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Provides essential information and resources for creating a safe and healthy work environment and promoting the well-being of employees in various industries.
He was a pioneering occupational safety researcher, whose 1931 publication Industrial Accident Prevention: A Scientific Approach [Heinrich 1931] was based on the analysis of large amounts of accident data collected by his employer, a large insurance company.
The key worker responsibilities for health and safety at work are: to take reasonable care not to put other people - fellow employees and members of the public - at risk by what you do or don't do in the course of your work to co-operate with your employer, to make sure you get proper training and that you understand and follow the company's health and safety policies follow the training you have received when using any work items your employer has given you interfering with or misuse anything that's been provided for your health, safety or welfare to report any injuries, strains or illnesses you suffer as a result of doing your job, your employer may need to change the way you work to tell your employer if something happens that might affect your ability to work, like becoming pregnant or suffering an injury. Your employer does of course also have a legal responsibility for your health and safety and they need to know about something before they can find a solution to tell someone (your employer, supervisor, or health and safety representative) if you think the work or inadequate precautions are putting anyone’s health and safety at serious risk.
Are created as a result of either powered or manual (human) use of tools, equipment or machinery and plant.
This one situation that happened while you were doing something on behalf of your employer or otherwise in the course of employment.
It should be the last line of defense protecting employees from hazards. Before using PPE, every feasible engineering and administrative control should be employed.
OSHA standard 29 CFR 1910.178 doesn't requires initial training, before an employee is allowed to operate a forklift, refresher training under specified conditions, and an evaluation of forklift operation performance at least every three years
It is a key piece of legislation that requires employers and employees to take reasonable and practicable steps to ensure health and safety in the workplace.
Historically, the focus of occupational health and safety efforts have been on manual labor occupations, such as factory workers. But the field now encompasses all occupations in the United States.
It includes an assessment of risks, a business security plan incorporating staff safety, measures to control risks, and staff training in risk identification and management.
This issue can be tied to fear of job loss, hoping for recognition or a promotion, a lack of feedback on one's performance, or other issues.
Being hit by ejected parts of the machinery or equipment.
OSHA’s recommendations for effective fall protection include the following: have a plan, establish requirements, provide equipment and procedures, ensure proper use and type of equipment, and provide training.
The field of public health that studies trends in illnesses and injuries in the worker population and proposes and implements strategies and regulations to prevent them. Its scope is broad, encompassing a wide variety of disciplines—from toxicology and epidemiology to ergonomics and violence prevention.
It helped managers to think about and identify underlying causal factors that could contribute to accidents. Its promise of allowing the interruption of the accident sequence by acting on underlying causal factors (“pulling out a domino”) helps to convince people to adopt the corrective actions suggested by the accident investigation.
A known hazard for workers and must be controlled immediately.
If you and your manager decide to go out for drinks after work, it wouldn't be considered "work-related" because it's not an official company event.
As a business owner you are not legally responsible for making sure your workplace is safe for your staff.
Views any situation in which an accident might occur as a system with three components: person (host), machine (agency), and environment.
Employees who are injured or become ill in connection with their work may be eligible for workers’ compensation benefits.
This can be minimized by using the following: anti-fatigue mats, shoe inserts, foot rails, improved workplace design, and sit/stand chairs.
It is an extension of the human factors theory. It introduces such new elements as ergonomic traps, the decision to err, and systems failures.
It involves devices or methods that minimize the risk of accidents resulting from machine operator contact.
Water should be palatable and readily available to every worker and individual drinking cups should be provided.
When wearing more than one item of PPE to protect against substances, such as hazardous chemicals or biological substances, it is important to put on and remove each item correctly. If hands could become contaminated when removing PPE, it is important to wash them thoroughly to prevent accidental contamination.
Posits that no one model/theory can explain all accidents. Factors from two or more models might be part of the cause.
The most widely used materials in manufacturing gloves for hand protection are leather, cotton, aramids, polyethylene, stainless steel cord, chain link, metal mesh, butyl rubber, and viton rubber.
This program should have the following components: policy statement commitment; review and acceptance of walkways; reconditioning and retrofitting; maintenance standards and procedures; inspection, audits, tests, and records; employee footwear; legal defenses; and measurement of results.
A great deal of workplace stress is related to people problems, such as coping with difficult co-workers, dealing with a negative or uncommunicative supervisor, peer pressure, and more.
As an employer you are legally required to develop a staff training program. An important part of this training is to ensure your staff's safety while undertaking their duties. You can undertake staff training either in-house or externally. As part of your risk management plan you should be fully aware of what personal safety risks are faced by your staff. Training can then address these risks. For new staff, personal safety training will be part of work health and safety inductions.
The most common causes of injury to employees and customers included are the following except:
This type of stress can be associated with workplace safety issues, the configuration of one's work area, the type of furniture or equipment that must be used in order to perform job functions, and other variables.
All safeguards should have the following characteristics: prevent contact, be secure and durable, protect against falling objects, create no new hazards, create no interference, and allow safe maintenance.
Being caught in a moving part of a machine or equipment or plant stabbing and puncture - e.g. nail gun use.
When hazards or hazardous behavior is observed, corrective action should be taken immediately. Waiting to act will never be fatal.
Are increasingly common and can be incredibly painful and debilitating.
Some in the following choices are under administrative control noises, except;
These are the root or a contributing cause of many workplace accidents every year.
OSHA regulations that apply specifically to fall protections in scaffolding work are as follows: 1926.451(g) (2), 1926.502(d)(15), and 1926.451(d)(16).
Heat Stress - It may manifest itself as heat exhaustion and/or heat stroke.
When employees die as a result of work injuries or illness, their eligible dependents are generally not entitled to collect workers’ compensation death benefits.
Protection from impact injuries from falling or projected objects includes personal protective equipment to protect the head (hard hats), eyes and face (eyeglasses or shields), and feet (footwear).
This is an unexpected step down.
Lighting, ventilation, wiring and desk installations for remote workers must meet safe work requirements. Remote workers should also work in a safe way (i.e. not be distracted by interference and take regular breaks).
Heat disorders involve excessive dehydration, it is essential that water intake during the workday be about equal to the amount of sweat produced.
A condition that many people develop throughout their lives from various causes.
They lose much less salt in their sweat than do workers who are not adjusted to the heat.
It is a catastrophic failure of the body’s ability to maintain a normal temperature.
This clothing or equipment designed to be worn by someone to protect them from the risk of injury or illness.
Foot meets sticky surface or defect. What kind of fall is this?
It is associated with machinery and equipment can include: harmful emissions, contained fluids or gas under pressure, chemicals and chemical byproducts, electricity and noise, all of which can cause serious injury if not adequately controlled.
Situations that are likely to cause stress are those that are predictable or controllable, certain, ambiguous or familiar, or involving conflict, loss or performance expectations.
Kind of fall that has unseen foreign object in the path.
All employers must not have workers' compensation insurance. If one of your staff experiences a work-related injury, workers' compensation insurance will not cover their medical costs and lost wages.
To prevent heat stress, employers should provide training so workers understand what heat stress is, how it affects health and safety, and how it can be prevented.
Dos and don'ts of ladder safety include checking for slipperiness, allowing only two person on the ladder at a time, securing the base and top on a level surface, applying the four-to-one ratio, facing the ladder when climbing, avoiding leaning, and always holding on with one hand.
There is a strong correlation between obesity and injuries, suggesting a need to promote optimal body weight as an injury prevention strategy.
It is the psychological and physical state that results when the resources of the individual are not sufficient to cope with the demands and pressures of the situation.
It is vital to aim to build the quietest workplace practicable, so PCBUs and designers of buildings and structures must consult with each other, take noise control into account and minimize the noise transmitted through the structure to the lowest level that is reasonably practicable.
Training helps prevent stress through analyzing the situation and developing an active plan to minimize the stressors.
Good employment practice includes assessing the risk of stress amongst employees involves not looking for pressures at work which could cause high and long lasting levels of stress.
The coefficient of friction between surfaces is an effective method for comparing the traction of a walking surface. A coefficient of friction of 0.60 or less means the surface is very slippery and very hazardous. A coefficient of 0.40 or higher means there is good traction. Coefficients of friction decrease when a surface is wet.
Eliminating hazards at the design or planning stage of new and/or renovated workplaces is often harder to achieve than making changes later when the hazards become real risks in the workplace.
Organizational and workplace factors have impact on the occurrence of accidents than factors related to the individual.
According to this theory, there are five factors in the sequence of events leading to an accident: ancestry/social environment, fault of person, unsafe act/mechanical or physical hazard, accident, and injury.
It is the single greatest cause of permanent hearing loss in Australia – and it’s also the most preventable.
Defined as stress that is generated due to conflicting demands in one's job.
The use of personal protective equipment is highest on the list of control priorities. These controls should not be relied on as the primary means of risk control until the options higher in the list of control priorities have been exhausted.
Previously called a workplace health and safety officer - or an elected health and safety representative to carry out an internal investigation and make recommendations.
It attributes accidents to a chain of events ultimately caused by human error. It consists of three broad factors that lead to human error: overload, inappropriate response, and inappropriate activities.
Exposure to workplace hazardous noise can cause temporary hearing loss and tinnitus (disabling ringing in the ears or head) in workers – both of which destroy their ability to hear clearly. It can also make it more difficult for them to hear sounds that are necessary to work safely, such as verbal instructions – even warning signals.
It holds that the models used for studying and determining the relationships between environmental factors and disease can be used to study causal relationships between environmental factors and accidents.
You must not be involve in the investigation in the workplace incidents because they do not result in serious injury. To investigate the incident, you have to establish the facts - who was involved, when it happened, and why. This information should be used to prevent further incidents.
Training helps prevent stress through using this to interrupt behaviour patterns when the stress reaction is just beginning.
If an injury occurs during lunch break, it may be considered work-related if it happens at the company cafeteria, on other employer-owned grounds, or otherwise connected to the course of employment (for example, lunch with a client at a restaurant).
The degree of responsibility of a health and safety manager ultimately depends on the industry or environment they work in.
Domino 1: ancestry and the worker’s social environment, which impact the worker’s skills, beliefs and “traits of character”, Heinrich wrote that “Recklessness, stubbornness, avariciousness, and other undesirable traits of character may be passed along through inheritance”. This kind of belief is not very different from that held by supporters of eugenics.
It may manifest itself as heat exhaustion and/or heat stroke.
It can be created by mechanical impacts, high-velocity air or fluid flow, and the vibrating surfaces of a machine or of the product being manufactured.
Workers diagnosed with heat stroke should be admitted to the hospital for at least 24 hours to rapidly reduce body temperature and to monitor for complications.
Look for broken or damaged components before using PPE and repair or replace it as needed.
Employers will continue to, except:
It addresses how your business can prepare for and to continue operate in the event of a personal safety incident.
If PPE is required, the person conducting the business or undertaking must provide it to workers free of charge. However, there may be circumstances where the payment for it can be negotiated. In deciding who should provide PPE consider: the availability of equipment whether the equipment can generally be used outside work, such as sunglasses or boots the need for a personal fit the requirements in the relevant industrial award or enterprise agreement regarding provision of PPE.
It remains an expensive and common cause of property loss in the United States
These are created as a result of either powered or manual (human) use of tools, equipment or machinery and plant.
A company-sponsored holiday party at a bar will not be considered as a work-related activity; so any injuries incurred at the party will not be covered by workers' comp.
People who work in noisy environments—such as construction sites or manufacturing plants—often suffer from __ ?
Businesses are required by law to report serious injury or illnesses to Workplace Health and Safety.
Approximately 77 percent of drug users are employed, and more than a third of all workers between 18 and 25 are binge drinkers. Alcoholism alone causes 500 million lost days annually.
When choosing PPE consider these factors except:
Collision of plant with a person is one example.
To prepare for the possibility of a safety breach, you should identify internal and external risks to your staff. For example, if your business operates late at night and has a lot of cash on site you may be at high risk from an armed hold-up.
Most falls fit into one of three categories: trip and fall, stump and fall, and step and fall.
Strategies for preventing slips include the following, except:
The primary causes of falls are a foreign object on the walking surface; a design flaw in the walking surface, a slippery surface, and a person's impaired physical condition.
A kind of fall that includes loss of balance.
It is an invisible problem in the workplace. However, it can be a major cause of accidents.
It is the Canada's national hazard communication standard.
Employers and company management are not obliged to provide a safe working environment for all of their employees.
All workers are entitled to work in environments where risks to their health and safety are properly controlled and under health and safety law the primary responsibility for this is down to employers. However, workers have a duty to take care of their own health and safety and that of others who may be affected by their actions at work.
Some in the following choices are under engineering control noises, except;
We sometimes take for granted the availability of safe power whenever we turn on a switch.
You need to consider where to locate noisy plant, equipment and work processes. Evaluating locations before installation is much cheaper and easier than physically moving it later. Aim to keep machines, processes and work areas of approximately equal noise levels located together
Are another leading cause of accidents on the job. If management is serious about workplace safety and health, it must establish expectations, provide training, evaluate employee performance with safety in mind, and reinforce safe and healthy behavior.
A strong health and safety policy can help an organization build a good relationship with its employees.
Employees who are confident of their safety at work also tend to be more satisfied with their employers — and it goes without saying that this increase in employee morale will also boost productivity.
Most PPE is provided for the personal use of a worker. PPE may not be shared in some circumstances, for example where PPE is only required for limited periods.
This should have the following components: poster illustrations, pre-employment screening, regular safety inspections, education and training, external services, and a written map of the program.
It is important to implement systems to ensure your staff's safety in the workplace. This includes procedures for staff working early and leaving late and for staff working at night, alone or in isolation, who are exposed to a higher safety risk. You will also need to implement safe practices for staff who travel, telecommute from home, or work away from the office.
Feeling pressure to produce a certain quality or quantity of work can be a workplace stressor. This can be tied to sales or production quotas, manufacturing standards, impending deadlines, and other factors.
Here are some consequences associated with customer accidents except:
This means the integration of control measures early in the design process to eliminate or, if this is not reasonable practicable, minimize risks to health and safety throughout the life of the structure being designed.
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