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Gender and Society

Includes norms, behaviours and roles associated with being a woman, man, girl or boy, as well as relationships with each other.

power

expectations

production

reproduction

resistance

norms

women

lgbtq

gay

masculine

feminine

neuter

Children who grow up with parents who encourage more androgynous gender roles do identify themselves with stereotypical male or female stereotypes and have been shown to receive less encouragement from parents.

  • True
  • False

Freud believed that the reaction to the discovery of sexual differentiation was crucial not only for the development of female sexuality but also for the creation of those personality traits which he identified with femininity: passivity, masochism and narcissism.

  • True
  • False

Gender stereotypes descriptive prescribe what women and men should be like.

  • True
  • False

Feminism is a range of social movements, political movements, and ideologies that aim to define, establish, and achieve the political, economic, personal, and social equality of the sexes.

  • True
  • False

In the patterns of the psychological perspective of gender differences, it is believed that girls are spending more time working from age three, while boys are spending more time in school.

  • True
  • False

Violence can and does occur for females only.

  • True
  • False

Feminism incorporates the position that societies prioritize the female point of view, and that men are treated unfairly within those societies.

  • True
  • False

The effects of gender-based abuse are long-lasting and wide-ranging that leaves the victim a devastating life, social ills, and/or death.

  • True
  • False

Transgender people usually undergo a gender transition that may involve changing their dress and self-presentation.

  • True
  • False

Stereotypes are generalizations of groups attributed to particular group members simply because they belong to that category.

  • True
  • False

Penis envy or the masculinity complex was at the core of the female psyche in Freud's psychology, while castration fear was central in the man.

  • True
  • False

In history, one of the most noteworthy acts of violence against women is the sexual slavery that happened in World War II.

  • True
  • False

Intersexuality describes variations on sex definitions related to ambiguous genitalia, sex organs, chromosomes, or hormones.

  • True
  • False

The identity of the children is dependent on the social factors and the influence coming from the basic unit of society, which is family.

  • True
  • False

A gender stereotype is known by many as a sex role. It is a social role encompassing a range of behaviors and attitudes that are generally unacceptable, inappropriate, or undesirable for a person based on that person's biological or perceived sex.

  • True
  • False

"Aside from age, children often self-segregate by sex while playing in groups."

  • psychological
  • developmental
  • biological
  • cultural

Words such as “roles” and “relationships” are used to signify that Gender does not only include the biological characteristics of a person but also the preference of an individual depending on the role the individual view his/her gender.

  • True
  • False

They develop their sense of self from the environment in which they grow up.

  • Children
  • Grandparents
  • Relatives
  • Parents

"A boy's identification with his father enhanced his masculinity, it originated in innate active (or masculine) endeavors towards his mother."

  • True
  • False

According to the 2000 U.S. Census, _____ % of lesbian couples and _____ % of gay male couples were raising children.

  • 53.3 and 43.3
  • 34.3 and 22.3
  • 23.3 and 11.3
  • 43.3 and 33.3

Prescriptive stereotypes establish normative expectations for men's and women's behavior, resulting in the devaluation and derogation of women who directly or indirectly violate gender norms.

  • True
  • False

Having allowed the marriage of two women, the other party being identified as the “female husband,” granted that the women are already married to a man. This relationship does not involve intercourse but exists for economic reasons.

  • Europe
  • Thailand
  • Nigeria
  • Africa

Gender violence only targets women.

  • True
  • False

The Navajo Nation of Arizona believes in the “two-spirit” which is a belief that there are certain individuals born with two genders who both display a feminine and masculine side.

  • America
  • Nigeria
  • Thailand
  • Europe

In Thailand, the “kathoey” or ladyboys are individuals whose sex is male biologically but identify themselves eventually as being women.

  • True
  • False

When people talk about the differences between men and women they are often pertaining to gender rather than sex.

  • True
  • False

Gender segregation patterns in which children play in groups of the same gender, which follow disparities in the types of games played, arise at the age of five for several cultures, and even earlier.

  • True
  • False

It is also known as Batas Kasambahay.

  • RA 9710
  • RA 10361
  • RA 9262
  • RA 10354

In the WHO definition, the term, gender is similar from society to society and cannot be changed.

  • True
  • False

Since the dawn of the new century, the view and idea of gender have evolved in a contemporary understanding of psychology, sociology, and culture based on the human perception of sexual urges and emotional attraction.

  • True
  • False

"Boys start spending more time away from home and from their mothers."

  • True
  • False

In lay man’s term, the traditional meaning of gender is “the thing between the legs” and/or the psychological, emotional and sexual attraction towards a member of a different sex.

  • True
  • False

In 2011 and 2015, ________ has recorded 40,000 dowry-related deaths.

  • Cambodia
  • Philippines
  • India
  • Indonesia

_________________ can be defined as the behaviors, values, and attitudes that a society considers appropriate for both males and females.

  • Gender task
  • Gender participation
  • Gender roles
  • Gender action

Usually both sexes do not have pubic hair and underam hair.

  • True
  • False

Gender stereotypes are generalizations of men and women's attributes.

  • True
  • False

Male and female children are likely to view their gender roles in the same way that their parents do.

  • True
  • False

XX chromosomes in Female is the usual sex chromosomes.

  • True
  • False

If a human shows signs in both sexes, the person is considered an intersex.

  • True
  • False

Within the ____________ keep a tight regulation of the actions of the students.

  • clubs
  • organizations
  • prefects
  • troupes

Asexuality is a term used when individuals do feel sexual attraction.

  • True
  • False

There is no nation free from gender-based violence.

  • True
  • False

According to the World Bank, globally, ____% of women have been sexually assaulted by someone other than a partner.

  • 9%
  • 8%
  • 6%
  • 7%

Sexuality is about sexual attraction, sexual practices, and identity.

  • True
  • False

Traditionally, men and women had completely opposing roles, women were seen as the provider for the family, and men were seen as the caretakers of both the home and the family.

  • True
  • False

Gender equality is the equality of the sexes.

  • True
  • False

It is a euphemism to prostitution during World War II.

  • Comfort Women
  • Joyful Women
  • Happy Women
  • Pleasure Women

It fosters a holistic approach to cultural identity, a child’s self-esteem, religious identity, and gender identity.

  • Family
  • School
  • Society
  • Church

The school ensures good conduct for the students by developing guidelines and controlling behavior both indoors, and outdoors.

  • True
  • False

Human reproduction is the process in which human beings produce more human beings similar to themselves.

  • True
  • False

"The girl replied with the impression that she had been castrated to the discovery of the sexual difference, whereupon she adopted the notion of clitoral inferiority and, for the rest of her life, suffered from penile envy. The girl kept her mother, who had sent her so insufficiently prepared into the world, as responsible for her lack of penis. Then she renounced her mother as an object of love in order to obtain a penis and turned libidinally to her boyfriend. However, when she discovered that her castration was irreparable, she sought compensation for losing her father's infant."

  • In the boy, castration anxiety does not resolved the complex of Oedipus, while in the child, castration anxiety led to the complex of Oedipus.
  • In the boy, castration anxiety resolved the complex of Oedipus, while in the child, castration anxiety led to the complex of Oedipus.
  • In the boy, castration anxiety resolved the complex of Oedipus, while in the child, castration anxiety does not led to the complex of Oedipus.
  • Castration anxiety does not have any effect at all to the complex of Oedipus.

In WWII, the minority of young Asian women occupied by the Imperial Japanese Army were forced into being the sex slaves.

  • True
  • False

The LGBT community also referred to as the gay community, is a defined grouping of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, LGBT organizations, and subcultures, divided by different cultures and social movements.

  • True
  • False

Which is not the function of the hidden curriculum?

  • Hidden curriculum provides its students with a great deal of information, the disparity reinforced by its inequalities between classes and social statuses although invokes a negative connotation.
  • Hidden curriculum may also be correlated with increasing social disparity, as demonstrated by the creation of specific connections to capital depending on the types of employment and job-related tasks allocated to students varying by social class.
  • Hidden curriculum provides classes, lectures, and learning experiences in which students engage, as well as the information and skills educators actively teach students.
  • The hidden curriculum includes the inculcation of values, political socialization, instruction in obedience and docility, the perpetuation of conventional class structure functions that can generally be defined as social power.

In most cultures, childcare is largely seen as a feminine activity, while family survival is seen as a male responsibility.

  • True
  • False

It is the harm inflicted upon individuals and groups that is connected to normative understandings of their gender.

  • Gender-based violence
  • Gender-based crime
  • Gender-based action
  • Gender-based sin

"Girls engage in more (real and playful) grooming than boys do."

  • True
  • False

__________________________ is what you should not do in order to be socially acceptable.

  • Gender Description
  • Gender Proscription
  • Gender Prescription
  • Gender Preference

According to the World Bank, _____ % of women worldwide, have experienced either physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence or non-partner sexual violence.

  • 45%
  • 25%
  • 35%
  • 55%

The definition of gender now is tagged along with Biological Identity.

  • True
  • False

Transgender and intersexuality in society are sexualities rather than gender categories.

  • True
  • False

Gender Proscription is what you should not do in order to be socially acceptable.

  • True
  • False

In South Africa, a study found that adolescent boys between ____ and ____ are five times more likely to be murdered than adolescent girls.

  • 43 and 45
  • 33 and 35
  • 15 and 17
  • 20 and 22

XY are not a usual chromosomes for Male.

  • True
  • False

It is an expansive comprehensive act that aims to eliminate all forms of discrimination against women.

  • RA 10354
  • RA 9710
  • RA 10361
  • RA 9262

The following statements are true according to the Gendered Classroom except:

  • Religious and social standards teachers and students believed in the unity of sexes.
  • The school ensures good conduct by developing guidelines and controlling behavior both indoors, and outdoors.
  • The disciplinary rules and procedures aim to regulate the girls’ appearance, behavior, and social life.
  • Girls must be morally upright.

LGBT activists and sociologists see LGBT community-building as a counterbalance to heterosexism, homophobia, biphobia, transphobia, sexualism, and conformist pressures that exist in the larger society.

  • True
  • False

___________________ stereotypes of gender designate what men and women are.

  • Prescriptive
  • Prescription
  • Descriptive
  • Description

"Boys play with guns and cars more than girls do in school."

  • True
  • False

Freud also acknowledged that the Oedipus Complex insight in the processes of growth in girls was "unsatisfactory, incomplete, and ambiguous."

  • True
  • False

Freud believed that both genders were fundamentally congruent with prephallic development.

  • True
  • False

The development of sexual characteristics is affected by sociological development through a relationship with other people.

  • True
  • False

Gender in society is also determined by what an individual feels and does.

  • True
  • False

In Oxford English Dictionary Gender means “The state of being male and female as expressed by biological nature."

  • True
  • False

European countries with a prevalence of GDV are Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Maldives.

  • True
  • False

According to Hermes (2017), ___________________ and _____________play a large part in determining how fathers and mothers care for, interact with and teach their children.

  • Gender and Sexual preferences
  • Gender roles and attitudes
  • Gender identities and personalities
  • Gender differences and similarities

Cis-gender describes people whose biological body they were born into does not match their personal gender identity.

  • True
  • False

Freud seemed to believe that complete breakdown in women of the Oedipus complex was impossible, since the two desires, possessing the penis of the father and getting the child of the father, were exceedingly difficult to abandon.

  • True
  • False

Gender identity is defined as a personal conception of oneself as male or female (or rarely, both or neither).

  • True
  • False

The following statements are false except:

  • Boys were characterized by their being timid and weak.
  • Boys were characterized by their being competitive, optimistic and smart.
  • Boys were characterized by their being shy, pessimistic and fool.
  • Boys were characterized by their being outspoken and sociable.

Girls engage in more ___________________________.

  • time away from their mothers
  • child-care and touch
  • rough and tumble play
  • time away from home

Freud believed the Oedipus complex was normally resolved in males and the id became their heir.

  • True
  • False

In Canada, most provinces have passed legislation based on Saskatchewan’s Victims of Domestic Violence Act (1995), which increases the options and material support available to victims.

  • True
  • False

A woman's career advancement may be undermined by descriptive gender stereotypes only, and the expectations they create.

  • True
  • False

During the 17th Century, men in Europe would wear high heels to signify their education.

  • True
  • False

The World Health Organization released a definition of Gender in 2018 and it states that “Gender refers to the biologically constructed characteristics of women and men, such as genitals, body parts, and built.”

  • True
  • False

Sex are the biological traits that societies use to assign people into either male or female, whether it be through genitalia.

  • True
  • False

Freud developed his theory of femininity and masculinity from the comparison between the actions of the two sexes after that discovery, which is what we now term __________________________.

  • gender responsibility
  • gender role identity
  • gender preference
  • gender attitude

Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to and differentiating between, masculinity and femininity.

  • True
  • False

The Australian Bureau of Statistics data shows that a third of all women in Australia have been assaulted physically and a fifth of all women have been assaulted sexually.

  • True
  • False

According to Mavis Hetherington, there are variations of gender behaviors depending on ethnicity, age, and education level, common standards of desirable gender role behavior abound in most cultures.

  • True
  • False

Anyone can be the victim or perpetrator of gender-abused because of class, race, age, or religion.

  • True
  • False

The usual gonads for Female are testes.

  • True
  • False

The term, gender, is also used more broadly to denote a range of identities that do not correspond to established ideas of male and female.

  • True
  • False

"The Wodaabe tribe will have men wear make-up, jewelry, and have beautiful attires to dance in front of women during a special ritual to attract a partner."

  • America
  • Nigeria
  • Africa
  • Europe

_________________________ justifies that GBV are main cause of international homicides and the record was set from Nepal and Bangladesh.

  • America Foundation
  • Asia Foundation
  • Philippine Foundation
  • Europe Foundation

Activities heavily associated with violence are overwhelmingly shaped by understandings of gender and gender roles.

  • True
  • False

We live in a world where the milieu tells us what we do and what we should do based on our gender, it’s called gender stereotype.

  • True
  • False

An individual may refer him/herself as man or woman based on the biological characteristics that he/ she has.

  • True
  • False

South Africa was also found to have the highest rate of rape in the world at 132.4 incidents of rape per 1,000 people.

  • True
  • False

Europe also has a long history of gender-based violence including violent periods of religious persecution through eras such as the ____________.

  • witch hunts
  • beast hunts
  • ghost hunts
  • vampire hunts

Which of the following statements is true according to the Gendered Classroom?

  • The close relationship among teachers and students ensures discipline at the school.
  • Equality among teachers, staff, and students have been placed to ensure discipline at the school.
  • Teachers and students are equal in rank to ensure discipline at the school.
  • Structures or Hierarchy have been placed to ensure discipline at the school.

Some of the gender behaviors are inherent, such as aggressiveness in females and nurturing in males.

  • True
  • False

According to the World Bank, ____% of murders of women are committed by an intimate partner.

  • 18%
  • 28%
  • 48%
  • 38%

Gender examines how society influences our understanding and perception of differences between masculinity and femininity is a concept that describes how societies determine and manage sex categories; the cultural meanings attached to men and women’s roles; and how individuals understand their identities not limited to one gender positions.

  • True
  • False

____________________ is what you should to be socially acceptable.

  • Gender Proscription
  • Gender Prescription
  • Gender Description
  • Gender Preference

FGM is not only a matter of equality among females, but it protects a person's rights to health, security, and physical integrity.

  • True
  • False

The usual level of sex hormones for male is testosterone.

  • True
  • False

Gender Prescription is what you should to be socially acceptable.

  • True
  • False

The usual gonads for Female are ovaries.

  • True
  • False

Traditionally, Gender is viewed as being male or female.

  • True
  • False

Which is true in the relational construction in the school?

  • The students are not allowed to seek advice from their teachers.
  • The teachers treat their students as strangers in the school.
  • The teachers and students do not have that family-like relationship.
  • The teachers are considered to be the second parents or older brothers/sisters of the students.

Sex-different behavioral trends begin to appear clearly in young children during a time when _____________________ variation is limited, well before puberty and major secondary gender differences form.

  • biological gender
  • psychological gender
  • cultural gender
  • sociological gender

Whether it works descriptively or prescriptively, gender discrimination can hamper ambitious women's career development.

  • True
  • False

Which is the true definition of the hidden curriculum?

  • Hidden curriculum refers to the lessons, principles and experiences that students study at school that are not written but official.
  • Hidden curriculum refers to the lessons, principles and experiences that students study at school that are written, official and sometimes intentional.
  • Hidden curriculum refers to the lessons, principles and experiences that students study at school unwritten, unofficial and sometimes unintentional.
  • Hidden curriculum refers to the lessons, principles and experiences that students study at school that are written but unofficial.

It seeks to protect victims and prevent all forms of abuse against women and children.

  • RA 9710
  • RA 9262
  • RA 9208
  • RA 8972
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