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Physical Therapist Assistant

A healthcare professional works under the supervision of a physical therapist to provide rehabilitative treatments recovering or managing physical conditions.





patient care



rehabilitation techniques

manual therapy




range of motion

injury prevention



This profession specializes in food and science and prescribes nutrition plans.

  • Physician Assistant
  • Dietician
  • Geriatrician
  • Hematologist

The .........................I the regulating body of nursing practice?

  • The Royal College of Nursing

What is the function of a medical care provider?

  • To assess the patient and provide treatment within or outside their scope of practice.
  • To promote optimal health and provide care during illness.
  • To only record the patient's medical treatment and history.
  • To undermine the patient for becoming sick in the first place.

Cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is

  • Atherosclerosis of the carotid artery or in the arteries of the brain
  • A major cause of stroke
  • Mainly a disease of older people
  • All of the above

A scoliosis curvature above ____ degrees is likely to need a brace, and a curvature above _____ degrees is likely to require surgery.

  • 10; 20-25
  • 15; 20-25
  • 30; 50-60
  • 20; 40-45

What month and year did the AMA recognize athletic training as an allied health profession?

  • June 1990

Which of the following is a characteristic of X chromosome-linked disorders?

  • X chromosome-linked disorders only occur in males
  • Females can be carriers of X chromosome-linked traits
  • Muscular dystrophy and hemophilia (A/B) are types of X chromosome-linked disorders
  • All of the above are characteristics of X chromosome-linked disorders
  • None of the above are characteristics of X chromosome-linked disorders

True or False? A physical therapy aide can assist in exercise demonstration.

  • True

At which site(s) is it most common to measure the pulse?

  • Brachial
  • Radial
  • Carotid
  • 1 and 2
  • 2 and 3

__________intake in women may help prevent birth defects.

  • Beta carotene
  • Folic acid
  • Vitamin K
  • Acetic acid

Feelings of exhaustion and disinterest toward work is what?

  • burnout

How many years are you required to attend in College and Medical School to become a Physician?

  • 4 years
  • 5 years
  • 6 years
  • 7 years

Who assesses patients nutritional and health needs, counsel patients and develop meal plans

  • Dietician
  • Family Support Worker
  • Paediatrician

What mental health professional earns the highest salary?

  • Psychiatric Technician
  • Psychologist
  • Psychiatrist
  • Social Worker

Life expectancy for patients with Duchenne's is __________ and Becker's is _________

  • Late teens to early adulthood; midlife
  • Early teens; late twenties
  • Midlife; late eighties
  • Early thirties; late teens

Which of these is NOT a role of the GMC?

  • Overseeing medical education and training in UK
  • Providing placements for oversees doctors to work in this country.
  • setting standards of professional practice for doctors.
  • To address poor standards of patient care.

Other risk factors for cerebral palsy include

  • A baby with a very high birth weight
  • Seizures in mother or child
  • Maternal exposures to toxic substances
  • Both A and B
  • Both B and C

This professional deals with manipulating joints, such as the spine, to allow for improved range motion, flexibility, and pain management.

  • Oncologist
  • Physical Therapist
  • Chiropractor
  • Occupational Therapy Assistant

Children with Down syndrome tend to have

  • Developmental dysplasia of the hip; atlantoaxial instability
  • Muscular hypotonia
  • Incredibly good balance
  • A and B
  • B and C

What are the personal qualities of an athletic trainer ?

  • stamina, empathy, sense of humor, communication, intellectual curiosity, ethics
  • stamina, indifference, sense of humor, poor communication, intellectual curiosity, ethics
  • stamina, empathy, seriousness, poor communication, lack of curiosity, and bad judgment

The main area of the heart involved in a MI is the left ventricle. Why is damage to this area of the heart so dangerous?

  • The left ventricle collects deoxygenated blood for transfer to the lungs
  • The left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into systemic circulation
  • The left ventricle provides oxygen to the blood
  • The left ventricle sets the heart's electrical rhythm

My uncle has heart problems, he goes to his ............. monthly.

  • cardiologist

What health professional works under the supervision of a physician, performing routine examinations, order basic diagnostic tests, and treat minor injuries?

  • Health Care Administrator
  • Dietician
  • Physician's Assistant
  • EMT

The ability of a muscle to perform repeated movements over a period of time.

  • Muscular strength
  • Muscular endurance
  • Cardiorespiratory endurance
  • Flexibility

Teresa is at the top of her math class. Her math ability would be most helpful in what career?

  • Pharmacy Technician
  • Nursing Assistant
  • Occupational Therapist
  • Mental Health Technician

Which statement is FALSE regarding autosomal recessive conditions?

  • Autosomal recessive conditions are more common than autosomal dominant conditions
  • Both parents must transmit the gene to cause a manifestation in the child
  • Autosomal recessive conditions are more likely to occur in areas of intermarriage
  • Autosomal recessive conditions only occur in males
  • page 52

_Select all the job settings athletic trainers can work in

  • secondary and middle schools
  • colleges and universities
  • military
  • hospitals and clinics
  • Industrial plants

How do you interpret the BMI of a person who has an index of 28.5

  • Wasted
  • Normal
  • Overweight
  • Obese

Causes of cardiomyopathy include

  • Heart attacks
  • Alcoholism
  • Viral infections
  • Long-term, severe hypertension
  • All of the above

Which of the following will test the coordination of eyes and hands?

  • Sit and Reach
  • Zipper Test
  • Stork Balance Test
  • Juggling Test

A "Cardiologist" specializes in what area?

  • The heart
  • The skin
  • Animals
  • Children

A standard wheelchair is built to hold a patient who weighs up to ____ pounds.

  • 185
  • 225
  • 170
  • 200

what is the mission of the NATA?

  • to promote and maintain high standards for family doctors
  • to encourage and support scientific research in sports medicine
  • to enhance the quality of care provided by certified athletic trainers and to advance the AT professionCorrect -
  • to provide a forum to establish collegial relations between PTs, PTAs, and students

Who would be in charge of fixing broken eye glasses?

  • Opthalmologist
  • Optometrist
  • Optician
  • Ophthalmic Technician

Diseases of the heart and blood vessels

  • cardiologist
  • dermatologist
  • internist
  • pediatrician

Sickle cell disease is autosomal recessive, which means that

  • It is transmitted via female family members
  • It only occurs once per generation
  • Both parents must pass the traits to their offspring
  • Only males can receive the genetic trait

If a neighbour offers to provide care and support for you after recovering from an operation, what type of care is this?

  • Primary Care
  • Informal Care
  • Secondary Care
  • Tertiary Care

Which of the following statements about MI is FALSE?

  • Predisposition to MI includes factors such as obesity, smoking, and hypertension
  • All incidences of MI are accompanied by pain
  • Irreversible brain damage occurs after the first 3 minutes of an MI
  • The average age of onset for an MI is higher in women

Which type of anemia is incorrectly matched with its cause?

  • Sickle-cell anemia--exposure to radiation
  • Pernicious anemia--B12 deficiency
  • Thalassemia--hereditary factors
  • Immunohemolytic anemia--autoimmune reaction to own blood cells

A respiratory therapist would expect to care for patients with:

  • Gastrointestinal Disorders
  • Skin Disease
  • Mental Disorders
  • Lung Disease

What does a radiology technician do?

  • Take x-rays
  • Manage medical records
  • Perform minor surgeries
  • Plan nutritious meals

A PTA is treating a patient who suffers from PVD. Which of the following interventions are contraindicated?

  • Soft tissue massage
  • Superficial heat therapy to the affected area
  • Cool whirlpool treatment for arterial ulcers
  • A and B
  • B and C

According to the CDC, hypertension is described as systolic blood pressure _____mmHg or higher.

  • 120
  • 130
  • 140
  • 150

The the regulating body of nursing practice?

  • The Royal College of Nursing

Which of the following statements regarding peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is FALSE?

  • PVD is a term used for atherosclerosis of the peripheral arteries, mainly those of the lower extremities
  • In many cases, PVD can be controlled and improved through lifestyle changes
  • PVD is always a result of trauma
  • PVD affecting the renal vessels is one of the factors leading to end-stage renal failure

Which of the following gait pattern(s) would be appropriate for a patient who is NWB on the affected lower extremity?

  • Two-point
  • Three-point
  • Four-point
  • All of the above would be appropriate
  • None of the above would be appropriate

Medications that may be prescribed to relieve cerebral palsy symptoms include...

  • Muscle relaxants
  • Analgesics
  • Botulinium toxin (Botox)
  • Anti-seizure medications
  • All of the above

Check the following picture(s) that shows proper form when doing push-ups

  • Image:
  • Image:
  • Image:
  • Image:

What does CAATE stand for?

  • Committee for Accreditation of Athletic Training Education
  • Committee for Allocation of Athletic Training Education
  • Commerce for Accreditation of Athletic Training Education
  • Committee for Accreditation of Allied Health Education

Which of the following are possible or probable in children with muscular dystrophy?

  • Trendelenburg gait
  • Severe muscle atrophy
  • Balance and ambulation difficulties
  • Scoliosis due to lack of muscular support
  • All of the above

All coaches (both head and assistant) do not have to be CPR/AED certified.

  • true
  • false
  • I'm not sure

What health care worker would need to be willing to stick people with needles to draw blood?

  • Pharmacist
  • Phlembotomist
  • Dental Assistant
  • Medical Illustrator

This member of a PT clinic washes and cleans equipment, helps off and on with exercise demonstration.

  • Physical Therapist
  • Physical Therapist Assistant
  • Physical Therapy Aide
  • Physical Therapy Orthodontist

An "Endocrinologist" specializes in what area?

  • The Glands and Hormones
  • The Heart
  • Elderly people
  • The skin

Which option correctly illustrates the process of becoming a Physician.

  • High school, Medical School, College, Internship, Residency
  • High school, College, Internship, Medical School, Residency
  • High school, Residency, Medical School, Internship, College
  • High school, College, Medical School, Internship, Residency

Approximately _____ US babies are born with hemophilia yearly.

  • 1,000
  • 50
  • Less than 100
  • 400

Estyn inspects education in which UK country?

  • England
  • Ireland
  • Scotland
  • Wales

Peripheral edema is also known as dependent edema because

  • It is not seen alone, but only when another form of edema is present
  • Patients suffering from this condition often need considerable assistance with daily activities
  • It is caused when the legs are in a dependent (hanging down) position
  • There is no consistent presentation of symptoms; it depends on the patient

In spina bifida, the spinal column fails to close during the _________ month of pregnancy.

  • First
  • Third
  • Fifth
  • Eighth

The three types of spina bifida are

  • Spina bifida occulta, meningocele, myelomeningocele
  • Spina bifida gravida, meningocele, myelomeningocele
  • Spina bifida occulta, myelocele, neuromyelocele
  • Spina bifida gravida, melanocele, myeloneurocele

Even a small injury in a person with hemophilia can cause...

  • Bleeding into a joint (hemiarthrosis)
  • Bleeding into the brain
  • Intestinal bleeding
  • Bleeding into a muscle
  • All of the above

If the PTA makes a mistake in the patient's record, he/she should

  • Use white-out to cover over the mistake
  • Inform the supervising therapist, then erase the mistake from the record
  • Use a red pen to cross out the mistake, then document that a mistake was made
  • Use a black pen to cross out the mistake, then document that a mistake was made

People who have a mental illness should see a ..............

  • psychiatrist

Which of the following pictures does NOT imply agility?

  • Image:
  • Image:
  • Image:
  • Image:

Some people with hemophilia may also suffer from HIV because

  • Both conditions are autoimmune and having one predisposes one to having the other
  • They generally spend a great deal of time hospitalized and are exposed to others with HIV
  • They likely received blood transfusions in the early 80s, before the blood supply was screened for HIV
  • HIV and hemophilia are both caused by the same gene

What do doctors, registered nurses, and physical therapists have that permits them to legally practice their profession?

  • License
  • Certificate
  • Registration
  • Diploma

What is the definition of a patient?

  • a healthy individual
  • a sick athletic trainer
  • an ill or injured athlete
  • none of the above

What does NHS stand for?

  • National Health Service
  • Natural Health Society
  • Nice Hot Sunshine
  • Nearly Hometime... ...super!

The goal of ___________ is to produce these long-term changes and improvements in the body’s functioning.

  • physical training

Myocarditis, endocarditis, and pericarditis...

  • All refer to inflammation, each of a specific cardiovascular area
  • Are different names for the same condition
  • Are typically hereditary conditions
  • Generally prove fatal

What is the proper formula for computing the Body Mass Index (BMI) of a person?

  • Weight(kg)Height2(m)frac{Weightleft(kgright)}{Height^2left(mright)}Height2(m)Weight(kg)​
  • Height(m2)Weight(kg)frac{Heightleft(m^2right)}{Weightleft(kgright)}Weight(kg)Height(m2)​
  • Weight(kg2)Height2(m)frac{Weightleft(kg^2right)}{Height^2left(mright)}Height2(m)Weight(kg2)​
  • Height2(cm)Weight(kg)frac{Height^2left(cmright)}{Weightleft(kgright)}Weight(kg)Height2(cm)​

As a Family Medicine Physician, who would you refer your patient to if they had a detached retina?

  • Optician
  • Neurologist
  • Podiatrist
  • Ophthalmologist

Where a provider or practice does no meet the required standards what changes can the regulator enforce. Give two examples.

  • [No Answer]

They communicate between patients and doctors, care for patients, administer medicine

  • Nurse
  • Family Support Worker
  • Dietician
  • Healthcare Assistant

Individuals with Down syndrome...

  • Often live into their 50s
  • Tend to age prematurely
  • Are prone to dementia
  • Can often hold jobs and get married
  • All of the above

Which sports event does the Physical Fitness component "reaction time" can be clearly seen?

  • Image:
  • Image:
  • Image:
  • Image:

Untreated hypertension is a risk factor for which of the following conditions?

  • Heart disease
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Eye damage and blindness
  • All of the above

What geometrical shape is used when measuring the agility of a person during the Physical Fitness Test?

  • Image:
  • Image:
  • Image:
  • Image:

Which statement regarding types of cardiomyopathy is TRUE?

  • Dilated cardiomyopathy refers to cardiac muscle that is thinner than usual
  • In restrictive cardiomyopathy, the heart is unable to expand
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy refers to cardiac muscle that is thicker than usual
  • All of the above are true in regards to cardiomyopathy

Which of the following statements about angina pectoris is TRUE?

  • Angina pectoris is often a direct cause of death
  • Severe cases of angina pectoris may require surgery
  • Most cases of MI occur in people with a prior history of angina pectoris
  • If a patient suffers an angina attack during treatment, the PT or PTA should administer nitroglycerin

Which statement is TRUE regarding autosomal dominant genes?

  • The factor is inherited from one parent only
  • Each child has a 50% chance of inheriting the trait
  • it tends to have a total-body effect
  • All of the above are true
  • None of the above are true

A "Dermatologist" specializes in what area?

  • Cancer
  • The stomach
  • Comfort for patients
  • The skin

The ability of the muscle to exert force at one time.

  • Flexibility
  • Muscular strength
  • Muscular endurance
  • Cardiorespiratory endurance

The ability of the heart, lungs, and muscles to work together over an extended period of time.

  • Muscular endurance
  • Flexibility
  • Cardiorespiratory endurance
  • Body composition

Which of the following patients has the greatest risk for atherosclerosis/arteriosclerosis?

  • A 31-year-old woman who is pregnant with twins
  • A 60-year-old obese male who smokes
  • A 19-year-old female soccer player who has high levels of HDL
  • A 25-year-old female law student who runs marathons

Can you tell me 5 future directions of athletic training?

  • Yes! I got this
  • Uh, maybe 3
  • What's a future direction?

With whom do all service providers in England have to register?

  • SUS
  • HIW
  • CQC
  • ETI

How many years, on average, does it take to become a physical therapist? (How many years of schooling after high school)

  • 7 years

Which of the following is a pillar of patient interaction?

  • Must joke around constantly
  • Must speak in scientific terms only
  • Eye Contact
  • Need to ask the patient very personal question

Besides the musculoskeletal system, which of the following systems is most likely to be affected by severe scoliosis?

  • Gastrointestinal
  • Lymphatic
  • Respiratory
  • Integumentary

Primary hypertension (not caused by a specific disease process) accounts for approximately _____% of cases, while secondary hypertension (the result of a specific disease process) accounts for approximately _____%.

  • 50; 50
  • 60; 40
  • 10; 90
  • 90; 10

The ability of the joints and muscles to bend through a full range of motion.

  • Flexibility
  • Body Composition
  • Muscular strength
  • Muscular endurance

Symptoms of cerebral palsy include...

  • Ataxia
  • Hyper- or hypotonicity
  • Varying levels of paralysis
  • Vision, speech, or hearing deficits
  • All of the above

What Physical Fitness components does the exercise shown in the picture tests?

  • Speed
  • Flexibility
  • Cardiovascular Endurance
  • Muscular Endurance

What does CEU stand for

  • continuing education unit

What are the 4 types of state regulation?

  • Licensure, credentials, registration, exemption
  • Licensure, certification, registration, exemption
  • licensure, clinical, requirments, exception
  • none of the above

What test is being conducted on the picture shown above?

  • Stick Test
  • Hexagon Test
  • Zipper Test
  • Sit and Reach

Which of these can be used as evidence to support the regulators' judgement? (you may choose more than one)

  • records of complaints
  • on site inspection
  • _feedback from family and friends
  • written reports of procedures

In the US, approximately _____________ to ____________ people are living with sickle cell disease.

  • 70,000;80,000
  • 1,000;1,500
  • 20,000; 40,000
  • 100,000; 1,000,000

Which principle of training tells you that the body adapts to the type of training (ex. weight training - muscular strength)?

  • Progressive overload
  • Specificity
  • Reversibility
  • Individual differences

Factors leading to a sickle cell disease crisis include

  • Overexertion or fatigue
  • Stress or emotional factors
  • Heat or cold
  • Infection
  • Pregnancy
  • All of the above

Successful completion of an entry athletic training program, endorsement by the program director, and proof of current CPR/AED certification are requirements for what certification?

  • Physical therapist
  • Certified Strength and Conditioning specialist
  • Athletic Trainer
  • Sports Medicine specialist

Sickle cell disease is especially prevalent in

  • European and Scandinavian populations
  • Hispanic and African-American populations
  • Asian-American populations
  • Native peoples
  • None of the above; all ethnicities are affected equally

What profession treats athletes with injury prevention techniques, but is also involved from the time they are injured to return to play?

  • Pediatrician
  • Athletic Trainer
  • Physician Assistant
  • Physical Therapist

In a max assist transfer, the therapist is doing ___ of the work.

  • 75% to 51%
  • 80% or less
  • 50%
  • All

What does HIPAA stand for?

  • Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

Which of the following statements about malignant hypertension is FALSE?

  • It is a rare form of hypertension
  • It does not respond well to any form of treatment
  • It is classified as secondary hypertension
  • Its onset is generally sudden

Surgical closure of the spinal defect in a child with spina bifida is generally done

  • In utero
  • Within 72 hours of birth
  • Any time within the child's first four months
  • A and B
  • B and C

Check the following equipment that are used when conducting the Physical Fitness Test

  • Image:
  • Image:
  • Image:
  • Image:

What act protects a patient's privacy and limits the number of people who can gain access to their medical records ?


Symptoms of a sickle cell crisis include

  • Abdominal or joint pain
  • Fever
  • Hives
  • A and B
  • B and C

Who arranges specialized assistance- for patients who may not be able to perform daily tasks

  • Physiotherapist
  • Occupational Therapist
  • Educational Psychologist

Risk factors for spina bifida include

  • Paternal exposure to Agent Orange
  • Maternal use of anti-seizure medication
  • Family history of the condition
  • Maternal obesity or insulin-dependent diabetes
  • All of the above
  • None of the above

What profession would a patient go to see if they were a post-surgical patient, 2-weeks after a shoulder surgery?

  • Chiropractors
  • Radiologist
  • Physical Therapist
  • Personal Trainer

What component of Physical fitness pertains to the ability to maintain bodily equilibrium of a person?

  • Speed
  • Coordination
  • Balance
  • Reaction Time

A "Gerontologist" specializes in what/who?

  • Elderly people
  • Children
  • The heart
  • Putting people to sleep

Which of the following images implies a healthy person

  • Image:
  • Image:
  • Image:
  • Image:

Which of the following is a treatment for lymphangitis/lymphadenitis?

  • Chemotherapy
  • ACE inhibitors
  • Antibiotics
  • All of the above

What is the meaning of "MD"?

  • Medical Degree
  • Medicine Doctorate
  • Doctor of Medicine
  • Medical Director

What medical professional would a person visit if they had an injury to their tooth?

  • Radiologist
  • Geriatrician
  • Ophthalmologist
  • Orthodontist/Dentist

A "Neurologist" specializes in what area?

  • The Stomach and Intestines
  • The Feet
  • The brain and CNS
  • Cancer

Which of the following activities would you suggest to maintain a healthy and fit body.

  • Drink Plenty of water
  • Get plenty of sleep
  • Routinely conduct exercise
  • Eat a balanced diet

These professionals train individuals to improve overall strength, power and speed.

  • Physical Therapist
  • Strength & Conditioning Coach
  • PT Assitant
  • Occupational Therapist

What is the point of conducting a stick-drop test?

  • To measure the balance of a person
  • To develop the reacting time of a person
  • To measure the reaction time of an individual
  • To restore the coordination of an athlete

What does an off-the-field examination include?

  • Hips, Olecranon, Patella, Scapula
  • History, Observation, Palpation, Special tests
  • History, Observation, picnics, special tests
  • history, observation, palpation, stiches

Household chores are physical activities too.

  • True
  • False

You're an athlete and you hurt your knee, what doctor would you go to initially, if you suspect a ligament tear?

  • Orthopedic Physician
  • General Surgeon
  • Ophthalmologist
  • Podiatrist

What is the difference between atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis?

  • Atherosclerosis is a chronic condition while arteriosclerosis is acute
  • Arteriosclerosis describes an advanced stage of atherosclerosis
  • Atherosclerosis affects arteries while arteriosclerosis affects arterioles
  • Atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis are two names for the same condition

Sickle cell disease causes acute periods of hypoxia/ischemia to vital organs. The term for one of these periods is a(n) __________.

  • Flare-up
  • Crisis
  • Attack
  • Emergency

Which of the following is TRUE about hemophilia?

  • Hemophilia affects females and males in equal numbers
  • Hemophilia is rarely hereditary.
  • Hemophilia is caused by deficient amounts of Factor VIII.
  • Hemophilia is almost always fatal.

What does an "Anesthesiologist" specialize in?

  • Cancer patients
  • Removal of Sensation/feeling
  • The heart
  • The hormones

When the amount of exercise is increased progressively, fitness continues to improve.

  • Specificity
  • Progressive overload
  • Reversibility
  • Individual differences

People respond to training at different rates, a program that works for one person may not be right for another person.

  • Specificity
  • Progressive overload
  • Reversibility
  • Individual differences

Signs and symptoms of Down syndrome include...

  • Atlantoaxial subluxation
  • Congenital heart disorders
  • Hypotonia
  • Varying degrees of mental retardation
  • All of the above

Physical therapy interventions for children with muscular dystrophy include

  • Balance training
  • Aquatherapy
  • Breathing exercises
  • Lifting and transfer techniques
  • All of the above

Stroke is the ____ leading cause of death in the US, with over ________ Americans affected per year.

  • 3rd; 795,000
  • 1st; 900,000
  • 5th; 125,000
  • 9th; 15,000

This profession deals mainly with emergencies and life threatening injuries or illnesses.

  • Geriatrician
  • EMT/Paramedic
  • Surgical Technician
  • Neurologist

As a general rule, cardiac failure/shock develops when more than _____% of cardiac muscle is infarcted.

  • 90
  • 40
  • 25
  • 10

Which of the following would be considered a REGRESSION to a push up?

  • DB Bench Press
  • Barbell Bench Press
  • Weighted Pushup
  • Push Up w/ knees on ground

Which of the following statements about congestive heart failure is FALSE?

  • Heart transplant may be considered in severe cases of CHF
  • Death rarely results from complications of CHF
  • Patients with CHF often succumb to pneumonia
  • Patients with CHF often tend to develop progressive multiorgan and heart failure

Left-sided congestive heart failure results in ____________edema, and right-sided results in __________edema.

  • Pulmonary; lymphatic
  • Primary; secondary
  • Ipsilateral;contralateral
  • Pulmonary; peripheral

Draping is important because...

  • It helps the patient maintain an appropriate body temperature.
  • It helps compensate for the gown shortage seen in many hospitals.
  • It provides modesty for the patient.
  • All of the above
  • 1 and 3
  • 2 and 3

Which statement regarding scoliosis is FALSE?

  • Scoliosis affects girls more often than boys
  • Many cases of scoliosis are mild and do not cause any problems
  • All surgeries to treat scoliosis are very invasive
  • Most cases of scoliosis are of unknown cause

What does LAT stand for?

  • licensed athletic trainer
  • limited athletic trainer
  • licensed allied trainer
  • limited allied trainer

Who would go see if you need an annual physical exam?

  • Orthopedic Physician
  • Family Physician
  • Psychologist
  • Thoracic Surgeon

Which of the following statement(s) can be said as true regarding power and strength

  • Power and Strength are the same
  • Strength is based on power
  • Power is based on strength
  • Power and strength are completely unrelated

Increased pressure is placed on which area(s) with the patient in supine?

  • Occipital tuberosity
  • Sacrum
  • Lateral ribs
  • 1 and 2
  • 2 and 3

All types of anemia are disorders of ______________.

  • Thrombocytes
  • Erythrocytes
  • Leukocytes
  • Chondrocytes

What profession deals with the overall care of patients, daily patient interaction, and has several specialties?

  • EMT/Paramedic
  • Radiologist
  • Oncology Nurse
  • Registered Nurse

Which of the following statements regarding cardiac tissue following an MI is FALSE?

  • The rest of the heart hypertrophies to make up for lost tissue function
  • Collateral circulation develops to supply the area of cardiac muscle around the necrotic area
  • The area recovers more rapidly if there has been a large area of ischemia
  • Dead cardiac muscle is replaced with fibrous scar tissue

What does Body composition refers to?

  • The ratio of bone, muscle, and fluid that make up body weight
  • The amount of fat cells in a person when weighed
  • The number of fat cells a person is born with

When a person stops exercising, up to 50% of fitness improvements are lost within 2months.

  • Specificity
  • Progressive overload
  • Reversibility
  • Individual differences

What physical fitness component does Yoga helps improve?

  • Strength
  • Flexibility
  • Power
  • Speed

Making a given exercise easier is known as a _____?

  • Regression
  • Aggression
  • Progression
  • Recession

Which of the following is NOT an acquired risk factor for atherosclerosis/arteriosclerosis?

  • High cholesterol intake
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Familial hypercholesterolemia
  • All of the above are acquired risk factors

What are the differences between statutory and private services?

  • Longer waiting times for key services in statutory care
  • Statutory services are open to all (inclusive)
  • Statutory services do not provide as good care
  • Private care is only available in London

What is an athlete

  • any person
  • a person only at high school age
  • any physically active individual
  • a person at the college level

The following is seen in what specific sub-field in physical therapy? Working in a hospital, working with patients who have sustained life-threatening injuries/ailments, etc...

  • Sports Physical Therapy
  • In-Patient PT
  • Out-Patient PT
  • Military Physical Therapy

A GP will refer a patient to a secondary health care service...

  • True
  • False

The ....................... is the regulatory body that includes midwives.

  • NMC

RQIA is responsible for care and health services in which UK country?

  • England
  • Ireland
  • Scotland
  • Wales

when did athletic training as we know it come into existence?

  • 19th century
  • late 18th century
  • late 19th century
  • late 17th century

Approximately ____% of the US population has scoliosis.

  • 0.5
  • 10
  • 2
  • 5

how many states require some type of regulatory statue to govern the practice of athletic training?

  • 49

Causes of cerebral palsy include

  • Hypoxia of the fetus
  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI)
  • Meningitis
  • All of the above

Which of the following statements regarding spina bifida is FALSE?

  • Children with spina bifida occulta may not exhibit any signs or symptoms
  • Spina bifida almost always results in death within a child's first year of life
  • Most children with spina bifida have bowel and bladder incontinenence
  • Children with spina bifida are at a risk for pressure ulcers due to lack of sensation in the lower body

You’ll support people with all aspects of their day to day living, including social and physical activities, personal care, mobility and meal times.You might work in a care home, in people’s own homes or in the community. If you work in the community you are sometimes called domiciliary carers which often involves travelling to different people’s houses.

  • Health care assistant
  • Care worker
  • District nurse
  • GP

Characteristic signs and symptoms of lymphangitis/lymphadenitis include

  • General malaise
  • Fever
  • Swollen and tender lymph nodes
  • Headache
  • All of the above

who is S.E Bilik?

  • an athletic trainer who wrote the trainer's bible
  • a physician who wrote the trainer's bible
  • the first athletic trainer
  • the first physician

_Select all the support personnel concerned with the athlete's health and safety

  • nurse
  • biomechanist
  • physical therapist
  • EMT
  • Referee

What is the difference between cardiac shock and cardiac failure?

  • Cardiac shock is generally treatable, while cardiac failure tends to be fatal
  • Cardiac shock is an acute condition, while cardiac failure is chronic
  • There is no difference; both are terms for the same condition
  • Cardiac shock is caused by trauma, while cardiac failure is caused by illness

Symptoms of a MI include

  • Dyspnea
  • Tachycardia
  • Nausea
  • Pain in the chest, arm, and/or neck
  • All of the above are symptoms of an MI

Check the following Skill-Related Physical fitness component(s)

  • Speed
  • Agility
  • Flexibility
  • Strength
  • Power

What is the meaning of "DO"?

  • Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine
  • Doctor of Orthopedic Medicine
  • Doctor of Ophthalmology Medicine
  • Doctor of Orthodontic Medicine

This profession deals mainly with diagnosis of illness/injury by using x-ray, MRI, CT, and other diagnostic tools.

  • Physical Therapist
  • Radiologist
  • Surgical Technician
  • Thoracic Surgeon

When should referrals be made?

  • immediately after consult with the physician
  • 2 days after injury
  • 1 day after injury
  • never
  • after consult with the coach

Which of the below are Primary Health Care services?

  • GP surgery
  • Outpatients clinic
  • Dentist
  • All of them

Which statement is TRUE regarding physical therapy for cerebral palsy?

  • It is only effective if treatment sessions are scheduled weekly
  • It can include aquatherapy, ambulation training, or the use of assistive devices
  • It must be started before the child is one year old
  • It is rarely employed unless the child has undergone surgery for his/her condition

Who/What does a "Pediatrician" specialize in?

  • The Brain
  • The Stomach
  • Elderly People
  • Children

What medical specialist puts a patient to sleep in preparation for surgery?

  • psychiatrist
  • gerontologist
  • anesthesiologist
  • radiologist

Diagnose disease by studying changes in organs, tissues, and cells

  • pathologist
  • urologist
  • oncologist
  • internist

A gait belt should be placed _______ the patient's iliac crests and _________their ribs.

  • Directly at the level of; below
  • Below; above
  • Above; below
  • Above; across


  • urologist
  • ophthalmologist
  • obstetrician
  • pediatrics

Who helps regain strength, mobility, control- rehabilitate

  • Healthcare Assistant
  • GP
  • Occupational Therapist
  • Physiotherapist

The proportion of fat and fat-free mass (muscle, bone, and water) in the body.

  • Muscular fitness
  • Flexibility
  • Cardiorespiratory endurance
  • Body composition

Chromosome ___ is affected in Down syndrome.

  • 21
  • 12
  • 22
  • 11

Standard precautions assume that all of the below, except for ___, may be contaminated with infectious agents.

  • Sweat
  • Blood
  • Nonintact skin
  • Mucous membranes

What does the credential ATC stand for?

  • Athletic Trainer certified
  • Allied Trainer certificate
  • Athletic trainer certain
  • Allied Therapist certified

The rate of occurrence of Down syndrome is roughly 1 in every ________ to _______ births.

  • 100, 150
  • 660, 800
  • 1000, 1250
  • 2, 10

Plan of care, how aggressive a plan is, and what type of rehab used is all dependent upon the patient's ______

  • Goals

Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding muscular dystrophy?

  • It affects the ability of the muscles to utilize acetylcholine
  • Patients suffering from muscular dystrophy commonly undergo total joint arthroplasties
  • It is far more prevalent in females than males
  • It is an X-linked recessive chromosomal trait generally carried by the mother

Cardiovascular endurance pertains to the capacity of the heart and ...

  • Lungs

___________ helps you withstand physical challenges and protects you from diseases.

  • Skill-related components
  • Health-related components

What does NICE stand for?

  • National Institute for Health and Care Excellence
  • National Institute of Curriculum and Education
  • National and International Creation of Excellence
  • National Institute for Caring Evaluation

Give some examples of responsibilities of a health care assistant

  • prescribing medicine and diagnosing someone
  • supporting people in housing or with learning difficulties
  • helping people with daily care such as washing, dressing, using the toilet and feeding

You work in a hospital or community setting.The work varies depending on where you're based. In a hospital, for example, you may be washing and dressing patients, serving meals and helping to feed patients, helping people to move around, toileting, making beds, talking to patients and making them comfortable, monitoring patients' conditions by taking temperatures, pulse, respirations and weight.

  • Care manager
  • Health care assistant
  • Nurse practitioner
  • Support worker

You are passionate about promoting healthy lifestyles and preventing illness. You work with families to give pre-school-age children the best possible start in life. You are a qualified and registered nurse or midwife who has chosen to gain additional training and qualifications. Your additional training in public health enables you to assess the health needs of individuals, families and the wider community to promote good health and prevent illness.You’ll be working mainly with children from birth to five years and their families. You may also work with at-risk or deprived groups such as the homeless, addicts or travellers.

  • Midwife
  • Nurse
  • Health visitor
  • District nurse

The normal human cell consists of ____ chromosomes (____ pairs).

  • 50; 25
  • 46; 23
  • 48; 24
  • 36; 18

What are symptoms of burnout?

  • excessive anger
  • guilt
  • sleep problems
  • high absenteeism
  • emotional exhaustion

What component of Physical Fitness does standing long jump measure?

  • Strength
  • Power
  • Speed
  • Flexibility

Can a physical therapist assistant design treatment plans? (Yes or No)

  • Yes

An "Oncologist" specializes in what?

  • The skin
  • Cancer
  • The liver
  • Children

Which is NOT a type of medical error?

  • Latent error
  • cardinal event
  • Active error
  • Potential adverse event
  • Sentinel event

What medical professional deals with toe infections, arch problems, and possibly stinky feet?

  • Neurologist
  • Orthopedic Physician
  • Podiatrist
  • Dentist

What is the difference between lymphangitis and lymphadenitis?

  • Lymphangitis affects lymph vessels, while lymphadenitis affects lymph nodes
  • Lymphangitis is caused by acute infection, while lymphadenitis is caused by chronic inflammation
  • Lymphangitis is benign, while lymphadenitis is malignant
  • They are two names for the same condition

According to an estimate by the NIH, there are approximately ______ US children and adults living with cerebral palsy.

  • 800,000
  • 80,000
  • 120,000
  • 90,000

When you have to pay for your care service, what is this known as?

  • Private Care
  • Independent Care
  • Voluntary Care
  • Informal Care

Name one of the 5 types of physical therapy exercises.

  • ROM

The ability to perform a particular sport or activity may depend on skill-related fitness components.

  • True
  • False

What is an athletic trainer ?

  • a weight loss specialist
  • a person who helps you lift weights
  • a health care professional who is responsible for the recognition, prevention, evaluation and rehabilitation of athletic injuries
  • a health care professional who is a weight loss specialist and designs weight lifting plans

He is not yet a doctor, he is training here, he is a ...................

  • Resident

The pain from angina pectoris is most likely to be described as

  • Severe and sharp
  • Dull and aching
  • Low-grade
  • Increasing steadily with time

what does the credential MS stand for?

  • Masters of Science
  • Minimum Standard
  • Masters of Scientology
  • Masters of Studies

Injury/illness prevention, clinical evaluation/diagnosis, immediate and emergency care, treatment and rehabilitation, and organizational and professional health and well-being are the five domains for what occupation?

  • BOC for physical therapists
  • BOC for physicians
  • BOC for strength and conditioning specialist
  • BOC for athletic trainers

The two types of muscular dystrophy are ___________ and_____________.

  • Fontaine's; Backstrom's
  • Duchenne's ;Becker's
  • Duchenne's; Lescher's
  • Dupeytren's; Becker's

Indications of a blood clot include

  • Erythema
  • Tenderness
  • Generalized fever
  • All of the above could indicate a blood clot

A cardiologist would be called to see a patient who comes to the A&E with:

  • a rash
  • a stomach ulcer
  • chest pain
  • muscle cramps