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Learn about the structure of the body and how it functions. Gain an understanding of the causes and treatment of disease on different parts of the body.
Consists of a cup-shaped capsule containing capillaries and the glomerulus, and a long renal tube?
What is the high point in the sleeping cycle?
They are plates of hard, tightly packed keratinized cells of epidermis?
Master endocrine gland – all are proteins or peptides, act through second-messenger systems, and are regulated by hormonal stimuli and in most cases negative feedback?
It is a hollow muscular organ in front of the rectum and behind the urinary bladder?
It controls the rate at which glucose is burned and converted to body heat and chemical energy – also important for normal tissue growth and development, especially in the reproductive and nervous systems?
Increases heart rate?
It responds to the commands of the control center by either opposing or enhancing the stimulus?
Several different enzymes break down macromolecules into smaller molecules that can be more efficiently absorbed. It also starts with saliva and continues into the intestines?
It can be a thick hard armor or a flexible paper-thin covering.
Bones that are in the spinal cord and face, which, because of their unique dimension, don't fit in any of the other shape categories?
A myofibril is made up of Answer
It is the study of functions of the human body.
Points of synaptic connections?
Bones that are found in the hands, wrists, feet, ears and knees. These small, round bones are embedded in tendons and protect them from the great pressure and force they encounter?
It is a thick walled organ that lies between the esophagus and the first part of the small intestine?
How many bones does an infant have?
The membrane around the muscle cell?
The part of the neuron that is most like other cells. It has the nucleus, genetic machinery, and is where many of the metabolic processes happen?
It is composed of compound coiled tubular glands that usually open into hair follicles superficial to the opening of sebaceous glands?
This is known as the “true skin,” this is the layer beneath the epidermis. Its major parts are collagen, reticular fibers, and elastic fibers?
Branch of science which focuses on the study of how organisms perform their vital functions?
It is based molecules – proteins, peptides and amines?
The smallest particle of an element or a molecule?
Unit of muscle contraction?
Female gonads which are located on each side of the uterus in the pelvic cavity?
This is everything outside of the CNS (i.e. nerves). The main purpose of the PNS is to connect the CNS to the limbs and organs?
A response is to amplify the change in the variable. This has a destabilizing effect, so does not result in homeostasis?
It is next to the motor cortex and is crucial to developing finely tuned movements. The primary motor cortex will send the signals out, but it will go through the motor association area?
It is made from highly active lipids found in the cell’s plasma membrane?
It secretes estrogen and progesterone (hormone that stimulates endometrium thickening). These hormones complete the endometrium development and maintain the endometrium for 10 to 14 days?
It is also known as the subcutaneous tissue attaches the skin to underlying bones and muscles and also supplies it with blood vessels and nerves?
Is a group of specialized muscle cells that do not contract?
This neuron has one axon and numerous dendrites?
What is the deepest layer of the epidermis?
It includes all aspects of the function of the body systems, such as cardiovascular physiology, respiratory physiology, reproductive physiology etc?
It is a coiled tube next to each testis, receives sperm from the seminiferous tubules?
Comprise approximately 90% of all epidermal cells. These cells produce a protein mixture known as keratin which helps waterproof and protect the skin?
Changing blood levels of certain ions and nutrients stimulates hormone release.
It is the pressure inside the alveoli of the lungs?
A molecule is a particle composed of two or more joined atoms?
It decreases blood calcium levels by causing calcium to be deposited in the bones – acts antagonistically to parathyroid hormone?
It have ducts that carry their secretory product to a surface. These glands include the sweat, sebaceous, and mammary glands and, the glands that secrete digestive enzymes?
It is a thick jelly like fluid. It represents the material outside the nucleus and inside the plasma membrane?
Is a large molecule?
It is the site where most of the chemical and mechanical digestion is carried out?
At the end of the bronchioles are air sacs called Answer
Nerve fibers that stimulate hormone release.
By product of protein metabolism. Amino groups are removed from amino acids prior to energy conversion. The NH2 (amino group) combines with a hydrogen ion (proton) to form ammonia (NH3)?
Bones that make up the skull, shoulder blades, sternum and ribs. These curved, thin bones protect internal organs and provide an anchor for muscles?
It is where the larger pieces of food get broken down into smaller pieces while being prepared for chemical digestion and it starts in the mouth and continues in to the stomach?
It is a biological system consisting of specific organs and structures used for gas exchange in animals and plants?
The secretory products of endocrine glands?
It is the study of the effects of diseases on organ or system functions?
Is a network consisting of blood, blood vessels, and the heart. This network supplies tissues in the body with oxygen and other nutrients, transports hormones, and removes unnecessary waste products?
Dorsal outgrowth of the medulla. It is involved in the control of movement?
A phasic muscle cell is one that is designed to contract with strength but not for a long time. Has a relatively slow onset of contraction?
Provides blood flow between the heart and lungs?
It is lymphatic organ that lies in the supper chest near the neck. It is prominent in children but begins to degenerate in early childhood. It “educates” the lymphocytes in the fetus to distinguish body cells from foreign cells?
It is the pressure of the air outside the body?
Also known as breathing, involves both bringing air into the lungs (inhalation) and releasing air to the atmosphere (exhalation)?
It is the study of the functions of specific organs.
This varies between having few mitochondria and no mitochondria. It is primarily anaerobic, so its energy comes from carbohydrates through anaerobic metabolism?
The structures that provide energy for the sperm, it is also tightly spiraled around the axial filaments of the flagellum?
Study of the functions of specific organs?
It includes all aspects of the function of the body systems, such as cardiovascular physiology, respiratory physiology, reproductive physiology etc
It causes the kidneys to reabsorb more water from the forming urine and as a result, urine volume decreases and blood volume increases – also increases blood pressure by causing constriction of the arterioles?
What is the largest component of the lymphatic system?
These are self-replicating organelles made up of nine bundles of microtubules. They appear to help in organizing cell division, but aren't essential to the process?
Based on a network of interconnected neurons, located primarily in the brain stem - reticular formation. It interconnects with the hypothalamic and thalamic stems?
It is the pressure within the pleural cavity?
High point in the sleeping cycle?
These cells arise from the bone marrow and migrate to the epidermis. These cells play an important role in the immune response. This helps the immune system by processing antigens?
Bones that are found in the arms, legs, fingers and toes. These bones are longer than they are wide and are cylindrical. They move when the muscles around them contract, and they are the most mobile parts of the skeleton?
It's a network of protein structures that extend throughout the cytoplasm. It provides the cell with an internal framework. For example, microfilaments and microtubules?
Hormones that causes the ejection of milk?
Decreases heart rate?
Hormones that stimulates the production of milk?
It is the active phase of ventilation because it is the result of muscle contraction?
This outermost layer is thick with rows of dead cells. These cells contain soft keratin, which keeps the skin elastic and protects underlying cells from drying out?
A reaction in which the system responds in such a way as to reverse the direction of change. Since this tends to keep things constant, it allows the maintenance of homeostasis?
Comprise approximately 8% of all epidermal cells. These cells produce a group of pigments known as melanin which are responsible for skin, hair and eye color?
It is the muscular tube in vertebrates through which ingested food passes from the throat to the stomach?
Feedback that causes the stimulus to decline or end.
It regulates the hormonal activity of the gonads?
It is composed of stratified squamous epithelium and is separated from the dermis by a thin basement membrane. It is not as thick as the dermis and varies in thickness from approximately 0.3 mm on the eyelids to 1.5 mm on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet?
It permeates the entire body. It comprises of a colorless fluid, the lymph a network of fine channels, the lymphatic capillaries, tubes of varied sizes, the lymphatic vessels, and the lymph nodes?
It is the process of letting air out of the lungs during the breathing cycle?
The remaining 126 bones and it includes the arms, legs, shoulder girdle and pelvic girdle. The lower portion of the appendicular skeleton protects the major organs associated with digestion and reproduction and provides stability when a person is walking or running?
It assume responsibility for the developing human, birth, and nursing?
The boutons of the motor neuron sits in a depression of the muscle?
Small organ of a cell, which performs a particular function (cell membrane, cytoplasm and nucleus)?
It is a large molecule.
Bones that are small, flat, irregularly shaped bones that form between the flat bones in the skull?
It is a colourless, mobile fluid connective tissue. It is, in fact the tissue fluid that slowly drains into the lymphatic capillaries from the intercellular spaces?
It acts through chemical messengers called hormones that influence growth, development, and metabolic activities?
It do not have ducts to carry their product to a surface?
In a general sense refers to stability or balance in a system. It is the body's attempt to maintain a constant internal environment. Maintaining a stable internal environment requires constant monitoring and adjustments as conditions change?
It is the middle part of the uterine tube, contains smooth muscle to move the egg?
This is made up of the brain and spinal cord. This is where the control happens?
It strictly provides blood to the heart?
It receives and processes information from the receptor?
It is the barrier for cell contents. It consists of double phospholipid layer and monolayer of protein scattered around phospholipid layer?
Bones that are found in the wrists and ankles and are about equal in their length, width and thickness?
A myofibril is made up of ______.
There is a protein that lays right over the binding site, making the binding site unavailable?
It causes the pituitary to release two more hormones: follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). FSH causes the primary oocyte within the follicle to develop into a secondary oocyte?
This is located directly above the medulla and regulates relaxation?
Endocrine organs are prodded into action by other hormones – hormones release promoted by this mechanism tends to be rhythmic, with hormone blood levels rising and falling again and again.
Oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged between the cells and blood vessels?
What do you call the pigments in the skin?
It is the center of the cell because it contains genetic material (DNA)?
Study of functions of the human body?
It is composed of layers of protein and a tough polysaccharide?
It receives information that something in the environment is changing?
Pumps in the sarcoplasmic ret that pumps ca from the cytoplasm into the sarcoplasmic reticulum and is bound by a protein?
Is made of specialized cardiac muscle tissue that allows it to act as a pump within the circulatory system?
It is the process of producing offspring for the survival of the species, and passing on hereditary traits from one generation to the next. The male and female reproductive systems contribute to the events leading to fertilization?
Also known as female sex cells?
Cornerstone of human physiology; it is the study of the functions of cells?
Have many mitochondria and they don't fatigue as easily. They contract very rapidly (fast twitch)?
Cells that produce androgen (sex hormones), mostly testosterone?
It is composed of simple coiled tubular glands that open directly onto the surface of the skin through sweat pores. These glands are most numerous on the palms of the hands & the soles of the feet?
It is an organ system consisting of the skin, hair, nails, and exocrine glands?
It allows blood to flow to and from the rest of the body?
It is the process of air flowing into the lungs during inspiration (inhalation) and out of the lungs during expiration (exhalation)?
Male gonads that are located within the scrotum is necessary for the production of viable sperm?
Each muscle cell has a single motor end plate. These muscle cells have a membrane that generates an all or nothing muscle impulse?
It occur at intervals in the course of the lymphatic vessels. They are masses of reticular tissues wrapped in a capsule of fibrous tissue figure. They contain lymphocytes, plasma cells and fixed macrophages?
This system consists of a pair of testes and a network of excretory ducts, seminal vesicles, the prostate, the bulbourethral glands, and the penis?
It is made from cholesterol including sex hormones made by gonads and the hormones produced by the adrenal cortex?
It regulates the chemical composition of body fluids by removing metabolic wastes and retaining the proper amounts of water, salts, and nutrients. Components of this system in vertebrates include the kidneys, liver, lungs, and skin?
It contains 80 bones, including the skull, spine and rib cage. It forms the central structure of the skeleton, with the function of protecting the brain, spinal cord, heart and lungs?
These are hormones that are unable to enter the target cells and instead bind to receptors situated on the target cells’ plasma membrane?
It is made up of bones, ligaments, cartilage, tendons, and other tissues?
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