) in adipose tissue?
what is the result of increased production of angiotensin?
Which of the following statements about liposuction is true?
the different parts of the body - depends on the sex of the individual
What is the main function of adipose tissue-derived adiponectin?
metabolism of steroid hormones..WAT does not synthesize steroid hormones de novo but it does _____________ enzymes which are involved in the conversion of bothglucocorticoids and sex hormones
the movement of protons across the inner mitochondrial membrane- that leads to the production of heat instead of ATP
Which of the following is NOT a type of adipose tissue?
Where is subcutaneous adipose tissue located?
what chemical activates hormone sensitive lipase in adipose tissue?
white adipose tissue (WAT).. body distributionMen ___________________ fat around the waist women tend to ___________________ more fat around the hips than the waist
BAT..Brown adipocytes contain numerous and smaller _______ droplets (multilocular)
is a specialized highly vascular tissue
Which of the following is a role of adipose tissue in the body?
found mainly in newborn babies (~5% of the body mass)
white adipose tissue (WAT)..____________ distributed in the body
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the kidneys?
newborn humans to prevent extensive heat loss
what are some characteristics of brown fat?
Which type of adipose tissue is commonly found in the abdominal cavity and is associated with metabolic syndrome?
Which hormone promotes appetite and is often referred to as the "hunger hormone"?
rare, benign, slow growing tumors of BROWN FAT
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the breast?
lots of mitochondria
adipose tissue function..2. Provide _____________________
white adipose tissue (WAT)..The lipid type found in WAT adipocytes is mainly ___________________
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the bone marrow?
fuel reserve and storage..___________ ___________ are the major secretory product of WAT
have a central nucleus, multiple fat droplets and abundant mitochondria
Type of connective tissue consisting mainly of fat cells (adipocytes), specialized to synthesize and contain large globules of fat, within a structural network of fibers.
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in protecting organs?
Which hormone stimulates the breakdown of triglycerides in adipocytes?
What is the primary function of adipose tissue?
What is the main function of subcutaneous adipose tissue?
role in glucose homeostasis..Both of these products can be used in the metabolic processes __________________ for glucose production.
BAT..Provides an infant with an ___________________ means of heat regulation
dissipates the mitochondrial proton gradient, uncoupling respiration from ATP synthesis- and the energy produced by the mitochondria is used as heat
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the lungs?
what is the function of leptin?
What is the primary function of visceral adipose tissue?
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the heart?
white and brown
is present during fetal life and diminishes during the first decade after birth- also called multiocular = contains numerous fat droplets
Which hormone is produced by adipose tissue and plays a role in regulating hunger and energy balance?
lipolysis..activated by ___________________ such as: epinephrine, norepinephrine, glucagon (which bind to adipocytes).
Which hormone is produced by adipose tissue and plays a role in regulating hunger and appetite?
- large cells- shapes include round oval or polyhedral
BAT..(e.g., grizzly bears and black bears) BAT is found in adults and plays an important role in survival "hibernating gland "BAT consumes energy and releases heat(nonshivering thermogenesis)
Which enzyme is responsible for the synthesis of fatty acids in adipose tissue?
adipose tissue function..3. ____________________: forms pads between organs
an uncoupling protien found in mitochondria, UCP or thermogenin
not membrane bound
a rare, malignant tumor of adipose tissue- tumor containing cell that are less differentiated are more aggressive and tend to metastasize
how are adipocytes stimulated to release free fatty acids?
BAT..Higher in __________, more oxygenated (capillaries)
The classical view of the _________________ of adipose tissue is to provide a long-term fuel reserve (energy storage) which can be mobilized during food deprivation with the release of fatty acids for oxidation in other organs.
leptin..Leptin _____________ in blood are higher while we sleep suppressing appetite (?) decreased after short-term fasting and cronically increased in obese patients
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