Follow and like us on our Facebook page where we post on the new release subject and answering tips and tricks to help save your time so that you can never feel stuck again.

Ctrl + F is the shortcut in your browser or operating system that allows you to find words or questions quickly.

Ctrl + Tab to move to the next tab to the right and Ctrl + Shift + Tab to move to the next tab to the left.

On a phone or tablet, tap the menu icon in the upper-right corner of the window; Select "Find in Page" to search a question.

Share Us

Sharing is Caring

It's the biggest motivation to help us to make the site better by sharing this to your friends or classmates.

Industrial Electronics Maintenance

Provides training on troubleshooting and maintaining electronic systems used in industrial settings, ensuring smooth operations and minimizing downtime.










control systems





plc (programmable logic controller)


According to Shockley's equation, how can we determine the thermal voltage?

  • the product of Boltzmann's constant and absolute temperature divided by the magnitude of electronic charge
  • the sum of Boltzmann's constant and absolute temperature divided by the magnitude of electronic charge
  • the sum of Boltzmann's constant and absolute temperature multiplied by the magnitude of electronic charge
  • the difference of Boltzmann's constant and absolute temperature divided by the magnitude of electronic charge

Electronics is the branch of physics and technology concerned with the design of circuits using _____and microchips, and with the behavior and movement of electrons in a semiconductor, conductor, vacuum, or gas.

  • transistors

Storage of 1 KB means the following number of bytes

  • 1000
  • 964
  • 1024
  • 1064

A NAND gate is called a universal logic element because

  • it is used by everybody
  • Any logic function can be realized by NAND gates alone
  • All the minization techniques are applicable for optimum NAND gate realization
  • Many digital computers use NAND gates

The ripple factor of a half wave rectifier is ______

  • 1.414
  • 1.21
  • .707
  • .303

DC power output of half wave rectifier is equal to ____________

  • 2(Im)2π2frac{2left(I_mright)^2}{pi^2}π22(Im​)2​
  • (Im)22π2RLfrac{left(I_mright)^2}{2pi^2}R_L2π2(Im​)2​RL​
  • (Im)2π2RLfrac{left(I_mright)^2}{pi^2}R_Lπ2(Im​)2​RL​
  • 4(Im)2π2RLfrac{4left(I_mright)^2}{pi^2}R_Lπ24(Im​)2​RL​

If the arrow of crystal diode symbol is positive with respect to the bar, the the diode is in what condition?

  • No Bias
  • Forward Bias
  • Reverse Bias
  • None of the above

CMC stands for?

  • Central Maintenance Computer
  • Central Maintenance Center
  • Center Maintenance Computer

These are semiconductors in which intentionally impurities are added to make the element conductive.

  • Intrinsic Semiconductor
  • Extrinsic Semiconductor
  • P-type Semiconductor
  • N-type Semiconductor

One application of a half wave rectifier is __________

  • it converts the DC signal to AC signal
  • it converts AC signal to pulsating DC signal
  • used as a switch
  • it amplifies

System that provide links to the applicable electronic maintenance documentation.

  • CMS
  • DLCS
  • ACMS

Excess-3 code is known as

  • Weighted code
  • Cyclic redundancy code
  • Self-complementing code
  • Algebraic code

These are a special class of elements having a conductivity between that of a good conductor and that of an insulator.

  • Capacitors
  • Conductors
  • Insulators
  • Semiconductors

The silicon bilateral switch has the ability to provide positive and negative cycles.

  • True
  • False

The datasheet of a certain UJT with a silicon diode gives an intrinsic standoff ratio of 0.5, determine the peak point emitter voltage if the supply is 15V.

  • 6.8Volts

A diode conducts current under normal conditions when it is _________

  • Reverse biased
  • Forward biased
  • Avalanched
  • Saturated

The main advantage of UJT is that it offers negative resistance characteristics.

  • True
  • False

A debouncing circuit is

  • An astable MV
  • A bistable MV
  • A latch
  • A monostable MV.

Pick out the CORRECT statement:

  • In a positional number system, each symbol represents the same value irrespective of its position
  • The highest symbol in a position number system as a value equal to the number of symbols in the system
  • It is not always possible to find the exact binary
  • Each hexadecimal digit can be represented as a sequence of three binary symbols.

Consider the representation of six-bit numbers by two’s complement, one’s complement, or by sign and magnitude: In which representation is there overflow from the addition of the integers 011000 and 011000?

  • Two’s complement only
  • Sign and magnitude and one’s complement only
  • Two’s complement and one’s complement only
  • All three representations

The binary code of (21.125)10 is

  • 10101.001
  • 10100.001
  • 10101.010
  • 10100.111

Defined as a type of extrinsic semiconductor doped with a trivalent impurity element which has three electrons in its valence shell.

  • P-type Semiconductor
  • N-type Semiconductor
  • Intrinsic Semiconductor
  • Extrinsic Semiconductor

In case of OR gate, no matter what the number of inputs, a

  • 1 at any input causes the output to be at logic 1
  • 1 at any input causes the output to be at logic 0
  • 0 any input causes the output to be at logic 0
  • 0 at any input causes the output to be at logic 1

NSS stands for?

  • Network Server System

A hexadecimal odometer displays F 52 F. The next reading will be

  • F52E
  • G52F
  • F53F
  • F53O

What do you call for the gaps left behind by electrons as they are liberated from their respected orbits?

  • anion
  • holes
  • depletion layer
  • cation

Determine RB1 (in ohms) for a silicon PUT if it is determined that η = 0.5, Peak Voltage= 12.3 V and RB2= 1k ohms. (type in the value of the correct answer ONLY)

  • 1k

In a silicon bilateral switch, gate terminal can be used to turn off the device.

  • True
  • False

If a diode is forward biased,

  • its state is automatically on
  • its state is automatically off
  • its state depends on the bias voltage
  • its state depends on its diode type

The efficiency of a half-wave rectifier is _______

  • Low
  • High
  • Average
  • Zero

These are materials that are bad conductors of current and not allow the flow of current through them as they do not have current carrying capacity.

  • Capacitors
  • Conductors
  • Insulators
  • Semiconductors

A career in electronics where he works in one or more areas of power-generating equipment, power-transmitting equipment, electric motors, machinery control, and lighting and wiring installation.

  • electrical engineer
  • electrician
  • computer engineer
  • computer technician

What happens when a p-n junction is forward biased?

  • a depletion region is formed
  • ions start to build up at the p-n junction
  • current starts to flow
  • electrons and holes disperse away from each other

Indicate which of the following three binary additions are correct?1.1011 + 1010 = 10101II. 1010 + 1101 = 10111III. 1010 + 1101 = 11111

  • I and II
  • II and III
  • III only

Which of the following elements doesn't belong to the group?

  • As
  • P
  • Sb
  • Al

The structure of UJT is very much similar to an N-channel JFET.

  • True
  • False

Which of the following gate is a two-level logic gate

  • OR gate
  • NAND gate
  • NOT gate.

The number of Boolean functions that can be generated by n variables is equal to

  • 2n
  • 22 n
  • 2n-1
  • — 2n

Most of the digital computers do not have floating point hardware because

  • floating point hardware is costly
  • it is slower than software
  • It is not possible to perform floating point addition by hardware
  • Of no specific reason

Equivalent Circuit of a Unijunction Transistor

  • Diode, one fixed resistor, one variable transistor
  • Diode, Two resistors (one fixed, one variable)
  • Base, Emitter, Collector
  • Anode, Cathode, Gate

A low power, low current device.

  • Silicon Controlled Rectifier
  • Silicon Controlled Switch
  • Silicon Unilateral Switch
  • All of the above

Among the logic families, the family which can be used at very high frequency greater than 100 MHz in a 4 bitsynchronous counter is

  • CMOS
  • ECL

A zener diode has ______ pn junction/s.

  • One
  • Two
  • Three
  • None

In a PUT, the cathode can be biased to a desired voltage with an external voltage divider, so that when the anode voltage exceeds this “programmed” level, the PUT turns on.

  • True
  • False

The motion of electrons through a _______ gives us electric current.

  • conductor

Which is the determining factor for triggering of SUS and SBS?

  • Anode gate
  • Cathode Gate
  • Silicon Diode
  • Zener Diode

Digital computers are more widely used as compared to analog computers, because they are

  • Less expensive
  • Always more accurate and faster
  • Useful over wider ranges of problem types
  • Easier to maintain

In a reverse bias condition, the depletion region offers more resistance to these majority carriers.

  • True
  • False

The information from BITE are sent to the?

  • CMC
  • OMS
  • DLCS
  • ACMS

Determine Vo1 and Vo2 in the given circuit.

  • 0V

What is the resistor value of an ideal diode in the region of conduction?

  • 0 ohms
  • 1K ohms
  • 5K ohms
  • Infinity

What is formed when an n-type and a p-type semiconductor are fused together?

  • p-n junction
  • ion barrier
  • covalent bond
  • electron flow

Which of the following electronic components was invented by Shockley, Bardeen and Brattain?

  • transistor
  • resistor
  • capacitor
  • vacuum tubes

A semiconductor doped with a pentavalent impurity element which has five electrons in its valence shell.

  • Intrinsic Semiconductor
  • Intrinsic Semiconductor
  • Extrinsic Semiconductor
  • P-type Semiconductor

Which of the following is not true about semiconductors?

  • resistance increases as their temperature decreases
  • possesses qualities that of a conductor and insulator
  • conductance increases as their temperature increases
  • have less than four valence electrons

A career in electronics where he maintains controllers, assembly equipment, copying machines, robots, and other automated or computerized devices.

  • computer engineer
  • automotive mechanic
  • automation mechanic
  • computer technician

The forward voltage drop across a germanium diode is _____.

  • 0.3 V

An electronic system used to facilitate the maintenance of modern aircraft.

  • OMS
  • CMS
  • BITE

UJT has a unique characteristics that when it is triggered, the emitter current increases regeneratively until it is limited by emitter power supply.

  • True
  • False

These are materials that have excellent current carrying capacity.

  • Semiconductor
  • Conductors
  • Insulators
  • Diodes

How old am I? (type number only)

  • 30

Frequency of oscillation of the device is equal to the reciprocal of the total period in _____________.

  • the whole duration of operation
  • one cycle
  • one positive half cycle
  • one negative half cycle

In the energy band phenomenon, with the increase in temperature, the resistivity of the material _______ and the conductivity ___________.

  • Increases, Increases
  • Decreases, Increases
  • Increases, Decreases
  • Decreases, Decreases

It is the process by which an impurity is added to a semiconductor.

  • Mixing
  • Doping
  • Adding
  • Filling

The device which controls the flow of electrons is called _______ device. These devices are the main building blocks of electronic circuits.

  • electronic

What is the ambient room temperature for electronic devices?

  • 280 K
  • 290 K
  • 300 K
  • 310 K

Why Si diodes are more preferred in the manufacture of semiconductor devices?

  • it is more abundant
  • it has lower peak inverse voltage
  • it has higher electron mobility
  • all of the above

An OR gate has 6 inputs. The number of input words in its truth table are

  • 6
  • 32
  • 64
  • 128

Which in the career in electronics where he/she is responsible to installs, maintains, and repairs computer equipment and systems?

  • automotive mechanic
  • computer engineer
  • automation mechanic
  • computer technician

Give at least 5 various branches in electronics.

  • [No Answer]

Choose 1 subsystem of Onboard Maintenance System

  • CMS
  • CMS
  • DLCS
  • NSS
  • ACMS

An AND gate will function as OR if

  • All the inputs to the gates are “1”
  • All the inputs are ‘0’
  • Either of the inputs is “1”
  • All the inputs and outputs are complemented

Which of the following offers good temperature stability?

  • SCR
  • SUS
  • SBS
  • All of the above

The current in a reverse biased PN junction ______

  • increases
  • decreases
  • equal to 0
  • none of the above

In PUT, the term programmable is applied because RBB, η, and VP as defined for the UJT can be controlled through the internal resistors RB1, RB2, and the supply voltage VBB.

  • True
  • False

A reverse-biased silicon diode has about 0.7 V across it

  • True
  • False

Who among in 1959 from Texas Instruments developed the first integrated circuits?

  • J.A. Fleming
  • Jack Kilby
  • Lee De Forest
  • Shockly

What is formed when a dielectric is placed between two parallel conductors?

  • capacitance
  • resistance
  • conductance
  • electromotive force

Which of the following is not a three terminal device?

  • Silicon Unilateral Switch
  • Silicon Bilateral Switch
  • Shockley Diode
  • Unijunction Transistor

In a semiconductor, the conduction of current is due to _______

  • Only Holes
  • Only Free Electrons
  • Holes and Free Electrons
  • None of the above

Which of the following does not belong to the group?

  • Zero Biased
  • Reverse Biased
  • Forward Biased
  • Avalanche Biased

It is the maximum amount of voltage the diode can withstand in reverse bias mode on a continual basis.

  • maximum repetitive reverse voltage
  • maximum forward voltage
  • maximum dc reverse voltage
  • maximum total dissipation

Semiconductors in which intentionally impurities are added for making it conductive.

  • Intrinsic Semiconductors
  • Extrinsic Semiconductors
  • P-type Semiconductors
  • N-type Semiconductors

The application of external voltage across the two terminals.

  • Bias

Interbase resistance of a UJT is the resistance between emitter and pn junction when the emitter current is zero.

  • True
  • False

Calculate the power dissipation of a diode having ID = 40 mA.

  • 0.028 W

Mobile phone chargers are used to charge phone batteries by plugging it to AC power outlets. What type of semiconductor application is employed in the process?

  • image projection
  • amplification
  • rectification
  • oscillation

Determine the supply voltage for a silicon PUT if it is determined that η = 0.5, Peak Voltage= 12.3 V. (use the correct unit)

  • 23.2V

UJT in terms of junction's location is not symmetrical.

  • True
  • False

BITE stands for?

  • Built In Test Equipment
  • Built In Text Equipment
  • Build In Text Equipment

In the energy band phenomenon, at absolute zero temperature, the conduction band is ____________.

  • Completely filled
  • Completely empty
  • Halfway filled
  • Halfway empty

These are materials that have no current carrying capacity.

  • Semiconductor
  • Conductors
  • Insulators
  • Diodes

Addition of pentavalent impurity to a semiconductor creates _____.

  • Free Electrons
  • Holes
  • Valence Electrons
  • Valence Ion

Potential barrier of a Silicon.

  • 0.1 V
  • 0.3 V
  • 0.7 V
  • .10 V

What type of impurities produce n-type semiconductor?

  • acceptor atoms
  • trivalent impurities
  • extrinsic semiconductor
  • donor atoms

These type of semiconductors are in their purest form by nature of their existence.

  • Intrinsic Semiconductors
  • Extrinsic Semiconductors
  • P-type Semiconductors
  • N-type Semiconductors

Examples of Semiconductor.

  • Rubber
  • Silver
  • Transistors
  • Silicon

According to this law, the sum of voltages on a closed loop is equal to zero.

  • Ohm's Law
  • Kirchhoff's Current Law
  • Kirchhoff's Voltage Law
  • Maxwell's Mesh Current Analysis

The most commonly used semiconductor is _______

  • GaAs
  • Si
  • Ge
  • K

In a forward bias condition, when the applied voltage is more than the potential barrier of this PN junction the resistance that is offered by the depletion region negligible.

  • True
  • False

A silicon diode displays a forward voltage of .25V at 10mA current at 300 Kelvin. Find the reverse saturation current. (in micro Ampere) *no need to include the unit. 3 decimal places only.

  • 0.637

A 5:1 transformer is connected to a half wave rectifier circuit with a 50k ohms load. Compute for the DC current if the input peak voltage is 220V.

  • 280.11 microAmpere

When a PN junction is connected to any external bias, it is considered in thermal equilibrium condition.

  • True
  • False

A half-wave rectifier is used to supply 50V d.c. to a resistive load of 800 Ω. The diode has a resistance of 25 Ω. Calculate a.c. voltage required.

  • 161.99 V

OMS stands for?

  • Onboard Maintenance System

These are materials that have a conductivity between a good conductor and an insulator.

  • Semiconductor
  • Conductors
  • Insulators
  • Diodes

One application of UJT is it can amplify signal similar to conventional BJTs and FETs.

  • True
  • False

(10101)2 is

  • (37)10
  • ( 69)10
  • (41 )10
  • — (5)10

Determine the dc load voltage in the given circuit. Assume the circuit to be ideal.

  • 10.8V

Outputs from the CMC are provided in the form of?

  • Visual display
  • Visual display
  • Oral text
  • Printed text

When a pure semiconductor is heated, what happens to its resistance?

  • Goes down
  • Goes up
  • Remains the same
  • Becomes zero

DC average current of a half wave rectifier output is ___________

  • 2Imπfrac{2I_m}{pi}π2Im​​
  • Imπfrac{I_m}{pi}πIm​​
  • Im2πfrac{I_m}{2pi}2πIm​​
  • 1.414 Imπfrac{1.414 I_m}{pi}π1.414 Im​​

You have an unknown type of diode in a circuit. You measure the voltage across it and find it to be 0.3 V. The diode might be?

  • A silicon diode
  • A germanium diode
  • A forward biased silicon diode
  • A forward biased germanium diode

The state of an ideal diode in the region of non conduction is ________

  • An open circuit
  • A short circuit
  • Unpredictable
  • Undefined

These are materials that have excellent current carrying capacity or allow good flow of current through them.

  • Capacitors
  • Conductors
  • Insulators
  • Semiconductors

Assuming 8 bits for data, 1 bit for parity, I start bit and 2 stop bits, the number of characters that 1200 BPS communication line can transmit is

  • 10 CPS
  • 120 CPS
  • 12CPS
  • None of the above

NAND. gates are preferred over others because these

  • Have lower fabrication area
  • Can be used to make any gate
  • Consume least electronic power
  • Provide maximum density in a chip

Majority Carrier in a P-type Semiconductor.

  • Acceptor Ion
  • Donor Ion
  • Positive Charge
  • Negative Charge

Which of the following does not belong to the group.

  • Zero Bias
  • Forward Bias
  • Reverse Bias
  • Neutral Bias

Positive Temperature Coefficient means

  • resistance increase as temperature decreases
  • conductance increases as temperature increases
  • resistance decreases as temperature increases
  • conductance decreases as temperature temperature increases

Subject code for Aircraft Maintenance Computer System?

  • AMT11A-09
  • AMT11A-04
  • AMT04A-11
  • AMT09A-11

Positive logic in a logic circuit is one in which

  • Logic 0 and 1 are represented by 0 and positive voltage respectively
  • Logic 0 and, -1 are represented by negative and positive voltages respectively
  • Logic 0 voltage level is higher than logic 1 voltage level
  • logic 0 voltage level is lower than logic 1 voltage level

What type of electron emission is employed on vacuum tubes?

  • field emission
  • thermionic emission
  • secondary emission
  • photoelectric emission

Once Programmable Unijunction Transistor is in the on state, the removal of gate voltage will turn the device off.

  • True
  • False

It is installed in many systems throughout the aircraft including navigation systems, flight control systems, environmental control systems, and others.

  • BITE
  • CMC
  • OMS

Which of the following is required in determining the charging period of a unijunction transistor?

  • Resistor connected to supply, Capacitor, Supply Voltage, Valley and Peak Voltage Values
  • Resistors connected to supply and emitter, Capacitor, Supply Voltage, Valley and Peak Voltage Values
  • Internal Resistance, Resistor connected to emitter, Valley Voltage and Peak Voltage Values
  • Supply Voltage and Intrinsic Stand-off Ratio

Common rating of Silicon Unilateral Switch and Silicon Bilateral Switch

  • 0.3 V
  • 0.7 V
  • 5 V
  • 8 V

What is the lightest subatomic particle?

  • neutron
  • nucleus
  • proton
  • electron

In which of the following base systems is 123 not a valid number?

  • Base 10
  • Base 16
  • Base8
  • Base 3

In the energy band phenomenon, at absolute zero temperature, the valence band is ____________.

  • Completely filled
  • Completely empty
  • Halfway filled
  • Halfway empty

Diode vacuum tube was the first electronic component invented by _________

  • J.A. Fleming

For a UJT, RB1 may vary from 5kΩ down to 50Ω for a corresponding change of IE from 50 mA to 0 mA.

  • True
  • False

Describe the different advantages of electronics.

  • [No Answer]

Being a learner in Electronics 10, which of the seven career in Electronics you will choose? Explain in 3 to 5 sentence paragraph.

  • [No Answer]

Determine the current (I) in the given circuit.

  • 0 ma

The main function of this additional electrode is to prevent electrons from bouncing back to the plate and to lessen the occurrence of secondary emission.

  • control grid
  • suppressor grid
  • screen grid
  • anode

The fan put of a 7400 NAND gate is

  • 2TTL
  • 5TTL
  • 8TTL
  • 10TTL

The purpose of adding impurity in the semiconductor crystal is to increase the number of free electrons or holes to make it __________

  • Conducive
  • Stronger
  • Increasing
  • Conductive

Diode that is always connected in reverse bias condition.

  • Zener

What is the octal equivalent of the binary number:10111101

  • 675
  • 275
  • 572
  • 573

-The word electronics is derived from ______ mechanics, which means to study the behavior of an electron under different conditions of applied electric field.

  • electron

The width of the depletion layer in a PN junction in forward bias condition _______________

  • Decreases
  • Increases
  • Remains the same
  • No depletion region

Determine the peak load voltage of the circuit. Assume that the circuit is not ideal.

  • 33.3 V

The number 1000 would appear just immediately after

  • FFFF (hex)
  • 1111 (binary)
  • 7777 (octal)
  • All of the above

Avalanche breakdown is a condition in which a diode __________.

  • is subjected to a large reverse voltage
  • is reverse-biased and there is a small leakage current
  • has no current flowing at all
  • is heated up by large amounts of current in the forward direction

Why do we add impurities on semiconductor materials?

  • to make the manufacturing easier
  • to strengthen its structure
  • to improve its electrical properties
  • to cut the costs of production

A UJT is operated with gate junction forward- biased while the JFET is normally operated with the emitter junction reverse-biased.

  • True
  • False

For an ideal UJT, the emitter firing potential is equivalent to the intrinsic stand-off ratio multiplied by the supply voltage.

  • True
  • False

It is the main processing unit for an on board maintenance system.

  • CMC
  • OMS
  • BITE

Given the circuit above, determine the value of Vo. Assume that GaAs has a potential barrier of 1.2V.

  • 9.3V

Defined as a type of extrinsic semiconductor doped with a pentavalent impurity element which has five electrons in its valence shell.

  • P-type Semiconductor
  • N-type Semiconductor
  • Intrinsic Semiconductor
  • Extrinsic Semiconductor

In a forward bias condition, further increase in the external applied voltage will increase the size of the depletion region.

  • True
  • False

Determine the current in the given circuit.

  • 3.96mA