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Teaches how to efficiently manage production operations with a focus on quality management principles and practices on consistently improving business.
It refers to a coordinated effort to achieve product or service that did not exist before a given level of quality.
In forecasting sales volume, which of the following topic/s in research can be the basis?
Competitive advantage is being created through product differentiation if the customers of business organization are willing to pay enough to cover any extra cost in the production.
Which of the following statement is true with regards to quality?
In group layout, the material or its major components remain in a fixed location and machinery,
No business organization could exist without operations management and supply chain.
Quality leaders do not prioritize attention to internal and external customers.
Demand forecasting helps in the long-term planning.
Which of the following steps is not included in Delphi method?
Production management is important to business organization but not to the customers and to society.
Competitive advantage is being created through product differentiation if the customers of business organization are not willing to pay enough to cover any extra cost in the production.
To produce useful goods and services that will satisfy the needs and wants of customers is not an objective of production management.
Economic viewpoint has nothing to do with obtaining demand forecasts.
It refers to a marketing activity which includes doing an aggregate plan for the production process in advance for about 6 to 18 months for the management to have an idea on what quantity of materials and other resources are to be purchased and when.
Statistical process control is one of the best technical tools for improving the quality of products and services.
A usual layout problem wherein all the given material must be laid out, minimizing simultaneously the total space or transportation of resources between items or while some additional constraints between the items.
Level of competition influence the demand forecasting process.
Most of the business organization's decisions are made under risk and uncertainty conditions.
Issue on production orders for starting the operation is involved in auditing.
One of the objectives of value analysis is to keep the production costs up.
Which of the following process is not included in product design?
Decrease outsourcing is the result of globalizing the operation of companies in order to source products and services from low cost and better quality suppliers.
The fifth step in layout redesigning.
Process layout is recommended for batch production.
Costumers usually buy these products immediately, frequently and without comparing them with other products or without buying effort.
Which of the following is not included in the factors to consider in scheduling?
Inventory control is interpreted as accounting control and operating control.
Ethics allows individuals to be consistent in our judgment.
Which of the following is not a cause of variation in forecast accuracy?
There is no guarantee that the worker is able to accomplish what is required in a safe and healthy fashion if there is a properly designed job.
Physical database modeling depends on the software already being used in the business organization.
There should be a realization that achievement of competitive advantage through the workforce is not a one day shot deal.
To ensure that building and selling the right product to the right person with the right message at the right price and through right channels is materialized, research is conducted on _________.
When the system mission is to integrate existing subsystems ________ .
It refers to an improvement to the traditional way of doing business
By providing workers with the necessary skills through _________ gives assurance that employees and managers can perform their jobs competently and firm's commitment to its employees is demonstrated.
It refers to something that is being made and with a purpose to be sold to consumers.
These forecasts are needed to determine the future resource requirements.
It revolves around all the issues which are related to satisfying customer's needs, planning customer interactions and fulfilling orders perfectly.
To match demand period using regular time production is the objective of the constant workforce strategy.
On which of the following conditions does yield management applicable?
It refers to the degree to which a design of a product and operating characteristics meet established standards.
Demand forecasting is a sales estimate during a specified time in the future based on the proposed _________ plan and a set of a specific uncontrollable and competitive force.
________ checklist will enable the business firm to ensure that the orders of customers will be delivered on time, in good condition and with regular updates or some kind of tracking system.
Transformation to total quality management starts when a business organization is already aware that product or service quality must be improved.
Planning and booking advertising is nota must
To propel support information more precisely and rapidly to a "strategic" level of decision that must be "human" and cannot be eliminated, project management actions which are based on data should be modeled in advance with greater ease and communication.
In the manufacturing business, managers' focus on scheduling the activities needed to transform raw materials into finished goods.
Product layout is recommended for batch production.
A Manufacturing layout which is possible where an item is being made in different sizes and shapes.
It is the process of influencing an organized group towards accomplishing its goals.
The goal of ergonomics is the elimination of discomfort an injury risk due to work.
In selecting the supplier, see to it that it has a customer satisfaction and organization credibility track record.
Expanding output with a little required output may be achieved as the organization adopts new organizational structures, develops and applies new technologies and approaches.
Measuring and managing personnel or employee productivity are important things that should be considered by employer.
Resource arrangement in facility may relevantly affect business productivity.
The type of business premises for the business depends on its activities.
A lot of wasted energy, time and confusion may result from a effective layout.
Which of the following is included in the activities of business process management?
Which of the following is not included in the importance of production management to business organization?
Supply chain is all about managing relationship with suppliers and customers.
These are utilized in strategic planning wherein market opportunities, environmental factors and internal resources should be taken into account.
The real test of quality which is an affirmative indication or judgment that the manufacturer/supplier of product or service has met the important specification requirements, contact or regulations and the state of meeting requirements.
Which of the following is not example of output quantification?
The process of establishing time at which to start and complete each event or operation comprising a procedure.
The master schedule serves as the basis for all subsequent activities related to scheduling.
Which of the following is true to value engineering?
In any business, core processes need to be managed with cross functional decisions and dialogues.
For compiling business requirements and representing the requirements as a model, physical database modeling is required.
Refers to the use advanced manufacturing technology ( CIM, additive manufacturing, robotics, mechatronics and automation, micro and nano factories, sustainable and green manufacturing), JIT, TQM, human capital perspective and human resource management. Businessmen should realize the importance of integrated production management system because it has a potential of decreasing costs and increase output which in turn can make profit increase.
Entity relationship diagram demonstrates the _________ between the different data categories and shows the different data categories required for the database development.
Project management decisions should be based on a concrete basis of quantitative data and objective fact measurement which should only be influenced by experiences and intuition at the later date and should be applied to that specific context.
Issue on production orders for starting the operation is involved in _________.
Hiring and laying-off workers are not allowed in the constant workforce strategy.
Empowering people is not a need at all because they have it already but business organization must help the said employees to take on their power.
This demand factor is important to consider because a business has a future goal of expansion and if the space is limited, it will not materialize one of the proofs of business success which is the expansion.
It is usually applied in hotels, rentals, freight transport and telecommunications.
A reliable channel of communication should not be present aside from the reliability of the company's suppliers.
Communication is the key for relationship between and among the following: management/supervisors, customers, and colleagues/employees.
Customer needs are constant.
It is all about the measuring the whole system in a certain firm if each part is working good - if the output is greater than the input in processing the said output.
Productivity measurement and alignment function wherein examination of trends which is a form of productivity analysis helps determine problems before they become crisis and enable to have early adjustment and corrective action.
that should be considered by employees.
Assessing and choosing job candidates are involved in the selection process.
Success of business usually never lies on the goods and services they offer in the market.
Quality is sum of characteristics and features of products which bears on its ability to satisfy implied or stated customer's needs.
Supply chain management has nothing to do with improving the business financial positions.
It refers to available facilities for storing goods produced in a firm which ensures maintenance of quality of the said goods until they are transported to the customers' place.
Which of the following are the critical decision making that business firm can do because of demand forecasting?
In implementing DMAIC process, there should be no skipping of crucial steps so as to increase the chance of a successful project.
It is the time between when analyst submits an estimated projects sales forecast and the company announcement of the actual estimated projected sales. It relevantly affects the accuracy of forecasts.
The goal of _________ is the elimination of discomfort an injury risk due to work.
Which of the following is not present when there is no proper job design?
Product reliability can be improved by making conduct of product testing less priority.
Demand forecasting plays a critical role in budget making by estimating the cost and expected income or revenues.
It names, identifies and defines a property or a characteristic of an entity type.
Because business firm estimates the current demand for the products that it offers in the market, it enables the business to move ________ to achieve the set goals and objectives.
Production management helps the business to face competition in the market.
A DMAIC approach wherein individuals who are skilled in the method and tools such as process or quality improvement experts are the ones who lead a team.
If the system mission is to introduce a strict order in production-like processes, the best process view to use is the workflow.
Which of the following processes are included in production management?
Ineffective communication during times of organizational change and as part of day-to-day operation plays a big part in maintaining the morale and motivating all level employees.
It is a named type of data representation which may apply to one or more attributes.
In this step, the execution of the schedule plan as per the route chalked out.
It refers to the trends in the analyst following like number of analyst following a firm within a period of time and the dispersion in their forecasts.
It is utilized in assessing the available resource use.
To match demand period using regular time production is the objective of the __________.
Demand forecasting aids in estimating the ________ requirement in the future so that the raw material regular supply can be maintained.
Which of the following does not include in the time series models in quantitative forecasting?
The following are the barriers of total quality management except for
It means product works well and functions as stated and promised.
Which of the following items need to be forecasted in business?
The stage of maturity of a data-driven approach which includes decisions on how you will make the measurements.
The American Society for Quality Control was recognized in _________.
Which of the following does not belong to advanced manufacturing technology?
Production management helps to maximize the production costs.
It is data-driven strategy utilized to improve processes.
_________ is the major thrust of TQM.
Which demand forecasting objective is described in this sentence: It aims to help the organization to determine the size requirement of the plant for production.
He is the one who buys or patronizes products and services.
Small screening designs seem to be particularly favored by Taguchi adherents.
Continual improvement drives the business organization to be both less creative and unanalytical in finding ways to become more ineffective and uncompetitive at meeting expectations of stakeholders.
It is a way of looking at and then controlling the processes which are present in the business organization.
In the _________ layouts, group resources are being layout based on the similar functions or processes.
Which of the following steps should be done after measuring the performance and informing the managers that the outcomes are outside the limits?
Which of the following is true with regards to capital productivity?
Partnering is when there is a short-term commitment between two or more business firms with a purpose of specific goal and objective attainment by maximizing the participant's resource effectiveness.
The business firms around the business location should be considered too because this will ensure that these will benefit the company itself
The third stage of the DMAIC process.
A business firm may not make demand forecasts for different regions and fix sales targets for each accordingly.
There is a need to include plan in the action monitoring.
Production management facilitates the optimum resource utilization
The last step in the workforce planning?
Assigning workloads to each assigned work station in a manner that the every work stations has approximately same amount of work to be done is the purpose of _________.
The Preparatory work of KAIZEN event method is completed by the process or quality improvement expert ad is centered on the define and measure phases.
Only human resource professionals are responsible for HRM practices.
Which of the following business premises is not suited for production operation business?
Level of inventories must be monitored by the production manager because if there will be overstocking, the working capital will be blocked and spoilage, wastage and misuse of materials may happen.
It is necessary to prepare report which summarizes the work that has been done, including specific proposals and conclusions.
It refers to assessing and choosing job candidates are involved in this process.
Value engineering helps business organizations in optimizing construction expenses.
Which of the following should not be considered in using the best forecasting models?
The systematic process which business organizations use every time they want to conduct a study or the product's function is the _________.
Organization's unit cost of production can fall as it expands because _________.
The fourth step in collecting detailed data and information in the investigation stage of value engineering.
Implementation of concurrent engineering can be challenging but the competitive advantage means it is beneficial in the long term.
Supply chain managers are valued by business firms because they help control and reduce supply chain cost which can result to dramatic increases in business profits.
Designers of product actually work with other professionals such as marketers and engineers.
Which of the following is the 4th function of production management?
Demand forecasting aids an organization in controlling its production and activities related to recruitment.
The focus of logistics is the flow of goods and materials from the suppliers, through the business organization and to the customers, with efficiency and cost effectiveness as its ________ priority.
Quantity is a measure of satisfaction of customer with the product or a service in QFD.
What production management function which deciding on the type of machines, material handling system, type of technology, etc is included?
The horizontal processes interconnecting the different functional specialties which are often organized into vertically structure department are the focus of TQM.
Which of the following is the 3rd step in designing a job?
The main aim of production schedule is to schedule the amount of work which can easily be handled by plant and equipment with interference.
Which of the following is not included in the group of PROs and CONs of yield management?
Manufacturing schedule is prepared based on the involved type of manufacturing process.
The following qualities should look for in a supplier except for
With the objective to fulfill requirements for quality, _________ are used as operational techniques and activities.
The second step to follow in aggregate planning process is _______.
The following are management control aspects except for
All products are tangible.
The culture and actions of an entire organization will be transformed by changing the supplier's actions.
In new product prototype and market testing, assign a team member who has a strong skill in project management to coordinate or manage the development and delivery process of the product.
He is the one who designs or modifies the work to fit the worker and not in the other way around.
Qualitative approach in forecasting include the methods consisting mainly of inputs which are _______ and often defy precise numerical description.
Which of the following is the second step in choosing for the business premises?
It isutilized in assessing the available resource use.
In idea generation, listing of customer needs and the identification of ________ are done.
It is a focused methodology for carefully listening the customers' voice and then effectively responding to those customer's needs and expectations.
A process which stimulates everyone in the business organization with an objective to achieve greater satisfaction in the work environment.
Relative cost ranking is one technique used in project identification.
Production management helps in the expansion of business.
In this step of strategic management process, external and internal environments are scanned and end with monitoring of organization's activities.
A time series model of forecasting which refers to weighted average procedure wherein weights decline exponentially as the data become older.
Inefficient and cost ineffective flow of goods and materials from the suppliers, through the business organization and to the customers is the focus of logistics.
The policy in quality is authorized by top management and but not forms an element of the corporate policy.
It refers to cross-functional coordination, integration and development of product simultaneously.
In DMAIC process, learning is built from permanent to temporary solution for difficult problems:
The second step in the implementation phase of value engineering is to ________.
Value analysis may change the present stage of the product or operation while in value engineering, changes are executed at the initial stages only.
A business firm should attempt to deliver a "perfect order" to every customer always.
A visual workplace is defined by devices designed not to visually share information about organizational operations.
A more sophisticated and detailed business analysis are required for a new product idea that survives the new product development screening stage:
An overall management function aspect which determines and implements policy on quality.
Documenting the specification of products should be done in product and service designing.
Site suitability should also be considered especially when the business where specialist skills are required.
Which of the following is not an example of a convenience product?
This should also be considered especially when the business where specialist skills are required.
Forecasting can play a relevant role in many areas in business.
In choosing a location, there is only one option and that is to buy the place for the business.
If a business firm has products and services with "high quality", it cause them to market the said product ineffectively.
Finding out the best and the most economical operation sequence to be followed in the process of manufacturing is the main objective of routing.
Quality control process will be far less effective without sound leadership.
Finding out whether the actual production is done as planned should be done by the manager.
The first step in the strategic management process is ________ .
Value engineering helps the business organization in this aspect.
To match the demand for the product, right production capacity must be selected by production management.
Which is not a characteristic of service?
Managers must act in the present to control and monitor the project phase evolution with a comparison on the milestones to targeted dates of completion.
When there is the resources of productivity are measured separately, there is
By making own estimates called guess estimate or taking the help of market research agencies or specialized consultants, business organization can forecast demand.
The fourth step in generating new products.
In this stage, data gathered in the business and market research to start shaping the marketing strategy should be used.
Scheduling is irrelevant tools for manufacturing where it can have a major impact on the process productivity.
The fourth stage in the DMAIC process.
In this method, the business firm produces a product or service that is preferred by buyers.
Quality management includes_________ such as operations and evaluations.
The first step in the product design process is _______ .
One of the objectives to achieve in performance measure is to identify which processes needs improvement.
Principle of total quality management wherein a series of steps which take inputs from suppliers, both internal and external and transforms them into outputs that deliver to internal and external customers is a process. In order to detect unexpected variation, definition of steps required to carry out the process and continuous monitoring of performance measures are done.
The last step in the product design process.
To satisfy the demands of _______ which is to have a good quality products at cheapest prices, production manager should continuously improve quality of products.
In identifying relationship, the primary key of parent entity is inherited by the child entity as a non-primary key attribute.
In choosing a business location, the entrepreneur or business man should carefully assess the environment which is right for the business.
Through production documents, costs are increased.
Which of the following is not included in the reasons why a certain business will be choosing to change the business premises?
_________ is interpreted as accounting control and operating control.
Technology level constitutes a relevant factor in obtaining demand forecasts which are reliable.
Useful forecast about future uncertain events are not essential.
The first step to following in forecasting tasks is _______.
In the data collection, the collected data will be filtered, grouped together and processed.
Business organization aside from having best employees should have an effective leader which may put the firm in the best possible position which can lead them to success.
Deciding on what to benchmark is the last step in the process of benchmarking.
The fourth phase in the value engineering process is ________.
Business process develops in time but do not focus on dynamics.
Which of the following does not belong to the group?
The objective of value engineering analysis is to improve the value of the end product.
_________ is a well-documented determinant of forecast accuracy. Larger firms usually have more accurate forecast.
Qualitative forecasting method wherein ideas and opinion of group of high level managers or experts is pooled.
It refers to evaluating how the manufacturing of goods was done and if there is a need to take corrective actions.
It refers to measure of ability of a business firm to produce goods and services from the given number of resources: capital, human resource, land, knowledge and time.
It is a set of partially ordered activities intended to reach a goal.
HRM practice which refers to providing employees with such things likes shares of company stocks and profit-sharing programs.
The first step to follow in forecasting task wherein understanding of the way the forecasts will be used, who requires the forecasts, and how the function of forecasting fits within the organization requiring the forecasts is required.
One of the objectives of value analysis is to keep the production costs down.
Involvement of employees increases labor and management problems.
It is the place where the business is situated
If a business firm has products and services with "poor quality", it cause them to market the said product ineffectively.
The first stage of data driven approach to project management is ________ .
Which of the following does not belong to supply factors that can influence the choice of business location?
There is a guarantee that the worker is able to accomplish what is required in a safe and healthy fashion if there is a properly designed job.
Alignment of product mix is not needed in developing new products.
Without the cost data, productivity analysis helps in the evaluation of proposed changes to existing processes or products and introduction of new ones.
Demand forecasting helps in ensuring the proper liquidity within the firm.
Which of the following advantages does not belong to the product layout?
The size of the plant should conform to the organization's sales requirement.
Human resource requirements are met easily through demand forecasting.
They are the agents who actually perform the activities.
Assessing and choosing job candidates are involved in the recruitment process.
Marketing new product approach which includes identifying the price for an entry-to market, a premium price and a minimum sale price.
Which of the following is not included in the short-term objectives of demand forecasting?
Good product design can provide competitive edge.
A process dynamic view wherein order of activities is the focus of this dynamic view.
DMAIC can be implemented as a stands alone improvement procedure in quality or as a part of other process improvement initiatives.
Relative cost ranking is the further development of ABC analysis.
Products which are introduced by the business firms into a product category where the business had not been doing business up to this time
Which of the following steps to follow in the product and service designing should be done after translating the needs and wants of customers into product and service requirements.
Matching supply and demand of output over the medium time range up to approximately 1 year into the future is the concerned of aggregate planning.
One of the less rewarding new product development phases is the prototype testing.
The image of the site where the business will be located has nothing to do with its success.
Which of the following is not included in the 3 key areas to focus in transforming performance management?
Forecast or time estimates are past oriented.
Which of the following is the first step in designing a job?
An approach in developing that should be considered in developing aggregate plan wherein quadratic approximations for all relevant costs are applied and obtains linear equations of the optimal policies.
In the identifying relationship, the primary key of parent entity is inherited by the child entity as a non-primary key attribute.
In screening ideas, business firm should consider _________.
Which of the following is not a pre-required input for aggregate planning?
It refers to the process of the right capacity type to the right kind of customer at the right price at the right time with the purpose of maximizing yield or revenue.
Most of the business organization's decisions are made under no risk and certainty conditions.
Value engineering helps business organization in _________.
For compiling business requirements and representing the requirements as a model, logical database modeling is required.
This method relates to Pareto's law, developed early in the twentieth century by Vilfredo Pareto.
It refers to the planning, acquisition, utilization and control of physical resources employed in the provision of goods and services.
Through demand and supply forecasting, the number and types of employees needed to carry out successfully its overall plan are estimated.
It is an HRM practice which refers to Providing employees with such things likes shares of company stocks and profit-sharing programs.
Which of the following does not belong to the importance of production management to business organization?
Demand forecasting is not important in deciding for business expansion.
Which of the following is not included in the importance of production management?
It is the subjective dimension of quality.
Planning is not needed in production management.
The business content of a data model is created in the physical data model.
Forecasting is always an important part of planning, strategy and operation.
In this process, the objective is to create a long and short-range supply chain strategies which are effective.
Yield management has no disadvantage.
Deciding on what to benchmark is the first step in the benchmarking process.
It refers to the making decisions on the best physical arrangement of all resources that consume space within a facility.
"Quality circle" is a _________ group of employees with the same work, in the same work area or doing similar work type who meet voluntarily in regular basis , for about an hour every week to identify, analyze and resolve work-related problems, leading to improvement in the total performance and work life enrichment.
Which of the following is the third item in the order processing checklist?
All products follow all five stages of product life cycle.
In the KAIZEN event method, individuals who are skilled in the method and tools such as process or quality improvement experts are the ones who lead a team.
Demand forecasting's objective which refers to helping in setting the sales target that will serve as the basis for evaluating sales performance.
It is a systematic process which involves demand anticipation for the organization's products in future under set of uncontrollable and competitive forces.
Selecting the right product to produce followed by selecting the right design for the product.
It refers to how a team or an organization do the analysis of workforce and determination of steps which should be taken to prepare for future talent needs
Business process management is not a one-time exercise.
Production management decreases the reputation, goodwill and image of business organization.
Products should be planned and produced effectively because they are key to success for a manufacturing business.
Prices of goods acts as a minor factor which influences the process of demand forecasting.
To help operations manager in determining the status of a project, an easy to use graphical tool is used and that is the _________.
One factor in choosing a location which refers to the nearness of the market in the business location.
In every business, demand plays a critical role in the areas of management.
Clear communication should be ensured in managing supply chain.
Value engineering may change the present stage of the product or operation while in value analysis, changes are executed at the initial stages only.
DMAIC process covers how one study, identify, change and do monitoring the business processes so as to ensure that they run smoothly and may be improved overtime. It is open framed in terms of daily work flow.
_________ allows individuals to be consistent in our judgment, provide reasons for beliefs and to examine opinions critically.
The businessman should first gather data and information about the demographic and economic features and characteristics of the areas as prospective location for the business.
A factor that may influence the choice of business location which refers to cost with regards to getting the raw materials for the business production or stocks for sale
Value analysis worked out mostly with the help of knowledge and experience while value engineering requires specific technical knowledge.
It is not a good idea of looking for other business in the locality that might complement products and services to be produced by the business.
_________ is the first step in the value analysis process.
There are _________ steps to follow in assessing the viability of new product.
These are industrial products used in operations and production.
Business organization could exist without operations management and supply chain.
Discouraging teamwork is a must for quality leaders.
If the system mission is to navigate each process to its goals and objectives, utilization of input/output flow is advised.
It is an act of creating something useful.
Determining the cost and select those ideas which can be practically implemented are usually involved in the process of _________.
Employees with the use of their expert knowledge of the process, make better decisions.
Cellular layout is the other name for product layout.
Employees in the business organization should be empowered.
For large and small businesses, location decisions are not important.
To satisfy the demands of customers which is to have a good quality products at cheapest prices, production manager should continuously improve quality of products.
Ineffective human resource management can gain a competitive advantage over competitors.
It is an internet based application through which electronic messages are exchanged between and among people.
It is a top down leadership approach which entails top management transparency and accountability towards all stakeholders of the extended supply chain.
Success of business usually lies on the goods and services they offer in the market.
Functional area in an organization which is responsible for the production of goods and services to customers.
For small, large or nonprofit organization, strategy formulation does not vary while strategy implementation varies among the different sizes and types of industries.
It is when there is a long-term commitment between two or more business firms with a purpose of specific goal and objective attainment by maximizing the participant's resource effectiveness.
Time gap between the in and out in the process time is longer when process layout is utilized.
When all the business requirements have been gathered, logical database models are basically determined by the logical database models.
It refers to the value that each worker or employee creates per unit of his input.
The 5th process in the supply chain management.
Which of the following does not included in the decisions related to business that can be made through demand forecasting?
Personal biases which sometimes contaminate qualitative methods are usually encouraged in quantitative approach in forecasting.
Which is not included in the physical database modeling?
It is really individuals who are managing themselves because many individuals are working on a variety of projects.
Which of the following is not a characteristic of a good product design?
Stage in the product life cycle wherein product designing and development are critical.
Transformation to total quality management starts when a business organization is already aware that product or service quality must be ________.
Performance appraisal with an objective to improve employees' performance let them know how they are doing and provide a basis for_________ and other purposes related to the future of employees.
Quality assurance serves as tool for management so as to provide confidence in manufacture/supplier in contractual situation.
Quantitative approaches in forecasting are subjective.
Monitoring performance and providing feedback means to check progress towards a purpose is being provided by the measurement system.
Product design should be according to the ________ requirements.
The manufacturing schedule serves as the basis for all subsequent activities related to scheduling.
The first principle in total quality management (TQM) which refers to the level of quality is determined by the customer.
To have more business space, a business firm may choose a new business premise.
These strategies are based on understanding, anticipating and influencing behavior of consumers in order to maximize profits or revenue from a fixed, time- limited source.
It refers to deciding when to start and when to complete a particular production activity.
The following are retrenchment strategies for the corporate level except for
Demand forecasting aims to help the business organization to estimate its financial requirements.
The objective of this value engineering stage is to put the recommended alternatives before the decision-makers in such convincing terms which they will accept them
In analyzing the data, there will be no uncertainty.
Supply chain management improve financial positions.
The third stage of the product life cycle wherein the product has already stabilized standard for the production such product.
Examination of trends which is a form of productivity analysis helps determine problems _________ they become crisis and enable to have early adjustment and corrective action.
Which of the following are the benefits of introducing new products effectively?
These are utilized to find non-compliances to requisites or defects.
Performance, features and warranty are not part of product quality.
Routing refers to deciding when to start and when to complete a particular production activity.
Effective communication is one of the keys to motivation because __________ need to know that they are important individuals and members of the business organization.
Which of the following does not affect the process of demand forecasting?
Issues in designing products and services become important when there is a potential harm to the environment.
In this principle of total quality management, all employees participate in all activities in the business organization towards the achievement of common goals.
Demand forecasting also enables the government to coordinate activities related to import and export and plan international trade.
_________ is being created through product differentiation if the customers of business organization are willing to pay enough to cover any extra cost in the production.
Business firms value supply chain managers because they increase the utilization of large fixed assets such as warehouses, plants and transportation vehicles in the supply chain.
Another name for constant workforce strategy.
Candidates for employment may be recruited internally but not externally.
There is just one activity involved in the supply chain management.
Logical database modeling deals with the actual database designing which is based on the requirements gathered during logical database modeling.
Which of the following does not included in the qualitative methods of forecasting?
The goal of ergonomics is the increase of discomfort an injury risk due to work.
Quality is "fitness for intended use".
A strategy for a sustainable chain which consist of three related aspects of selection, evaluation and development.
Producing ineffective products ensure success in business.
Business organization sets prices of products according to its ________ in the market.
How many types of manufacturing layout a business can choose from?
Another term for fixed position layout is ________.
It refers to primary operating characteristics of a product.
A _________ is defined by devices designed to visually share information about organizational operations
Marketing area is responsible for securing resources related to finances at favorable price as well as the allocation.
To provide the foundation for the entire value engineering study, completing the information is essential.
It means prediction the future as accurately as possible. , available information which includes historical data and knowledge of any future events that might impact the forecasts should be given.
Which of the following function of productivity measurement and alignment is described in this sentence: Together with the cost data, productivity analysis helps in the evaluation of proposed changes to existing processes or products and introduction of new ones.
When output grows faster than capital inputs, productivity grows.
If feedback on quality problems is faster and surer, ________ quality products can be manufactured.
It refers to prescribing of where and when each operation necessary to manufacture the products is to be performed.
Which of the following is not a characteristic of a DMAIC process?
How a product looks, sounds, feels, tastes or smells is a matter of reflection of individual preference and personal judgment.
Yield management has pros and cons.
A maturity stage of data driven approach which includes decisions on how you will make the measurements
Mismatching supply and demand of output over the medium time range up to approximately 1 year into the future is the concerned of aggregate planning.
The main aim of production schedule is to schedule the amount of work which can easily be handled by plant and equipment without interference.
The key principle to visual workplace is to install vital information visually as close to the point of use as possible
Basically, product and service designing has
_________ in a supply chain context involves any change in the product or process which results in increased efficiency.
Types of goods do not affect the process of demand forecasting.
Cost but not the size of land should be considered in locating the business.
Plant layout designs must be created in a way that the need of manufacturing parts in batches is removed.
The more educated an employee means lower human capital and of course labor productivity becomes higher too.
Finding out whether the actual production is done as planned should be done by the customers.
Concurrent engineering is a short term strategy and with a long term benefits too to business firms.
The material or its major components remain in a fixed location and machinery, tools, mean and other materials are brought to this location.
Which of the following is not a reason for layout re-designing?
If workers can be able to perform multifunction by operating multiple equipments at the same time, multifunctional workforce can be achieved.
One factor in choosing a location which refers to the availability of manpower which might attract business firm to an area especially if the manpower has the skills which required by the company.
Through demand forecasting, the number and types of employees needed to carry out successfully its overall plan are estimated.
The manufacture, conversion or the assembly of materials into finished goods or parts for other products are involved in this process.
Matching supply and demand of output over the medium time range up to approximately 1 year into the future is the concerned of _________.
In choosing a location, consider the present but not the future needs of the business.
Total quality management (TQM) is an overnight process.
Demand forecasting aids in fulfilling the post-decided objectives of any business organization.
_________ is a method of designing and developing products wherein the different stages run simultaneously rather than consecutively.
The business operations of a certain business firm and the industry where the business belongs are _________ of variation in forecast accuracy.
Which of the following is not a limitation of functional layout?
A composition of logical data model which is a representation of a person, thing, place, event or interest concept to a retailer.
Poor planning can hinder total quality management.
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