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Emergency Medical Services

A comprehensive resource for knowledge on providing medical care in emergency situations, such as first aid, CPR, trauma management and medical transportation.







first aid





emergency response

life support

emergency medicine

prehospital care

6. Respecting privileged information.



  • Primary Level
  • Secondary Level
  • Tertiary Level

What is Health Products?

  • The legal and moral duties of protection owed to a purchaser of goods or services by the supplier
  • are people who use health services, as well as their family and carers. This includes people who have used a health service in the past or who could potentially use the service in the future
  • These refers to substances, materials or equipment's prepared or manufactured for you to buy and use for the maintenance of health and the treatment of diseases
  • none of the above

Clinical sciences peripheral to professional training

  • Public Health
  • Medicine

These are all emergency indicators except

  • Unusuall noise
  • Unusual sight
  • Unusual behavior
  • unusual situation

Injuries happen at any time. What should we do to prevent unintentional injuries?

  • A. We must reduce the risk of accidents.
  • B. We must always practice safety measures.
  • C. We must equip ourselves with proper knowledge and skills in first aid
  • D. All of the above

Systematic collection and analysis of data

  • Assesment
  • Policy Development
  • Assurance

Achieving health equity for everyone is not the important rule of health service

  • True
  • False

What is our topic for today?

  • consumer health

You are giving first aid to a person with a muscle, bone or joint injury. Emergency medical services (EMS) has been called. What should you do until they arrive?

  • a. Bandage the injured body part.
  • b. Apply cold if the person can tolerate it, and watch the person for signs and symptoms of shock.
  • c. Splint the injury to immobilize it.
  • d. All of the above

____________is the first element in the EMS system.

  • Communications

Condition caused by too much water loss through sweating on a hot day

  • frost bite
  • heat exhaustion
  • heat stroke
  • hypothermia

Considered as the first and most crucial link.

  • Caregiver

A practice developed by the Chinese following the smallpox epidemic around 1000 B.C.(small letters only)

  • practice of variolation

He is known as the “Father of Modern Emergency Medical Services.”

  • J.D. "Deke" Farrington
  • Leo Schwartz
  • Dominique Jean Larrey
  • John Fitzgerald Kennedy

What is an Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)?

  • [No Answer]

Your roles as a first link includes all except

  • recognizing the situation
  • deciding to act
  • Calling EMS professionals
  • Provide first aid until help arrives

Biological sciences central and stimulated by major threats to health population

  • Public Health
  • Medicine

An ___________ plays an important part in the ambulance service control team. They perform various tasks to ensure a prompt response to calls for the ambulance service.

  • Emergency Medical Physicians
  • Emergency Medical care provider
  • Emergency Medical Technicians
  • Emergency Medical Dispatchers

Unintentional is used to refer to injuries that were unplanned, often called accidents. Is the statement True or False?

  • A. TRUE
  • B. FALSE

Develop policies

  • Assesment
  • Policy Development
  • Assurance

The Paramedics provides appropriate and timely interventions to treat the patient at the scene of the incident without doing further harm.

  • Detection
  • Response
  • Care in Transit
  • On-scene Care

Screening and examinations can be done by self medication

  • True
  • False

A specialized equipped vehicle, provides a medical care and used to transport patient between hospitals.

  • Ambulance

True or False:A paramedic is trained to provide some level of care forthe interim period until the EMS unit arrives.

  • False
  • True

It is the action of identifying the presence of something concealed.

  • Reporting
  • Detection
  • Response
  • On-scene care

8. What is EMS?


As a consumer you are responsible for your own health

  • True
  • False

District hospitals

  • Primary Level
  • Secondary Level
  • Tertiary Level

The term ambulance comes from the Latin word "ambulare" as meaning "_____ or ______."

  • to walk and live
  • to walk and talk
  • to walk or step about
  • to walk or move about

Give the 5th Branch of Star of Life

  • Care on Transit

Conditions when to call an EMS, except

  • Unconscious
  • Severe bleeding
  • Burn
  • Fever

Community pharmacists are both knowledgeable and skillful and can easily embrace community-related matters

  • TRUE

Give the 3rd Branch of Star of Life

  • Response

In _________, Star of life was registered as the official certification mark in Emergency Medical Services.

  • February 1, 1976
  • February 1, 1977
  • February 1, 1978
  • February 1, 1974

The dark era during the 14th century where Europe experienced plague that was most likely spread by rodent-borne fleas.(small letters only)

  • black death

The RICE method is for

  • choking
  • someone who is not breathing
  • a burn
  • a sprain

Which of the following is NOT a first aid procedure for sprain and strain?

  • Administer R.I.C.E
  • Make sure to stop the activity right away
  • Apply direct pressure to the affected area
  • If swelling or severe pain is experienced, bring the injured to the doctor.

To assess blood circulation, what vital sign must you monitor

  • Pulse

We should perform R.I.C.E. therapy if there is a sprain or strain injury. What does the acronym R.I.C.E. stand for?

  • A. R- rest, I- intentional, C- commission, E- elevon
  • B. R- rest, I- ice, C- commission, E- elevation
  • C. A. R- rest, I- intentional, C- compression, E- elevator
  • A. . R- rest, I- ice, C- compression, E- elevation

Do you feel a little more prepared to handle a medical emergency?

  • Yes
  • No

Can provide sophisticated diagnostic and therapeutic equipment with the help of trained specialists.

  • Primary Level
  • Secondary Level
  • Tertiary Level

Heart attack is when blood flow to the heart is blocked

  • true
  • false

Explain briefly the Good Samaritan Law

  • [No Answer]

All are fronts for the mission of public health, EXCEPT:

  • public health service delivery
  • protecting community against environmental hazards
  • assisting, reinforcing the community health care provider system
  • assisting individuals to achieve optimal health status through promoting medical self-help principles
  • none of these

Inform, Educate and Empower

  • Assesment
  • Policy Development
  • Assurance


  • Assesment
  • Policy Development
  • Assurance

What does ALS and BLS stand for?

  • Advanced Life Support
  • Advanced Life Support
  • Basic Life Support

Regional healthcare institutions

  • Primary Level
  • Secondary Level
  • Tertiary Level

10. This include the life of the casualty, bystander and rescuer.


In responding to an emergency, you should

  • Remain calm
  • Apply first aid quickly
  • Find a bystander
  • Introduce self

As one of the six premises of "New Public Health" the key control of the social and economic conditions should be broad-based and can be achieved through participation of individuals, multi-sectoral planning and political will.

  • TRUE

18-20. What is ABC means in First Aid?


What is Telemetry?

  • Services utilized in responding to an individual's (EMS) perceived need for immediate medical care to prevent death or aggravation of physiological or psychological illness or injury.
  • Specialized electronic communications that transmit an electrocardiogram from the location of the patient to the medical control center in the hospital.
  • Services that provide Aeromedical Service emergency care and transportation by roto‐wing aircraft and which are provided to patients.

How would you FIRST stop bleeding?

  • Heimlich maneuver
  • Direct pressure
  • Tourniquet
  • Ice

Preventing and controlling the spread of diseases is one of the priority of health service

  • True
  • False

The EMD protocols also allow the 9‐1‐1 Officer to.........

  • Assist callers in administering initial emergency care to persons needing aid.

First aid and emergency care are part of health services

  • True
  • False

Uniform system for certifying specialists beyond professional medical degree

  • Public Health
  • Medicine

T or F: There is a non-emergency phone number

  • True
  • False

Pioneer of Germ Theory(small letters only)

  • robert koch

4. Giving guidance, assisting with problem solving.

  • A. Coping mechanism
  • B. Confidentiality
  • C. Counseling
  • D. Situation Trigger

The role of pharmacists in healthcare can not be extended beyond the supply and management of medications

  • TRUE

The emphasis of care is diagnosis and treatment, care for the whole patient.

  • Public Health
  • Medicine

All are the basis of the new public health, EXCEPT:

  • understanding the ways in which lifestyle and living conditions determine health status
  • recognition of the need to mobilize resources
  • making sound investment in policies, programs and services which create, maintain and protect health
  • focusing only on improving health and improving quality of life

A pharmacist can provide essential professional input to interdisciplinary programs that monitor, anticipate and respond to public health problems in targeted population groups.

  • TRUE

Give the 6th Branch of Star of Life

  • Transfer to Definitive Care

Make sure that an individual to have a follow-up who have undergone treatments

  • True
  • False

He is a French surgeon credited as the "Father of the Modern Ambulance."

  • John F. Kennedy
  • Dominique Jean Larrey
  • Renz Nonato Zantua
  • Leo Schwartz

5. Occurs when a demand placed upon someone required the skills to handle the demand in an adaptive manner.

  • A. Challenging behavior
  • B. Case management
  • C. Coping mechanism
  • D. Caregiver burden

2. Condition in which the human system responds to change in its normal balanced state.

  • A. Stressor
  • B. Stress
  • C. Dementia
  • D. Crisis

Hygiene clinics

  • Primary Level
  • Secondary Level
  • Tertiary Level

Mobilize community partnership

  • Assesment
  • Policy Development
  • Assurance

Specialized centers

  • Primary Level
  • Secondary Level
  • Tertiary Level

What are the two ways to intervene a situation?

  • Direct Indirect

The EMD must select a response based on:

  • If it's life threatening or not.
  • Criteria presented by the callercompared to the agency‐adoptedcriteria.
  • Does it compare to ALIscreen?
  • Agency approved response criteria foremergency responses,non‐emergency responses, andnon‐responses

Medically equipped helicopters which provide air transportation and on‐scene emergency care to patients


Primary focus on population

  • Public Health
  • Medicine

What is a bystander?

  • someone who likes standing
  • someone who observes a situation but doesn't intervene
  • someone who does intervene
  • idk

Assure competent workforce

  • Assesment
  • Policy Development
  • Assurance

Have the facilities and capabilities for giving emergency care.

  • Primary Level
  • Secondary Level
  • Tertiary Level

They are capable of providing more advanced emergency care and life-support techniques.

  • EMT
  • Dispatcher
  • Responder
  • Caregiver

He was the founder of epidemiology(small letters only)

  • john snow

Enforce Laws

  • Assesment
  • Policy Development
  • Assurance

A pharmacist can take leadership in partnering governments, communities, organizations and similar interest groups in identifying public health problems and policy development.

  • TRUE

Well-established profession with a sharp public image

  • Public Health
  • Medicine

Multiple professional identifies with diffuse public image

  • Public Health
  • Medicine

They provide a critical transition between the first links basic level of care and the care provided by more advanced EMS professionals.

  • Responder

Agencies that use an ______ in place of an ______ are at risk of losing a negligence lawsuit.

  • EMT and EMD

3. Anything causing a person to experience stress; change in balanced state.

  • A. Stressor
  • B. Stress
  • C. Crisis
  • D. Challenging behavior

An advanced level of pre‐hospital, interhospital, and emergency service care which includes basic life support functions, cardiac monitoring, cardiac defibrillation, telemetric electrocardiography, administration of anti‐arrhythmic agents, intravenous therapy, administration of specific medications, drugs and solutions, use of adjunctive ventilation devices, trauma care and other authorized techniques and procedures.

  • Emergency- A life
  • Star of Life

All are relevant subjects that can be include in the pharmacy curriculum, EXCEPT:

  • Evidence-based Drug Selection
  • Nutrition
  • Healthcare policy
  • Behavioral and social sciences
  • None of these

What is one resource on or off campus that helps people for medical bystander intervention ?

  • University Recreation
  • University Recreation
  • Lee Memorial Health
  • ya mom
  • American Red Cross Training Services

Educational Constitutions

  • an institution providing medical and surgical treatment and nursing care for sick or injured people.
  • a building used for public Christian worship
  • an area or arena in which commercial dealings are conducted
  • •They are schools, colleges or universities which will give us the right information

What can cause Sprains?

  • Over stretching or tearing the ligaments results in a sprain.
  • Over stretching or tearing muscles or tendons results in a sprain.

Give the 1st Branch of Star of Life

  • Detection

All of the following are part of consumer health except:

  • health care
  • health care facilities
  • health services
  • health information

He designed and created the "Star of Life."

  • Dominique Jean Larrey
  • J.D. "Deke" Farrington
  • Leomir Schwartz
  • Leo Schwartz

Choose two roles of medical services of communication:

  • Switch to another personnel
  • Maintain Communications
  • Provide Updates

Name the 3 phrases of an emergency call...............

  • Call receiving phase, Response phase, and Pre-arrival phase

The aim of First Aid is to provide immediate/initial care for an illness or injury. In an emergency situation, first aid treatment is given to a victim to prevent the condition from worsening and prevent further injury. The 3 P’s of First Aid will guide you to determine first aid treatments and the priorities. Select all that apply.


Monitor health

  • Assesment
  • Policy Development
  • Assurance

The Officer must be able to use the_______________ to determine the locationand nature of the emergency to makeappropriate response decisions and select thecorrect protocol card to use for key questionsand pre‐arrival instructions.


7. Is an important part of everyday life.


Pioneer of the practice of vaccination that led to the discovery of treatment for smallpox.(small letters only)

  • edward jenner

These are situations that causes danger to life or health.

  • Emergency

What is Health Services?

  • These are programs for government employees
  • These are programs used to train the athletes
  • These are programs that aims to appraise the health conditions of individuals
  • These are programs that follows rules and regulations to adopt the New Normal

Give the 2nd Branch of the Star of Life

  • Reporting

Their operation is through private practices, clinics, hospitals with governmental with direction primarily in terms of quality assistance.

  • Public Health
  • Medicine

"Bystander Intervention Effect" is impacted by which factors?

  • Mother Nature
  • Ambiguity of Situation
  • Diffusion of Responsibility
  • Social Influence due to inaction of others

The EMS personnel load the patient in to suitable transport and continue to provide appropriate medical care throughout the way to the hospital.

  • On- Scene Care
  • Care in Transit
  • Response
  • Detection

___________ ________ are also available fromproviders that have been licensed by the stateDepartment of Health. Flight nurses and flightparamedics staff these units

  • Aeromedical services

T or F: The sympathetic nervous system plays a role in how people may respond to emergencies

  • False
  • True

What are the 4 P's means in assessing an unconscious victim?

  • PAIN

A Blue, six-pointed star, outlined with a white border and usually featuring the Rod of Asclepius.


__________ is caused by a sudden obstruction of blood supply to the part of the heart muscles.

  • Heart attack

Who are the consumers?

  • They are the persons who buys product or services for personal use
  • They are the ones who offers health services
  • They are the ones who is responsible for health informations
  • They are the persons who does not buy product or services for personal use

11-14. Give the four types of Behavior.


True or False: EMTs are trained and certified to provide basic lifesupport (BLS). Licensed ambulances are required tobe staffed by EMTs.

  • True
  • False

Social sciences tend to be elective part of medical education

  • Public Health
  • Medicine

_____________is an emergency technique to prevent suffocation when a person’s airway or windpipe is blocked by a piece of food or other objects.

  • Heimlich maneuver

Responsible for receiving and relaying communication about the situation

  • Dispatcher

Which of the following are examples in which helicopter transport may be considered:

  • Maintain communications with the caller (if safe to do so) until field personnel arrive inlife‐threatening situations
  • The time needed to transport a patient by ground to the hospital, which is most capableof delivering the appropriate level of care, poses a threat to the patient's survival andrecovery
  • Weather, terrain, road, and traffic conditions would seriously delay the patient's access toadvanced life support and more definitive care.
  • Critical care personnel and equipment are needed to perform lifesaving or stabilizationmeasures for the patient at the scene and during transport.

Have the facilities and capabilities for medical care which needs hospitalization.

  • Primary Level
  • Secondary Level
  • Tertiary Level

In assessing a casualty (DRSABC), R stands for.

  • Response

_ D's of Bystander Intervention

  • 5

What does the abbreviations MICU and EMD stand for?

  • Mobile Intensive Care Unit
  • Mobile Intensive Care Unit
  • Medical Intensive Care Unit
  • Emergency Medical Dispatcher

Diagnose and Investigate

  • Assesment
  • Policy Development
  • Assurance

The mission of public health is to fulfill society's interest in assuring conditions in which people can be healthy.

  • TRUE

Health Services has screening and examination for individuals except:

  • Cure and Treat Disorder
  • Provide Safety
  • Emergency Care
  • Money and Food

What is Health Information?

  • It is an information that people require to make wise choices and decisions about their health or the health of other people
  • It aims to develop a person’s ability to evaluate and utilize health information, products and services wisely and effectively
  • They are the person who buys products or services for personal use and not for business purposes
  • It is the study about health

Public health services have been characterized as occurring on two levels such as planning (or micro) level and the implementation (or micro) level.

  • TRUE

A chain of links intended to restore the victim to health

  • Emergency medical services

Professionals such as physicians, scientist, teachers

  • They are not reliable because of the information will be based on research studies
  • They are the one who sells in the market
  • They are reliable because of the information will be based on research studies
  • None of the above

A person who has been trained to provide emergency medical care to injured patient.

  • Nurses
  • Paramedics
  • Doctors
  • Physicians

What is one thing you can put in your first aid kit?

  • bandages
  • thermometer
  • ibuprofen
  • all the above!

Who do you call for a medical emergency?

  • [No Answer]

He proposed the conversion of plague model to cholera model.(small letters only)

  • michel foucault

It is the immediate care given to a person while waiting for professional help to arrive.

  • First aid

Law which provides protection for an individual to help an injured person

  • Good samaritan law

Medicare health institutions

  • Primary Level
  • Secondary Level
  • Tertiary Level

Give the 4th Branch of Star of Life

  • On-scene Care

Choose two primary roles of a 9‐1‐1 Officer

  • Determine the location of the emergency
  • Determine the location of the emergency
  • The time needed to transport a patient by ground to the hospital, which is most capableof delivering the appropriate level of care, poses a threat to the patient's survival andrecovery
  • Provide the most appropriate response

1. Coordination of services provided to patients before they enter a healthcare, during the time they are in healthcare and after they leave the setting.

  • A. Caregiver burden
  • B. Case management
  • C. Continuity of care
  • D. Confidentiality

Their goal is to return the victim to his or her previous state of health.

  • Post-emergency care provider
  • Hospital care provider
  • Dispatcher
  • EMT

Municipal hospitals

  • Primary Level
  • Secondary Level
  • Tertiary Level

Link to/ provide care

  • Assesment
  • Policy Development
  • Assurance

True or False: Aeromedical teams are trained and equipped to care for and rapidly transport critically injured patients from scenes of major accidents to a designated trauma center as well as to provide necessary transfers of critically injured or ill patients from one hospital to another

  • True

Who among the Grade 9 students are good first aiders?

  • A. Micahel who frightens his brother about the severity of the injury.
  • B. Christian who comforts her classmate while treating her sprain.
  • C. Rico who is panicking while treating the wound of his friend’s finger

It is an intricate system for giving aid to the patients before heading to the hospital.

  • Emergency Medical Support
  • Emergency Medical Technicians
  • Emergency Medical Services
  • Emergency Medical Response

9. What is CPR?


“Prevention is better than cure” can be applied to which situation?

  • A. Dalmi who always rides her motor bike without helmet.
  • B. Carrie who always look at the left and right side of the street before crossing the pedestrian.
  • C. Lisa who occasionally forgets to bring her medicine for asthma

What is the difference between ALS and BLS?

  • [No Answer]

_______ are often due to domestic incidents such as touching a hot iron, friction or spilling boiling water on skin

  • Burns