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Acquire theoretical knowledge and demonstrate practical skills in basic cooking tasks, basic food preparation and presentation of food in a commercial setting.
3Composition of meat is about 75% of muscle tissue. Shrinkage can be a big problem in cooking meat which result to loss of weight and loss of profit.
It refers to the liquid in which meat, bones, fish or vegetables are simmered to extract the flavor. The soluble nutrients and flavoring constitutes gradually and dissolves into the water during the long slow cooking process.
Salt and pepper is the universal ingredients in cooking.
Seasoning is the process of adding herbs, salts or spices to food to enhance the flavour.
It refers to a form of dry-heat cooking that uses a hot pan and a small amount of fat to cook the food quickly. Like other dry-heat cooking methods, sautéing browns the food's surface as it cooks and develops complex flavors and aromas.
Is defined as something related to or connected with cooking or kitchens
Proper menu planning; choose foods that complement one another. Incorporate the different principles of plate presentation
Avoid overuse of one common texture on the plate. Use different cooking methods to achieve different textures. Combine different textures to create different mouth feels
Refers to a variety of foods that stimulate appetite. Its name is inseparable from the idea of a meal as a sequence of courses. Appetizer should therefore be served as the first course
Honey is primarily composed of sugar, provides small amounts of several vitamins and minerals, and is rich in health-promoting plant compounds.
It is a cooking method that uses dry heat and with a temperature of 150ºC.
Is a French culinary phrase which means "putting in place" or "everything in its place.
Refers to the edible flesh of animals. Is animal flesh that is eaten as food
The process of identifying and evaluating potential hazards associated with food in order to determine what must be done
In some food establishments a pantry or tee house is maintained to store beverages items like tea, coffee and juices. This area is also used for storing bread and butter during breakfast and snacks or quick meal Simple dishes such as salads, sandwiches, cheese plate, fruit plate, pastries, ice cream are likewise prepared in this section
Is the last date on which the product should be used. If the date has passed away, throw the food way
Ketchup is a liquid condiment of Chinese origin, made of fermented paste of soybeans roasted grain, brine, and Aspergillus oryzae.
The Kitchen is responsible for:
Store new foods behind older ones. This is called the ________system
LENGTH OF STORAGE for Baked Goods
It creates visual appeal to the plating process and creates different angles so the eye has a logical pattern to follow.
Dates are sometimes found on canned and frozen foods. As a general rule, frozen foods can be kept 3- 4 months after that date.
It is a process of confirming that the products are suitable quality and have met the food safety requirements.
Makes use of chicken, veal or fish but more often chicken is the usual ingredient Butter, chicken stock and flour
It is done by adding chemical preserving agent, seal proofing and by pasteurizing the can.
The last day on which the product should be sold. The food can be used within 2 to 3 days longer is it is refrigerated.
Meat Inspectors usually check the shoulder bones. If there is no bad smell, the meat is considered good. Then the meat is labelled with inspection stamp which means that the meat is inspected and has passed quality standards as set forth by the?
Result from accidental infusion of foreign objects into foods such as glass, pieces of metal or plastic, fingernails, staples from the cartoons and metal shaving from cans.
The HACCP system was first developed by the _________ Company for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration to insure the food served to the astronauts was absolutely safe.
It is modified rose, pink juices are less and cooked at 145°F (63°C).
It is defined as the physical action of taking possessions of delivered foods.
Are liquid that usually containing lemon or vinegar and wine, seasoning, spices and oil
To cook food using a small amount of liquid, usually after preliminary browning The food is covered to prevent evaporation and to enable the food to retain its own juice as well as the flavor of the ingredients. Is a long and slow method of cooking
Also known as ______ pronounced “hash- up” is a food safety self-inspection system. The System combines technical information with step by step procedures to evaluate and monitor the flow of food throughout a food establishment from receiving to service.
The following are types of contaminants except:
It consists one or more muscles which is made up of muscle fibers.
LENGTH OF STORAGE for Bread, Cakes and Cookies or anything made from a batter with yeast or wheat
The process of identifying and evaluating potential hazards associated with food.
It is a dry heat cooking that uses a hot pan and a small amount of fat.
In traditional French cuisine, it is a loaf of forcemeat or aspic, similar to a pâté, that is cooked in a covered pottery mold in a bain-marie.
A male cattle castrated prior to maturity and principally raised for beef.
A set range (minimum and maximum) limit a CCP must meet in order to prevent, eliminate, or reduce the hazard to an acceptable limit.
This is usually consists of shrimps, lobster, crabmeat, shellfish, fruits as well as fruit and vegetables juices.
Surfaces that touch potentially hazardous foods like sinks, chopping boards, etc. must be washed, sanitized at least every ____ hours or every after use
This is the area where meat, chicken and seafood items are portioned in accordance with standard sizes and weights that are indicated in standard recipes.
The last where you can intervene to prevent eliminate or reduce the growth of microorganism before food is served
It is a food safety self inspection system.
Worcestershire is a liquid condiment made from fish or krill that have been coated in salt and fermented for up to two years.
Is a term now used interchangeably with cream sauce though it is originally prepared from veal stock. It is derived from milk or cream with addition of white roux this sauce is used with all types of vegetables and creamed dishes including soups, fish poultry, and dairy and macaroni products.
Is a reactive process and aims to identify and rectify the defects in finished products. It can be achieved by identifying and eliminating sources of quality problems to ensure customer’s requirements are continually met. It involves the inspection aspect of quality management and is typically the responsibility of a specific team tasked with testing products for defects.
What is the standard weight of 1 serving?
Potentially Hazardous foods that have been cooked and refrigerated must be rapidly reheated at ______ F (74 C) using ovens, microwaves, high heat steam pressures etc.
It is a basic brown sauce, and is one of Auguste Escoffier's five mother sauces of classic French cooking. It has a strong taste, and is rarely used directly on food.
It is a long, thin, solid, cylindrical pasta. It is a staple food of traditional Italian cuisine made of milled wheat and water and sometimes enriched with vitamins and minerals.
It is a smooth, creamy, highly seasoned soup of French origin, classically based on a strained broth of crustaceans. It can be made from lobster, langoustine, crab, shrimp, or crayfish. Alongside chowder, bisque is one of the most popular seafood soups.
It is a type of pasta popular in Roman and Tuscan cuisine. It is descended from the extremely thin capelli d'angelo of the Renaissance but is a flat, thick pasta traditionally made of egg and flour.
It is a process that determined the suitability of the delivered goods.
A food safety system designed to keep food safe through its flow in an establishment
Adds to the eye appeal of a dish. When pairing items on a plate, consider their colors, vibrant contrasting colors make food look appetizing, foods with similar colors should be avoided
It is a type of food typically made from an unleavened dough of wheat flour mixed with water or eggs, and formed into sheets or other shapes, then cooked by boiling or baking.
It refers to variety of foods that stimulate appetite.
Edible food items used to enhance another food items. Should be of contrasting color and shapes. Can be added on plates or platters to improve the color
Is the date by which the manufacturer guarantees the freshness and quality of the food. It is not dangerous to use it but the food may not have top quality or top nutritional value after the date.
Growth of Bacteria and other pathogens due to inadequate refrigeration or storage and holding hot foods below
Is most often the highest, biggest, or most colorful item on the plate. Plates designed with a definite focal point create a satisfying sense of order
Tahini is made of three ingredients: hulled sesame seeds, oil and salt.
During food preparation, hand contact with the food should be kept to a minimum by using
LENGTH OF STORAGE for Ground meats, fresh poultry and raw fish
It is a primarily liquid food, generally served warm or hot, that is made by combining ingredients of meat or vegetables with stock, milk, or water. Hot soups are additionally characterized by boiling solid ingredients in liquids in a pot until the flavors are extracted, forming a broth.
LENGTH OF STORAGE for Eggs
LENGTH OF STORAGE for Berries
Sriracha is a sauce made of garlic, salt, olive oil, and often egg, and found in the cuisines of the northwest Mediterranean, from Andalusia to Calabria.
It means to cook in a liquid, usually with a small amount that is hot but not bubbling. Is a type of moist-heat cooking technique that involves cooking by submerging food in a liquid, such as water, milk, stock or wine.
is the part of the kitchen that handles the preparation of all hot items like stocks, soup, sauces and main dishes
Considered the basic foundation of quality classical cooking and is a liquid dressing for meat, poultry, fish and other culinary preparations, designed to add appearance, flavor and texture to the food.
Is a cooking process wherein a food, usually a vegetable or fruit, is scalded in boiling water, removed after a brief, timed interval, and finally plunged into iced water or placed under cold running water to halt the cooking process?
It is a combination of high fat such as butter, cheese, cream or eggs.
Is the process of cooking food by dry heat. Fine hot sweets, pudding, pastries, bread, rolls, cakes and other related items are baked in the oven with hot air as the heat transfer medium.
It comes from the Persian word, which means “egg carrier.” It is the roe from wild sturgeon raised in the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea and has historically been called “black gold”.
The main portion of the dish should be the focal point (usually the protein). Vegetables and starches can be used as a socle for elevation of the protein item. Molded starches or vegetables can add height. Plates with too little height lack dramatic presentation and seem flat, while overly tall food may look comical
It is a moist-heat cooking technique that involves submerging food in a liquid.
Is prepared from tomato products, white stocks seasoning and roux. It is used with various meats, poultry, fish, vegetables and macaroni dishes. It is also used for producing other products with a tomato character
It is an American salad dressing and condiment based on mayonnaise that can include olive oil, lemon juice, orange juice, paprika, Worcestershire sauce, mustard, vinegar, cream, chili sauce, tomato purée, and ketchup or Tabasco sauce.
Danger Zone should be avoided at all the times especially for perishable foods. Dangerous temperature for foods, between ______ F and 140°F. This range of temperature is dangerous because it's below the temperature at which heat destroys bacteria
It is a cold soup made of raw, blended vegetables. It originated in the southern regions of the Iberian peninsula and spread into other areas. Gazpacho is widely eaten in Spain and Portugal, particularly during hot summers, since it is refreshing and cool.
It is a sauce made of garlic, salt, olive oil, and often egg, and found in the cuisines of the northwest Mediterranean, from Andalusia to Calabria. The names mean "garlic and oil" in Catalan, Provençal and Italian.
Food that is prepared au gratin has a topping of crumbs such as bread crumbs or crushed crackers, cornflakes or potato chips. It is combined with high fat product such as butter, cheese, cream or eggs.
It should complement each other. Avoid overuse of one common seasoning in several components on the plate. Balance of flavors is essential (sweet, sour, salty, bitter)
Vinegar can cause low potassium levels and lower bone density due to high amounts of tyramine.
It is a French term literally means "outside the work"; that is, "not part of the ordinary set of courses in a meal".
Give the components of Clock Method in plating presentation
Fryer in either gas or electric should not be more than _____full of oil, otherwise it might overflow when the food is put into it.
Produce may be more difficult to inspect because they rarely come with expiry dates. These foods should be checked for ripeness, freshness, and other signs of quality.
This is the slow cooking of food simmering in the smallest quality of water, stock or sauce in a pan with a tight fitting lid
Do not accept seafood that is suspected being thawed and refrozen or temperature abuse. Store Fresh Temperature between
One food item should be considered the main component of the plate, usually the protein. The starch and vegetables should be smaller than the protein. With healthier guidelines, proteins are becoming smaller and the starch and vegetables are becoming larger
Arranging of food on plates and platters, or assembling a buffet requires practice and creativity. Presentation must never be placed above flavor and proper cooking of a dish
What is Organalephic Evaluation?
Is cooking in low temperature, with syrup cooking stock which is reduced to a glaze. Is a coating of a glossy, often sweet, sometimes savory, substance applied to food typically by dipping, dripping, or with a brush. Egg whites and basic icings are both used as glazes.
It is a process of cooking food through frying with shortening at the thermostat of 200ºC.
What is the required attire of food handlers inside the kitchen?
LENGTH OF STORAGE for Milk, Cream, Cottage Cheese and Cream Cheese
Is the process of preparing food by applying heat, selecting measuring and combining of ingredients in an ordered procedure for producing safe and edible food.
This the process of confirming that the products are of suitable quality and have met the food safety requirements. This step also includes the storage of these products in the kitchen.
LENGTH OF STORAGE for Refrigerated Steaks and Roasts
"putting in place" or "everything in its place."
Is a cooking method that uses dry heat where hot air envelops the food, cooking it evenly on all sides with temperatures of at least 150 °C (~300 °F) from an open flame, oven, or other heat source and can enhance flavor through caramelization and Maillard browning on the surface of the food.
This step can be defined as the physical action of taking possession of delivered foods in order to inspect the products according to the kitchen’s requirements.
Hoisin sauce is a thick, fragrant sauce commonly used in Cantonese cuisine as a glaze for meat, an addition to stir fry, or as dipping sauce.
Maybe produced by pathogens found in food. It may naturally in plants or animals.
It is a sauce traditionally made from a white roux and milk. It may also be referred to as white sauce. French, Italian and Greek sauce recipes include salt and nutmeg as a seasoning base. It is one of the "mother sauces" of French cuisine.
True or False- Danger Zone should be avoided at all the times especially for perishable foods. Dangerous temperature for foods, between 40°F and 140°F. This range of temperature is dangerous because it's below the temperature at which heat destroys bacteria.
It is the first steps in the food safety systems.
Oyster sauce is a condiment made from vegetable oil that has been infused with chili peppers.
It is a method of meat preservation that stop the growth of bacteria by using 25 grams of salt per kilo of meat.
Any steps in food’s flow where physical, chemical or biological hazard can be controlled.
The last step where you verify or double check that the CCP CL you selected are appropriate.
Food Handlers are advised to wear strong shoes, with _________as this will help to insulate them from electric shock
Is defined as the process that determines the suitability of the delivered goods.
The process of analyzing whether your critical limit are being met.
Can come from a variety of substances normally found in the establishment including pesticides, toxic metals and cleaning products.
Is made from brown stock and brown roux and is used extensively in the preparation of all types of meat and poultry dishes. Is a classic brown sauce, typically made from brown stock, mirepoix, and tomatoes, and thickened with roux.
True or False- Survival of pathogens or the continued presence of toxins, because of inadequate cooking or heating or inadequate sanitizing of equipment and surfaces.
Are generally transported in cartons, bags or cases. If a carton is damaged, check the contents carefully.
Soak green vegetables in lukewarm chlorinated water, rinse in____________ water
Is not a basic sauce but it is considered a leading sauce because many of drawn butter sauces are prepared in the same manner as basic sauces. Egg yolk, lemon juice, salt and pepper, butter
LENGTH OF STORAGE for Cooked or Uncooked Vegetables
LENGTH OF STORAGE for Tightly wrapped hard cheeses
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