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# Thesis Writing

Guide that provides students with the necessary tools and techniques to effectively plan, research, and write their academic theses or dissertations.

## plagiarism

These questions usually yield hypothesis testing or experimental study designs in which the researcher manipulates the variables to see what will happen.

• situation-relating questions

What element of the Theoretical framework is the showcase of theses or dissertations carrying the same variables must be read by the researcher to determine previous findings regarding the same variables studied in the present thesis.

• REVIEW OF RELATED STUDIES

Acknowledgement sheet should be placed immediately after the title page. Generally, it contains statements of recommendation and acceptance.

• True
• False

IN summary of findings, the researchers must restatement of the main problem and sub-problems.

• True
• False

The setting of the problem describes to the reader the place where the research was conducted, as the setting has a significant bearing on the variables being studied.

• True
• False

Measures of dispersion indicates where the center of the distribution tends to be located.

• True
• False

Circle or pie graph is also called a 100% graph

• True
• False

Which of the following is the External criteria in formulating research problem?

• Ethical considerations
• Hazards, penalties, and handicaps
• Time factor

The following questions aid the researcher in formulating the introduction except _______.

• What is the rationale of the problem?
• How serous is the chosen research problem?
• what is the setting of the problem?
• Who are the respondents of the research problem?

What kind of hypothesis is formulated when predicting relationship between an independent variable and a dependent variable?

• Complex Hypothesis
• simple hypothesis
• Null hypothesis
• Alternative hypothesis

This is used when relating and assessing the effects of two or more variables. What type of paradigm is this?

• IPO (input-process-output) model
• POM (proposed original model)
• CP (criterion-predictor) model

Age is considered as what type of research question.

• Situation-relating questions
• Factor-Isolating Questions
• Factor-relating questions

When a term is defined using books and dictionaries, then it is __ defined.

• operationally

Which is not true about statistical treatment?

• involves constructing the instrument
• properly testing the hypothesis
• none of the choices
• Statistical treatment is the culmination of the long process of formulating a hypothesis.

The cognitive setting of the research involves rationalizing why there is a need to research the problem.

• True
• False

In this type of question, the respondents are free to give their opinions about an issue of concern?

• Subjective Type
• Combination type
• Coding type
• Completion type

Which is not true about quantitative research?

• Quantitative researchers gather empirical evidences
• It utilizes deductive reasoning
• Quantitative research is the traditional procedures to acquire information
• none of the choices

Time factor falls under what criteria?

• none of the choices
• Both external and internal criteria
• External criteria
• Internal Criteria

The related literature is different from conceptual literature.

• True
• False

What kind of questionnaire is a combination of two or more types of questions?

• Completion type
• Recognition typ
• Subjective Type
• Combination type

These are questions that are answerable by yes or no. What type of question is this?

• non-researchable question
• researchable questions

The general problem is followed by specific problems that are usually stated as questions the researcher seeks to answer.

• True
• False

In this part of thesis writing, important terms used in the study must be defined clearly. Some of these terms appear in the thesis title, statement of the problem, paradigm of the study, and in the scope and delimitation.

• None of the choices
• Definition of Terms
• Statement of the Problem

The Title page should be center-justified and in all capital letters, follows the inverted pyramid style, and is single-spaced.

• True
• False

Ethical considerations falls under what criteria?

• External Criteria
• Both external and internal criteria
• None of the choices
• Internal Criteria

__ shows relations- comparisons and distribution in a set of data like absolute values, percentages, or index numbers.

• Graph

This refers to a model which explains how variables are interrelated.

• None of the choices
• Relevant Theories
• conceptual framework

This is the kind of reading which everyone does and is demonstrated by an individual who passes from illiteracy to literacy.

The references section should appear on a new page.

• True
• False

The result of the clearer understanding of the theoretical or conceptual framework is a diagrammatic presentation of the study called the __.

What kind of validity is determined by studying the questions to see whether they are able to elicit the necessary information?

• construct validity
• face validity
• all of the choices
• content validitay

A parameter is a numeric characteristic of a sample.

• True
• False

Content validity also known as logical validity.

• True
• False

A research title must not come from personal experience, an article read, a scene witnessed or news heard for it will invalidate the study.

• True
• False

The basic form of a research questions involves the use of question words such as who, what, where, when, why, and how.

• True
• False

This is/These are tentative answers to the posted problems.

• HYPOTHESES

The research title must have 10 to 15 words.

• True
• False

During the Defense which of the following must be done last?

• Orientation from the chairman of the panel
• Evaluation
• None of the choices
• Group presentation

These are questions that are answerable by yes or no. This is?

• Yes or No questions
• None of the choices
• Open-ended questions
• Non-re searchable questions

What do you call the propositions taken to be true based upon the presupposition without preponderance of the facts?

• Hypothesis of the study
• None of the choices
• Assumptions of the Study

The __ is a complete set of persons or objects that posses some common characteristics that are of interest to the researcher.

• population

In refers to the number of individuals or cases located in each category on the scale of measurement.

• Frequency distribution
• Dsipersion
• Mean
• Measures of central tendency

The word theory is derived from the Latin word, theoria, which means “vision.”

• True
• False

What is the term for middlemost value in a distribution below or above in which exactly 50% of cases are found is called medium.

• mean and median
• mean
• median
• mode

This element of Theoretical framework contains theories that are partially or fully related to the present study are discussed to serve as a backgrounder on the variables being investigated.

• Conceptual Framework
• Relevant theories
• review of related studies

In writing the introduction, review of related theories are not necessary for they are to be discussed in the chapter 2 of the thesis.

• True
• False

Factor-relating questions isolate, categorize, describe, or name factors and situations.

• True
• False

The sources of stress are related to the different coping mechanisms among businessmen. This statement is an example of what kind of hypothesis?

• simple
• Null
• non directional
• Alternative

Which of the following is not true about Research title?

• It must be self-explanatory
• None of the choices
• Title should summarize the main idea of the paper
• It must include the major variable/s

External support is also an essential element to look into in determining whether a research is feasible or not.

• True
• False

Equivalent test is an expression of how scores from the test are correlated with an external criterion.

• True
• False

__ involves tabulating, depicting, and describing a collection of data.

• Descriptive statistics

Systematic sampling is a method of selecting every nth element of the population e.g., every fifth, eighth, ninth, or eleventh element.

• True
• False

This paradigm is used when the researcher is presenting an original paradigm. The requirement is that it must be scientific.

• None of the choices
• CP (criterion-predictor) model.
• –P models stands for additional box
• POM (proposed original model)

Chart is used to describe the relations between and among parts of a group, or object or the sequence of operations in a process; a chart is usually a box connected with lines or arrows.

• True
• False

They are adopted as a premise to the solution of the problem under study. This is _______?

• Assumptions of the study
• Conceptual Framework
• Definition of terms

It is very significant to note that the researcher must be totally aware of the purpose of the research problem.

• True
• False

__ is a tentative prediction about the relationship between two or more variables in a population under the study.

• Hypothesis

The following are essential elements of the Research Methodology except,

• none of the choices
• Research locale
• statistical treatment
• research design

Mode is the most frequently occurring score in a distribution.

• True
• False

• It can be used for samples composed of at least 30 elements.
• It is used to compare two means: the sample mean and the perceived population mean
• Also known as the analysis of variance
• This is used in predicting the value of y given the value of x

The following are elements of the Problem and Its Background except,

• Statement of the Problem
• Statistical Treatment
• introduction
• Scope and Delimitation

Situation-producing question answers the "How can I make it happen" questions.

• True
• False

Which is true about Qualitative Research?

• gather empirical evidences
• it uses numeric information that results from some type of formal measurement
• none of the choices
• deals with the issue of human complexity by exploring it directly

What type of a sampling in which all the members of the entire population are given a chance of being selected?

• Simple random sampling
• Non-probability sampling
• Convenience sampling
• Probability sampling

What is the required spacing for thesis writing content?

• 1.0
• 1.5
• 2.0
• 0.5

Title page has the following contents except,

• Title
• Approval Sheet
• Name/s of research proponent/s
• Degree Program

It is a traditional practice that the review of related literature is divided into foreign and local.

• True
• False

Percentage is the proportion expressed in % (proportion x 100).

• True
• False

What is the one-page diagrammatic presentation of the variables of the thesis for easy understanding?

It provides exact values and can illustrate effects efficiency as it enables the researcher to present a large amount of data in a small amount of space.

• all of the above
• picture
• table
• graph

In Unstructured Observation, the researcher devices a checklist as a data collection tool in which expected behaviors of interest have been specified.

• True
• False

It is very significant to note that the researcher must be totally aware of the purpose of the study or research problem.

• True
• False

During the Defense which of the following the researchers must do first?

• Evaluation
• Orientation from the chairman of the panel
• Group presentation

What is the method of choosing samples in which all the members of the population are given an equal chance of being selected?

• stratefied
• Simple Random
• Purposive
• Convenience

What element of research methodology explains the specific type of research instrument that will be used such a questionnaire, checklist, questionnaire-checklist, interview schedule, teacher-devised test, and the like?

• None of the choices
• Statistical Treatment
• Instrument of the study
• Reseach design

What is the hypothesis that always expressed affirmatively and is called substantive or scientific hypothesis?

• Research hypothesis

When a term is defined according to how it is used in the study, then it is operationally defined.

• True
• False

This technique is used to analyze primary or secondary sources that are available mostly in rural health units, hospitals, or community halls.

• questionnaire
• Observation
• Documentary analysis

When a study investigates the common causes of absences, the content of the instrument must focus on these variables and indicators. This is called reliability.

• True
• False

Asking the level of performance is considered as?

• Situation-relating questions
• Situation-producing question
• Factor-Isolating Questions
• Factor-relating questions

Which is true about Experimental research?

• This is ideal for the traditional research approach
• concerned primarily with cause and effect relationships
• It frequently uses a deductive or theory-testing approach.
• concerned with the use of numbers and statistical analyses

The question "What relationships and interrelationships are observed between and among the following variables?" is what kind of research question?

• None of the choices
• Open-ended question
• Factor Relating question
• Factor-Isolating Questions

The studies can be in the form of theses, dissertations, or journal articles, among others. These are not considered as research literature.

• True
• False

Good table is consistent with and is drawn in the same style/ similar figure in the same article, that is, lettering is of the same size and typeface.

• True
• False

This part showcases the data for easy understanding of the reader.

• Interpretation
• Discussion
• Presentation of data
• Analyis

Approval sheet contains the following except,

• The approval of the date and the venue where the defense must be conducted
• The acceptance of the department and of the academic office.
• The approval of the adviser that the thesis proposal is complete and the recommendation for oral examination
• The approval of the panel of examiners that the thesis proposal has been examined

There are three generally types of questions formulated in research.These are non researchable question, researchable question and open-ended questions.

• True
• False

What do you call the factor-naming questions?

• Factor-related questions
• Factor-naming questions
• Factor-isolating questions
• Factor-researcher questions

The introduction is very important in establishing the affective setting of the research.

• True
• False

What is this kind of hypothesis that is always expressed as a negative statement?

• Null
• Non directional
• simple
• Alternative

Purposive sampling is also called accidental or incidental sampling.

• True
• False

• it is simply stated, devoid of any elaborated discussion of the findings.
• It summarizes the principal features of the study.
• all the choices are correct
• The researcher’s final recommendation is addressed to other researchers who may want to pursue similar studies

An example of this question is "How can catering services be organized to promote job satisfaction? What type of Research question is this?

• situation-relating question
• situation-producing question
• factor-relating questions
• Non researchable questions

Experience, training, and professional qualifications falls under what criteria?

• None of the choices
• Both External and Internal Criteria
• External Criteria
• Internal Criteria

• It can be used for samples composed of at least 30 elements
• This is used in predicting the value of y given the value of x
• It is used when there is a significant relationship between x and y variables.
• this is used when comparing the means of two or more independent groups

The traits of middle level managers do not significantly affect the productivity level of crews in food chains. This is an example of alternative hypothesis.

• True
• False

What kind of internal consistency is a method of establishing internal consistency in which a test is given only once to the respondents?

• none of the choices
• Kuder-Richardson
• item-total correlation
• Split-half

What branch of statistics involves making generalizations about the population through a sample drawn from it?

• both inferential and descriptive
• Descriptive statistics
• none of the choices
• Inferential statistics

It is used to represent simple quantitative differences between groups?

• pie graph
• Bar graph
• line graph
• Pictorial graph

What is the sponsorship by a department or the institution itself in the gathering of data and defraying the cost of the study?