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Criminal Justice

Encompasses the study of crime, law enforcement, legal, and corrections, providing insights into the workings of the criminal justice system and society impact.

law enforcement

courts

corrections

crime

investigation

forensics

justice

criminology

juvenile

punishment

rehabilitation

probation

parole

sentencing

evidence

victim

The chief officer in county law enforcement.

  • Police
  • Marshal
  • Sheriff
  • Warden

The United States Supreme Court falls under the ___________ court system.

  • Federal

A jury, normally of twenty-three jurors, seledcted to examine the validity of an accusation before trial.

  • Trial Jury
  • Hung Jury
  • Writ of execution
  • Grand Jury

In a Fair Trial, ____________.

  • The Innocent is acquitted
  • Both Guilty and Innocent get a certain amount of punishment
  • The guilty is acquitted
  • Neither Guilty nor innocent get any punishment

The ability, within the system, for individual participants to make their own decisions on the execution of their duties is known as ________________.

  • Decision-making
  • Ethics
  • Court system
  • Discretion

Leaving handcuffs in the _______ position can make them a more dangerous weapon.

  • Pre-loaded
  • Open
  • Closed

The United States has a ___________ court system where the power is segregated between the federal government and individual state governments.​

  • dual
  • primary
  • single
  • democratic

Never leave your handcuffs ____________ before, during, or after handcuffing someone.

  • Open

If you don’t ___________ the assignment, activity, or any part of the instructions, raise your hand and ask the teacher for clarification.

  • Understand

Class time is ________ the time to practice escaping from handcuffs.

  • NOT

Who cannot be called to a police station only for questioning ?

  • A Boy under 15 yrs
  • women
  • Both Women And A boy under 15 yrs
  • Government Employees

Masks are _______________ and currently required when unable to social distance .

  • Recommended

Learning informal practices as well as formal rules is the process of ___.

  • socialization

True or False: The nature of police work can make officers very suspicious of citizens whom they encounter.

  • True
  • False

Sprays and powders used for fingerprint detection are _________.

  • Non-toxic
  • Toxic
  • Safe
  • Harmless

True or False: Police officers rarely feel isolated from the public.

  • True
  • False

The judge declares the judgement based on

  • The witnesses
  • His liking
  • Who gives more money
  • The evidence

If at any time you feel ill or uncomfortable while handling chemicals or lab equipment, you should ______the area immediately and notify the teacher supervising the lab.

  • Leave
  • Lay in
  • Sit in
  • Stay in

The Supreme Court of India has laid down certain guidelines to be followed by the police and any other investigating agencies during arrest, detention and interrogation known as the _____________________________.

  • D. K. Basu Guidelines
  • Malimath Committee Guidelines
  • Maneka Gandhi Guidelines
  • None of these

Discretion is defined as the ability to make operational decisions based on __________​.

  • the law
  • personal judgement
  • trust in the person
  • rational thinking

Keep your hair, clothing, and all other __________ materials away from open flames.

  • DIRECTIONS
  • DANGLING
  • SAFETY GOGGLES
  • LOOSE
  • FLAMMABLE

True or False: The police officer's job does not demand skills in dealing with people.

  • True
  • False

1. When someone violate the law, we immediately inform :-

  • a. Neighbours
  • b. Relative
  • c. Judge
  • d. Police

When cleaning up ANY spill of a non-food/beverage substance, ____________ __________ equipment will be worn. Examples of PPE are latex/rubber gloves, safety glasses, face shields, and medical masks.

  • Personal Protective

The real threats on the job are called ___ stresses.

  • external

Prolonged plaster inhalation is ___________.

  • Dangerous
  • Safe
  • Normal
  • Expected

___ stress is produced by the paramilitary character of police forces.

  • organizational

The purpose of the criminal justice system.

  • Prevent crime
  • Prevent crime
  • Maintain justice
  • Control crime

Patrol officers are expected to handle how many types of difficult situations?

  • none
  • one
  • two
  • three
  • a multitude

True or False: Most police agencies have a military-style organization and hierarchy.

  • True
  • False

True or False: The community policing philosophy does not include community residents in decision making.

  • True
  • False

Public prosecutor is .....

  • One who represents the interests of state
  • One who investigate crime
  • Both (a) & (b)
  • None of these

Every person has a fundamental Right to be defended by a lawyer under the Article ___________.

  • 42
  • 67
  • 45
  • 22

Right of the individual to be protected from the government.

  • Prevailing theory
  • Crime Control model
  • Due Process model

A person who is called upon in court to provide a first hand account of what he/she has seen, heard or knows?

  • Witness
  • Evidence
  • Public Prosecutor
  • Judge

Wear __________ _____________ at all times.

  • DIRECTIONS
  • DANGLING
  • SAFETY GOGGLES
  • LOOSE
  • FLAMMABLE

The two main purposes of American criminal justice system is to maintain justice and ________________​

  • rehabilitate offenders
  • ​incarcerate criminals
  • arrest criminals
  • protect society.

Which of the following is an operational unit in a police department?

  • investigation
  • traffic
  • patrol
  • vice
  • all of the above

Define the term ‘offense’.

  • It Means To Arrest People.
  • It Means To Stop Arrests.
  • It Means That Any Act Which Is Defined As A Crime By The Law.
  • I Don't Know.

What is the act of keeping the accused in custody by the police?

  • Cross examine
  • Detention
  • FIR
  • None of the above

Double locking the handcuffs is _______.

  • Difficult
  • Dangerous
  • Required
  • Optional

This model emphasizes the right of society to be protected from crime and violent criminals.​

  • Crime Control Model
  • Due Process Model
  • Consensus Model
  • Conflict Model

True or False: Police are mainly reactive because they are dependent on citizen calls for service in performing.

  • True
  • False

Which article suggests it is important to conduct fair trial

  • Article 21

Which of the following is FALSE concerning the job of a police officer?

  • training is required
  • pay sales are high
  • physical fitness standards must be met
  • recruits must lack a criminal record
  • recruits must pass a psychological examination

Define Cognizable.

  • This Refers To The Questioning Of A Witness Who Has Already Been Examined By The Opposing Side In Order To Determine The Veracity Of His/Her Testimony.
  • This Refers To The Trial Judge Informing The Accused, InWriting, Of The Offence For Which He/She Will Face Trial..
  • This Refers To An Offense For Which The Police May Arrest A Person Without The Permission Of The Court.
  • None Of The Above.

Who files the FIR?

  • Complainant
  • Police
  • Deed Writer
  • Public Prosecutor

the branch of government that carries out laws or enforces the laws of the state or country

  • Executive Branch
  • Judicial Branch
  • Legislative Branch

A(n)___________is defined as wrong against society proclaimed by law and, if committed under certain circumstances, punishable by society.​

  • Crime

What does Accused mean?

  • The Person Who Is An Eye Witness.
  • The Person Who Gives The Judgement For The Crime.
  • The Person Who Files The Case.
  • The Person Who Is Tried By A Court For A Crime.

What Does The Rule Of Law Say?

  • The Rule Of Law Says The Everyone Is Not Equal And Wealthier People Will Not Be Punished.
  • The Rule Of Law Says The People Will Be Given Judgement According to Their Caste.
  • The Rule Of Law Says That Everyone Is Equal Before The Law.
  • The Rule Of Law Does Not Exist.

What is used to ensure a defendant will appear in court at a later stage in the process?

  • Bail

What is the meaning of the word "DETENTION"

  • Refers to the act of being kept in illegal custody by police
  • examining the witnesses
  • interrogating

What Is The Role Of The Public Prosecutor?

  • He Represents The Interests Of The State.
  • He Investigates Along With The Police.
  • He Fights For The Accused.
  • None Of The Above.

What is the standard of proof that requires sufficient evidence that makes the proposed action justified (such as an arrest)?

  • Probable Cause

Police powers allow states to enact laws necessary to protect the __________ of their citizens.​

  • health
  • morals
  • safety
  • all of these

What level of law enforcement shares responsibilities between counties and municipalities?​

  • federal
  • local
  • state
  • national

Simulation Firearms are to be treated and used as if they are ______&______.

  • Safe & Secure
  • Toys & Fun
  • Cool & Safe
  • Real & Loaded

What is the name of the geographic area that an agency is in charge of?

  • Jurisdiction

The framers of the U.S. Constitution, fearful of tyranny and a too-powerful central government, chose the system of government known as __________, which calls for the separation of powers between the federal government and individual state governments.​

  • Federalism

Describe the difference between a felony and a misdemeanor.

  • [No Answer]

Handcuffs can cause __________ injury to the wrist if not used correctly.

  • Weird
  • Slight
  • Permanent
  • Temporary

The different types of patrol are foot, bicycle, and ___ patrol.

  • motor

The process in which cases are reviewed by a higher authority, where parties request a formal change to an official decision

  • Demand a retrial
  • Stand mute before the judge
  • An appeal
  • Declare a mistrial

The base layer of offenses, under the Wedding Cake Model, consists of

  • Lesser felonies
  • Misdemeanors
  • Celebrated crimes
  • Serious felonies

True or False: Today, police officers are better educated than in the past.

  • True
  • False

At what stage of the system does the defendant enter a plea to the court?

  • Preliminary Hearing
  • Arraignment
  • Initial Appearance
  • Summary Trial

True or False: Problem-oriented policing tries to find the underlying causes of crime.

  • True
  • False

What Is The Full Form Of FIR?

  • First Information Report

Which two elements of police work define the working personality?

  • danger and authority
  • danger and isolation
  • danger and independence
  • authority and isolation
  • isolation and independence

A boy under the age of _______can't be called to police station for questioning

  • 18
  • 15
  • 17
  • 21

When a person is seized or detained by a lawful authority this is called a ____________________.

  • Arrest

When does the role of the prosecutor begin?

  • When The Police Start The Investigation.
  • The role of the prosecutor begins once the police have conducted the investigation and filed a charge sheet in court.

What term refers to a person who is tried by a court for a crime?

  • Accused
  • Lawyer
  • Detention
  • Fair trial

Where does the bulk of criminal justice spending go to?

  • Local
  • Local
  • State

The most frequent type of release from prison is _____________, in which an inmate, after serving part of his or her sentence in a correctional facility, is allowed to serve the rest of the term in the community.​

  • boot camp
  • probation
  • parole
  • treatment facility

Safety Plans for Emergencies should be _______ as they are designed.

  • Followed
  • Altered
  • Changed
  • Shown

What term refers to a person who is charged with a crime or other offence?

  • Accused
  • Fair trial
  • Lawyer
  • Detention

Never __________while in handcuffs.

  • run

A Memo Of Arrest Should Be Prepared At The Time Of Arrest And Should Include The Time And Date Of Arrest.

  • True
  • False

What are the 3 agencies of the Criminal Justice system?

  • Police, Courts, Corrections

What are 4 key players in the criminal justice system?

  • Only One Person Is Important: The Judge.
  • 1. Witness2. The Judge3. The Accused4. The Citizens
  • 1. The police2. The public prosecutor3. The defense lawyer4. The judge
  • None Of The Above.

Which Of The Statements Is False?

  • A Boy Under 15 Years Of Age And Women Cannot Be Called To The Police Station Only For Questioning.
  • The Right To Be Presented Before A Magistrate Within 24 Hours Of Arrest.
  • The Right To Be Informed At The Time Of Arrest Of The Offense For Which The Person Is Being Arrested.
  • Confessions Made In Police Custody Can Be Used As Evidence Against The Accused.

The criminal justice system consists of _________ different divisions.

  • One
  • Two
  • Three
  • Four

____________ must give authorization before in work in the crime lab can be performed.

  • Anyone
  • The safety Officer
  • Class leader
  • An Instructor

A trial that is presided over by a judge, but not a jury is a _________________________.

  • Bench Trial
  • Arraignment
  • Grand Jury Trial
  • Summary Trial

During which step in the criminal justice process would the offender plead guilty to a criminal charge?​

  • Entry into the system
  • Pretrial Services
  • Adjudication
  • Sentencing and Sanction

Once the court system convicts and sentences an offender, she or he is delegated to the _____________ system in order to carry out his or her sentence.​

  • corrections
  • management
  • supervision
  • treatment

Our court system is based on a __________ court system.

  • separate
  • individual
  • dual
  • tiered

Why is the criminal justice system considered a non-system?

  • [No Answer]

Which police unit identifies, apprehends, and collects evidence against lawbreakers?

  • traffic
  • investigation
  • media relations
  • administrative
  • computer services

My expectation is for all of us to go home in the same (or better) _____________ as when we arrived.

  • Condition

Right of society to be protected from crime.

  • Prevailing theory
  • Due Process model
  • Crime Control model

. Avoid apparel that presents safety hazards, such as ___________ garments and _______________ jewelry.

  • DIRECTIONS
  • DANGLING
  • SAFETY GOGGLES
  • LOOSE

Use _________________ sense when making decisions.

  • Common

Pick The Fundamental Rights that Article 22 of the Constitution guarantees to every arrested person.

  • The Right To Be Ill-Treated Or Tortured During Arrest Or In Custody.
  • The Right Not To Be Ill-Treated Or Tortured During Arrest Or In Custody.
  • The Right To Be Given Food When Arrested.
  • None Of The Above.

Which type of advocate who pleads on behalf of the complainant?

  • Public Prosecutor
  • Private Prosecutor
  • Deed Writer
  • Defence Lawyer

The two levels of the U.S. dual court system are the ____________ and _________________.​

  • Federal and State

___ is a subdivision of a national culture defined by occupation, ethnicity, class, and residence.

  • subcultures

Probation and halfway houses fall under which division of the criminal justice system?

  • Law enforcement
  • Corrections
  • Courts

For ______offence, the police needs permission of the court to file an FIR.

  • Cognisable
  • Non-Cognisable
  • Criminal
  • Civil

The act of being fair or just and not one side over another

  • Impartial

When working in the laboratory you should perform only those activities assigned by your teacher. Carefully follow all ____________, both written and oral.

  • DIRECTIONS
  • DANGLING
  • SAFETY GOGGLES
  • LOOSE
  • FLAMMABLE

Q1. Public prosecutor is :

  • One who represents the interests of state
  • One who investigate crime
  • Both (a) & (b)
  • None of these

What is the full form of "FIR" ?

  • Firm Investigation Result
  • First Information Report
  • Fast Ionic Reaction
  • Firm Investigation Report

A set of emotional and behavioral characteristics developed by members of an occupational group in a response to a work situation and environmental influences is called the

  • authoritative personality
  • policeman's personality
  • socialization personality
  • subculture personality
  • working personality

Most police work is reactive, which means police

  • respond to citizen calls for service
  • initiate actions in the absence of citizen requests
  • operate according to "hunches"
  • stop crime before it happens
  • focus on administrative tasks

_____________ is behavior that is considered to go against the norms established by society.

  • Deviance

What is the model of criminal justice that believes in a presumption of guilt?

  • Crime Control

What is the conditional release of prisoners before they have served their full sentence?

  • Probation
  • Bail
  • Parole
  • booking

What is one of the important functions of the police?

  • To Beat The Criminal Until They Tell The Truth.
  • To Not Give Any Kind Of Evidence Or Information To The Court.
  • To Send People To Jail Without Anyone Committing A Crime.
  • None Of The Above.

What percentage of cases are plea bargained?

  • 99 percent
  • 95 percent
  • 90 percent
  • 89 percent

What refers to an act that the law defines as a crime?

  • Detention
  • Offence
  • Witness
  • None of the above

Horseplay is _______ at all times

  • Encouraged
  • Forbidden
  • Hilarious
  • Important

When lifting heavy objects, one should bend at the ________.

  • knees

Pay ________ to the instructions from the teacher and what you are doing.

  • Attention
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