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The first objective of criminal investigation is to identify and apprehend the suspect(s).
Everything found in the crime scene is collected and scrutinized and later will be admitted as evidence.
RA7438 enumerates the rights of persons arrested, detained or under custodial investigation; and duties of public officers.
Emotional approach addresses such negative feelings as hate, anger, greed, revenge, pride, and jealousy.
It is good to get the positive feeling of the subject towards the investigator, such friendly atmosphere is as vital for both the subject and the investigator to have a better interaction.
A specialist in the field of criminal investigation.
Goldstein (1979) argued that police departments were much too focused on how they were organized to do their work rather than on the crime problems they needed to solve.
In an interview, the person questioned gives his account of an incident under his own manner and words.
Extrajudicial confession made by the person arrested can be in a form or digital or analog voice recording acquired by the investigator and shall be used as evidence.
Physical evidence can be obtained in a computer used by the perpetrator in committing the crime.
The interview must be made as soon as possible when the information is still in the mind of the witness.
Privacy during interview must be observed.
This requires interactive skills of an investigator to analyze the reliability of information and credibility of the witnesses.
This is the questioning of a person suspected of having committed an offense.
The custodial investigation report shall be reduced to verbal testimony.
This is done to extract information from the witnesses to apprehend the perpetrator.
Physical evidence is any data stored or transmitted using a computer that supports or refutes a theory of how an offense occurred or that address critical elements of the offense such as intent or alibi.
The investigator has to carefully visualize and inspect the reliability of the information given by the suspect.
This refers to a person tasked to carry out the objectives of criminal investigation such as to identify and locate the guilty and provide evidence of his guilt.
This method helps since different witnesses give different versions of the same crime scene.
According to Braga (2008), crime tends to cluster among a few problem places, offenders and victims.
After all information have been given by the subject, that is the time for the investigator to ask question to clarify about the case under investigation.
Detectives or other investigative personnel take numerous factors into consideration when reconstructing a case in order to determine who committed the crime and under what circumstances the crime was committed.
City of municipal clearance is a type of national agency check.
Common Traces of Information (Choose all appropriate and correct answers).
The investigator must indicate why the subject is being contacted.
Investigators essentially conduct ad-hoc reactive investigations to hold offenders accountable for crimes in the hopes of generating deterrence through making arrests.
Direct question is a bit disguised and could elicit a variety of answer.
Defined as knowledge acquired by criminal investigators from various sources, which could be in the form of persons, places or things.
Digital evidence are the collected evidence at the crime scene.
This procedure is conducted to a witness who is not cooperating with the investigator by not disclosing some important piece of information which is material to the investigation.
Criminal investigator conducts covert surveillance, including the use of advanced surveillance technologies.
Any person detained or under custodial investigation shall and should defend himself.
Any extrajudicial confession made by a person arrested, detained or under custodial investigation shall be in writing and signed by such person in the presence of his counsel.
Also referred to as the prober.
Torture, force, violence, threat, intimidation, secret detention places, solitary, incommunicado, and among others is in violation of article 3, section 2 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution.
This is done to examine all the records and information from different witnesses.
Criminal investigator helps by delivering justice to crime victims.
The method of investigating a criminal offense is different when a police office investigates a civil crime.
Barangay clearance is a type of national agency check.
Cognitive interview is to the point, allowing little possibility of misinterpretation.
Logical approach is based on reason.
After the interview, it is proper to close the interview with utmost courtesy and thanking the subject for h is cooperation.
Forensic science is utilized to aid investigators in tracing the perpetrator.
Court clearance is a type of national agency check.
All the objects are collected and examined to help identify the perpetrator.
Simplicity of the questions is one of the rules in questioning.
It is compose of data or raw facts that were collected and put together to form a significant idea or something.
Crime information typically originates with the perpetrator or to the suspect of a crime.
Investigator has to listen so that no important part is skipped.
Any extrajudicial confession made by a person arrested, detained or under custodial investigation shall be admissible as evidence.
This require high skills to draw out each and every fact in the mind of the witness.
A person who committed a criminal offense and under a custodial investigation is not allowed to be visited by anyone in his counsel or family since it may affect the investigation.
Requisites of a Valid Confession (Choose all appropriate and correct answers).
Custodial investigation is the practice of getting the person investigated when there is an opportunity from the police officer to arrest the individual.
Witnesses turning hostile is one of the challenges in conducting this procedure.
This procedure is done to disclose the identity of other accomplices of the crime.
Referred to as knowledge or data which an investigator acquired from other persons and records.
An arrested individual shall be presumed innocent until proven guilty.
Criminal investigator protects, manage, and prepares witnesses for trial.
The first phase of criminal investigation is the follow-up investigation.
Investigation is a systematic, minute, and thorough attempt to learn the facts about something complex or hidden;it is often formal and official.
NBI clearance is a type of local agency check.
This is not governed by rigid rules or laws but most often, it is governed by intuition, felicity of inspiration and to a minor extent by chance.
Prior commencement of an interview, the investigator should identify himself to the subject by name, rank, and agency.
This procedure is done to induce confession of a crime.
Digital evidence can be done by identification or comparison.
The third objective of criminal investigation is to establish that a crime was actually committed.
Main Divisions of Criminalistics (Choose all appropriate and correct answers).
This is done to a person who is reluctant to make full disclosure of information in his possession which is pertinent to the investigation.
The miranda warning also know as the miranda rights (miranda doctrine) is optional in arresting individual guilty of a criminal offense.
Criminal investigation is defined as a reconstruction of a past event.
Classes of Information (Choose all appropriate and correct answers).
This is an art which deals with the identity and location of the offender and provides evidence of his guilt through criminal proceedings.
If the arrested individual cannot afford a counsel, the investigating officer shall act as the counsel and will accept any confession made by the individual.
This include a procedure conducted to accomplish the three fold aims or criminal investigation.
The 3 fold aim of criminal investigation (Choose all appropriate and correct answers).
Digital evidence under comparison is the process through which it is determined whether or not two or more objects have a common origin.
Skipping by guessing is one of the rules in questioning.
An interview is the questioning of person who is believed to possess knowledge that is official to the investigator.
All custodial investigation report shall be read and explained to the arrested individual in Filipino since it is the national language in the Philippines.
Investigation differs to the nature of crime occurred and with respect to the pertaining laws.
When the investigator reaches the crime scene, he visualize each and every object of it.
The second objective of criminal investigation is to recover stolen property.
Any evidence relating to a crime is in the form of _________.
He is tasked to investigate all criminal cases.
This provide answers for the 5W’s and 1H.
Field of Inquiry - The IRONIC format (Choose all appropriate and correct answers).
It comprises of details and data which access knowledge to investigator regarding the perpetrator.
The second phase of criminal investigation is the preliminary investigation.
Place and time of interview can be modified to suit the exigencies and nature of the case.
Criminal investigator creates investigative results as well as the incorporation of investigative knowledge and actions into crime-control strategies.
Investigation is examination, inquiry, research express the idea of an active effort to find out something.
Investigators hold valuable information on recurring crime problems and could occupy a central role in developing creative responses to stop the next crime.
Any waiver by a person arrested or detained or under custodial investigation can be in writing or in voice recording accompanied by the investigating officer.
This procedure is conducted since suspects or culprits try to misdirect investigators by giving incorrect information.
Investigation is a method of getting vital information, facts, circumstances and evidence for the purpose of knowing the truth.
This procedure is conducted to a person who is suspected of the offence.
Five Technical Divisions (Choose all appropriate and correct answers).
This refers to asking questions to the witnesses of crime.
Positive attitude is one of the techniques in controlling digression.
According to the article 4, section 17 of the 1945 Commonwealth Constitution, in all criminal prosecutions the accused shall be presumed to be innocent until the contrary is proved.
Criminal investigator gain intimate knowledge of repeat victims, high-rate offenders and locations that generate a disproportionate amount of criminal incidents.
Physical evidence is evidences stored digitally or in a computer.
One question at the time is one of the rules in questioning.
Investigators can advise uniformed patrol officers on the nature of local crime problems and supplement their crime-control efforts with their expertise in conducting surveillance, doing undercover work, and interviewing victims and offenders.
What is the purpose of Interrogation? (Choose all appropriate and correct answers).
One objective of criminal investigation is to assist in the prosecution of the person(s) charged with the crime.
Technology, and other scientific methods have been integrated in investigation for the solution of crimes.
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