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Examines the biological basis of behavior and mental processes, exploring the relationship between the brain, the nervous system, and human behavior.
The study of the evolution, genetics, and adaptiveness of behavior, largely through the use of the comparative method.
Hunger is the gastrointestinal process of breaking down food and absorbing its constituents into the body.
The area of sensory cortex that receives most of its input directly from the thalamic relay nuclei of that system.
A disorder of voluntary movement that is not attributable to a simple motor deficit to any deficit in comprehension or motivation.
It is characterized by recurring losses of muscle tone during wakefulness, often triggered by an emotional experience.
Currently the dominant approach being used to study the brain mechanisms of human emotion.
Cessation of menstruation.
This theory proposes that being awake disrupts the homeostasis (internal physiological stability) of the body in some way and sleep is required to restore it.
The study of the relation between physiological activity and psychological processes in human subjects by noninvasive physiological recording.
Defined as waves of electromagnetic energy that is between 380 and 760 nanometers in length.
A study of the physiological bases of human and animal behavior.
Visual agnosia for faces.
One of the most obvious qualities of human visual experience.
The somatotopic layout of the human primary motor cortex is commonly referred to as
Tends to carry information about touch and proprioception
The study of the effects of drugs on neural activity.
Human is capable of making complex patterns of adjustment to the never ending changes of his environment.
The sex, male or female, that a person believes himself or herself to be
All are psychophysiological measures of sleep
It deals with how these changes are stored and subsequently reactivated.
It includes all disorders of initiating and maintaining sleep.
It is also known as the sweat glands.
Neurons that fire when an individual performs a particular goal-directed hand movement or when she or he observes the same goal-directed movement performed by another
A property of light that plays an important role in the perception of brightness.
The smallest units of motor activity
The response of the olfactory system to airborne chemicals that are drawn by inhalation over receptors in the nasal passages.
They are sexually attracted to members of both sexes.
Plays an important role in the perception of brightness.
All are methods used in physiological psychology, except:
Clinical approach is actually answering one of the basic questions in philosophy
Proposes that sleep is not a reaction to the disruptive effects of being awake but the result of an internal 24-hour timing mechanism that is, we humans are programmed to sleep at night regardless of what happens to us during the day
All are effects of damage to the auditory system, except:
Endocrine gland releases their chemicals, which are called hormones, directly into the circulatory system.
In this book, Darwin argued, largely on the basis of anecdotal evidence, that particular emotional responses, such as human facial expressions, tend to accompany the same emotional states in all members of a species.
It deals with how experience changes the brain.
The first physiological theory of emotion was proposed independently
The study of nervous system disorders.
A disorder characterized by periods of not eating interrupted by bingeing.
It receives information from primary and secondary motor cortex, information about descending motor signals from brain stem motor nuclei, and feedback from motor responses via the somatosensory and vestibular systems.
He developed the theory of evolution.
This theory proposed that emotion-inducing sensory stimuli are received and interpreted by the cortex, which triggers changes in the visceral organs via the autonomic nervous system and in the skeletal muscles via the somatic nervous system.
Provides general information about conditions within the body.
The ability of such patients to respond to visual stimuli in their scotomas even though they have no conscious awareness of the stimuli.
The study of body processes
On the tongue, these are often located around small protuberances functional brain imaging.
A property of light that plays an important role in the perception of color
The science of behavior or the scientific study of human behavior.
Tends to carry information about pain and temperature
Proposes that being awake disrupts the homeostasis of the body in some way and sleep is required to restore it
Endocrine gland is also known as the sweat glands.
Monitors information about the position of the body that comes from receptors in the muscles, joints, and organs of balance.
Any area of cortex that receives input from more than one sensory system.
The first major event in the study of the biopsychology of emotion was the publication in
The scientific study of the nervous system.
Are behaviors whose primary function is to protect the organism from threat or harm?
It is thought to store memories for consistent relationships between stimuli and responses the type of memories that develop incrementally over many trials.
The study of the neural mechanisms of behavior by manipulating the nervous systems of nonhuman animals in controlled experiments.
Lipogenesis is the production of body fat.
Drugs that increases sleep.
A layer of mucus-covered tissue.
This theory proposed that emotional stimuli have two independent excitatory effects: They excite both the feeling of emotion in the brain and the expression of emotion in the autonomic and somatic nervous systems.
Senses external stimuli that are applied to the skin.
It runs in a strip from the supplementary motor area to the lateral fissure.
All are true about eating except:
Comprises the areas of the sensory cortex that receive most of their input from the primary sensory cortex of that system or from other areas of the secondary sensory cortex of the same system.
Though to participate in the storage of memories of learned sensorimotor skills through its various neuroplastic mechanism.
This theory suggests that sleep is like reproductive behavior in the sense that we are highly motivated to engage in it, but we don’t need it to stay healthy.
Failure of recognition that is not attributable to a sensory deficit or to verbal or intellectual impairment.
Proposed that emotional stimuli have two independent excitatory effects.
A simple sugar that is the breakdown product of complex carbohydrates, that is, starches and sugars
A reflex that is elicited by a sudden external stretching force on a muscle.
Behaviors whose primary function is to threaten or harm.
he ability of such patients to respond to visual stimuli in their scotomas even though they have no conscious awareness of the stimuli.
The study of the chemical bases of neural activity.
The first physiological theory of emotion was proposed independently by James and Lange in what year?
The primary motor cortex is located in the precentral gyrus of what lobe of the brain.
They are sexually attracted to members of the other sex
The study of the effects of drugs on the brain and behavior.
These drugs increases sleep.
These are behaviors whose primary function is to threaten or harm
They are sexually attracted to members of the same sex.
Response of the gustatory system to chemicals in solution in the oral cavity
Characterized by recurring losses of muscle tone during wakefulness, often triggered by an emotional experience.
The study of the neural mechanisms of human cognition, largely through the use of functional brain imaging.
The idea that the human brain and the mind are separate entities became even more widely accepted.
A specific agnosia for visual stimuli.
These are behaviors whose primary function is to protect the organism from threat or harm.
This theory was proposed by Ewald Hering in 1878.
Bulemics eat so little that they experience health threatening weight loss; and despite their emaciated appearance, they often perceive themselves as fat.
A complete cessation of eating.
A deficiency in the ability to see movement progress in a normal smooth fashion.
A disorders of excessive sleep or sleepiness.
Any area of cortex that receives input from more than one sensory system
When the body is exposed to harm or threat, the result is a cluster of physiological changes that is generally referred to as
The inability to move just as one is falling asleep or waking up.
This theory was proposed by Thomas Young in 1802 and refined by Hermann von Helmholtz in 1852.
Dreamlike experiences during wakefulness.
A gastrointestinal process of breaking down food and absorbing its constituents into the body.
It is thought to participate in the storage of memories of learned sensorimotor skills through its various neuroplastic mechanism
A disorder of under consumption.
The small inhibitory interneurons that mediate recurrent collateral inhibition.
Proposed that emotion-inducing sensory stimuli are received and interpreted by the cortex, which triggers changes in the visceral organs via the autonomic nervous system and in the skeletal muscles via the somatic nervous system.
A way where atteention can be focused is the internal cognitive process called _____
How many stages does sleep EEG has?
It is thought to play a special role in memory for the emotional significance of experiences.
The breakdown products of proteins.
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