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Information Assurance and Security 2

Is the practice of assuring information and managing risks related to the use, processing, storage, and transmission of information.

ugrd-it6206

security

computer science

information technology

history

security assurance

agency

knowledge

information

data

integrity

availability

authenticity

non-repudiation

confidentiality

CIA stands for __, integrity, and availability and these are the three main objectives of information security.

  • CONFIDENTIALITY

The framework within which an organization strives to meet its needs for information security is codified as __.

  • SECURITY POLICY

IT is the ___________________for practical purposes, largely for industry (mainframes, supercomputers, datacentres, servers, PCs and mobile devices as endpoints for worker interaction) and consumers (PCs, mobile devices, IoT devices, and video game console endpoints for enduser lifestyles.)

  • application of computer science

The __ Layer describes the notion that access to infrastructure components has to be constrained to business ought-to-know. For instance, access to servers.

  • INFRASTRUCTURE ACCESS

__ are the mechanisms and techniques—administrative, procedural, and technical—that are instituted to implement a security policy.

  • MANAGEMENT CONTROLS

An effective __ controls is needed to cover all aspects of information security, including physical security, classification of information, the means of recovering from breaches of security, and above all training to instill awareness and acceptance by people.

  • PROGRAM OF MANAGEMENT

A principle which is a core requirement of information security for the safe utilization, flow, and storage of information is the __.

  • CIA TRIAD

Both individuals need to know what data is most critical to the organization so they can focus on placing the right ____________________ and monitoring controls on that data.

  • cyber risk management

Тhe concept of layers illustrates that data communications and __ are designated to function in a layered manner, transferring the data from one layer to the next.

  • COMPUTER NETWORK PROTOCOL

Second Reason why investing in information security is significant

  • [No Answer]

The __ Layer describes the notion that data ought to be secured while in motion.

  • DATA IN MOTION

Because ratings are easy to understand, they are a useful mechanism for ____________________ and vendor risk to a non-technical audience in the C-suite, boardroom, or with the vendor in question.

  • communicating internal

What jobs in information security is this? Salary: $103,560 Responsibilities: Software developers can be tasked with a wide range of responsibilities that may include designing parts of computer programs and applications and designing how those pieces work together.

  • SOFTWARE DEVELOPER

__ is another way of saying “data security.”

  • INFORMATION SECURITY

Computer security and cybersecurity are both children of ______________________.

  • information security

Info security is concerned with making sure data in any form is kept secure and is a bit broader than __.

  • CYBERSECURITY

Fourth Reason why investing in information security is significant

  • [No Answer]

The __ principle dictates that information should solely be viewed by people with appropriate and correct privileges.

  • CONFIDENTIALITY

Third Reason why investing in information security is significant

  • PROLIFERATION OF IOT DEVICES

One can implement that policy by taking specific actions guided by management control principles and utilizing specific security standards, procedures, and __.

  • MECHANISMS

The __ Layer describes the notion that the physical access to any system, server, computer, data center, or another physical object storing confidential information has to be constrained to business ought-to-know.

  • PHYSICAL ACCESS

__ is a requirement whose purpose is to keep sensitive information from being disclosed to unauthorized recipients.

  • CONFIDENTIALITY

sing this high-level, objectively-derived data can simplify the ______________________ around risk.

  • conversation

For a __, the chief concern may be ensuring the confidentiality of classified information, whereas a funds transfer system may require strong integrity controls.

  • NATIONAL DEFENSE SYSTEM

__ : assuring that information and programs are changed only in a specified and authorized manner.

  • INTEGRITY

The __ Layer describes the notion that access to end-user applications have to be constrained to business ought-to-know.

  • APPLICATION ACCESS

What jobs in information security is this? Salary: $139,000 Responsibilities: Information systems managers work toward ensuring a company's tech is capable of meeting their IT goals.

  • COMPUTER AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS MANAGERS

__ is all about protecting data that is found in electronic form (such as computers, servers, networks, mobile devices, etc.) from being compromised or attacked.

  • CYBERSECURITY

Fifth Reason why investing in information security is significant

  • REGULATORY COMPLIANCES

If your data is stored physically or digitally, you need to be sure you have all the right ____________________ in place to prevent unauthorized individuals from gaining access.

  • physical access controls

The __ must be managed by auditing, backup, and recovery procedures supported by general alertness and creative responses.

  • RESIDUAL RISK

___________________ or security ratings are the cyber equivalent of a credit score.

  • Cybersecurity ratings

What jobs in information security is this? Salary: $104,000 Responsibilities: Create an in-office network for a small business or a cloud infrastructure for a business with corporate locations in cities on opposite coasts.

  • COMPUTER NETWORK ARCHITECTS

Keeping information___________________ electronic computers (such as ancient cryptography) to this very day falls under the banner of information security.

  • secure for the history of data predating

__ consists of changing the data located in files into unreadable bits of characters unless a key to decode the file is provided.

  • ENCRYPTION

A __ that must be restored within an hour after disruption represents, and requires, a more demanding set of policies and controls than does a similar system that need not be restored for two to three days.

  • SYSTEM

__ may prevent people from doing unauthorized things but cannot prevent them from doing things that their job functions entitle them to do.

  • TECHNICAL MEASURES

The aim of __ is to ensure that information is hidden from people unauthorized to access it.

  • CONFIDENTIALITY

The need for skilled workers and allocation of funds for security within their budget: Companies are making the effort to allocate more funds in their budgets for security.

  • True
  • False

__ : controlling who gets to read information.

  • CONFIDENTIALITY

The establishment of the __ rotor machine and the subsequent emergence of electronics and computing enabled the usage of much more elaborate schemes and allowed confidentiality to be protected much more effectively.

  • ENIGMA

Feeling confident about their organization's security level: When information security community members participated in the Cybersecurity Trends Report, they were asked how positive they felt about their security stance.

  • True
  • False

20 different risk markers grouped under five main categories

  • Security, Medical, Political, Island and Infrastructural Risks
  • Security, Medical, Political, Environmental and Infrastructural Risks
  • System , Medical, Political, Environmental and Infrastructural Risks
  • Security, Government, Political, Environmental and Infrastructural Risks

The weight given to each of the three major requirements describing needs for information security—confidentiality, integrity, and availability—depends strongly on __.

  • CIRCUMSTANCES

Disruptions in their day-to-day business: Time is money.

  • True
  • False

As regards to __, its means of protection are somewhat similar – access to the area where the information is kept may be granted only with the proper badge or any different form of authorization, it can be physically locked in a safe or a file cabinet, there could be access controls, cameras, security, etc.

  • PHYSICAL DATA

Over the last decade, we’ve seen a _________________ between cybersecurity and information security, as these previously siloed positions have come together.

  • fusion

What jobs in information security is this? Salary: $95,510 Responsibilities: Information security analysts monitor their companies' computer networks to combat hackers and compile reports of security breaches.

  • INFORMATION SECURITY ANALYST

To continue, confidentiality can be easily breached so each employee in an organization or company should be aware of his responsibilities in maintaining confidentiality of the __ delegated to him for the exercise of his duties.

  • INFORMATION

An __ must have administrative procedures in place to bring peculiar actions to the attention of someone who can legitimately inquire into the appropriateness of such actions, and that person must actually make the inquiry.

  • ORGANIZATION

In any particular circumstance, some threats are more probable than others, and a __ must assess the threats, assign a level of concern to each, and state a policy in terms of which threats are to be resisted.

  • PRUDENT POLICY SETTER

The requirements for applications that are connected to __ will differ from those for applications without such interconnection.

  • EXTERNAL SYSTEMS

__ : assuring that authorized users have continued access to information and resources.

  • AVAILABILITY

A major conclusion of this report is that the lack of a clear __ of security policy for general computing is a major impediment to improved security in computer systems.

  • ARTICULATION

Early disclosure may jeopardize __ advantage, but disclosure just before the intended announcement may be insignificant.

  • COMPETITIVE

Ensuring proper HTTPS implementation for an e-commerce website or mobile app falls under cybersecurity and computer security, so it’s ___________________.

  • information security

Computers are __ entities, and programs can be changed in a twinkling, so that past happiness is no predictor of future bliss.

  • ACTIVE

As viruses have escalated from a hypothetical to a commonplace threat, it has become necessary to rethink such policies in regard to methods of distribution and acquisition of __.

  • SOFTWARE

A __ is a concise statement, by those responsible for a system (e.g., senior management), of information values, protection responsibilities, and organizational commitment.

  • SECURITY POLICY

The contemporary __ differs substantially from the classic one, which used pen and paper for encryption and which was far less complex.

  • CRYPTOGRAPHY

Some __ are explicitly concerned with protecting information and information systems, but the concept of management controls includes much more than a computer's specific role in enforcing security.

  • MANAGEMENT CONTROLS

Cybersecurity professionals traditionally understand the technology, firewalls, and intrusion protection systems needed, but weren’t necessarily brought up in the ___________________.

  • data evaluation business

Computer security and cybersecurity are completely ___________________, and require digital computer technology from 1946’s ENIAC to now.

  • interchangeable terms

With __ attacks, for example, even legitimate and honest users of an owner mechanism can be tricked into disclosing secret data.

  • TROJAN HORSE

First Reason why investing in information security is significant

  • RISING COST OF BREACHES

Information is one of the most significant __ resources.

  • NON-SUBSTANTIAL

The process to protect that data requires more advanced __.

  • IT SECURITY TOOL

__ was stored in servers in multiple areas, leaving us open to risk.

  • [No Answer]

In some scenarios, an __________________ would help a cybersecurity professional prioritize data protection — and then the cybersecurity professional would determine the best course of action for the data protection.

  • information security professional

Business partners and investors are increasingly aware of the importance of this topic, and companies are asked regularly about their effectiveness in securing data and managing both ___________________.

  • physical and cyber risk

IT security can probably be used interchangeably with cybersecurity, computer security and information security if ___________________.

  • it pertains to business

To be useful, a __ must not only state the security need (e.g., for confidentiality—that data shall be disclosed only to authorized individuals), but also address the range of circumstances under which that need must be met and the associated operating standards.

  • SECURITY POLICY
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