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Philosophy

An intellectual discipline that delves into fundamental questions about knowledge, reality, existence, morality, and the nature of human experience.

metaphysics

epistemology

ethics

logic

aesthetics

rationality

truth

existence

consciousness

morality

perception

reality

reason

mind

knowledge

It is the study of the universe as a whole.

  • Metaphysics
  • Epistomology
  • Ethics
  • Politics

Sureness of a specific knowledge; perfect knowledge that is free from error and doubt

  • Causality
  • Certainty
  • Reality
  • Ethics

The reality that exists outside our human experience

  • physics
  • mathematics
  • magnetics
  • metaphysics

Branch in Philosophy that is concerned with demonstrable principles, and the structure of arguements and statements

  • Logic
  • Politics
  • Metaphysics
  • Existentialism

When a professional accepts payments to commit a wrongful act, we say that he/she is not acting according to the ___________ code.

  • Ethics
  • Moral

Ethics and moral are the same?

  • true
  • false

Color-blindness is sometimes caused by a problem in the brain, not the eyes.

  • True
  • False

An obstacle to cognition wherein it refers to the tradition and practices as well as to beliefs which one accepts as frames of reference.

  • Idols of the cave
  • Idols of the tribe
  • Idols of theatre
  • Idols of the marketplace

Belief on one God (monotheism), who has a role in the ultimate destiny of mankind; The Jewish people are God's chosen people.

  • Hinduism
  • Christianity
  • Judaism

According to the "commonsense view" of perception:

  • It is impossible to have an experience of a cricket-like sound unless a cricket is making the sound you are hearing.
  • When you stop observing a rabbit on your lawn, the rabbit remains where it was for up to an hour.
  • By way of our sense organs, external things cause us to have beliefs that are fairly accurate.
  • If I have a false belief, that is always the result of a faulty sense organ.

Direct realism says that seeing a tree is "simple". One option for what "simple" means is "transparent", and transparent means:

  • I can't see through the tree; it is opaque
  • My brain determines how the tree looks to me.
  • Only the tree dictates the character of my experience of it

Ability of a person to choose among possible actions. Choice can either be from freewill or Influenced by other factors.

  • Determinism
  • Agent
  • Causality

Gene Yang:

  • Wrote about the history of Asian-American culture
  • Wrote graphic novels or comics representing the tensions of race and identity
  • Expressed his deep love of Asian-American culture through comics
  • Expressed his anxieties about race and ethnicity through photography
  • All of the above

A naturalistic philosophy that give a way to unify one with the ultimate reality.

  • Hinduism
  • Buddhism
  • Confucianism
  • Taoism

How was Socrates?

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  • He is best known for his doctrines that things are constantly changing (universal flux), that opposites coincide (unity of opposites), and that fire is the basic material of the world.
  • One of the most famous and controversial ancient Greek philosophers, was a mathematician.
  • Was considered one of the handfuls of philosophers who forever changed how philosophy itself was to be conceived

What is the full name of your Philosophy Teacher?

  • [No Answer]

What is the study of general and fundamental questions about existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind and language?

  • Philosophy of Education
  • Philosophy
  • Education
  • Philosophical Foundation

It is regarded as the technology of philosophy because it tells us how human beings ought to function as a human being.

  • Metaphysics
  • Epistemology
  • Ethics
  • Politics

How was Plato?

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  • He displays in his works his absorption in the political events and intellectual movements of his time
  • Regarded by Aristotleas the first philosopher in presocratics stage.
  • He was considered a medieval philosopher.

Emphasis on morality, virtue, calm, and emotional fortitude

  • Humanism
  • Empiricism
  • Rationalism
  • Stoicism

If you can't prove that Ken had an affair with the nanny, then he's been faithful to his wife.

  • False dichotomy
  • Slippery slope
  • Begging the question
  • None of the above

It is the process of facilitating learning or the acquisition of knowledge skills, values, morals, beliefs and habits.

  • Philosophy of Education
  • Philosophy
  • Education
  • Philosophical Foundation

Direct realism says that a tree is "simple". One option for what "simple" means is "involvement", and that means:

  • We don't notice a tree unless we get involved in our experience
  • My experience could not occur if the tree were not present
  • I don't see the tree; I see only a representation of it.

Psychologist Steven Pinker informs us that the brain makes the assumption that:

  • An object that is retinally smaller must be in front of an object that is retinally larger.
  • A copper-colored rectangle must be the side of a penny
  • If dots on a balloon get increasingly closer, the balloon is getting closer too
  • None of the above

What does tabula rasa mean?

  • Red tablet
  • New knowledge
  • Rise tomorrow
  • Clean slate

Rejects the idea of a Creator and considers the universe as eternal and unceasing.

  • Jainism
  • Buddhism
  • Judaism

Enumerate at least 5 major disciplines of Social Science.

  • [No Answer]

The word "philosophy" derives from:

  • Latin, meaning "love of knowledge."
  • Greek, meaning "love of wisdom."
  • Latin, meaning "love of life."
  • Greek, meaning "love of science."
  • Icelandic, meaning "love of fish."

The statement, "I am and am not an animal." would be an example of:

  • An assumption
  • A conclusion
  • A proof
  • A paradox
  • All of the above

Animal rights activists believe that we shouldn't keep animals captive and make them do our will. They would have you abandon your pets in the wilderness.

  • Slippery slope
  • Begging the question
  • Straw man
  • None of the above

A proponent of Social Reconstructionism that believes that systems must be changed to overcome oppression and improve human conditions.

  • Paulo Freire

Seek to question the very framework upon which people base their own beliefs and views

  • Internal
  • External

What is the main point of medieval philosophy?

  • Christian philosophers try to explain God existence.
  • Christian philosophers explain pagan cultures
  • Christian philosophers myths and logos.

He proposed that everything that exist is based on a higher order or plan which he called logos

  • Pythagoras
  • Diogenes of Sinope
  • Heraclitus
  • Plato

God is believed to have created the universe and is present everywhere and everything.

  • Confucianism
  • Sikhism
  • Islam

Series of question

  • Dialectic Method
  • Socratic Method
  • Theory of Forms

Philosophy comes from the Greek philosophia, meaning what?

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  • Lover of philosphy
  • Lover of wisdom
  • Lover of hope
  • Lover of questions

Thales and Anaximander would be considered:

  • Monists
  • Pluralists
  • Rationalists
  • Empiricists

According to Plato, what is knowledge?

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  • A justified true belief
  • There is no such thing as true knowledge
  • Opinion
  • That which can be proven

The word ”Philosophy” Comes from the two Greek word Philo it means_____

  • Love

They were excellent public speakers. A group of teacher who travelled around Greece to teach peple who wants to learn.

  • Sophist

What branch of philosophy deals with the study of social institutions and the state?

  • Sociology
  • Psychology
  • Politics
  • Ethics

Being overweight leads to a shortened lifespan because it's unhealthy.

  • Slippery slope
  • Ad hominem
  • Begging the question
  • None of the above

Major in philosophy that stresses individual existence, freedom, and choice.

  • Politics
  • Ontology
  • Ethics
  • Existentialism

Which is NOT a requirement of knowledge:

  • Something that is
  • Belief
  • Justification
  • Love

Descartes said that God would not deceive us as to whether we are experiencing physical objects.

  • True
  • False

Everyone in the office loves me because they never said otherwise.

  • Straw man
  • The no true Scotsman fallacy
  • The burden of proof fallacy
  • The personal incredulity fallacy

What makes a bad decision bad? A question that falls under the branch of Philosophy called _________.

  • Logic
  • Epistemology
  • Ethics
  • Metaphysics

Helen Fisher found that these forms of "love" are distinctive.

  • Love and sex
  • Love, sex, and intimacy
  • Love, intimacy, and lust
  • Attachment, romantic love, and lust
  • All of the above

You didn't remember to take out the trash this morning. It will pile up, and the neighbors will complain, and the health inspectors will come and take away the kids.

  • Straw man
  • Begging the question
  • Slippery slope
  • None of the above

Usually taken for granted in philosophical discussion because it is already considered true.

  • Occam's Razor
  • Axioms
  • Thought Experiment and Allegory
  • Formal logic

A philosophical argument is a form of verbal disagreement.

  • TRUE
  • FALSE

Father of Existentialism

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  • Soren Kiergaard
  • Jean Paul Sarte
  • Albert Camus
  • Plato

Aristotle created...

  • Theory of Forms
  • Socratic Method
  • Deductive Reasoning
  • Dialectic Method

Intelligence without ambition is like a bird without wings

  • TRUE
  • FALSE

Immanuel Kant said that the perceiving mind is not a passive recorder of external reality.

  • True
  • False

Consider the following argument:If you get a good grade on this test, then you will feel good about yourself.If you feel good about yourself, then you will do better on future tests.Therefore, if you get a good grade on this test, then you will do better on future tests.If we assume the premises are true, this argument would be considered:

  • Inductively valid
  • Deductively valid
  • Reasonably sound
  • Unreasonably shaky
  • Honestly true

The study of the human experience.

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  • Anthropology
  • Antarctica
  • Astrology
  • Analogy

Esther Perel argues that committed couples achieve greater intimacy through more communication and continued contact with one another.

  • TRUE
  • FALSE

Educational philosopher of the 20th century and founder of the Social Reconstructionism.

  • George Sylvester Counts
  • Paulo Freire
  • Theodore Brameld
  • Sylvestre Bugg

Why become a philosopher?

  • [No Answer]

It is a field of philosophy that is generally focused on how reality and the universe began.

  • Ethics
  • Aesthetics
  • Metaphysics
  • Logic

In Meditations II, Rene Descartes invoked this entity to help him explore the doubts and certainties of our existence.

  • Immortal soul
  • God
  • Wax sculptures
  • Evil genius
  • All of the above

What is the term used to describe both fundamental philosophical analysis of particular pedagogical approaches?

  • Philosophy of Education
  • Philosophy
  • Education
  • Philosophical Foundation

Which of these is not a branch in philosophy?

  • Political
  • Metaphysics
  • Logic
  • All of these are the branches of philosophy.

Knowledge often is defined as (by Plato and other philosophers):

  • Any idea
  • An idea about God or the supernatural
  • Justified true beliefs
  • The foundations of self-consciousness
  • Any idea held to be true

If someone is a cheat and a liar, you might say, "She is not a (an) ________ person."

  • moral
  • ethical

In Existentialism LATIN WORD (Ex- Means "OUT)?

  • TRUE
  • FALSE

This principle focus on the use of natural resources in such a manner that these are conserve for the next generation.

  • Prudence
  • Frugality
  • Equity
  • environmental integrity

Social reconstructionism is also called?

  • Critical Theory
  • Critical Thinking
  • Critical Pedagogy
  • Both A and B
  • Both A and C

Cogito ergo sum means "I think. Therefore I am." By making this statement, Descartes argued that thinking is essentially the foundation of all human behavior.

  • TRUE
  • FALSE

Indirect Realism holds that in perception I am immediately aware of something mental, not something physical.

  • True
  • False

Those people which are just a minority, who live life not to become rich or famous, but who live life with one purpose in mind.

  • 1st Group - Lovers of Gain or Pleasure
  • 2nd Group - Lovers of Fame
  • 3rd Group - Lovers of Spectacle

It is the principle of a proper social system.

  • Metaphysics
  • Epistemology
  • Ethics
  • Politics

He devoted himself to studying the causes of natural phenomena. He was among the first to propose that matter is composed of tiny particles called atoms

  • Anaximenes
  • Diogenes of Sinope
  • Heraclitus
  • Democritus

Sherlock Homes found clues that led him to make deductive conclusions that led him to the actual characters responsible for the crime.

  • TRUE
  • FALSE

Thales approach was to reduce the ________________ of things in a single stuff.

  • multiplicity

Major branch in metaphysics, the study of being/existence

  • Epistemology
  • Ontology
  • Aesthetics
  • Political

Branch of Philosophy that is primarily concerned with the questions pertaining to the good life

  • Aesthetics
  • Ethics
  • Existentialism
  • Ontology

It is the study of the nature of art and the objective judgement of beauty.

  • Epistemology
  • Ethics
  • Politics
  • Aesthetics

Paulo Freire quoted that " _________________ does not changes the world. It changes people."

  • Education

Idols of the mind.

  • Biases

Branch of Philosophy that deals with questions such as "What is reasoning"?

  • Metaphysics
  • Logic
  • Epistemology
  • Ethics

Best option is the one with less assumptions/question.

  • Occam's Razor
  • Axioms
  • Thought Experiment and Allegory
  • Formal logic

What branch of philosophy deals with the study of moral judgments?

  • Aesthetics
  • Ethics
  • Cosmology
  • Psychology

Related concepts are purpose and origin

  • Reality
  • Causality
  • Ethics
  • Certainty

In LATIN WORD of EXISTENCE: "Ex means OUT" and "EXISTERE is to STAND UP"?

  • TRUE
  • FALSE

____________ is where the birthplace of Philosophy.

  • Greece

A perspective which shows that each event is determined or influenced by a specific set of events or factors.

  • Determinism
  • Agent
  • Causality

Democritus, in his belief that the universe was made of tiny bits of stuff called "atoms," would be considered:

  • A monist
  • A pluralist
  • A materialist
  • A and B
  • B and C

The four noble truth describe worldly existence as imperfect and influenced by earthly desires and suffering (dukkha)

  • Jainism
  • Buddhism
  • Judaism

The following are the western philosophy except;

  • Essentialism
  • Pragmatism
  • Idealism
  • Realism

Heraclitus:

  • Believed that the world was made up of tiny "atoms."
  • Believed that the world was made from water
  • Believed that change has a form that underlies all reality
  • Believed that there was an ultimate force ruling the universe
  • All of the above

Based on a belief in a Supreme Beings or deities.

  • Theistic
  • Nontheistic

Daniel Dennett in Consciousness Explained argues that a computer could not keep up with the computations involved in allowing you to explore the world that it was faking.

  • True
  • False

Teacher H ask one of her students, "What do you want to become when you grow up"? This question is an indication of what kind of philosophy?

  • IDEALISM
  • EXISTENTIALISM
  • PRAGMATISM
  • NATURALISM

Dualism:

  • Explains how minds and bodies are linked together
  • Explains how only mental states can be completely understood in terms of physical states
  • Explain how minds or mental states tend to construct the world in terms of opposites
  • Rejects the idea that our minds or mental states are less fundamental than our bodies or physical states
  • Rejects the idea that our minds or mental states are more fundamental than our bodies or physical states

The study of Truth or Knowledge

  • Epistemology
  • Ecclesiology
  • Ethnography
  • Ecology

An eastern philosophy that says that the purpose of life is to find enlightenment.

  • Hinduism
  • Buddhism
  • Confucianism
  • Taoism

Pythagoras believed that:

  • Mathematics was the key to life
  • Numbers were the real nature of things
  • That the sum of the two lengths of a triangle is always greater than the third
  • 1 + 1 = 10 (in binary, or base 2)
  • He would one day discover one of the most important theories of all time

A race is a biological construct that allows us to distinguish groups from one another.

  • TRUE
  • FALSE

Based on Rationalism.

  • A Posteriori
  • A Priori
  • A postriori
  • A Priorie

It refers to the love of wisdom. The quest for understanding the truth.

  • Philosophy
  • Social Science
  • Humanities
  • Natural Science

The reality that exists outside our human experience.

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  • physics
  • mathematics
  • magnetics
  • metaphysics

Descartes denied that an evil demon could make me believe I am thinking that 2 + 3 = 5, when I am not.

  • True
  • False

Branch in Philosophy that is concerned with the nature of reality, the study of existence

  • Metaphysics
  • Existentialism
  • Ethics
  • Ontology

Saracen philosophy and Christian philosophy belongs to?

  • Eastern philosophy
  • Western philosophy
  • Foundations of Education
  • Philosophical Foundation

All students eat pizza.Carlo is a student.Therefore: ____________

  • Carlo eats pizza

Said man needs to philosophize because of sense of wonder.

  • Karl Jaspers
  • Socrates
  • Plato
  • Rene Descartes

Millions of people drink Diet Coke every year, so it must be the best soft drink in the world.

  • The Red Herring
  • The Bandwagon
  • The Alphabet Soup
  • None of the above

W.E.B. DuBois used this term to describe an awareness of oneself and the awareness of how others perceive us.

  • Dualism
  • Split personality
  • Identity
  • Double consciousness
  • All of the above

A student of Socrates, he wrote down his teacher's writings and incorporated some of his own ideas into them. He's known for his dialectic method.

  • Plato

He was a practical philosopher and believed that philosophy could enable man to live a life of happiness

  • Anaximenes
  • Epicurus
  • Plato
  • Socrates

Rachels portrays circumstances in which he thinks it would be reasonable for you to believe that until recently you had been a brain in a vat for many years.

  • True
  • False

Branch in philosophy that is concerned with beauty and art

  • Epistemology
  • Ethics
  • Aesthetics
  • Metaphysics

Which is Different:

  • Dialectic Method
  • Socratic Method
  • Argument
  • Theory of Forms

A Fishing village and center of trade and commerce in ancient Greece, was the ideal place for the first practice of philosophy to emerge. It was considered the greatest and wealthiest of Greek cities. It became the melting pot of ideas from other cultures in other parts of the globe.

  • Ancient Greece
  • Miletus
  • Greek city of western Anatolia

Deals with Beauty

  • Political philosophy
  • Philosophy of the human person
  • Aesthetics
  • Logic

Is the accumulation of facts and data that you have learned about or experienced.

  • Knowledge
  • Wisdom

The word "stereotype" was first popularized in the United States by:

  • A high school teacher (Mr. Fogli)
  • A philosopher (Socrates)
  • A politician (Jesse Helms)
  • A journalist (Walter Lippman)

The Head of the Philosophos

  • Socrates
  • Plato
  • Aristotle
  • Pythagoras

An idealist still thinks physical objects exist, but believes that we experience them indirectly by way of ideas.

  • True
  • False

If you think that beliefs can be best justified in light of the evidence we receive from the mental process of reasoning or intuition, then you are a:

  • Rationalist
  • Empiricist
  • Materialist
  • Idealist
  • All of the above

This follows what kind of fallacy."Nothing is better than God"."One loaf of bread is better than NOTHING"."Ergo, one loaf of bread is better than God".

  • Material Fallacy
  • Formal Fallacy
  • Semantical Fallacy

Errors in reasoning is known as.....................

  • Fallacy

Existentialism- Learning is learners ________

  • choice

A western philosophy refers to the action that get priority over thought.

  • Realism
  • Idealism
  • Pragmatism
  • Essentialism

Which of the following is NOT a role of the teacher in the Social Reconstructionism philosophy?

  • Take an active leadership role in helping students clarify their own social concerns
  • Create a democratic environment so that lessons and topics may be discussed, debated, and student voices will be heard
  • Involve the students in discussions of moral dilemmas to understand the implications of one’s actions
  • Individually select objectives and social priorities

Plato's Allegory of the Cave can be interpreted as:

  • A move from wisdom to ignorance
  • A way of educating young children
  • The experience of the Forms
  • The process of becoming a journalist
  • All of the above

Hypatia’s_______________ led her to a life dedicated to the service of ____________ and learning, with_____________ being an important key to the life of higher contemplation.

  • neoplatonism, knowledge, mathematics

Bodybuilding is so tough that it's so difficult to keep your macros balanced. The testosterone level in your body matters. You have to intake the proper amount of amino acids to heal muscles and avoid unnecessary exercises to prevent muscle skewness. But I can train you well if you come to me.

  • The Alphabet soup
  • The Red Herring
  • The False Dilemma
  • None of the above

What author criticized the philosophy and practice of education by pointing out the fact that most forms of pedagogy tend to privilege the mind over the body and often ignore how creativity can manifest itself differently in individuals.

  • Plato
  • Socrates
  • Robert Solomon
  • Ken Robinson
  • Helen Fisher

Air is the source of ultimate reality according to:

  • Thales
  • Anaximander
  • Anaximenes
  • Heraclitus
  • Parmenides

Belief in pantheon gods, with three main gods; Brahma, Shiva, And Vishnu

  • Jainism
  • Taoism
  • Hinduism
  • Judaism

Study of Causality

  • Metaphysic
  • Ontology
  • Etiology

Said man needs to philosophize because of doubt.

  • Karl Jaspers
  • Socrates
  • Plato
  • Rene Descartes

Errors in reasoning.

  • Fallacy

What does tabula rasa mean?

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  • Red tablet
  • New knowledge
  • Rise tomorrow
  • Clean slate

Malcolm X advocates that we trust only those who share cultural features with our own.

  • TRUE
  • FALSE

Deals with moral questions and dilemmas.

  • Ethics

When we travel to faraway places because of their exotic allure or "natural" escape, we call this:

  • Love
  • Eros
  • Xenophobia
  • Xenophilia
  • Stereotyping

Human’s way of thinking about the world; includes its own views and beliefs.

  • Framework
  • Agent
  • Discipline

Sherri Ortner argued that women, if seen as a mediating element between nature and culture, then:

  • They would be seen as powerful agents of change
  • Their roles would be restricted and circumscribed
  • They would be seen as having different status than men
  • They would promote aspects of lesbianism
  • They would castrate men in dark caves

_____ serves as " Natural Protection" from the typhoon and considered as the backbone o luzon.

  • kaliwa dam
  • Angat dam
  • Sierra Madre
  • wawa dam

The allegory of the cave argues what?

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  • We are born with infinite knowledge.
  • There is value in ignorance.
  • Perceptions are sources of absolute knowledge.
  • Our perceptions may not be accurate.

Refers to the state of existence of things independent of human consciousness

  • Certainty
  • Ethics
  • Agent
  • Reality

He is the father of Education.

  • John Dewey
  • Horace Mann
  • Jean Piaget
  • Lev Vygotsky

In The Matrix, people's brains are not removed from their bodies.

  • True
  • False

Uses human reasoning to investigate the existence, cause and principles which govern all things

  • Philosophy
  • Sophist
  • Philosophos
  • Phenomenology

____________ is the science and art of correct thinking

  • Logic

Is the ability to discern and judge which aspects of that knowledge are true, right, lasting, and applicable to your life.

  • Knowledge
  • Wisdom

A philosophical tradition founded by Gautama Siddhartha Buddha in 5th century B.C.

  • Hinduism
  • Buddhism
  • Confucianism
  • Taoism

An animistic religion influenced by Japanese myth and tradition.

  • Shinto

He is French-Algerian journalist and he said " Dealt over such questions as the meaning of life in the face of death- I would rather live my life as if there is a God and die to find out there isn't, than live as if there isn't and to die to find out that there is"

  • Albert Camus
  • Jean-Paul Sarte

The emphasis on curriculum of this philosophy deals with the choice in subject matter and elective as well as the emotional, esthetic, and philosophical subjects.

  • REALISM
  • IDEALISM
  • EXISTENTIALISM
  • PRAGMATISIM

Descartes claimed that a non-existent being could still be perfect if it was God.

  • True
  • False

Philosophy of science is a branch of philosophyconcerned with the _______________________, _________________________ and _________________________

  • foundations, and implications of science.

It is the science of the beautiful in its various manifestations, including the sublime, comic, tragic, pathetic, and ugly.

  • Ethics
  • Aesthetics
  • Philosophy
  • Metaphysics

The direct realist claims that when I think I see a tree, that is always an illusion.

  • True
  • False

The Easy Problem explains how we feel about being "conscious."

  • TRUE
  • FALSE

What branch philosophy deals with questions regarding reality and existence?

  • Ontology
  • Metaphysics
  • Rationalism
  • Epistemology

Based on Empiricism.

  • A Posteriori
  • A Priori
  • A postriori
  • A Priorie

The study of right and wrong in human behavior

  • Political
  • Logic
  • Aesthetics
  • None of these

The study of Truth or Knowledge.

  • Epistemology
  • Ecclesiology
  • Ethnography
  • Ecology

According to the brain-in-a-vat scenario, the computer hooked up to the brain in the vat has to receive outputs from the brain.

  • True
  • False

This author first described how women are often seen as an "Other," much like different ethnic groups.

  • Elizabeth Spelman
  • Sherri Ortner
  • Simone de Beauvoir
  • Mary Wollstonecraft
  • Helen Fisher

What is the meaning of the Greek word "Sophia"?

  • Happiness
  • Freedom
  • Love
  • Wisdom

Why do we study Philosophy?

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  • [No Answer]

Belief in cycle of birth and rebirth

  • Samsara
  • moksha
  • Dharma
  • Karma

Draw what you think is beautiful

  • [No Answer]

When philosophers employ a skeptical attitude in looking at truthfulness of ideas.

  • Socratic method
  • Systematic Doubt
  • Occam's Razor
  • Axioms

Even if the brain-in-a-vat scenario is impossible, you could still be a brain in a vat that thinks it is possible.

  • True
  • False

(In ancient Rome) a group of three men holding power, in particular.

  • Thales, Anaximander, and Anaximenes
  • Socrates, Plato and Aristotle

Person A: - "Paul is a talented teacher. His fees should be increased."Person B: - "So what you are saying is others are not talented teachers."

  • Straw man
  • The false dilemma fallacy
  • The slothful induction fallacy
  • None of these

Reason and logic is considered the basis of knowledge and belief; man has innate knowledge that can be accessed through intuition or deduction.

  • Humanism
  • Empiricism
  • Rationalism
  • Stoicism

Fulfillment of duties and behavior in accordance with the established order.

  • Samsara
  • moksha
  • Dharma
  • Karma

The process of distinguishing mere belief from knowledge is called:

  • The mind-body problem
  • Dualism
  • Double consciousness
  • The method of doubt
  • All of the above

Generally derived from the greek word "idean" meaning "to see."

  • Realism
  • Idealism
  • Pragmatism
  • Essentialism

Individual actions contribute to either a good or bad effect in a person's life

  • Samsara
  • moksha
  • Dharma
  • Karma

systematic analysis of the validity of arguments and statements.

  • Occam's Razor
  • Axioms
  • Thought Experiment and Allegory
  • Formal logic

Emphasis on the the human person; use of philosophy to understand society, nature, and humanity

  • Humanism
  • Empiricism
  • Rationalism
  • Stoicism

The subdivisions of branches of philosophy (according to Lee Archie) are:

  • Ontology, epistemology, cosmology
  • Epistemology, aesthetics, ethics, ontology
  • Aesthetics, ontology, scientology, epistemology
  • Epistemology, ontology, ethics
  • All of the above

The _______ is the source of all human action.

  • soul
  • breath
  • mind
  • heart

An Athenian and Greek philosopher who is an idealist and reconstructionist.

  • Aristotle
  • Plato
  • Socrates
  • Archimedes

Social Reconstructionism is a philosophy of education referring to an approach to teaching that strives to bring about a __________ in society

  • change

Which is the correct knowledge of Aristotle?

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  • His extant writings a wide range of disciplines, from logic, metaphysics and philosophy of mind, through ethics, political theory, aesthetics and rhetoric
  • An immensely influential philosopher, theologian, and juristin the tradition of scholasticism, he is also known within the latter as the Doctor Angelicusand the Doctor Communis.
  • One of the first German proponents of Renaissance humanism, he made spiritual and political contributions in European history.

Question dealing with our own correctness and values.

  • Internal
  • External

What is the another term of Pragmatism?

  • Experimentalism

An assumption is:

  • Any idea
  • A hasty conclusion
  • A principle taken for granted
  • A proof
  • All of the above

Metaphisics is the study of_____________________

  • being

The study of knowledge, truth, and the nature of ultimate reality.

  • Philosophy
  • Theology
  • Anthropology
  • Hamartiology

It deals with the nature, sources, limitations, and validity of knowledge.

  • Ethics
  • Aesthetics
  • Metaphysics
  • Epistemology

Man will never understand the human condition and the meaning of life

  • Absurdism
  • Positivism
  • Utilitarianism

What is the first philosophical question that can guide us in choosing our actions and decisions?

  • What should I do?
  • How do I know it?
  • Where am I?
  • How do I do it?

Choose the correct specific aspects of Socrates' ethical influence.

  • Platonism
  • Hedonism
  • metaphysics
  • stoicism.
  • cynism

The study of the scope of knowledge

  • Metaphysics
  • Ontology
  • Logic
  • Epistemology

Based on imagination, imagined scenarios to illustrate a theory.

  • Occam's Razor
  • Axioms
  • Thought Experiment and Allegory
  • Formal logic

Said man needs to philosophize because of Experience.

  • Karl Jaspers
  • Socrates
  • Plato
  • Rene Descartes

80% of the fibers going to the brain's vision center come from the subject's two retinas.

  • True
  • False

Who live life with one aim, to become rich and wealthy

  • 1st Group - Lovers of Gain or Pleasure
  • 2nd Group - Lovers of Fame
  • 3rd Group - Lovers of Spectacle

Who is considered as the first philosopher?

  • Socrates
  • Aristotle
  • Plato
  • Thales

We should move to the midwest because the Wall Street Journal says the cost of living is cheaper there.

  • Begging the question
  • Appeal to authority
  • Straw man
  • None of the above

He is known for the practical aspects of his philosophical inquires and was considered a leading scientist in ancient times. He is credited for several inventions such as Archimedes screw.

  • Archimedes
  • Socrates
  • Aristotle
  • Epicurus

According to idealism, on occasions when you think you are ordinarily seeing a tree, you are experiencing a pattern of colors in your mind, not a tree.

  • True
  • False

The study of the nature of value and valuation

  • Aesthetics
  • Ontology
  • Axiology
  • Both A & B

Humans, by nature, have a strong sense of ________. (use small letters only)hint:verb.-ask for information from someone.

  • inquiry

Best known 20th Century Existentialist Philosopher

  • John Dewey
  • Immanuel Kant
  • Jean-Paul Sarte
  • Plato

Believed that philosophy is concerned with uncovering the truth trough systematic argumentation and theory.

  • Eastern Philosophy
  • Western Philosophy

Ancient Roman philosophywas heavily influenced by the ancient Greeks and the schools of Hellenistic philosophy; however, unique developments in philosophical schools of thought occurred during the Roman period as well.

  • true
  • false

In Plato's Symposium, love tries to "heal the wound of nature" by:

  • Making ourselves feel "whole" with others like us
  • Finding our other "half" and uniting with it
  • Using Viagra effectively
  • Exiting a cave to "see the light."
  • Hiding our nakedness with a leaf

Don't believe what Kim says about global warming. Kim dropped out of college!

  • Straw man
  • Ad hominem
  • False dichotomy
  • None of the above

An early proponent of the progressive education movement of John Dewey

  • George S. Counts
  • Sylvestre Bugg
  • Theodore Brameld
  • Paulo Freire

Hedwig reshapes the story presented in Plato's Symposium by:

  • Advocating the gender-bending activity of cross-dressing
  • Expressing how notions of love and gender are more variable than we think
  • Promoting a variety of sexual practices
  • Expressing how sex is a universal problem
  • All of the above

Any philosopher who looks at changing the world, developing humanity, and the human soul through socialism is called ____________________.

  • Idealist
  • Socialist
  • Reconstructionsit
  • Communist

It is a science that studies the principles of correct reasoning.

  • Metaphysics
  • Logic
  • Ethics
  • Philosophy

Steven Pinker argues that the "mystery of consciousness" can be explained:

  • As an immortal soul separate from the body
  • As a "ghost in the machine."
  • As a "brain in a vat."
  • As biological or neurological processes
  • As a distinction between mind and body

The meaning of telos

  • Reason
  • Option
  • Purpose
  • Ability

If Descartes' evil demon can manipulate my beliefs -- can make me believe things -- then it can make me think I am experiencing external objects when I am not.

  • True
  • False

He was the father of Buddhism.

  • Confucius
  • Gautama Buddha
  • Thales
  • Socrates

It is the branch of philosophy that explores the nature of moral value.

  • Ethics
  • Aesthetics
  • Metaphysics
  • Epistemology

Emphasis on the practical use of knowledge and ideas

  • Metaphysics
  • Existentialism
  • Pragmatism
  • postmodernism

Who lives were lived only for the purpose of becoming famous.

  • 1st Group - Lovers of Gain or Pleasure
  • 2nd Group - Lovers of Fame
  • 3rd Group - Lovers of Spectacle

Which of the following is NOT a role of the student in the Social Reconstruction philosophy?

  • Encouraged to think critically about the world in which they live in and how it can be changed for the better
  • Learn how to be problem solvers and decision makers.
  • Make lessons that both intellectually inform and emotionally stir the inequities of their surrounding
  • Promote careful thinking by concern for free discussion, respect for personality, self-reliance, and vision

It is the root cause that explains almost everything in a given context.

  • Generalization
  • Integration
  • Logical thinking
  • Fundamentals

A western philosophy refers to the external world of objects is not imaginary.

  • Realism
  • Idealism
  • Pragmatism
  • Essentialism

It was developed and taught by Supreme Sage K'ung-fu-tsu and became the principle guiding philosophy of China.

  • Hinduism
  • Buddhism
  • Confucianism
  • Taoism

Socrates was put to death because he was accused of corrupting the youth through his educational techniques.

  • TRUE
  • FALSE

The word ”Philosophy” Comes from the two Greek word Sophia it means_____

  • Wisdom

Man Needs to philosophize because of ? you can choose as many as you like.

  • Sense of wonder
  • Doubt
  • Love for wisdom
  • Experience

Also known as political theory, is the study of topics such as

  • politics, liberty, justice, property, rights, law, and the enforcement of laws by authority.
  • politics, liberty, justice, ontology, ethics, law, and the enforcement of laws by authority

This branch of philosophy studies the concept of knowledge.

  • Metaphysics
  • Empiricism
  • Epistemology
  • Theology
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