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Understanding Culture Society and Politics

A comprehensive course that explores the interplay between culture, social dynamics, and political systems to deepen our understanding of the world we live in.












social norms

social justice

cultural relativism

political systems

The belief that all social groups are systems whose parts are interdependent is a characteristic of:

  • a. functionalism
  • b. conflict theory
  • c. exchange theory
  • d. symbolic interactionism

__ A family that is composed of spouses and their children from a previous marriage.

  • Reconstituted family

These are systems of social stratification that are based on achievement, allowing more flexibility in social roles, inc reased social mobility, and better interaction among social groups and classes.

  • a. closed system
  • b. class system
  • c. slavery system
  • d. open systems

The religious doctrine held by the Calvinists brought about specific economic behavior that created early merchant capitalism.

  • a. false
  • b. true

Tribes are egalitarian by nature.

  • a. true
  • b. false

__ Gives up cultural goals but follows the prescribed norms.

  • ritualist

Who developed a theory which posited that "self" is a product of social experience?

  • a. Mead
  • b. Cooley
  • c. Piaget
  • d. Freud

Which of the following is true about Serfin M. Macaraig?

  • He published a book entitled "An Introduction to Sociology" in 1930.
  • He is the third Filipino to acquire a doctorate degree in Sociology.
  • He is the first Filipino to acquire a doctorate degree in Anthropology.
  • He published a book entitled "An Introduction to Sociology" in 1938.

The church of a particular religion may be supported by the majority of the society.

  • a. false
  • b. true

A collection of people who happen to be at the same place and at the same time but have no other connection to one another.

  • a. category
  • b. all of these
  • c. group
  • d. aggregate

Who proposed the Philosophical position of positivism?

  • Harriet Martineau
  • Auguste Comte
  • Herbert Spencer
  • Karl Marx

__ It is the oldest form of business organization. Examples are small-scale businesses.

  • Sole proprietorship

__ ________ started the domestication and breeding of animals for food.

  • Pastoral Societies

What do you call a culture within the dominant culture?

  • a. subculture
  • b. none of these
  • c. culture diversity
  • d. miniculture

The sociologist Max Weber believes that religion is something that the upper class of the society use in order to a hold on the working and lower classes.

  • a. false
  • b. true

They are people who have something in common and who believe that what they have in common is significant.

  • a. institution
  • b. group
  • c. organization
  • d. education

It is a foundation of family life.

  • a. Marriage
  • b. Responsible parenthood
  • c. Family organization
  • d. Family

Child rearing is a basic function of the Filipino family.

  • a. False
  • b. True

This refers to an unplanned group

  • a. secondary group
  • b. formal group
  • c. primary group
  • d. informal group

__ This is a struggle between segments of society over valued resources.

  • [No Answer]

__ Refers to your childhood, or how you were brought up.

  • [No Answer]

__ Agent of socialization that encourages to think and behave appropriately to the situations or occassions of the society.

  • [No Answer]

An individual feels at home within this social unit.

  • Informal group
  • Out-group
  • In-group
  • Primary group

Cooperatives and Trade unions are directly involved with economic systems of production and distribution in the society.

  • a. false
  • b. true

Which of the following is NOT TRUE about family?

  • a. Family relationships and processes affect individual well-being in profound ways.
  • b. Sociologists do not recognize the significance of families in providing their memberswith valuable resources, both economic and noneconomic.
  • c. The family is an important universal social institution
  • d. Family consists of people united by ties of marriage.

It is a "scientific study of human society, its origin, structure, function and direction."

  • a. Pathology
  • b. Geology
  • c. Sociology
  • d. Psychology

Bands usually have a formal leadership.

  • a. true
  • b. false

Social conflict is characterized by unequal opportunities and rewards for different social classes in a society.

  • a. true
  • b. false

We are in a special interest group if we stay together to meet our interests as its members.

  • True
  • False

__ An agent of socialization that influences beliefs about sexuality, including the likelihood of tolerance for gay and lesbian sexuality.

  • religion

__ It involves judging other cultures against the standards of your own culture.

  • Ethnocentrism

It refers to the process of introducing new ideas, things, and methods in society leading to social change.

  • a. innovation
  • b. assimilation
  • c. acculturation
  • d. diffusion
  • innovation 143

__ According to Weber, it is compulsory political organization with a centralized government that maintains a monopoly of the legitimate use of force within a certain territory.

  • State

From the symbolic interaction perspective, which of the following is a symbol?

  • a. All of them are symbols
  • b. Cross
  • c. Christmas tree
  • d. Flag

Kinship is a universal human phenomenon that takes various cultural forms.

  • a. true
  • b. false

It is a violation of a written law.

  • a. norm
  • b. crime
  • c. law
  • d. deviance

It refers to the stratification system that is determined by personal effort and merit.

  • a. Class system
  • b. Meritocracy
  • c. Slavery System
  • d. Caste system

In tribes, elders are often assigned to manage clan affairs and hold political offices.

  • a. true
  • b. false

__ It is intangible but influences our behavior like our language, beliefs, values, rules of behavior, family patterns and political system.

  • [No Answer]

It is a science that says that social matters: our lives are affected not only by our individual characteristics but by our place in the social world.

  • a. International relations
  • b. Economics
  • c. Sociology
  • d. Psychology

It is a group of people with shared territory, interaction and culture

  • a. society
  • b. culture
  • c. none of these
  • d. group

The spread of certain elements from one group to another in society.

  • a. diffusion
  • b. social contradiction
  • c. acculturation
  • d. assimilation

It is the violation of the norms of society

  • a. social control
  • b. deviance
  • c. crime
  • d. culture

__ Members of these societies tend crops with an animal harnessed to a plow.

  • Agricultural Societies

Compadrazgo is an example of kinship by marriage.

  • a. false
  • b. true

He developed the idea and coined the term “Sociology”

  • a. Auguste Comte
  • b. Emile Durkheim
  • c. Karl Marx
  • d. C. Wright Mills

Caste system is an example of a closed system.

  • a. true
  • b. false

Refers to judging other cultures against the standards of one’s culture

  • Multiculturalism
  • Assimilation
  • Ethnocentrism
  • Subculture

It is defined by Burgess and Lock as a group of persons united by ties of marriage, blood or adoption constituting a single household interacting with each other in their respective social role of husband and wife, mother and father, brother and sister creating a common culture.

  • a. school
  • b. media
  • c. peers
  • d. family

Banks primarily create profit by lending a portion of the deposited money to corporations.

  • a. false
  • b. true

Theories that focus on the role of governments in fostering economic development.

  • a. state-centered theories
  • b. world-systems theories
  • c. dependency theories
  • d. No correct __Correct
  • answer
  • Question 41
  • Mark 1.00 out of 1.00
  • Not flaggedNot flaggedFlag question

__ Refers to a transaction in which an order is placed by an insider, after filing all appropriate documentation, to buy or sell restricted securities openly on an exchange.

  • Open-Market Transaction

The first Filipino who has acquired a doctorate degree in Sociology

  • a. Serfain M. Macaraig
  • b. Conrado Benitez
  • c. Luis Rivera
  • d. Fr. Frank Lynch

These theories claim that global poverty is caused by the exploitation of poor countries by the wealthy ones.

  • a. no correct __c. State-centered theory
  • answer
  • b. Dependency theories
  • d. World-systems theory

It is the change that occurs as a society acquires new technology.

  • Social anarchy
  • Socio-cultural evolution
  • None of the choices
  • Societal revolution

A family that consists of a mother, father, and children living under one roof.

  • a. Nuclear family
  • b. Matrilocality
  • c. Extended family
  • d. Endogamy

In politics, a state is an organized political commuity that is living under a single system of government which governs a large population.

  • a. false
  • b. true

A type of health system that is based on science and the skills of health workers.

  • a. Traditional health system
  • b. Western health system
  • c. Alternative health system
  • d. No correct __Correct
  • answer
  • Question 45
  • Mark 1.00 out of 1.00
  • Not flaggedNot flaggedFlag question

Movement of people wihtin their country, such as moving from one city to another.

  • a. Emmigration
  • b. Internal migration
  • c. Immigration
  • d. No correct __Correct
  • answer
  • Question 27
  • Mark 1.00 out of 1.00
  • Not flaggedNot flaggedFlag question

The sociologist whose theoretical paradigm views society as struggle between groups over limited resources is _____________.

  • a. Robert Merton
  • b. Wright Mills
  • c. Karl Marx
  • d. Emile Durkheim

__ Socialization happes in different stages of mind development--from infancy to adolescence or adulthood.

  • cognitive development theory

When did the Filipino pioneers in Sociology organized the Philippine Sociological Society?

  • 1925
  • 1952
  • 1953
  • 1940

Revolution, according to Theda Skocpol, is a rapid and basic transformation of the State, as well as the class structures, that are accompanies and in part carried through by class-based revolts from below.

  • a. false
  • b. true

He developed the notion of looking-glass self.

  • a. Cooley
  • b. Freud
  • c. Mead
  • d. Piaget

Polygamy is marrying only one woman.

  • a. False
  • b. True

__ A family that consists of parents and children.

  • Nuclear family

The law also known as "Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002."

  • a. Republic Act No. 9516
  • b. Republic Act No. 9165
  • c. Republic Act No. 9561
  • d. Republic Act No. 9615

Family is an example of a primary group

  • True
  • False

Social Science attempts to comprehend, explain and predict events in our natural environment.

  • a. False
  • b. True

Political organizations are essential in managing public affairs, maintaining social order, and resolving conflict.

  • a. false
  • b. true

__ _______ states that bhaviors are tagged or labelled as proper or improper, moral or immoral, good or bad.

  • labeling theory

__ states that the rules of society are stacked in favor of a privileged few who manipulate them to stay on top.

  • power elite theory

Class system promotes belief in fate, destiny, and the will of a higher spiritual power rather than promoton of individual freedom.

  • a. false
  • b. true

What component of culture makes human life easier (e.g. mass production of goods)?

  • Language
  • Values
  • Symbols
  • Technology

Defined as the legal state of being vested with the rights, privileges, and duties of a citizen.

  • a. Legitimacy
  • b. Citizenship
  • c. Descent
  • d. Immigration

Chiefdom has a governing body headed by a chief.

  • a. false
  • b. true

Slavery system is an extreme form of social inequality wherein individuals can be owned by others as their property.

  • a. true
  • b. false

The data analyzed by sociologists are used by government officials and market researchers.

  • a. True
  • b. False

Which of these is an example of a secondary group?

  • a. play groups
  • b. circle of friends
  • c. business associates
  • d. spouse

What is the name of the native German who came up with the idea that industrialization resulted in the rise of two classes: the owners and the laborers?

  • No correct __b.
  • answer
  • Emile Durkheim
  • Harriet Martineau
  • Karl Marx
  • Max Weber
  • Herbert Spencer

The agent of socialization that orients us with the necessary experiences so that we develop our self-sense.

  • a. Religion
  • b. Community
  • c. Family
  • d. School

__ The experience of isolation and misery resulting from powerlessness.

  • Alienation

The theory that states that labeling on behavior by society is a deviance and causes deviant behavior.

  • a. Labeling Theory
  • b. Conflict Theory
  • c. None of these
  • d. Power Elite Theory

__ A descent system that consists of both male and female lines.

  • Bilineal kinship

The movement of people from one place to another for the purposes of temporary or permanent residence.

  • a. Citizenship
  • b. Emmigration
  • c. revolution
  • d. Migration

It refers to transformations that alter the roles and status of people as well as the structure and organization of society and its institutions.

  • a. innovation
  • b. social organization
  • c. social change
  • d. cultural change

__ Abandonds both the cultural goals and prescribed means to achieve them, but tries to set up new norms or goals.

  • rebel

Main characteristic of a group

  • a. to have a companion in life
  • b. to have someone to hold on to
  • c. satisfy the saying "no man is an island"
  • d. members interact regularly through communication

It refers to the interdependence of parts in groups within in our society today.

  • a. Social organization
  • b. Social conflict
  • c. Social conflict
  • d. Socio-cultural evolution

A theoretical perspective based on the ideas of Karl Marx, in which inequalities brought about by social stratific ation lead to conflict among social classes.

  • a. functionalism
  • b. no correct __d. symbolic interactionism
  • answer
  • c. conflict theory

__ A culture should be sociologically evaluated according to its standards, and not those of any other culture.

  • [No Answer]

A process that takes place when two social groups or classes are so different that a compromise between them is im possible.

  • a. social conflict
  • b. social organization
  • c. social tension
  • d. social contradiction

The marriage between members of the same category, class or group

  • a. Endogamy
  • b. Polyandry
  • c. Polygamy
  • d. Exogamy

__ States that self emerges from social interactions.

  • theory of the social self

The dynamic process in which the living cultures of the world change and adapt to external or internal forces.

  • a. cultural change
  • b. innovation
  • c. social change
  • d. social contradiction

The first school in the Philippines which offered a bachelor's degree in sociology

  • a. De La Salle University
  • b. University of the Philippines
  • c. Ateneo de Manila University
  • d. University of Sto. Tomas

Humans cannot be a part of more than one social organization.

  • a. false
  • b. true

__ Crime which committed by people occupying high position.

  • white collar crime

The social purpose of education is to socialize children into their various roles and values in society.

  • a. False
  • b. True

Traditional health systems are healthcare beliefs and practices that have been established by indigenous people in developing nations.

  • a. True
  • b. False

__ It refers to the respect and admiration that comes from success, achievement, rank, or other favorable attributes.

  • Prestige

__ The system of acknowledged social parentage, which limits the claim of kinship ties with another.

  • Descent

A legal entity established under the state law and is designed to generate a profit.

  • a. Trade union
  • b. Cooperative
  • c. Corporation
  • d. Bank

According to Robert Merton, the obvious function we openly intend a social system to perform are ________________.

  • a. Dysfunctions
  • b. Latent functions
  • c. Manifest functions
  • d. Eurofunctions

__ It is the feeling of affinity or loyalty towards a particular population, cultural group, or territorial area.

  • Ethnicity

__ A behavior that violates official law and is punishable through formal sanctions.

  • crime

__ Tells individuals that they learn to take the role of others. The expectation of others forms the venue for acquiring social roles.

  • theory of looking-glass self

__ Also known as kinship by marriage

  • Affinal kinship

Gender refers to the culturally-imposed characteristics which define masculinity or femininity.

  • a. true
  • b. false

__ The process by which children and adults learn from others skills, knowledge, norms and values of their society.

  • socialization

The sociological imagination:

  • a. guides most people’s ordinary conduct in everyday life
  • b. cannot be applied on a global scale.
  • c. makes us aware that issues such as divorce should be viewed as the private problems of individuals.
  • d. helps individuals to understand the true origins and character of the problems they face.

It is the process whereby we learn to become competent members of a group.

  • a. Social culture
  • b. Socialization
  • c. Cultural change
  • d. Deviance

They are virtual means of socialization

  • a. Family and education
  • b. Religion and family
  • c. Media and technology
  • d. Education and religion

__ Crime committed by a company or corporation or people acting on its behalf. An example of this is violation of environmental laws.

  • corporate crime

Who is the English sociologist who proposed that there is parallelism between how society evolves in the same manner as animal species do?

  • a. Emile Durkheim
  • b. Max Weber
  • c. Karl Marx
  • d. Harriet Martineau
  • e. Herbert Spencer
  • f. Auguste Comte

Which of the following is a Greek term for "study"?

  • Ethos
  • Eros
  • Pathos
  • Logos

A planned, systematized and individualized learning system that allows students to proceed at their own pace, according to their interests.

  • a. Distance learning
  • b. Formal education
  • c. Correspondence learning
  • d. Open systems

To most thinkers, Animism is not a form of religion, but rather an explanation of a phenomena.

  • a. False
  • b. True

__ A view believing that marginalized groups and individuals should be empowered and included in the political process.

  • Inclusive citizenship

In German, it means "intimate communities"

  • a. None of the choices
  • b. Gemeinschaft
  • c. Gesselschaft
  • d. Gemeinshaft
  • e. Gameinshaft

Socialization is also a form of a social control

  • a. True
  • b. False

The tendency to view other cultures by the standards of one's own culture.

  • a. assimilation
  • b. ethnocentrism
  • c. cultural relativism
  • d. culture shock

Analysis of data from a specific study is the concern of ______________________.

  • a. History
  • b. Philosophy
  • c. Sociology
  • d. Anthropology

__ An organization similar with Joint Stock Company, except that its profits are distributed according to the value of the purchases.s

  • Cooperative Organization

It is education that does not correspond to an organized and systematic view.

  • a. Informal education
  • b. Distance learning
  • c. Non-formal Education
  • d. Formal Education

__ It refers to any organization that is involved in the political process.

  • Political organization

The sociologist who focused on class struggles.

  • Herbert Spencer
  • Auguste Comte
  • Harriet Martineau
  • Karl Marx

In sociology, the term ____________________ means layers in society

  • a. estate system
  • b. caste system
  • c. strata
  • d. slavery

Open mobility systems limit interactions among members who belong to different social groups.

  • a. false
  • b. true

It is the study of society and human behavior.

  • a. Sociology
  • b. Philosophy
  • c. Psychology
  • d. History

Learning as those which offer students a measure of flexibility and autonomy, to study the programmes of their choice when and where they wish, and at a pace to suit their circumatances.

  • a. Open learning
  • b. Open Systems
  • c. Correspondence learning
  • d. Distance Learning

__ Abandons both the cultural goals and the prescribed means to achieve them.

  • retreatist

__ An offense committed by ordinary people against other people or organizations, usually in public places.

  • street crime

Who wrote "Society in America", a book that examines religion, politics, child rearing and immigration?

  • a. Karl Marx
  • b. Herbert Spencer
  • c. Harriet Martineau
  • d. Max Weber
  • e. Friedrich Engels
  • f. Auguste Comte

It is a way society has of encouraging conformity to norms. It consists of positive and negative sanctions.

  • a. Location
  • b. Social control
  • c. Sanction
  • d. Age

__ It refers to a combination of symptoms that are considered to be a recognizable disease only within a specific soc iety or culture.

  • Culture-Specific Syndrome

By learning about their cultural heritages, children gain a sense of belonging to something larger than themselves.

  • a. True
  • b. False

__ States that the unconscious mind shapes the behavior of a person.

  • psychoanalytic theory

Which is not included in Max Weber’s Rational Social Organization?

  • Personal discipline
  • Disillusionment
  • Impersonality
  • Awareness of time

__ The smallest type of political organization, it is usually a small group connected by family ties and is politically independent.

  • Band

__ refers to any organization that is involved in the political process.

  • Political organization

Estate system is associated with Feudalism.

  • a. false
  • b. true

The defining element of a society is ___________________.

  • a. mores
  • b. culture
  • c. social group
  • d. law

This refers to the visible part of the culture.

  • Immaterial culture
  • Non-material culture
  • Material culture
  • None of the choices

Accodring to Marx, religion is essential to social cohesion and solidarity.

  • a. true
  • b. false

The kind of society that display a high level of interdependence among its members.

  • a. Pastoral society
  • b. Agricultural society
  • c. Hunting and gathering society
  • d. Post-industrial society

Merton's Theory said that when people are prevented from achieving culturally approved goals through institutionalized means, they experience strain that can lead to deviance.

  • a. True
  • b. False

A man marrying more than one woman is called polyandry

  • a. False
  • b. True

__ Are punishments for violating norms.

  • negative sanctions

It is a theory that focuses on the relationship among the core, peripheral, and semi-peripheral countries in the g lobal economy.

  • a. state-centered theory
  • b. dependency theory
  • c. world-systems theory
  • d. no correct __Correct
  • answer
  • Question 23
  • Mark 1.00 out of 1.00
  • Not flaggedNot flaggedFlag question

Anthropology and Sociology are different sciences that deal with human beings and their characteristics.

  • a. True
  • b. False

The learning of new norms and values, occurs later in life, when life circumstances change or when people join a new group

  • a. Resocialization
  • b. Anticipatory socialization
  • c. Secondary socialization
  • d. Primary socialization

Max Weber believes that religion is essential for economic development, as observed among predominantly Protestant Christian societies.

  • a. false
  • b. true

Sociology focuses on the big picture of human culture.

  • a. True
  • b. False

In working with clients from other cultural backgrounds, the IT specialist may find that the client is not fluent in English. The IT specialist recognizes this as an appropriate strategy for communicating with clients who are not fluent in English.

  • a. responding to the client using his or her first name
  • b. incorporating appropriate hand gestures and pictures
  • c. interacting with an interpreter for all communication
  • d. speaking in a louder tone of voice

__ Crime committed by the person towards himself. Examples are prostitution, gambling, and drug abuse.

  • victimless crime

__ A type of polygamous marriage in which a wife can have many husbands.

  • Polyandry

__ This offense includes underaged drinking.

  • Status crime

The family is a significangt social organization, in a way that they provide their members with valuable resources, both economic and non-economic, which are essential for their development.

  • a. false
  • b. true

__ It is a theoretical perspective that examines how various aspects of society contribute to ensuring its stability and continued function.

  • Functionalism

__ The change that occurs as a society acquires a new technology

  • Sociocultural Evolution

__ _______ states that individuals learn deviant behavior from those who are close to them who provide them models of and opportunities for deviance.

  • differential association theory

What are values?

  • a. Determined by family, religious beliefs, culture
  • b. Standards that are practiced in a culture
  • c. Morals or standards that are accepted in a culture
  • d. All of these

__ A political organization governed by a governing body led by a chief.

  • Chiefdom

It is the learning from the experiences that we have from the people who raised us.

  • a. Resocialization
  • b. Anticipatory socialization
  • c. Primary socialization
  • d. Secondary socialization

The chiefdom is an egalitarian political organization.

  • a. true
  • b. false

According to Lawrence Kohlberg, the moral development _______

  • a. happens in the superego.
  • b. is a process in which the self emerges from social interactions.
  • c. is a continual process that occurs throughout our lifespan.
  • d. is a process that happens in different stages of our mind development - from infancy to adolescence or adulthood.

Piaget posited four stages of cognitive development: sensorimotor, preoccupational, concrete operational and formal operational

  • a. False
  • b. True

It refers to the division of large social groups into smaller groups based on categories determined by economics.

  • a. social organization
  • b. social institution
  • c. social stratification
  • d. no correct __Correct
  • answer
  • Question 4
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Politics is manifested as a social institution in _________________.

  • a. Government
  • b. Religion
  • c. Family
  • d. Education

Single-parenthood is considered an alternative family.

  • a. False
  • b. True

Social organization refers to the interdependence of parts in groups within our society today.

  • a. true
  • b. false

It takes place when there is a significant disruption that leads to the alteration in the way power and authority are exercised in a state.

  • a. social change
  • b. political change
  • c. cultural change
  • d. no correct __Correct
  • answer
  • Question 18
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Deviance is a relative issue and may differ based on location, age, social status, and individual societies.

  • a. False
  • b. True

__ People who own and operate factories and other businesses in pursuit of profits.

  • [No Answer]

When the newlywed couple chooses to live on their own, the pattern is called _____________.

  • a. Patriolocality
  • b. Neolocality
  • c. Matrilocality
  • d. Bilocality

He believed that society has an “objective reality”.

  • Karl Marx
  • Harriet Martineau
  • Emile Durkheim
  • Herbert Spencer

The actions and behavior of organizations can affect an individual or even affect each other.

  • a. true
  • b. false

It is a crime borne from the offense committed by ordinary people against other people or organizations, usually in public spaces.

  • a. White-collar crime
  • b. Status crime
  • c. Corporate crime
  • d. Street crime

According to August Comte, the dominance of religion is not a part of the theological phase of the development of society.

  • a. false
  • b. true

In order to fit into their new society, however, members must give up some of their original traditions. This process is called ______________.

  • a. multiculturalism
  • b. cultural diversity
  • c. assimilation
  • d. deviance

Kind of crime that is illegal because it is committed by the youth.

  • a. Corporate crime
  • b. White-collar crime
  • c. All of these
  • d. Status crime

Freud theorized that the development of the id, ego, and superego occurs over time and that the three must be in balance.

  • a. False
  • b. True

This law states that women are more empowered in their household and become more economically productive.

  • a. Magna Carta of Women of 2009
  • b. Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002
  • c. Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health act of 2012
  • d. All of these

Descent does not limit the recognition of kinship.

  • a. true
  • b. false

__ The regulation and enforcement of norms to maintain social order.

  • Social control