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Programming Logic and Design

Programming Logic and Design course teaches the fundamental concepts of programming, including problem-solving strategies, algorithms, and logic structures.

problem-solving

logic

algorithm

flowchart

syntax

control structures

data types

variables

debugging

modularization

abstraction

encapsulation

inheritance

polymorphism

recursion

Subscript is also called an entity.

  • True
  • False

A program design must not include the budget and cost of the program.

  • True
  • False

Unnamed constant and the purpose is not immediately apparent.

  • String
  • Magic number
  • Named constant
  • Numeric

It stores data by magnetically encoding it onto a circular disk.

  • Disk drive
  • USB drive
  • Flash drive
  • Compiler

This is a procedure that an organization uses to develop a program.

  • Program development
  • Program evaluation
  • Program testing
  • program design

This is a collection of bytes stored on a secondary storage device.

  • Field
  • Record
  • Data
  • File

Each file doesn't require a name.

  • True
  • False

It is a collection of data stored on a nonvolatile device in a computer.

  • Computer data
  • Computer files
  • Storage device
  • Directories

It include all the text, numbers, and other information that are process by a computer.

  • String
  • Data item
  • Variable
  • Constant

A rectangular object you can click

  • Button

Lines of text also are called as?

  • File
  • Characters
  • Records
  • Data

These are data items that had been processed.

  • Output
  • Secondary storage
  • Input
  • Main memory

A Text file is processed only in backward direction.

  • True
  • False

One of the disadvantages of OOP is it could produce slower programs.

  • True
  • False

Instead of using binary numbers for instructions, assembly language practices short words that are identified as?

  • mnemonics
  • variable
  • code
  • syntax

Unnamed constants do not have identifiers like variables do.

  • True
  • False

It is also known as memory sticks and flash drives.

  • Hard Disk
  • External drive
  • Floppy disk
  • USB drives

Variables are named memory locations whose contents can vary or differ over time.

  • True
  • False

Pseudocode that describes a selection structure must start with if.

  • True
  • False

Statement that provides a data type and an identifier for a variable.

  • Flowchart
  • Declaration
  • Identifier
  • Pseudocode

The component that collects the data and sends it to the computer.

  • Secondary storage
  • Input devices
  • Output devices
  • Main memory

Evaluates as true when the left operand is less than or equivalent to the right operand.

  • <
  • <=
  • >
  • >=

What is the first high-level programming language?

  • FORTRAN
  • AMS
  • BASIC
  • COBOL

It is a basic unit of programming logic.

  • Iteration
  • Language
  • Decision
  • Structure

It is also called a page schematic or screen blueprint.

  • GUI
  • Storyboard
  • Wireframe
  • Event-driven

ALL Boolean expressions boil down to “True” or “False”.

  • True
  • False

Gives the current position in the file

  • ftell()

An array is a derived data type.

  • True
  • False

What is the most vital component in a computer?

  • Central processing unit
  • Output devices
  • Main Memory
  • Input devices

This means that if a program had established for a specific task, then it should been used for all comparable tasks of the same area.

  • Maintainability
  • Efficient
  • Documentation
  • Generality

Processing Device

  • Central Processing Unit

Shows the overall picture of how modules are related to one another.

  • Data Type
  • Pseudocode
  • Flowchart
  • Hierarchy chart

It contains a series of wireframes that represent a user’s experience with the proposed software.

  • GUI
  • Storyboard
  • Event-driven
  • OOP

Internal Storage Device

  • Random Access memory

Today, CPUs are small chips known as?

  • Floppy disk
  • Microprocessors
  • Random-access memory
  • Memory stick

A loop can comprise any number of tasks, but there is no option to branch off and skip any of the tasks.

  • True
  • False

A label placed beside a small square; you can click the square to display or remove a check mark

  • Check box

It consists of sequence of characters.

  • Data Stream
  • Text Stream
  • File Stream
  • Binary Stream

It contains data that can be read in a text editor.

  • Directory files
  • Digital files
  • Text files
  • Binary files

Which of the following are the reasons why we need a structured program?

  • Market Value
  • Efficiency
  • Reliable
  • Tasking
  • Clarity

A precise set of inter-connected activities provided.

  • Program components
  • Program result
  • Program design
  • Program testing

It describes the file type.

  • Stream
  • Extension
  • File name
  • Text File

Java was created by Microsoft.

  • True
  • False

System Software

  • Windows

Each key word in high level programming language has a specific meaning, and cannot be used for any other purpose.

  • True
  • False

Documentation is one of the most vital components of an application development.

  • True
  • False

Abstraction is a design principle.

  • True
  • False

Programs often work but are difficult to read and maintain.

  • Spaghetti code
  • Unstructured programs
  • Sequence Structure
  • Structured programs

All of the tangible, physical devices, or components, that a computer is made of.

  • Source code
  • Program Code
  • Hardware
  • Software

“==“ is used for testing to see if two values are identical.

  • True
  • False

It describes data that are non-numeric.

  • Literal
  • Variable
  • Constant
  • String

One of the reasons to do program design and development is you want to make certain that there is truly a need for the program.

  • True
  • False

It contains data that was not been encoded as text

  • Computer files
  • Computer data
  • Text files
  • Binary files

Structure 1

  • Repetition
  • Sequence
  • Selection
  • Loop

Selection structure is also called as decision structure.

  • Select one:
  • True
  • False

It indicates the number of elements an array will hold.

  • Index
  • Condition
  • Size
  • Value

While loop tests the condition before executing the loop body.

  • True
  • False

It was created in the early days of computing as an alternative to machine language.

  • Assembly language
  • Computer language
  • Human language
  • Program language

String values are also called?

  • Alphanumeric notation
  • Alphabet values
  • Alphanumeric values
  • Letter values

Is a convention of naming a variable in which the first letter of a variable name is uppercase.

  • Pascal casing
  • Camel casing
  • Hungarian notation
  • None of the above

Which of the following is NOT TRUE about String?

  • Special characters such as punctuation marks
  • Letters of the alphabet
  • Can hold text
  • Can perform mathematical operations on it

When you input data items into a computer, they are stored in variables in memory where they can be processed and converted to information that is a/an?

  • Output
  • Programming language
  • Literal constant
  • Storage device

Paint is an example of GUI application that contains button and icons.

  • True
  • False

A specific numeric value is often called a numeric constant.

  • True
  • False

It represent “snapshot” views of the screens the user will encounter during the run of a program.

  • GUI Storyboard
  • Source
  • Wireframe
  • Object

Same as if-else, the difference have another if-else inside main if-else.

  • Switch case
  • If-Then
  • If-Else
  • Nested-If

When methods have public access, other programs and methods may use the methods to get access to the private data.

  • True
  • False

It is also called binary language.

  • Source code
  • Machine Language
  • Interpreter
  • Syntax Error

A program has said to be more portable, if it is adopt easily in different computer systems.

  • True
  • False

These are groups of fields that composed for some logical reason.

  • Characters
  • Records
  • Directory
  • Files

A class is like a blueprint.

  • True
  • False

Program is said to be more efficient, if it takes less space and easily changed to human language.

  • True
  • False

Every programming language has guidelines leading its word usage and punctuation.

  • True
  • False

Each data item is one element of the array.

  • True
  • False

These are programs, which are instruction sets transcribed by programmers.

  • Peopleware
  • Software
  • Hardware
  • Adware

An action performed by an object.

  • field
  • class
  • attribute
  • method

A variable which represent the list of items using more than two index (subscript) is called multi-dimensional array.

  • True
  • False

Which of the following is a computer hardware devices?

  • Game App
  • Virus
  • Monitor
  • Bugs

It is a characteristics of a good computer program that it adopts easily in different computer systems.

  • Maintainability
  • Portability
  • Flexibility
  • Readability

GUI users can select options from menus and click buttons to make their inclinations known to a program.

  • True
  • False

GUI programs frequently are called event-driven or event-based.

  • True
  • False

Each file has specific times associated with it.

  • True
  • False

String values do not contain characters as well as numbers and other characters.

  • True
  • False

It is characterized as a series of 0s and 1s.

  • Source Code
  • Binary Language
  • Syntax
  • Human Language

Programmers refer to looping as repetition or?

  • Iteration
  • Modification
  • Cycle
  • Redundant

Numeric variable holds text.

  • True
  • False

It means the ability to request that the same methods be performed by a wide range of different types of things.

  • Abstraction
  • Polymorphism
  • Encapsulation
  • Inheritance

Computers can only perform programs that are written in human language.

  • True
  • False

It describes a group or collection of objects with common attributes.

  • object
  • field
  • class
  • state

Literal string constant are string of characters enclosed within a?

  • Number sign
  • Quotation marks
  • Question mark
  • Semicolon

Writes an integer to a file

  • putw()

It performs a specialized task that enhances the computer’s operation or safeguards data.

  • Operating system
  • Application program
  • Main memory
  • Utility program

It repeat actions based on answer to a question.

  • Loop
  • Sequence
  • Decison
  • Selection
  • Question 5
  • Answer saved
  • Marked out of 1.00
  • FlaggedFlaggedRemove flag

When the user clicks it, a menu of items appears.

  • Option buttons

Is a convention of naming a variable in which a variable’s data type is part of the identifier—for example, numMyNumber or stringLastName.

  • Pascal casing
  • Camel casing
  • Hungarian notation
  • Variable notation

Reads a set of data value from a file

  • _fscanf()

External Storage Device

  • Flash drive

Evaluates as true when the left operand is greater than the right operand.

  • >
  • <
  • >=
  • <=

An object that is “interested in” an event to which you want it to respond to.

  • programmer
  • listener
  • artist
  • client

Boolean expressions can be used as the condition in an “if” statement.

  • True
  • False

Use “>=“ tests to see if a value is less than OR equal to another.

  • True
  • False

Primarily used for non-textual data, which is required to keep exact contents of the file.

  • Text File
  • Directory
  • Binary stream
  • File Name

What do you call the instructions you write by means of a programming languages?

  • Compiler
  • Program code
  • Interpreter
  • Syntax

Modern operating system software does not have GUI.

  • True
  • False

These are the characteristics that define an object as part of a class.

  • state
  • field
  • attribute
  • class

It is a logically jumbled program statements.

  • Spaghetti code
  • Structured programs
  • Sequence structure
  • Source code

Boolean Expressions was named after him.

  • GEORGE BOOLE

It is the concept that other classes should not alter an object’s attributes.

  • Encapsulation
  • Polymorphism
  • Inheritance
  • Information hiding

It is the adjective that describes the type of access.

  • Access specifier
  • Encapsulation
  • Private access
  • Data hiding

It is a volatile type of memory that is used only for temporary storage while a program is running.

  • CPU
  • USB
  • ROM
  • RAM

It clearly show where the structure ends in a selection structure.

  • if
  • then
  • endif
  • else

Which of the following is an example of a Hybrid Object-Oriented Languages?

  • Emerald
  • Obix
  • Java
  • Ruby

Rambling through your program’s logic on paper.

  • Subtasking
  • Program comment
  • Program coding
  • Desk checking

A file is identified by its name.

  • True
  • False

This means trying to prepare for all possible errors before they occur.

  • Alternative programming
  • Aggressive programming
  • Minimum programming
  • Defensive programming

A binary file is also referred to as a character stream.

  • True
  • False

Pressing the right mouse button

  • Right mouse click

Modern operating system software allows use of mouse or other pointing device to select icons.

  • True
  • False

Closes a file which has been opened for use

  • fclose()

Named constant can be assigned a value only once.

  • True
  • False

Placing the mouse pointer over an area on the screen

  • Mouse over

Declaring a starting value is known as?

  • Initializing the variable
  • Evaluating the variable
  • Declaring the variable
  • Planning the variable

Which of the following is an advantage of OOP?

  • Sudden learning curve
  • Could produce slower programs
  • Improved software maintainability
  • Could lead to larger program sizes

Open new existing file for use

  • _fopen()

It describes the relationships between data components.

  • computer files
  • data hierarchy
  • declaring a file
  • writing data

These are the programs that people normally spend most of their time running on their computers, example is word processing program.

  • Utility program
  • System Software
  • Operating system
  • Application Software

Input Device

  • Keyboard

It tells you which modules exist within a program and which modules call others.

  • Documentation
  • Planning Tool
  • Variable
  • Hierarchy chart

Is the process of removing characteristics from something in order to reduce it to a set of essential characteristics.

  • Polymorphism
  • Inheritance
  • Abstraction
  • Encapsulation

All array elements have the same group name, but each individual element also has a unique subscript.

  • True
  • False

Sets the position to the beginning of the file

  • rewind()

GUI means?

  • Graphics Unbiased Interplay
  • Graphical User Incorporation
  • Graphics User Interconnection
  • Graphical User Interface

No branching or skipping any task

  • Selection
  • Decision
  • Repetition
  • Sequence

This is a formless programs and it do not follow the rules of structured logic.

  • Spaghetti code
  • Sequence Structure
  • Selection Stucture
  • Loop Structure

Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code is a general-purpose language that was originally plan in the early 1960s to be simple enough for beginners to learn

  • Pascal
  • COBOL
  • FORTRAN
  • BASIC

It is an arrangement of all the components essential to process and store data using a computer?

  • Computer hardware
  • Computer system
  • Computer program
  • Computer software

Specific module may be called from several locations outside the program.

  • True
  • False

Pressing the left mouse button two times in rapid sequence

  • Mouse double-click

This serve as citations or reminder for readers of the program.

  • Program language
  • Program comment
  • Program code
  • Program variable

A rectangular area that displays text

  • List box

Event-driven programs are more flexible than procedural counterparts.

  • True
  • False

Characters was made up of smaller elements called as?

  • bits
  • object
  • binary
  • property

It includes all the programs you apply to a task, such as word processing programs.

  • Application software
  • Source code
  • Program code
  • System software

It is a sequence of instructions that is constantly repeated until a certain condition is reached.

  • Decision
  • Array
  • Loop
  • Control

It follow rules of structured logic.

  • Structured programs
  • Selection Structure
  • Spaghetti code
  • Unstructured programs

Floating-point numbers are also called as?

  • Real numbers
  • Whole numbers
  • Fractional numbers
  • Decimal numbers

Writes a set of data value to a file

  • fprint()

This language was created by Microsoft around the year 2000 for developing applications based on the Microsoft .NET platform.

  • C#
  • C++
  • C
  • Turbo C

When you assert an array, you declare a structure that contains multiple data items.

  • True
  • False

It contain two alternatives when the action taken and tested condition is true and the action taken when it is false.

  • duo-alternative loop
  • dual-alteration ifs
  • dual-alternative structure
  • dual-alternative ifs

A variable which represent the list of items using two index.

  • One-dimensional arrays
  • Two-dimensional arrays
  • Multi-dimensional arrays
  • None of the above

Application Software

  • Spreadsheet

Polymorphisms is a generic term that means 'many shapes'.

  • True
  • False

In order to fix the needs of a precise target population, meet and analyze data taken from different sources in a organized way, looking at the needs of the population and the current programs in order to regulate whether there are gaps.

  • True
  • False

A way of organizing classes.

  • Inheritance
  • Encapsulation
  • Abstraction
  • Polymorphism

Reads a character from a file

  • get()

It is a sequence or list of values in computer memory.

  • Loop
  • Array
  • Control
  • Statement

These are groups of related records.

  • Fields
  • Files
  • Characters
  • Directory

Holding down the left mouse button while moving the mouse over the desk surface

  • Mouse drag

It is the variable's name.

  • Identifier
  • Garbage
  • Data Type
  • Flowchart

Which of the following is an example computer software?

  • Printer
  • Hard Disk
  • Operating system
  • USB

It contains developing the program on a small scale so you can gauge the level of readiness to deliver the program.

  • Programming
  • Researching
  • Modeling
  • Piloting

These are list of instructions that cause the CPU to function operations.

  • Memory
  • Program
  • Application
  • Software

For loop tests the condition at the end of the loop body.

  • True
  • False

A decision in which two conditions must be true for an action to take place.

  • IF THEN decision
  • IF ELSE decision
  • AND decision
  • OR decision

When a CPU performs the instructions in a program, it is engaged in a process that is known as the?

  • file-encode-execute cycle
  • forward-decode-endorse cycle
  • first-decode-end cycle
  • fetch-decode-execute cycle

In a boolean expression, use “<=“ if you want to test if two values are different.

  • True
  • False

It is the procedure of fixing program errors and refining the program.

  • Portability
  • Maintainability
  • Structural
  • Readability

GUI programs frequently are called as?

  • object-oriented
  • event-driven
  • event-class
  • graphic-based

Attaching structures end-to-end

  • End-structure statements
  • Stacking
  • Spaghetti code
  • Looping

An expression whose value can be only true or false.

  • Sequence Structured
  • Looping Structured
  • Boolean expression
  • Relational

These are mistakes in a language’s usage.

  • Computer virus
  • Bugs
  • Source code
  • Syntax Error

To improve a program, the task must be broken down into a number?

  • End user
  • Entity
  • Comment
  • Subtasks

Output device

  • Printer

Pressing the left mouse button

  • Mouse click

A constant that represents the array size had automatically provided for each array you create.

  • True
  • False

The syntax used to make program comments varies among programming languages.

  • True
  • False

When you store a numeric value in computer memory, additional characters such as dollar signs and commas are not input or stored.

  • True
  • False

Organization units on storage devices.

  • Property and attribute
  • Directories and folders
  • Files and records
  • Class and object

It can inherit all its superclass attributes & methods.

  • method
  • attribute
  • object
  • subclass

You can use one or more loop inside any another loop.

  • For loop
  • While loop
  • Do-while loop
  • Nested loop

It generates a message sent to an object.

  • event
  • procedure
  • class
  • method

Group of statements that execute as a single unit.

  • Loop
  • Stacking
  • Block
  • Nesting

A picture or sketch of a screen the user will see when running a program.

  • Logic
  • GUI
  • Wireframe
  • Storyboard

Variable’s unknown value before initialization.

  • Variable
  • Garbage
  • Identifier
  • Initialization

A binary file can be a collection of characters that a computer can process sequentially.

  • True
  • False

He is considered one of the founders of modern computer science, as his work underpins the way in which modern computers process binary data.

  • Marc Ams
  • George Boole
  • Bill Gates
  • Charles Darwin

It is a multiple alternative decision structure.

  • Switch case
  • Nested If
  • If-else
  • If-Then

It is measure by how a software application was been transferred from one computer environment to another without failure.

  • Flexibility
  • Maintainability
  • Readability
  • Portability

Stipulates the underlying assumptions of the program.

  • Theory of change
  • Theory of design
  • Theory of plan
  • Theory of Code

2

  • Switch Case
  • If-Else
  • Nested-If
  • If-Then

Two or more questions in a single comparison.

  • Conditional OR operator
  • Conditional ELSE operator
  • Conditional AND operator
  • Conditional IF operator

These are are letters, numbers, and special symbols.

  • Files
  • Records
  • Characters
  • Fields

It is simply a group of data types.

  • Condition
  • Array
  • Looping
  • Statement

Which of the following is an example of a Pure Object-Oriented Languages?

  • Perl
  • Fortran
  • COBOL
  • Emerald

The compiler or an interpreter translate your source code into machine language.

  • True
  • False

It repeats a statement or group of statements while a given condition is true.

  • Nested Loop
  • Do-While Loop
  • While loop
  • For loop

In OOP, polymorphisms is not a technical issue and principle.

  • True
  • False

It is a convention way of naming a variable in which the variable starts with a lowercase letter and any subsequent word begins with an uppercase letter.

  • Hungarian notation
  • Pascal casing
  • Camel casing
  • Literal notation

Object attributes often are called fields.

  • True
  • False

Each file occupies space on a section of a storage device.

  • True
  • False

In early days of computing , it is the Command line entry.

  • Event-based
  • GUI
  • Object-Oriented
  • DOS prompt

It is a characteristics of certain object.

  • attribute
  • method
  • class
  • object

All objects can receive all events.

  • True
  • False

It is processed only in forward direction.

  • Text File
  • Record
  • Extension
  • File Stream

Programming Language

  • Program Code

Common Business-Oriented Language was created in the 1950s, and was designed for business applications.

  • FORTRAN
  • BASIC
  • Pascal
  • COBOL

Machine language is also called binary language.

  • True
  • False

These are written explanations that are not part of the program logic.

  • Program Variables
  • Program Comments
  • Program Design
  • Program Module

A good pilot sets the stage for ongoing checking.

  • True
  • False

The set of all the values or contents of an object’s instance variables are known as?

  • object
  • field
  • state
  • class

Thousands of bytes

  • megabytes
  • kilobytes
  • gigabytes
  • none of the above
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