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Delves into the principles, methodologies, and practices of software development, focusing on topics such as software testing to build scalable software system.
Train staff involved in new process proposals
LOC is an appropriate metric to estimate and measure the size of a component-based GUI
Which of the following best describe a post-architechtural model?
It provides a common vocabulary that helps improve communications among the developers
Patterns primarily focus on solving problems with reduced space and time requirements
Which of the following best described an integration testing?
The error can not be corrected by built-in error detection and recovery.
New release is created if there is only a bug fix, minor enhancement to the functionality of the system
The faulty system state may be transient and ‘ed’ before an error arises
Library modules represents one of the several modules connected with the diamond symbol
Which of the following best describe a black-box testing?
A quality management system is the principal methodology used by organizations to ensure that the products they develop have the desired quality
It reflects the extent of the user’s confidence that it will operate as users expect and that it will not ‘fail’ in normal use.
PSP is a framework that helps engineers to measure and improve the way they work
Which of the following best described an empirical estimation techniques?
Which of the following best describes a black-box testing?
Which of the following defines the structure of the problem in terms of the kinds of objects important to the understanding of the working system?
If the function calls between two modules involve passing large chunks of shared data, the modules are said to be _________ ?
Coupling is a qualitative indication of the degree to which a module
Which of the following best described a walking menu?
It is concerned with theories, methods and tools for professional software development
"It is the principal methodology used by organisations to ensure that the products they develop have the desired quality"
Part of the generic activity of software development which checks what the system should do and its development constraints.
System users often judge a system by its functionality rather than its interface.
It is a characteristic of a good software design wherein it states that the design should correctly implement all the functionalities of the system
If the interactions occur through some shared data, then we say that they are ________________
In the Inception Phase, the product is installed in the user's environment and maintained
The state chart diagram focuses on representing various activities or chunks of processing and their sequence of activation
System state that are a usually a result of system errors that are derived from faults in the system.
A DFD model does not specify the order in which the different bubbles are executed
Three aspects of the system users that UI design must take into account. (select 3 answers)
It is an approach to UI design where the needs of the user are paramount and where the user is involved in the design process.
It subsumes the notion of resilience - the ability of a system to continue in operation in spite of component failures.
Which of the following best described an X Library
The use of more expensive development techniques and hardware that are required to achieve the higher levels of dependability decreases the cost of dependability of software.
The extent to which a critical system is trusted by its users.
One which calls relations among different modules are represented graphically
Which of the following best described a hierarchical menu?
The failure can be avoided by built-in protection facilities.
Statistical Testing is a testing process whose objective is to determine the reliability of the product rather than discovering errors
Which of the following best described an early design model?
Organizations rated as ______ in the CMM are likely to be ISO 9000 compliant
The ability of a system to continue to deliver its services to users in the face of deliberate or accidental attack.
Input Kludge concerns failing to specify and implement a mechanism for handling invalidinputs
An event that occurs at some point in time when the system does not deliver a service as expected by its users.
Which of the following description best characterizes a context diagram?
A layered design achieves control abstraction and is easier to understand and debug
The error can not be ed by built-in error detection and recovery
Object Oriented Programming is the drag and drop style of program development
It guides developer to arrive at a correct design decisions and helps them to attain productivity
Abstraction is one of the characteristics of object-oriented design
This is a set of activities whose goal is the development or evolution of software.
A collaboration diagram shows both structural and behavioral aspects explicitly
It deals with production of the software system itself.
It provides a common vocabulary that helps to improve communications among the developers
The behavioral view captures how objects interact with each other in time to realize the system behavior
Three aspects of the system users that UI design must take into account (select answers)
Beta testing is a form of system testing usually performed by the development team
For systems with a short life, maintenance costs may be several times development costs.
In which of the following is true when using data flow in constructing a DFD?
It is a UI design principle that provides appropriate interaction facilities for different types of system user.
Which of the following best describes structured analysis?
It is a measure of the degree of interaction between two modules
In which of the following described a synchronous operations of DFD?
These are generic activities involved in all software processes: (select all that applies)
Dependability costs tend to increase exponentially as increasing levels of dependability are required.
The probability of failure-free system operation over a specified time in a given environment for a given purpose.
It provides a defined process which can be tuned by individuals?
Which of the following best described a corrective maintenance?
Which of the following best applies to organizations which only involves in installation and testing of products?
It is a measure of the functional strength of a module
Which of the following best described delphi cost estimation?
The probability that a system, at a point in time, will be operational and able to deliver the requested services.
In V-shaped model, testing activities are carried out in parallel with the development activities
Which of the following best described a GUI?
Which of the following best described a unit testing?
Usefulness and trustworthiness of a computer system are the same thing.
If the module performs a set of tasks that relate to each other very loosely, then the module have _______ ?
It implies that the problem has been decomposed into a set of modules that have only limited interactions with each other
If all functions of the module refer to or update the same data structure, then the module have _______________ ?
Which of the following best described code review?
Which of the following best described a white-box testing?
Which of the following best described an organic classes of software development?
Which principle best describes structured analysis technique?
The Waterfall Model is highly structured and systematically steps through requirements-capture, analysis, specification, design, coding, and testing stages in a planned sequence
The ability of the system to protect itself against accidental or deliberate intrusion.
Which of the following best described a semidetached classes of software development?
Which of the following best described a composition of series of standards?
In which of the following best descibed an external entity?
Which of the following best described a state or collection of states in which only a subset of user interface tasks can be performed?
It is a UI design principle that allows user to recover from errors.
An in system state i e a system state that is unexpected by the designers of the system
Unit testing is typically undertaken by the coder of the modules in the coding phase
If different functions of the module co-operate to complete a single task, then the module have _______________ ?
Which of the following best described a heuristic techniques?
The increased testing and system validation that is required to convince the system client that the required levels of dependability have been achieved decreases the cost of dependability of software
Evolve and improve process improvements
Hardware interfaces described the interface between the software and the hardware components of the system
This is an increasingly important attribute for distributed systems whose security can be compromised.
Which of the following best described a fault-based testing?
Which of the following description best characterize a context diagram?
Some of the components of User interface design process. (select all that applies)
Ensure that procedures and standards are followed by the software development team
Which of the following best describes analysis model?
In which of the following describes a synchronous operations of DFD?
In waterfall model, customer feedback is obtained on the development prototype after each iteration and based on this the prototype is used
"Which focuses not only on detecting the defective products and eliminating them, but also on determining the causes behind the defects?"
Which of the following best described an inconsistency in requirement analysis?
The faulty system state may be transient and ‘corrected’ before an error arises.
_Select applicable procedures and standards for a particular project and modify these as required
These are software products developed to be sold to a range of different customers.
Cohesion is a qualitative indication of the degree to which a module
Which of the following best described an incompleteness in requirement analysis?
Fan-out indicates the number of modules that directly invoke a given module
Organizations rated as ______ in the CMM are likely to be ISO compliant
In which of the following is true about level 1 DFD?
Visual Programming is the drag and drop style of program development
Which of the following best described an X Protocol?
Improper user interface design is the reason why so many software systems are never used.
Modify the process to remove identified bottlenecks
Product Perspective summarizes the major ways in which the software would be used
Which of the following best described a process metrics
Which of the following best applies to organizations which do not design products but are only involved in production?
Which phase of a unified process model in which the product is installed in the user's environment and maintained?
Which of the following best described a code inspection?
Which of the following best described that all commands are available all the time during the operation of the software?
An incorrect system state i .e . a system state that is unexpected by the designers of the system.
It is a basic characteristic of any good design solution
Erroneous system behavior where the behavior of the system does not conform to its specification.
Which of the following SRS Document characteristics which should provide the possibility testing the design bases based on the description of functionality?
Which best describes a modeling language?
A system attribute which is concerned with the ease of repairing the system after a failure has been discovered or changing the system to include new features.
The ability of the system to operate without catastrophic failure.
Human behavior that results in the introduction of faults into a system.
Model and analyze (quantitatively if possible) existing processes
They are I.T. practitioners who adopt a systematic and organised approach to their work and use appropriate tools and techniques depending on the problem to be solved, the development constraints and the resources available.
International set of standards for quality management.
Which of the following description best characterizes Data Flow Diagram?
When modules are functionally independent, complexity of the design is greatly reduced
ISO 9000 series of standards are based on the premise that if a proper process is followed for production, then good quality products are bound to follow automatically
It suggests a scheme for structuring the classes in a design solution and defines the required interactions among those classes
A module is said to have procedural cohesion, if all functions of the module refer to or update the same data structure
Which of the following best described an application composition model?
The ability of the system to deliver services as specified.
A constraint describes a condition or an integrity rule
These are developed software for a single customer according to their specification (select all that applies)
In which of the following best described a DFD process symbol?
It is a form of Interaction style is ideal for video games.
is concerned with theories, methods and tools for professional software development
This is the process changing the software in response to changing demands
Embedded software are standalone programs that solves a specific business need
Which of the following is true about container widget?
Whenever an error exists in a module, functional independence reduce the chances of the error propagating to the other modules
Errors do not necessarily lead to system failures.
In the Inception phase, functional and non-functional requirements are captured
This expenditure represents a significant fraction of GNP in all developed countries.
Which of the following is true about label widget?
Whenever an error exists in a module, functional independence reduces the chance of the error propagating to the other module
Which of the following best described an anomaly in the requirements analysis?
How does the internal structure data of an object can be hidden so that all interactions with the object are simple and standardized?
A poorly designed interface can cause a user to make catastrophic errors.
Information hiding makes program maintenance easier by hiding data and procedure from unaffected parts of the program
Because of very high costs of dependability achievement, it may be more cost effective to accept untrustworthy systems and pay for failure costs.
It is concerned with theory and fundamentals of software development.
The process of checking that the software is what the customer wants.
A control flow graph describes the sequence in which the different instructions of a program get executed
Clean Room Testing is a technique that reportedly produces documentation and code that is more reliable and maintainable than other development methods relying heavily on code execution-based testing
Formal methods are easy to learn and use
Identify quality, cost or schedule bottlenecks
Speed of use of a user interface is determined by the time and user effort necessary toinitiate and execute different commands
It is focused on cost effective software development.
Which of the folllowing best described a task analysis?
Which phase of a unified process model in which the design and implementation activities are carried out?
It is an effective decomposition of a problem
This factor often dominates system costs in a system development
Which of the following best described a branch coverage test suite?
means that a product should meet its specification
Decision Trees shows the decision-making logic and corresponding actions taken in matrix form
Which of the following best described an Embedded Software?
Classes that are not intended to produce instances of themselves are dependent on its own
Which of the following best described a superfluous DFD?
Empirical estimation techniques assume that the relationship that exists among the different project parameters can be satisfactorily modeled using suitable mathematical expression
Designers should be aware of people’s physical and mental limitations.
The ability of the system to deliver services when requested.
Establish organizational procedures and standards for quality
Spiral model is most appropriate for projects that suffer from technical and requirement risks
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