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Fundamentals of Martial Arts

Provides tools that enable people to learn and apply skills that help them realize not only what they are capable of but also gives them a sense of pride.

posture

structural alignment

body mechanics

practical functionality

kicking

striking

open hand

parries

punches

karate

physical education

education

Transition starts from attention stance.

  • True
  • False

In today's increasingly violent society, the art of disarming is something every martial artist must include in his daily training routine. With disarming skills, the chances of surviving a fight with an armed attacker are virtually nonexistent.

  • True
  • False

It is not just about drills and making sure you hit your partner’s baton.

  • Arnis

It works only against nonbladed weapons such as a stick or pole. This is performed by weaving the arm around the opponent's arm and pinning it to the body. This forces the weapon free, and it usually ends up in the hands of the defender.

  • SNAKE

In 1821, equipped with nothing more than bladed weapons and their fearsome arnis abilities, Filipino islanders defeated Ferdinand Magellan’s armored, musket-bearing Spanish conquistador forces when they tried to invade.

  • True
  • False

This is a rather difficult strike that is delivered by the butt of the weapon. The strike can cause a lot of damage especially when it is delivered to a nerve point or a soft spot on the opponent’s body. But if you are skilled enough, this strike can break your opponent’s bones easily.

  • Puno

This is the third major disarm technique of Filipino Kali. It relies on leverage and actually strips the weapon out of the aggressor's hand.

  • STRIP

The most basic weapon used in the Arnis. It is made from rattan that doesn’t shred like wood and is by far more durable.

  • BATONS

This is the first related part of the Eskrima. It simply translates to punching.

  • Panatukan

In the psychological realm, disarming is usually supported by knowledge and a firm stand on what is right and wrong.

  • True
  • False

This is the national martial art of the Philippines. It is mainly self-defense system designed to protect you from injury while inflecting the biggest amount of damage to the body of your opponent.

  • Arnis

Today no matter where you are and who you are, you can gain access to the wonderful world of the Arnis techniques.

  • True
  • False

Arnis was developed by the indigenous populations of the Philippines, who used an assorted range of weaponry for combat and self-defense.

  • True
  • False

The knowledge of disarming someone is vitally important in order to protect yourself, and this can be done physically and psychologically.

  • True
  • False

. Arnis holds as a symbol of heroism and devotion.

  • True
  • False

“Baston” means form.

  • True
  • False

This is a butterfly knife. This knife has two pieces of handles that attach together in the middle and fold to close the blade. It is a serious weapon that requires a lot of practice.

  • BALISONG

“Isa” means _____ ?

  • One/first

The technique involves the study of the leg muscles and bones to understand where the pressure should be applied exactly to break or dislocate the bones.

  • Eskrima

This is the national martial art sport of Philippines. It is also known as Eskrima and Kali.

  • Arnis

Most eskrima schools not only teach the art itself, but they also pass on the value of respect and family to their students.

  • True
  • False

There are two different styles to all of the forms.

  • True
  • False

Arnis is otherwise known as eskrima, kali and garrote, and by even more names in different Filipino regional languages.

  • True
  • False

In order to excel at the Arnis techniques, you need to make sure that you are giving them the needed time, devotion and effort.

  • True
  • False

A martial art that uses a wooden stick, which began as a way of training sailors in the use of swords.

  • Singlestick

This is very close to the straddle stance as you again start from the steady stance then move your feet either to the right or the left.

  • SIDE STANCE

All players should meet the age requirement set by the organizing committee.

  • True
  • False

As the name suggests, in this stance the foot is moved to the back rather than the side. You will start from the ready stance then extend his foot to the back in a 45 degrees angle away from the body. While the legs are in a straddle position, the heels should form an imaginary “L” shape.

  • Back Stance

This is a form of Japanese martial art that originated from kenjutsu, using bamboo swords and armour.

  • Kendo

It’s a huge disadvantage in your end, even when you’re good at punching and kicking, if you don’t know how to disarm someone.

  • True
  • False

This is an Indo-Malay claw shaped knife that is held by warriors by inserting the finger into a hole at the top of the handle.

  • KARAMBIT

Stances are done so that you can gain competitive advantage over the balance of your opponent, whether you are practicing Arnis training or involved in an actual fight.

  • True
  • False

In order to safely practice the Arnis the playing area should be square that has 9 meters with at least 3 meters of free space around

  • True
  • False

This is a spear that is held to defend against close range attacks. It can also be used to attack enemies at a distance if it is thrown at the right speed and angle.

  • SIBAT

This is similar to the snake in that it too requires the defender to apply leverage to the opponent's arm and weapon. The difference is that the vine twists in the opposite direction of the snake and often sends the weapon flying away.

  • VINE

Practicing and perfecting each technique should be your priority if you really want to experience the magical world of the Arnis.

  • True
  • False

This is the most common used stance when you are standing at ease. You can use this stance in tournaments and fights before you start engaging with the opponent.

  • READY STANCE

Arnis combines various dances that have been practiced for so many years by experienced and respectable warriors

  • True
  • False

The empty hand techniques range from using different types of kicks, punches and clinching techniques to hit the enemy where it hurts the most, even killing him on the spot.

  • True
  • False

It is mainly used in close range combat as you need to get too close to hurt your enemy. This is a rather difficult weapon to use, since you will have to dodge your opponent’s attacks from a close distance.

  • Espada y Daga

A French martial art in which opponents battle each other inside a ring with a cane in one hand.

  • Canne de combat

Arnis emphasizes weapon-based fighting which is done using knives, bladed weapons, sticks and various improvised weapons.

  • True
  • False

The range is usually classified into 3 categories where each has its own techniques and footwork. Each style combines techniques that will work for long, medium and short-range attacks but might focus on one range more than the others.

  • True
  • False

Unlike a gun, you won’t need to get a permit to carry around arnis sticks or stash them in your car.

  • True
  • False

This technique focuses on the knees, tripping and stomps. Low kicks and high kicks are not studied alone but are practiced along other techniques.

  • Kicking

A major lesson you’ll learn in arnis, and any other martial art, is discipline and self-control. You’ll learn to discipline yourself in actually showing up to class and practicing learning and perfect the drills and movements so you can execute them seamlessly.

  • True
  • False

Practicing arnis, will lessen your chance to meet a lot of new people and socialize.

  • True
  • False

The Spanish word for round and as the name suggests, this strike moves in a circle until it gets back to its point of origin. This strike allows for fast attacks but needs a lot of practice.

  • Redonda

The cane or baron varies in sizes but the original length of it is 35 inches.

  • True
  • False

Padded stick have two comfortable colors which is blue and black.

  • True
  • False

You need to understand that Arnis stances is the combination of foot orientation and the distribution of the body.

  • True
  • False

Most real-life situations provide alternatives not available in training.

  • True
  • False

A baton-like cane is the primary melee tool employed and the weapon used in officiated arnis competitions.

  • True
  • False

As you start from the ready stance, you will have to move one foot to the front. You will have to do this until your toes and your knee are in line with each other. Your toes, torso and waist will be facing forward, hence the name of the stance.

  • FORWARD STANCE

In form of salutation the stick is held at the left-hand.

  • True
  • False

Arnis is a great cardio and reflexes exercise.

  • True
  • False

The competitors face each other and attempt to touch each other with the tip of a thin sword.

  • Fencing

A Filipino style of wrestling while standing upright

  • Dumog

Learning self defense is one of the best ways to keep yourself safe.

  • True
  • False

Basically, this ends up stripping the weapon loose and sending it airborne away from the opponent's grasp.

  • QUICK RELEASE

The footwork can be usefully combined with the stick footwork to help the practitioner move better. This will give him an edge over his opponent.

  • Boxing

The Arnis (Eskrima) systems identify the nature of fights by the distance between opponents.

  • True
  • False

The primary weapon used in this traditional martial art sport of Philippines is called a bolo or a sibat.

  • True
  • False

The first stick form.

  • Baston anyo Isa

This stance starts again from the ready stance. In this stance, you will start moving one foot in 45 degrees angle until the toes and the knees are in line with each other.

  • OBLIQUE STANCE

Competitive Arnis generally takes one of two forms: the performance-based anyo model or the combative leban.

  • True
  • False

Arnis was recently declared as the national sport on the 11th of December 2009 through the Republic Act No. 9850 authored by South Cotabato Rep. Arthur Pingoy Jr.

  • True
  • False

In the physical world, one can't start with having the proper body language.

  • True
  • False

It is also called Kali and Eskrima, is a traditional martial art that uses sticks, bladed weapons, knives, and improvised weapons when fighting.

  • Arnis

You should start from the ready stance then move either the left or right foot for 2 feet to the left or right direction. This is done until both lower legs are now perpendicular to the ground.

  • Straddle Stance

This is one of the most famous exercises where the attacker uses double sticks in a weaving motion that resembles the woven coconut leaves. The exercise is usually seen in double stick demonstration.

  • Sinawali

Anyo competitions are judged on the basis of the overall choreography of the performances, including the gracefulness, strength and force employed.

  • True
  • False

This stance is different from the ready stance, since you stand with your feet forming a 45 degrees angle.

  • ATTENTION STANCE

This technique comes in other names such as "displacement", by that, we mean instead of hitting the weapon or stick to block, you "displace" the block to hit the hands instead.

  • DEFANGING THE SNAKE

The different Arnis techniques are not native to South East Asia and to Philippines.

  • True
  • False
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