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Emergency and Disaster Management

A comprehensive resource that equips individuals and organizations the knowledge to respond and recover from emergencies and disasters ensuring public safety.

emergency

disaster

management

preparedness

response

recovery

mitigation

planning

coordination

resilience

hazards

risk

crisis

relief

evacuation

T/F: There is no need to apply a new tag when re-triaging

  • True
  • False

The National DRRM Plan has the overall goal of having a _____.

  • Safer, disaster-free, and resilient Filipino communities toward sustainable development
  • Safer, adaptive, and resilient Filipino communities toward sustainable development
  • Safer and less vulnerable Filipino communities toward sustainable development
  • Safer, well-informed and capacitated Filipino communities toward sustainable development

damage extends through deeply charred subcutaneous tissue, to muscles and tendons, and bones

  • 1st degree
  • 2nd degree (superficial)
  • 2nd degree (deep layer)
  • 3rd degree

In the area you were able to assess two patients; a woman with a bleeding head wound but has normal vital signs and a man with a sucking chest wound but has abnormal vital signs. Which patient would you prioritize?

  • The woman with a bleeding head wound
  • The man with a sucking chest wound

Transition Phase in Triaging (SATA)

  • After START completed, hospital admission follows
  • Resource independent and involves grouping patient together at the scene
  • Establish communication between the incident command, triage areas to treatment areas
  • Re-triage if condition changes (SAVE Triage)
  • Move victims to secondary triage based on tagging

Example that we used at "Dissemination and Evaluation" in the Elements of Early Warning System Table.

  • Vulnerabilities
  • Elements at Risk
  • Radio/TV
  • Warning Decision

A middle-aged male is found, unable to move is clearly injured legs but is breathing normally.

  • Immediate
  • Delayed
  • Minor
  • Dead

Enumarate: ABCDE in emergency assessment(ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS | NO PUNCTUATION | ANSWER IN CORRECT ORDER | PUT A SPACE ONLY AFTER 1 ANSWER ANSWER EX. SHOULD BE: ALPACA BIRD CAT DOG)

  • AIRWAY BREATHING CIRCULATION DISABILITY EXPOSE

Who have the authority to select the Vice-Chair person of SDMA?

  • Governor of the state
  • Chief Minister
  • Member of Parliament
  • MLA's

The removal of the victim from difficult situation or position; or removal of a patient from a wrecked care or other place of entrapment (ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS)

  • EXTRICATION

Nurse Sara learned during the burns lesson that in the occasion of the patient's fluid shift even if the patient is thirsty they should be NPO till NABS has returned. What is the other criteria for removing the NPO order of a burns patient?

  • If they are starting to get desperately thirsty
  • They are no longer intubated
  • They are autonomous
  • They can swallow on their own

Higher illiteracy and unemployment rates than the rest of the population,situated in isolated locations, more prone to displacement which can affect the continuity of their knowledge systems, culture and tradition-- these are characteristics of which vulnerable group?

  • indigenous peoples

A serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a widespread human, material, economic or environmental loss is called ____

  • Disaster
  • Emergency
  • Hazard
  • Vulnerability

Aling Mina, a 40-year old female, a Yolanda survivor, is still experiencing nightmares, and occasionally cries at night due to the lost of her husband, 2 kids and 3 grandchildren. This situation describes which phase of a disaster?

  • Impact Phase
  • Recovery Phase
  • Pre-Impact Phase
  • Post-Impact Phase

the following are man-made hazards except one.

  • Terrorist attacts
  • Volcanic Eruption
  • Structural eruption
  • Chemical contamination

Hazard + __________________ = Disaster

  • Vulnerable

Destruction of the skin layers from burn injury may lead to: (SATA)

  • impaired skin integrity
  • impaired skin integrity
  • acute pain
  • ineffective thermoregulation
  • risk for infection

The driver, a 38-year-old male is slumped over the steering wheel, unresponsive and not breathing.

  • Immediate
  • Delayed
  • Minor
  • Dead

a.k.a. the gatekeeper (can be a nurse or a doctor, or anyone who had training) is the one who will perform a brief evaluation of the patient to determine a level of acuity or priority of care, thus the role is to make acuity determinations and set priorities. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPS)

  • TRIAGE OFFICER

the screening or classification of sick, wounded or injured persons during war or disaster, to determine the priority needs for efficient use of manpower and facilities. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPS)

  • TRIAGE

Enumerate: 3 Phases of a Disaster(ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS | NO PUNCTUATION | ANSWER IN THE CORRECT ORDER WITH THE DASH AND 'PHASE' | PUT A SPACE ONLY AFTER 1 ANSWER ANSWER EX. SHOULD BE: ALPACA BIRD CAT DOG)

  • PRE-IMPACT PHASE IMPACT PHASE AND POST-IMPACT PHASE

In assessing the RPM, R stands for?

  • Respiratory Rate of 12-20 bpm
  • Recognizable injury
  • Respiration of 30 bpm
  • Random Blood Sugar of 60-100 mmol

Disaster Alphabetically means...

  • -Destruction-Incidents-Sufferings-Administrative & financial failures-Sentiments-Tragedies-Eruption of communicable diseases-Research programme and its implementation
  • -Destruction-Incidents-Sufferings-Administrative negligence-Sentiments-Tragedies-Eruption of communicable diseases-Research programme and its implementation
  • -Destruction-Incidents-Sufferings-Administrative & financial failures-Sentiments-Tragedies-Eruption of volcanoes-Research programme and its implementation
  • -Destruction-Incidents-Sufferings-Administrative & financial failures-Sentiments-Tragedies-Eruption of communicable diseases-Research agenda

Transportation Unit in Emergency Assessment (SATA)

  • Maintains communication with the Incident Command
  • Maintains communication with the Incident Command
  • Management of patient movement from the scene to the receiving hospitals
  • Designates a parking space
  • Works with the treatment unit to establish adequately sized, easily identifiable patient loading area
  • Designates an ambulance staging area

Which of the following shows the chronological order of conducting CBDRRM?

  • (1) Selecting the community,(2) Rapport building and understanding,(3) Participatory community risk assessment,(4) Community-based disaster risk management planning, (5) Community- managed implementation,(6) Monitoring and Evaluation
  • (1) Selecting the community,(2) Rapport building and understanding,(3) Community-based disaster risk management planning,(4) Participatory community risk assessment,(5) Community- managed implementation,(6) Monitoring and Evaluation

Non urgent cases classified in the ED should be treated within?

  • 2 hrs
  • 1.5 hrs
  • 1 hr
  • 30 mins

The following are activities of the Recovery Phase of Disaster Management? (Select all that apply).

  • Shelter and evacuation
  • Damage Assessment
  • Clean up and basic reconstruction
  • Restoration of critical facilities and systems

STOP, DROP, & ROLL is the best way to put a fire out from the person. What is the other alternative?

  • roll the person out until the fire extinguishes with the ground
  • throw a pale of water unto the person
  • smother the person with a wet blanket
  • leave them be for the air to extinguish

He is the person responsible in running the entire emergency rescue, treatment and transfer. He is the one declaring if the scene is safe during disaster response. All lines of communication should be communicated with this person

  • Safety officer
  • Triage officer
  • Incident commander
  • Emergency rescuer team leader

epidermis and part of dermis are damage, producing blisters and mild to-moderate edema and pain

  • 1st degree
  • 2nd degree (superficial)
  • 2nd degree (deep layer)
  • 3rd degree

Which one is not a Natural disaster

  • Cyclone
  • Bomb explosion
  • Tsunami
  • Volcanic eruption

Meteorological Disasters (SATA)

  • Hail Storm
  • Hail Storm
  • Snow Storm
  • Blizzard
  • Flood
  • Tsunami

A young child is found unresponsive and not breathing.

  • Immediate
  • Delayed
  • Minor
  • Dead

Identify the idea on the perspectives of disaster:The officials in a community have a concrete plan in facing the pandemic. They have enough budget to give help among the people in their community

  • Political
  • Physical
  • Biological
  • Economic
  • Socio-Cultural

Who is the Head of national disaster management authority?

  • President
  • Prime Minister
  • Chief Minister
  • Cabinet Minister

This results from an energy transfer from a heat source to a part of the body. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS)

  • BURN INJURIES

A young woman approaches you and offers help

  • Immediate
  • Delayed
  • Minor
  • Dead

A form of traumatic injury caused by thermal, electrical, chemical and radioactive substances. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS)

  • BURNS

_______________________ is permanent reduction of risk of a disaster

  • mitiagation

the time of enduring hardships or injury and trying to survive. “Holding on” until help arrives. This phase may last for several minutes to several days or weeks. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPS)

  • IMPACT PHASE

Pick two natural hazards from the following

  • volcanic eruption
  • volcanic eruption
  • floods

Indications for emergency rescue (SATA)

  • Risk for drowning
  • Risk for drowning
  • Danger of collapsing walls
  • Serious traffic hazard
  • Danger of fire and explosion

Enumeration: 4 Phases of Disaster Management? (ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS | NO PUNCTUATION | ANSWER IN THE CORRECT ORDER | PUT A SPACE ONLY AFTER 1 ANSWER ANSWER EX. SHOULD BE: ALPACA BIRD CAT DOG)

  • PREPAREDNESS RESPONSE MITIGATION RECOVERY

It refers to the initials, rapid assessment of the patient meant to identify life-threatening problems. This is done before proceeding to secondary assessment. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS)

  • PRIMARY ASSESSMENT

It is defined as the potential disaster losses in terms of lives, health status, livelihood, and/or assets and services to a particular community or society.

  • Disaster Risk
  • Residual Risk
  • Disaster Management
  • Contingency planning

Warfare and Violence Disaster (SATA)

  • CBPNE
  • War
  • Terrorism
  • Civil Unrest
  • Mass Shooting

Triage Criteria: Major Burns 1: Usually complicated by fracture & Respiratory damage2: All burns in high-risk patients (elderly, pregnant)

  • Only statement 1 is correct
  • Only statement 2 is correct
  • Both are right
  • Both are wrong

Moving of a patient from a safe place to a safer place after giving first aid. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS)

  • EMERGENCY TRANSFER

Criteria for Selection of Methods of Transfers (SATA)

  • Distance of the place where the victim will be transferred
  • Distance of the place where the victim will be transferred
  • Size of the victim
  • proper body position
  • Physical capabilities of rescuer
  • Nature and severity of the injury

An unresponsive male appears to be snoring. His breathing improves when you open his airway.

  • Immediate
  • Delayed
  • Minor
  • Dead

Disaster Management Includes the following stages

  • Pre-disaster stage
  • Pre-disaster stage
  • Emergency stage
  • Post-disaster stage

The following are actions that are done in a triage procedure (Select all that apply).

  • · First clear the walking wounded using verbal instructions
  • · First clear the walking wounded using verbal instructions
  • · Begin from the farthest area
  • · Move from starting point in a systematic manner
  • · Stop at each victim and quickly assess RPM, maximum 30 seconds
  • · Correct life-threatening airway problems

Who is not the head of District disaster management authority

  • District Collector
  • District Magistrate
  • Deputy Commissioner
  • Councillor

The Phenomena that pose a threat to people, structures or economic assets is called _________________

  • hazard

A serious disruption of the functioning of a community or society involving widespread human, material, economic, or environmental losses and impacts, which exceed the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS)

  • DISASTER

Topographical Disasters (SATA)

  • El Nino
  • Volcanic Eruptions
  • Avalanches
  • Limnic Eruption

The V in MIVT in History Taking stands for _____. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPS)

  • VITAL SIGNS

epidermis and dermis are damage. No blister appear, but white, brown, or black leathery tissue and thrombosed vessel are visible

  • 1st degree
  • 2nd degree (superficial)
  • 2nd degree (deep layer)
  • 3rd degree

Mina is an emergency responder; she knows that you should never move patients before triage except in cases of: (Select all that apply)

  • Risks due to bad weather
  • Risks due to bad weather
  • Impending darkness or darkness has fallen
  • A continued risk for injury
  • Medical facilities are not immediately available
  • A tactical situation that dictates movement

A teenage boy is limping, he tells you he has a broken ankle.

  • Immediate
  • Delayed
  • Minor
  • Dead

hazards by accident, faulty equipment, or some other mishap are examples for

  • terrorism
  • technological hazard
  • natural hazard
  • hydrological hazard

the care given to individual, families, groups, and communities affected by disaster to preserve health and prevent illness and other health complications brought about by the crisis. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS)

  • DISASTER NURSING

In disaster triage, which of the following is Category III?

  • red: immediate
  • black: expectant
  • yellow: delayed
  • green: minor

__Select the following that are part of the five interventions during secondary assessment (Select all that apply).

  • Administration of IV fluids
  • Administration of IV fluids
  • Insertion of indwelling foley catheter
  • Administration of oxygen via face mask
  • NGT tube insertion
  • Capillary Blood Glucose Test

A recent oil spill happened in Oriental Mindoro, initially affected 5 coastal municipalities and now reaches the provinces of Palawan and Antique. Preparations are mandated to other nearby provinces as well. Help from other countries are also being summoned to help clean up this incident. In this kind of disaster, which DRRM council will be activated?

  • National DRRMC
  • Regional DRRMC
  • Provincial DRRMC
  • Municipal DRRMC

What are the roles of nurses in disaster management? (Select all that apply)

  • Assess the Disaster Threats in the Community
  • Diagnose the Community
  • Community Disaster Planning
  • Implementation of Disaster Plan
  • Evaluate Effectiveness of Disaster Plan

All of the following are example of Triage Level 1 in emergency room, except:

  • A patient who has trauma to the head who is lethargic
  • A patient with a neck fracture with obvious airway compromise
  • Patient who has a massive blunt trauma to the chest and abdomen with bp of palpatory 70
  • A pregnant lady who is having active seizures

Disaster Management Act passed year

  • 2004
  • 2005
  • 2006
  • 2007

recovery begins and ends with both the return of normal community order and functioning. This phase can last a lifetime onto some survivors due to the gravity of results of the disaster. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPS)

  • POST-IMPACT PHASE

A detailed plan indicating actions necessary to mitigate adverse impacts to critical areas. It is also developed by an applicant.

  • Mitigation

Encompasses all aspects of planning for, and responding to disasters, including both pre and post disaster activities (ANSWER IN ALL CAPS)

  • DISASTER MANAGEMENT

All of the following could be expose to hazard, except?

  • Earthquake
  • tall buildings
  • agriculture
  • Population

Risk = Hazard x __________________

  • Vulnerability

A perilous situation that arises suddenly and threatens the life or welfare of a person or group of people, as a natural disaster, medical crisis, or trauma situation. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS)

  • EMERGENCY

the adaptation of professional nursing knowledge, skills, and attitude in recognizing and meeting the nursing, health and emotional needs of disaster victims. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS)

  • DISASTER NURSING

________ and ______ are the two types of disaster

  • natural, manmade

The M in MIVT in History Taking stands for _____. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPS)

  • MECHANISM OF INJURY

TRUE or FALSE:RA 10121 outlines the activities aimed at strengthening the capacity of the national government and the local government units (LGUs) together with partner stakeholders, to build the disaster resilience of communities and to institutionalize arrangements and measures for reducing disaster risks

  • TRUE
  • FALSE

_____ Triage is the most common protocol used for triage. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPS)

  • START

A situation that disrupts the normal functioning of a society and cause wide spread damage to life and property is called ___________________

  • disaster

A middle-aged male with an obvious head injury and exposed brain tissue.

  • Immediate
  • Delayed
  • Minor
  • Dead

People residing near the seashore are usually in greater danger of experiencing a tsunami than those residing farther from the seashore. Which of the following statements about the given scenario is correct?

  • The seashore is the risk.
  • The occurrence of a tsunami is the risk
  • People residing far from the seashore are the ones exposed to the hazard.
  • Vulnerability is greater for people residing farther from the seashore.

What are the different kinds of burns? (5)(ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS | NO PUNCTUATION | ANSWER IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER | PUT A SPACE ONLY AFTER 1 ANSWER | NO NEED TO ADD 'BURNS'ANSWER EX. SHOULD BE: ALPACA BIRD CAT DOG)

  • CHEMICAL ELECTRICAL FRICTION OR ABRASION RADIATION THERMAL

An applied science which seeks, by systemic observation and analysis of disasters, to improve measures relating to prevention, emergency response, recovery and mitigation. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPS)

  • DISASTER MANAGEMENT

Technological Disaster (SATA)

  • Fire
  • Fire
  • Cyberattacks
  • Transport Failure
  • Public place failure

The following belongs in the secondary assessment (Select all that apply).

  • Environmental control
  • Environmental control
  • Full set of VS
  • Five interventions
  • Facilitate Family Presence
  • Give comfort measures

Treatment Unit in Emergency Assessment (SATA)

  • Reassess patients, conducts secondary triage to match patient with resources
  • Reassess patients, conducts secondary triage to match patient with resources
  • Determine depth of the treatment area
  • Does not coordinate with the Triage Unit to move patients from the triage area to treatment areas
  • Coordinates with the Triage Unit to move patients from the triage area to treatment areas
  • Establish communication with the Incident Command

What does SAVE mean in SAVE Triage? (ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS)

  • SECONDARY ASSESSMENT OF VICTIM ENDPOINT

T/F: Triage does not occur at every stage of patient assessment, decontamination, treatment, transport and each level of care

  • True
  • False

Scope and practice of emergency nursing. (SATA)

  • The emergency nurse establishes priorities, monitors and continuously assesses acutely ill and injured patients, supports and attends to families, supervises allied health personnel, and teaches patients and family within a time limited, high pressured care environment
  • The emergency nurse establishes priorities, monitors and continuously assesses acutely ill and injured patients, supports and attends to families, supervises allied health personnel, and teaches patients and family within a time limited, high pressured care environment
  • The entire emergency health care staff members work as a team in performing the highly technical, hands-on skills required to care for patients in an emergency situation
  • Nursing intervention are accomplished interdependently, in consultation with or under the direction of a licensed physician or nurse practitioner

It is a step where we take the specific actions so that we could return our community at its normal or near-normal conditions.

  • Recovery

damage is limited to the epidermis, causing erythema and pain

  • 1st degree
  • 2nd degree (superficial)
  • 2nd degree (deep layer)
  • 3rd degree

Principles of Disaster Management (Select all that apply).

  • Prevent the occurrence of a disaster
  • Provide first aid to the injured
  • Rescue the victims and minimize the number of casualties if the disaster cannot be prevented
  • Promote reconstruction of lives

The nature of risk is lessened when the capacity to cope is higher

  • True
  • False
  • it depends
  • Sometimes

These are actions that we should take so that we could avoid an incident.

  • Prevention

The I in MIVT in History Taking stands for _____. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPS)

  • INJURIES SUSTAINED OR SUSPECTED

_____ Triage aims to rapidly find immediate patients (ANSWER IN ALL CAPS)

  • START

The following are the benefits of going triage (Select all that apply)

  • Separates those who need rapid medical care to save life or limb.
  • Separates those who need rapid medical care to save life or limb.
  • Separating out the minor injuries reduces urgent burden on medical facilities and organizations
  • By providing for the equitable and rational distribution of casualties among the available hospitals reduces the burden on each to a manageable level

A middle-aged female is unconscious but breathing fast (>25bpm).

  • Immediate
  • Delayed
  • Minor
  • Dead

Which of the following groups of people is more vulnerable in the event of a disaster?

  • Men, Women, and old people
  • Men and Women
  • Women, children, old people
  • Pregnant Women and Teens

Name any one type land slide occurring in Kerala

  • Debris flow

a brief, but thorough systematic assessment designed to identify all injuries and provide initial management. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS)

  • SECONDARY ASSESSMENT

Which question/s can you use to assess the Airway of the patient? (Select all that apply).

  • Does the patient have an open airway?
  • Does the patient have an open airway?
  • Is the patient able to speak?

the organization and management of resources and responsibilitiesfor dealing with all the humanitarian aspects of emergencies, in particular preparedness, response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disaster. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPS)

  • DISASTER MANAGEMENT

Which word is not connected with disaster relief activity?

  • Rehabilitation
  • Relief
  • Reconstruction
  • Reference

The NDRRMC is the lead agency to develop and formulate national agenda for capacity building and disaster plans for the Philippines. Who is the head of this agency?

  • Secretary of health
  • Head of the office of civil defense
  • Secretary of national defense
  • Secretary of Social Welfare and Development

5 levels of Acuity/triage in emergency dept. setup(ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS | NO PUNCTUATION | ANSWER IN THE RIGHT LEVEL ORDER | PUT A SPACE ONLY AFTER 1 ANSWER ANSWER EX. SHOULD BE: ALPACA BIRD CAT DOG)

  • RESUSCITATION EMERGENT URGENT LESS URGENT NONURGENT

T/F: Disasters are old as mankind

  • True
  • False

A condition by physical, social, economic and environmental factors which increase the susceptibility of a community to the impact of hazards.

  • vulnerability

The Sendai Framework, the successor to the Hyogo Framework, has seven global targets which are aimed to be achieved by year ____.

  • 2030

Basic principles of emergency rescue and Emergency transfer (SATA)

  • Moving victim as one unit and in proper body position
  • Moving victim as one unit and in proper body position
  • Widest first aider must stay at the head part of the victim
  • Methods of ERT should be safe, comfortable and fast
  • Immobilization of injured body parts before extrication and transfer
  • Check victim’s condition regularly before, during, and after ERT

"An occurrence, either natural or manmade that causes human suffering and creates needs that victims cannot alleviate without assistance" - The American Red Cross (ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS)

  • DISASTER

Pick two adverse effects of earthquake

  • Tsunami
  • Tsunami
  • Deformation of ground surface

NDMA means

  • National Disaster Management Act
  • National Disaster Management Authority
  • Native Disaster Management Authority
  • National Disaster Maintenance Act

TRUE or FALSE: The establishment of early warning systems falls under the area of disaster preparedness.

  • TRUE
  • FALSE

An emergency with greater magnitude, longer duration, generally lower outcomes. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS)

  • DISASTER

__Select the following that belongs to the Principles of Disaster Triage (Select all that apply).

  • Move the casualty backwards (against the flow)
  • Never hold critical patient for further care
  • Salvage limb over life
  • Triage providers stop to treat patients
  • Never move the casualty backwards (against the flow)

This will tell and inform the community about what the people should do about the incoming disaster.

  • Emergency Plan
  • Early Warning System
  • Response
  • Monitoring and Evaluation

Golden Rules in Giving Emergency Care: What to do (SATA)

  • Do loosen tight clothing
  • Do loosen tight clothing
  • Do care for the most serious injuries first.
  • Do handle the victim to a minimum
  • Do require the patient to make their own decision
  • Do think of the worst.

Which is NOT part of the criteria in selecting at-risk communities:

  • most disaster-prone area
  • with high poverty rate
  • most vulnerable to a particular hazard
  • least served by the government and/or by NGOs

All of the following are considered central pulses that are priority to assess during triaging a victim to determine circulatory status, except:

  • Radial
  • Apical
  • Femoral
  • Carotid
  • Temporal

In disaster triage, which of the following is Category IV?

  • red: immediate
  • black: expectant
  • yellow: delayed
  • green: minor

Which one is the Earth related natural disaster?

  • Storm
  • Flood
  • Cyclone
  • Avalanches

A process, phenomenon, or human activity that may cause loss of life, injury or other health impacts, property damage, social and economic disruption, or environmental degradation is called ___.

  • Disaster
  • Hazard
  • Emergency
  • Vulnerability

What are the four phases of Emergency Management in Disaster management cycle?

  • Mitigation, Preparation, Response, Recovery
  • Mitigation, Prosperity, Relief, Recent
  • Development, Proof, Recovery, Relief
  • None of the above

the nursing diagnoses for fluid shifts in burns (SATA)

  • risk for ineffective peripheral tissue perfusion
  • risk for ineffective peripheral tissue perfusion
  • risk for decreased cardiac output
  • ineffective thermoregulation
  • fluid volume deficit
  • impaired physical mobility

All of the following are principles of disaster management, except:

  • Rescue victims and minimize the number of casualties
  • Do community disaster planning
  • Promote reconstruction of lives
  • Disaster management is the responsibility of all sphere of government

Disaster Management act passed in 25th DEC 2005

  • False
  • True

the provision of basic medical care to someone experiencing a sudden injury or illness, it consists of initial support provided until appropriate medical management can be given by health care professionals. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS)

  • FIRST AID

Pick two Meteorological hazards from the following

  • tropical storms
  • tropical storms
  • tornadoes

Industrial Disaster (SATA)

  • Solar flare
  • Chemical spills
  • Fire
  • Radioactive spills
  • Pollution

Which one is not a water related disaster

  • Tsunami
  • Flood
  • Tidal waves
  • Volcanic eruptions

An Example that we used at "Risk knowledge" in the Elements of Early Warning System Table.

  • Disaster
  • Management
  • Hazard
  • Recovery

Golden Rules in Giving Emergency Care: What NOT to do (SATA)

  • Do not handle the victim to a minimum
  • Do not trust the judgment of a confused victim and don’t require to make decision
  • Do not leave the victim alone except to get help
  • Do not make unrealistic promises
  • Do not make unrealistic promises

Teamwork isn't really teamwork unless the TEAM actually works. What does the acronym TEAM mean?

  • Tomorrow Emergency And Mitigation
  • Together Everyone Achieves More
  • Tomorrow Everyone Acts More
  • Together Emergency Acts Malevolent

normal value of heart rate (Put the number only with no space ex: 1-35)

  • 60-100

Who is the head of State disaster management authority?

  • Prime Minister
  • Chief Minister
  • Governor
  • Member of Legislative assembly

The first description of disaster and its management comes from the biblical story of ... ?

  • Thunderstorm of hail and fire
  • Sodom and Gomorrah
  • Turning water to blood
  • Noah and his ark.

Enumeration: Types of disaster - Man-made disaster (3)(ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS | NO PUNCTUATION | ANSWER IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER | PUT A SPACE ONLY AFTER 1 ANSWER ANSWER EX. SHOULD BE: ALPACA BIRD CAT DOG)

  • INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGICAL WARFARE

An elderly casualty is found, disoriented on the floor but breathing normally.

  • Immediate
  • Delayed
  • Minor
  • Dead

Pick (two) causes of Land Slide

  • Tsunami
  • Intense rainfall
  • Earthquake

All of the following are SAVE categories EXCEPT:

  • Those who will die regardless of care
  • Those who will survive whether or not they receive care
  • Those who will benefit from limited immediate field intervention
  • Those who have high risk illnesses (e.g. diabetes, high blood pressure etc.)

Angelo and Peodatto are both working in the same chemical laboratory and are both exposed to the same kind and amount of hazardous chemicals. Angelo, though, has a weaker immune system than Peodatto. Between them, who is less vulnerable to develop a disease caused by chemical exposure?

  • Angelo
  • Peodatto
  • Either Angelo or Peodatto
  • They have the same level of vulnerability.

CBRNE is a type of Man-made disaster under Warfare and Violence. What does CBRNE mean? (ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS | NO PUNCTUATION | PUT A SPACE ONLY AFTER 1 ANSWER ANSWER EX. SHOULD BE: ALPACA BIRD CAT DOG)

  • CHEMICAL BIOLOGICAL RADIOLOGICAL NUCLEAR AND HIGH YIELD EXPLOSIVES

This is a step where it helps with the reduction of damaging effects, emergencies, and even prevent it.

  • MITIGATION

the normal value of respiratory rate (Put the number only with no space ex: 1-35)

  • 10-20

Which among the following is not a cause for earthquake

  • Disequilibrium in any part of the earth crust
  • Underground nuclear testing
  • Decrease of underground water level
  • Heavy rainfall

Enumeration: Types of Disaster - Natural Disasters (3) (ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS | NO PUNCTUATION | ANSWER IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER | PUT A SPACE ONLY AFTER 1 ANSWER ANSWER EX. SHOULD BE: ALPACA BIRD CAT DOG)

  • ENVIRONMENTAL METEOROLOGICAL TOPOGRAPHICAL

Which of the following is not a characteristic of CBDRRM?

  • It recognizes people’s existing capacities and aims to strengthen them.
  • It mobilizes the less vulnerable sectors into partnerships with vulnerable sectors in DRR and development projects.
  • It looks at disaster as a question of vulnerability.
  • It is the community who suffers most from adverse effects of disasters.

Expansion of NDRF

  • National Disaster Reserve Force
  • National Disaster Relief Force
  • National Disaster Response Force
  • National Disaster Relief Fund

Environmental Disasters (SATA)

  • Limnic Eruption
  • Drought
  • El Nino
  • Ozone depletion-UVB radiation
  • Solar Flare

A 67-year-old female is conscious with no obvious injuries but breathing fast. She is cold and pale.

  • Immediate
  • Delayed
  • Minor
  • Dead

Example for sudden onset disaster is _______________

  • cyclone
  • drought
  • epidemic
  • civil strife

Which situation is most vulnerable to fire hazards?

  • Nipa hut using candle lighting
  • An apartment with a circuit breaker
  • A plastic factory
  • A boy using electric fan at home

We do this in order to reduce the loss of our economy, alleviate our sufferings, and save other peoples lives.

  • Response

the initial phase of disaster. Prior to the occurrence a warding is given at the sign of the first possible danger. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPS)

  • PRE-IMPACT PHASE

NDRF comprises _____ battalions.

  • 10
  • 12
  • 11
  • 15

This is to ensure the programs being implemented are evaluated to gauge their effectiveness.

  • Monitoring and Endagering
  • Monitoring and Effectiveness.
  • Monitoring and Elavation
  • Monitoring and Evaluation

Pick two Geological hazards from the following

  • earthquakes
  • earthquakes
  • volcanoes

Equipments for Transfer (SATA)

  • Patient transfer sheet
  • Patient transfer sheet
  • Dunhills
  • Body straps
  • Babcock
  • Scooper

How would you generally describe the effects of disaster in one’s life?

  • Older people are more vulnerable.
  • Children’s capacity to cope depends on their parents.
  • Psychologically; men, women, children, and older people have their own degree of fear towards disaster.
  • The degree of impact of disaster varies from one person to another.

degrees centigrade is the normal value of temperature (Put the number only with no space ex: 1-35)

  • 36.5-37.7

An episodic and crisis-oriented care provided by healthcare professional to patients with serious or potentially life threatening injuries or illnesses.

  • EMERGENCY CARE

In this CBDRRM process, the overall objectives and strategies are translated into operational plans and activities. Community targets in undertaking DRR measures in terms of particular capacities increased and vulnerabilities decreased are also identified.

  • Participatory Risk Assessment
  • Community-based disaster risk management planning
  • Community-managed implementation
  • Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation

All of the following are the definitions of a Staging Area EXCEPT:

  • Set up the perimeter; should have gate keeper and security
  • Only one staging area is required
  • Mark off areas for support needs
  • Place where media should be designated

Any sudden illness or injury that is perceived by the client or significant other as requiring immediate intervention. It continues until the condition is stable and no longer threatens the client's integrity or well-being. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS)

  • EMERGENCY

What is the current DOH vision during disasters?

  • Kaligtasang pangkomunidad para sa Kalusugan sa kamay ng kalamidad
  • Nasa kamay ng komunidad ang kaligtasang pangkalusugan kapag may kalamidad
  • Kalusugan at kaligtasan sa kalamidad sa kamay ng komunidad
  • Kaligtasang pangkalusugan sa kalamidad sa kamay ng komunidad

Community-based DRRM is different from top-down approaches in the following ways except:

  • CBDRRM aims to reduce long-term vulnerabilities and to increase people's capacities to better cope with disasters
  • In CBDRRM, disaster agencies provides support by taking full responsibility in providing aid and other emergency needs.
  • In CBDRRM, the community members are encouraged to participate in decision making for them to be able to voice out their needs.
  • In CBDRRM, solutions are focused on addressing the root causes of vulnerabilities.

% is the normal value of oxygen saturation (Put the number only with no space ex: 1-35)

  • 95-100

Emergent patients categorized in the ER should be treated within?

  • Immediately upon arrival
  • 15 mins.
  • W/in 30 mins
  • W/in 5 mins

a systematic approach that provides the emergency nurse with a methodical approach to help identify and prioritize patient’s needs. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS)

  • EMERGENCY ASSESSMENT

Identify the idea on the perspectives of disaster:The apartment collapsed during an earthquake due to substandard materials used in the construction.

  • Political
  • Physical
  • Biologoical
  • Economic
  • Socio-Cultural

The T in MIVT in History Taking stands for _____. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPS)

  • TREATMENT

Activities increase a community's ability to respond when a disaster occurs.

  • Preparedness

A procedure for moving a victim from an unsafe place to a place of safety. (ANSWER IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS)

  • EMERGENCY RESCUE

You are the ER nurse, it is part of your assessment to do history taking of disaster patients brought by the EMTs to your hospital. The following are components of the prehospital information you need to gather. (Select all that apply).

  • Mechanism of the drugs given
  • Sustained or suspected injuries
  • Treatment given prior arrival to the hospital
  • Vital signs

It denotes a serious disruption involving widespread human, material, or environmental losses and impacts.

  • Hazard
  • Disaster
  • Exposure
  • Vulnerability

What is the normal value of capillary refill time?

  • ≥ 2 seconds
  • ≤ 2 seconds
  • 2 seconds
  • > 2 seconds
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