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Commonly known as body fat, plays a crucial role in energy storage, insulation, and overall metabolic health in the human body.
Which of the following hormones is primarily produced by adipose tissue and regulates appetite by suppressing hunger?
what is the function of leptin?
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the bone marrow?
specialized in the dissipation of energy throughthe productionof heat
adipose tissue function..1. Serve as an energy ____________ for times of starvation (TAG)
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the heart?
BAT..__________________ heat and actually consumes energy
what is the function of white adipose tissue?
fuel reserve and storage..___________ ___________ are the major secretory product of WAT
What is the primary function of beige adipose tissue in the body?
is a specialized highly vascular tissue
Which factor can stimulate the differentiation of adipocyte precursor cells into mature adipocytes?
Which of the following is a function of adipose tissue in the body?
what are some physical characteristics of adipocytes?
white adipose tissue (WAT)..Each adipocyte of WAT is spherical and contains a large ____________ droplet of fat (unilocular) that accounts for 90% of thecell volume!
metabolism of steroid hormones..WAT does not synthesize steroid hormones de novo but it does _____________ enzymes which are involved in the conversion of bothglucocorticoids and sex hormones
white and brown
Which of the following factors can lead to the "browning" of white adipose tissue?
have a central nucleus, multiple fat droplets and abundant mitochondria
What is the primary function of brown adipose tissue?
adipocytes ( fat storing cells)
Which hormone stimulates the breakdown of triglycerides in adipocytes?
What is the role of leptin in adipose tissue?
adipose tissue function..4. ________________ and ___________________ hormones and molecules with major roles in: glucose homeostasis, feed intake and metabolism, inflammation, etc.
Which of the following hormones is produced by adipose tissue and has a role in regulating metabolism and hunger?
BAT..Provides an infant with an ___________________ means of heat regulation
a mix of white and brown fat- pure hibernomas are very rare
role in glucose homeostasis..WAT has the ability to __________________ glucose under certain conditions to provide energy for the body
fuel reserve and storage..Fatty acids store energy _______________ adipose cells
the different parts of the body - depends on the sex of the individual
What is the main function of subcutaneous adipose tissue?
Which adipokine is primarily secreted by adipose tissue and is associated with insulin resistance?
how does thermogenin work?
Which enzyme is responsible for the synthesis of fatty acids in adipose tissue?
dissipates the mitochondrial proton gradient, uncoupling respiration from ATP synthesis- and the energy produced by the mitochondria is used as heat
Where is beige adipose tissue primarily located in the body?
Where is beige adipose tissue primarily located in the human body?
adipose tissue function..2. Provide _____________________
Which hormone is released by adipose tissue and promotes the breakdown of fat for energy during periods of fasting?
role in glucose homeostasis..Both of these products can be used in the metabolic processes __________________ for glucose production.
Which type of adipose tissue is responsible for thermogenesis in newborns?
it produces heat, which warm the blood flowing through the tissue
Which of the following statements about liposuction is true?
the movement of protons across the inner mitochondrial membrane- that leads to the production of heat instead of ATP
white adipose tissue- only one fat droplet
What is the main function of white adipose tissue?
Which of the following is a potential consequence of excessive visceral adipose tissue?
- large cells- shapes include round oval or polyhedral
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the mammary glands of lactating females?
Which hormone is responsible for signaling the brain when energy stores are low?
Which adipokine has anti-inflammatory properties and is associated with improved insulin sensitivity?
Which of the following statements about adipose tissue is correct?
white adipose tissue (WAT)..Variable size mainly ______________ on the size of the single lipid droplet stored in them
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the breast?
WAT play a key role in inflammatory processesDysregulation can lead to diabetesIn obese states, adipose tissue is subjected to oxidative stress, resulting in aging, accumulation of macrophages, production of proi-nflammatory cytokines and suppression of hormone production
Type of connective tissue consisting mainly of fat cells (adipocytes), specialized to synthesize and contain large globules of fat, within a structural network of fibers.
role in glucose homeostasis.._____________________ (stored within adipocytes), are broken into fatty acids and glycerol
large lipid droplets
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the lungs?
Which hormone is produced by adipose tissue and plays a role in regulating hunger and energy balance?
BAT..Brown adipocytes contain numerous and smaller _______ droplets (multilocular)
adipose tissue function..3. ____________________: forms pads between organs
leptin..__________________ apeptite and energy expenditure
leptin..Leptin _____________ in blood are higher while we sleep suppressing appetite (?) decreased after short-term fasting and cronically increased in obese patients
individual cells and small groups of cells scattered throughout loose connective tissue
Which enzyme is responsible for the hydrolysis of triglycerides into fatty acids and glycerol in adipocytes?
fuel reserve and storage..When other tissues ____________ energy, certain hormones bind to adipose cells and trigger the hydrolysis of TAG, resulting in the release of energy-rich fatty acids and glycerol:process known as __________________
a rare, malignant tumor of adipose tissue- tumor containing cell that are less differentiated are more aggressive and tend to metastasize
is present during fetal life and diminishes during the first decade after birth- also called multiocular = contains numerous fat droplets
leptin..Function: "satiety hormone" _____________ hunger!
it uncouples oxidation of fatty acids from the production of ATP
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the stomach?
is the most common benign adipose tissue tumor
Breakdown of fats and other lipids by hydrolysis to release fatty acids
what is the main function of brown adipose tissue?
What is the primary function of beige adipose tissue?
found mainly in newborn babies (~5% of the body mass)
what are chylomicrons
white adipose tissue (WAT)..____________ distributed in the body
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the spleen?
Which type of adipose tissue is commonly found in the abdominal cavity and is associated with metabolic syndrome?
BAT..Higher in __________, more oxygenated (capillaries)
in the periscapular region
Which of the following hormones is primarily produced by adipose tissue and is involved in regulating appetite and metabolism?
peroxisome proliferation activated receptor gamma ( PPAR gamma)
lots of mitochondria
fuel reserve and storage..Energy is stored with ____________ water, making adipose very efficient!
white adipose tissue (WAT)..Mainly under the skin (subcutaneous)Also in deposits between the musclesIn the intestines and in their membrane folds Around the heart and gonadsMen accumulate fat around the waist women tend to accumulate more fat around the hips than the waist
multiocular adi[ose tissue constitutes 2- 5 % of the body weight and is as shown in the photo- the black areas indicate multiocular adipose tissue and shaded areas are a mixture of multiocular and uniolcular adipose tissue
Which of the following is a function of adipose tissue in the liver?
Which of the following is NOT a function of adipose tissue in the body?
what chemical activates hormone sensitive lipase in adipose tissue?
what are the functions of adipose tissue?
white adipose tissue (WAT)..The lipid type found in WAT adipocytes is mainly ___________________
Which of the following is a role of adipose tissue in the body?
What is the main function of adipose tissue-derived adiponectin?
unidifferentriated mesenchymal cells
BAT..Greater _________________ demand, contains more capillaries than white fat.
what are some characteristics of brown fat?
Which of the following factors can contribute to the expansion of adipose tissue mass?
what is thermogenin?
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the body during extreme cold exposure?
What is the primary function of adipose tissue?
___________ fat is closer to muscle than to fat
white adipose tissue (WAT)..Cytoplasm of adipose cell is sheet-like with a ___________________ nucleus
Which type of adipose tissue is often referred to as "good fat" due to its potential benefits for metabolism?
lipolysis..activated by ___________________ such as: epinephrine, norepinephrine, glucagon (which bind to adipocytes).
an uncoupling protien found in mitochondria, UCP or thermogenin
Which hormone, produced by adipose tissue, is responsible for increasing appetite and promoting fat storage?
into lobes by connective tissue
Which of the
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the eyes?
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in protecting organs?
where does white adipose tissue originate?
Which type of adipose tissue is involved in energy dissipation through thermogenesis?
Which of the following is a key characteristic of beige adipocytes?
How does brown adipose tissue contribute to thermogenesis?
Where is brown adipose tissue primarily located in the human body?
WAT and BAT have essentially ___________________ functions
what hormones do adipocytes synthesize?
white adipose tissue (WAT).. body distributionMen ___________________ fat around the waist women tend to ___________________ more fat around the hips than the waist
What is the primary function of visceral adipose tissue?
leptin..Leptin has actions ____________ centrally (hypothalamus where it has receptors) and in peripheral organs
lipolysis.._________________ triglycerides (fats) into their component fatty acid and glycerol molecules
Produced principally by WAT
Where is brown adipose tissue primarily found in adult humans?
rare, benign, slow growing tumors of BROWN FAT
- predominate type in adults
How does adipose tissue contribute to the regulation of glucose levels in the blood?
How is white adipose tissue distributed?
Which hormone is produced by adipose tissue and plays a role in regulating hunger and appetite?
Which of the following is NOT a type of adipose tissue?
-around organs- in omentum- in mesenteries-bone marrow - feet axilla -orbits Fat A*s Mom say MOOO
What is the primary function of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) in adipose tissue?
metabolism of steroid hormones..White fat is __________________ in themetabolism of steroid hormones
Which hormone promotes appetite and is often referred to as the "hunger hormone"?
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the pancreas?
BAT..(e.g., grizzly bears and black bears) BAT is found in adults and plays an important role in survival "hibernating gland "BAT consumes energy and releases heat(nonshivering thermogenesis)
stores excess energy as TAG
Which type of adipose tissue is typically found in higher amounts in individuals who are overweight or obese?
Which of the following is a function of brown adipose tissue?
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the liver?
fuel reserve and storage.._________________ is the primary energy source for the brain, not fatty acids
role in glucose homeostasis..WAT is needed for _________________ glucose homeostasis
is the process by which hibernating animals produce heat ultizing brown fat cell
what is the result of increased production of angiotensin?
not membrane bound
BAT..Not _______________ distributed. Located on the back, upper half of the spine and shoulders (mainly found around vessels, adrenal glands and neck region)
Which hormone, produced by adipose tissue, is involved in the regulation of blood sugar levels?
newborn humans to prevent extensive heat loss
areas around the kidney, adrenal glands, aorta, regions of the neck and mediastium
is a source of HORMONES, which serve various roles in METABOLISM and ENDOCRINE FUNCTION
The classical view of the _________________ of adipose tissue is to provide a long-term fuel reserve (energy storage) which can be mobilized during food deprivation with the release of fatty acids for oxidation in other organs.
leptin..Critical hormone in energy __________________
Which hormone is responsible for signaling the brain when energy stores are sufficient?
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the brain?
____________ fat plays a wide-ranging role in metabolic regulation andphysiological homeostasis, far beyond the simple paradigmof fat storage
Which of the following hormones is produced by adipose tissue and has anti-inflammatory properties?
Where is subcutaneous adipose tissue located?
how are adipocytes stimulated to release free fatty acids?
What is the primary function of adipose tissue in the kidneys?
metabolism of steroid hormones..White fat also ______________ CHOLESTEROL
BAT..Tan color due to ___________________ of lysosomes and mitochondria(energy-producing from ATP)
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