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Ethics

A branch of philosophy that "involves systematizing, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior" these fields comprise the branch of philos

rape

stealing

murder

assault

slander

fraud

veracity

fidelity

procedural justice

nonmeleficence

beneficence

morality

abortion

religion

family

law

cultures

babel

idealism

war

education

general

A kind of duty that includes moral duty of citizens to obey state laws and eternal laws

Concepts of Functionalism
Concepts of Functionalism
  • Positive Duty
  • Negative Duty
  • Natural Duty
  • Affirmative Duty

_______________is formed by people's decisions in relation to how a person would think, feel and react

  • Virtues
  • Morals
  • Faculties
  • Passions

A qualification of human act is that decisions are made and coerced because of outside

  • True
  • False

___________________ is kind of value that is focused on physical survival and growth

  • Biological Values
  • Psychological Values
  • Intellectual Values
  • Moral Values

_________________whether formal or informal is a never-ending process and is the foundation of man's moral, intellectual and physical capacities.

  • Logic
  • Education
  • Ethics
  • Psychology

Fundamentalists see other religious beliefs are biased and contrary to their fundamental beliefs are considered "heretic".

  • True
  • False

A country's flag or national anthem is an example of symbolic objectives

  • True
  • False

Not everything moral is legal and not everything legal is moral.

  • True
  • False

St. Thomas Aquinas was a Dominican Theologian

  • True
  • False

Which of the folliwng is NOT true about human acts

  • Human acts are done willfully
  • Human acts are justified according to its quality
  • Humans acts innately aimed at doing good
  • Human acts are done willingly

What affects the mental development of humans?

  • Parents and Siblings
  • Environment
  • Education
  • Quality of Life

A type of Courage characterized by being open to feelings and is correlated to happiness.

  • Social Courage
  • Intellectual Courage
  • Emotional Courage
  • Physical Courage

___________________ is kind of value that is focused the formation of ones character

  • Intellectual Values
  • Moral Values
  • Biological Values
  • Psychological Values

___________________ is an entitlement usually granted by the state on a conditional basis

  • Democracy
  • Conflicts
  • Privileges

Human rights can be given or taken away

  • True
  • False

Aristotle believes that everything has a purpose even natural of man-made objects

  • True
  • False

A type of political ideology that says n act is valid if the society where a person belongs to adheres to the understanding and beliefs

  • Socialism
  • Egalitarianism
  • Welfarism
  • Communism

A philosopher who believed that social justice is comparable to the universe I it's entirety and is moved by an invisible source

  • Plato
  • Aristotle
  • St. Tomas Aquinas
  • Socrates

Passion are innate or inherent in people

  • True
  • False

___________________ are distinctive feeling distinguished from reasoning or knowledge.

  • Virtue
  • Emotions
  • Feelings
  • Love

Natural Law tells us that it is natural for humans to achieve their ends by outside intervention and coercion

  • True
  • False

Accidental values are preferred over essential values

  • True
  • False

Free will is present and inherent in men

  • True
  • False

Which of the following statement is NOT true about laws

  • a legal order which refers to a specialized phase of social control
  • a body of rules made by the government interpreted by the courts
  • bounded by traditions and legends
  • a product of civilization

___________________is defined as taking action even if a person doubts or questions the consequences of actions.

  • Virtue
  • Courage
  • Reason
  • Emotions

Business individualism is concentrated on the profit generated by businessmen.

  • True
  • False

Aristotle is known as the Angelic Doctor because his chastity remained intact until the day of his death

  • True
  • False

A type of political ideology that advocates for an equal redistribution of wealth and power in society

  • Egalitarianism
  • Monarchy
  • Communism
  • Socialism

The Filipino psyche of colonial mentality has largely contributed to our ethical and moral standards

  • True
  • False

Globalization played a role in achieving common understanding and break the religious divide

  • True
  • False

A qualification of human act is that decisions are made and coerced because of outside factors

  • True
  • False

Provide the correct letter for the description on each stage of Moral Reasoning: A person follows laws based on ethical principles. Laws that run counter to principles are violated.

  • Stage 6: Morality of an Individual Principle and Conscience
  • Stage 2: Reward Orientation
  • Stage 5: Morality of Rights and Laws
  • Stage 3: Good Boy Morality

People do what is right as a sense of obligation to law and society, however they can be modified.

  • Stage 5: Morality of Rights and Laws
  • Stage 2: Reward Orientation
  • Stage 3: Good Boy Morality
  • Stage 6: Morality of an Individual Principle and Conscience

Moral values are paramount and lasting

  • True
  • False

A philosopher who believed that man's happiness is quantified by either pleasure and pain and nothing else. They can be measured according to the following criteria such as: intensity, duration, certainty and nearness.

  • John Stuart Mill
  • St. Tomas Aquinas
  • Jeremy Bentham
  • Aristotle

A level of moral reasoning where people use moral principles and seen as broader than any particular society

  • Pre Conventionl Morality
  • Post Conventional Morality
  • Conventional Morality
  • Standard Morality

___________________ yardstick for right conduct and good life

  • Rights
  • Justice
  • Unity
  • Ethics

Arranged marriages are common practice in Asian countries because it ensures the continuity or legacies of families

  • True
  • False

___________________ are manifestations of culture and are related to things that represent anything more than itself.

  • Morals
  • Ethics
  • Dogmas
  • Symbols

___________________is defined as an emotional state or reaction

  • Emotions
  • Feelings
  • Love
  • Virtue

___________________ are legal, social, or ethical principles of freedom or entitlement and are part of modern civilizations, and are regarded as established pillars of society and culture

  • Rights
  • Democracy
  • Conflicts
  • Privileges

What is not true about "millenials"?

  • Young Urban Professionals
  • People who resist change
  • People born from 1980-2000
  • They are the selfie generation

A thinker who proposes that culture as the complex whole which includes beliefs, arts, laws, morals, customs and habits.

  • Allan Johnson
  • Edward Taylor
  • DavidBrinkenhoff
  • Lawrence Kohlberg

____________it is the holding of two or more beliefs or concepts in a single society

  • Communism
  • Socialism
  • Pluralism
  • Fundamentalism

Ethics is the primary vehicle for men to reach the very purpose of life, the pursuit of happiness

  • True
  • False

____________ a strict belief in the literal interpretation of the religious tenet

  • Fundamentalism
  • Socialism
  • Pluralism
  • Communism

___________________ A type of human right the right that guarantee equal conditions and treatment of basic necessities.

  • Civil Rights
  • Socio-Economic Rights
  • Developmental Rights
  • Collective Rights

___________________ is the encompassing idea that provides a blue print for living

  • Feelings
  • Culture
  • Love
  • Virtue

Passion dictate and define the character of people

  • True
  • False

___________________ A type of human right the right of groups or peoples in develop in relation to rights to public assembly

  • Socio-Economic Rights
  • Cultural Rights
  • Collective Rights
  • Civil Rights

A qualification of human act is the absence of innate free will and freedom of choice.

  • True
  • False

When a person acts without full understanding and no freedom, we are made to perform acts we did not like.

  • Conditional Voluntariness
  • Imperfect Voluntariness
  • Simple Voluntariness
  • Perfect Voluntariness

Provide the correct letter for the description on each stage of Moral Reasoning: People stick to the rules to avoid punishment

  • Stage 3: Good Boy Morality
  • Stage 6: Morality of an Individual Principle and Conscience
  • Stage 5: Morality of Rights and Laws
  • Stage 1: Obedience and Punishment Orientation

Provide the correct letter for the description on each stage of Moral Reasoning: Individuals show an interest in maintaining the respect of others and is doing what is expected of them.

  • Stage 3: Good Boy Morality
  • Stage 4: Authority and Social
  • Stage 1: Obedience and Punishment Orientation
  • Stage 2: Reward Orientation

Ethics is _____________________

  • The study of Humans
  • The reasoning of human's Actions
  • The Philosophy of Life
  • Human's Decisions

___________________ are based on intellectual and moral beliefs

  • Emotions
  • Logic
  • Ethics
  • Virtues

A person follows laws based on ethical principles. Laws that run counter to principles are violated.

  • Stage 5: Morality of Rights and Laws
  • Stage 2: Reward Orientation
  • Stage 3: Good Boy Morality
  • Stage 6: Morality of an Individual Principle and Conscience

_________________is the quality of goodness or badness in a human act. In this case, we base judgement on any human act based on its ethicality

  • Psychology
  • Morality
  • Ethics
  • Logic

People conform to what is right in a society.

  • Stage 4: Authority and Social
  • Stage 5: Morality of Rights and Laws
  • Stage 2: Reward Orientation
  • Stage 6: Morality of an Individual Principle and Conscience

According to Aristotle, one cannot achieve happiness because real happiness is aimed at perfection, and no one cannot achieve perfection

  • True
  • False

Which of the following statements is NOT true

  • Ethics and morality are interchangeable
  • Ethics is innate
  • Ethics is learned
  • Man can be instrically good and bad

Morality is observed and present ONLY in humans

  • True
  • False

A type of Courage characterized by bravery at the risk of bodily harm or death.

  • Emotional Courage
  • Intellectual Courage
  • Physical Courage
  • Social Courage

Provide the correct letter for the description on each stage of Moral Reasoning: Rules are followed only for its benefits. Obedience occurred because of the rewards. It means that the doer is only after what can he gain from the actions he perform or did not perform.

  • Stage 3: Good Boy Morality
  • Stage 4: Authority and Social
  • Stage 2: Reward Orientation
  • Stage 5: Morality of Rights and Laws

_______________is the latin word that means the pwer or ability to discern

  • Moral
  • Logic
  • Ethics
  • Ratio

Moral values oftentimes are based on the ones favored by the majority

  • True
  • False

Aristotle refers to this as the ultimate reason for each thing being the way it is, regardless as to whether it was man-made or created by nature.

  • Logic
  • Virtue
  • Courage
  • Telos

A type of Courage characterized by the possibility of risking social embarrassment, exclusion or even rejection.

  • Emotional Courage
  • Social Courage
  • Intellectual Courage
  • Physical Courage

Laws are dictated by reason and intellect of the ruler in a society

  • True
  • False

Logic refers to the scientific, artistic, athletic activities in pursuit of excellence

  • True
  • False

Which is NOT a component of justice?

  • Harmony
  • Due process
  • Unity
  • Privileges

___________________is an action situation in which an individual must decide on his own even if it is against the socially,accepted norms.

  • Moral Dilemma
  • Social Act
  • Social Dilemma
  • Ethical Dilemma

Ethics is the source of good character

  • True
  • False

_______________are bodily needs and stimuli.

  • Passion
  • Feelings
  • Morals
  • Virtues

___________________ is universal, absolute and eternal according to Plato

  • Harmony
  • Justice
  • Rights
  • Unity

People display courage everyday

  • True
  • False

___________________is the theory that holds that morality is related to the tenets of a person's culture

  • Moral Relativity
  • Social Relativity
  • Cultural Relativity
  • Ethical Relativity

Proposed the idea on the sequence of moral reasoning

  • Lawrence Kohlberg
  • David Hume
  • Aristotle
  • Thomas Aquinas

Provide the correct letter for the description on each stage of Moral Reasoning: People do what is right as a sense of obligation to law and society, however they can be modified.

  • Stage 3: Good Boy Morality
  • Stage 5: Morality of Rights and Laws
  • Stage 6: Morality of an Individual Principle and Conscience
  • Stage 2: Reward Orientation

Even the most coward man can display courage

  • True
  • False

A philosopher who believed in the idea of general happiness of the people that can be felt by everyone

  • St. Tomas Aquinas
  • Jeremy Bentham
  • John Stuart Mill
  • Aristotle

_______________is under the control and intellect and will is answerabvle to such actions

  • Moral Act
  • Voluntary Act
  • Ethical Act
  • Logical Act

Moral courage involves strength of character and acting according to one's vales and beliefs

  • True
  • False

A level of moral reasoning where the concrete interests of an individual is merely rewards and punishment.

  • Post Conventional Morality
  • Conventional Morality
  • Standard Morality
  • Pre Conventionl Morality

Individuals show an interest in maintaining the respect of others and is doing what is expected of them.

  • Stage 4: Authority and Social
  • Stage 1: Obedience and Punishment Orientation
  • Stage 2: Reward Orientation
  • Stage 3: Good Boy Morality

The reasonable man is a whole man, as per Aquinas.

  • True
  • False

Physical strength, resiliency and awareness are characteristics of social courage

  • True
  • False

___________________ is an intense feeling of deep affection that is also a drive but does not necessarily have to be reciprocated are distinctive feeling distinguished from reasoning or knowledge.

  • Virtue
  • Love
  • Emotions
  • Feelings

St. Aquinas' philosophic beliefs are based on the Socratic doctrines, particularly on the Socratic method

  • True
  • False

A branch of science that deals with the study of society as well as the social order that regulates the society as a whole

  • Logic
  • Ethics
  • Sociology
  • Psychology

A branch of science that explains the cause of human actions, whether psychological or physiological

  • Logic
  • Ethics
  • Sociology
  • Psychology

Interpretation of Ethical behavior is relative and subjective

  • True
  • False

___________________is an action situation in which an individual must decide on his own even if it is against the socially accepted norms.

  • Ethical Dilemma
  • Social Dilemma
  • Moral Dilemma
  • Social Act

___________________ Courage is defined the ability to take action despite the risk of adverse consequences. actions.

  • Ethical
  • Emotional
  • Logical
  • Moral

Understanding of ethics has not changed despite the evolvement of time.

  • True
  • False

An unfortunate effect of Pluralism may be social dissolution

  • True
  • False

Human Ethics are clouded by man's self-interest that interpretation to law and order

  • True
  • False

When a person acts with full knowledge and complete freedom - we are fully aware of what we are doing

  • Imperfect Voluntariness
  • Perfect Voluntariness
  • Conditional Voluntariness
  • Simple Voluntariness

Courage is evidenced only by the ability to make ultimate sacrifices.

  • True
  • False

A philosopher who said that morality is the usage of our freedom of choice

  • Lawrence Kohlberg
  • Jeremy Bentham
  • David Hume
  • Immanuel Kant

Man is born intrinsically good

  • True
  • False

___________________ a community of persons more or less numerous permanently occupying a definite territory having a government of their own to which a great body of inhabitants render habitual obedience and enjoying freedom from external control

  • Unions
  • Government
  • Monarchs
  • State

Understanding of ethics has not changed despite the evolvement of time

  • True
  • False

Virtues motivates people

  • True
  • False

___________________ adhere to the tenet that men are to be respected because they are rational people

  • Socio-Economic Rights
  • Collective Rights
  • Cultural Rights
  • Civil Rights

An author and poet who said that courage is a silent voice at the end of the day that says "I will again try tomorrow"

  • Mary Anne Radmacher
  • Elizabeth Barrett Browning
  • Maya Angelou
  • Edgar Allan Poe

Natural law is the reflection of the Laws of God.

  • True
  • False

Pluralism embraces diversity and the removal of social political, religious or cultural divide

  • True
  • False

It is the situation when the person was forced by circumstances or under duress which he would not do under normal circumstances. Example is being extorted money by a neighborhood toughie in exchange for his "protection".

  • Imperfect Voluntariness
  • Simple Voluntariness
  • Conditional Voluntariness
  • Perfect Voluntariness

Man is the only creature who can create his/her own destiny

  • True
  • False

People stick to the rules to avoid punishment

  • Stage 3: Good Boy Morality
  • Stage 1: Obedience and Punishment Orientation
  • Stage 5: Morality of Rights and Laws
  • Stage 6: Morality of an Individual Principle and Conscience

Happiness is the central purpose human existence and a goal in itself.

  • True
  • False

___________________ is kind of value that contributes to social life like companionship, marriage, etc

  • Intellectual Values
  • Moral Values
  • Biological Values
  • Psychological Values

Rules are followed only for its benefits. Obedience occurred because of the rewards. It means that the doer is only after what can he gain from the actions he perform or did not perform.

  • Stage 2: Reward Orientation
  • Stage 3: Good Boy Morality
  • Stage 4: Authority and Social
  • Stage 5: Morality of Rights and Laws

The need to possess material things is a way to achieve infinite perfection

  • True
  • False

A type of government that advocates equality amongst people

  • Communism
  • Monarchy
  • Egalitarianism
  • Socialism

_______________ is the science of right thinking

  • Logic
  • Behavior
  • Ethics
  • Morality

A type of government that is the result of Marxist Theory on the proletariat and bourgeoisie

  • Socialism
  • Egalitarianism
  • Monarchy
  • Communism

___________________ A type of human right that is centered on political liberty and is aimed to protect individuals from the state

  • Cultural Rights
  • Collective Rights
  • Socio-Economic Rights
  • Civil Rights

Pluralism proposes linear dialogues to avoid miscommunication

  • True
  • False

___________________ is a trait or quality that is deemed to be morally good and thus is valued as a foundation of principle and good moral being.

  • Virtue
  • Emotions
  • Fee
  • Love

Oriental culture advocates students free will and that students can argue, debate and challenge their teachers

  • True
  • False

The philosophy of Immanuel Kant is derived from the Golden Rule which is:

  • The end justifies the means
  • No man is an island
  • Do not do unto others what you do not want others to do unto you
  • To err is human, to forgive is divine

The use of colors to signify certain traits like red for war, purple for royalty are examples of symbolic characteristics of objects

  • True
  • False

Happiness should be shared by all sectors of business that covers the businessmen, workers, buyers and society is the focus core idea of Business Aggregation

  • True
  • False

___________________ Is a feeling or inner voice or inner law that served as a guide to the correctness or error of one's behavior

  • Emotions
  • Virtue
  • Conscience
  • Feelings

What is the distinct characteristic of man compared to animals?

  • Survival Instinct
  • Nurturing Instinct
  • Intellect
  • Affection to offspring

A level of moral reasoning where people approach problems as members of society and would like to be a role model.

  • Pre Conventionl Morality
  • Standard Morality
  • Conventional Morality
  • Post Conventional Morality

_______________are stimuli that we get from our senses

  • Passions
  • Faculties
  • Morals
  • Virtues

Filipinos are generally more,easy going than their Asian counterparts

  • True
  • False

___________________ is the capacity for consciously making sense of things, establishing and verifying facts, applying logic, and changing or justifying practices, institutions, and beliefs based on new or existing information

  • Feelings
  • Reason
  • Emotions
  • Virtue

Proposed the idea on the sequence of moral reasoning. Conventional Morality - Pre Conventional Morality - Post Conventional Morality

  • David Hume
  • Lawrence Kohlberg
  • Thomas Aquinas
  • Aristotle

Provide the correct letter for the description on each stage of Moral Reasoning: People conform to what is right in a society.

  • Stage 6: Morality of an Individual Principle and Conscience
  • Stage 5: Morality of Rights and Laws
  • Stage 2: Reward Orientation
  • Stage 4: Authority and Social

It is the disposition of a person doing the activity regardless to his liking or not, this may be positive or negative. The former is by making him to do something while the other is to prevent or stop him from doing things.

  • Conditional Voluntariness
  • Perfect Voluntariness
  • Imperfect Voluntariness
  • Simple Voluntariness

A qualification of human act is that a person is fully be aware of what he/she is doing or what he/she will do

  • True
  • False

Virtues serve as guide or tool to correlate to the absolute truth

  • True
  • False

Which of the following if NOT the basis of human actions?

  • Moral actions are evidenced only if one is aware or conscious of his/her acts
  • People who have no morality are not guided by reasons
  • People who experienced temporary insanity are not responsible for their actions
  • Animals have no set of moral standards

A philosopher who proposes that virtues is a trait of mind or character that helps people achieve a good life

  • David Hume
  • Socrates
  • St. Thomas Aquinas
  • Aristotle

A thinker who studied and explain morality by comparing two different cultures and focused on the moral and social concepts of these two societies.

  • David Hume
  • Lawrence Kohlberg
  • Emma Butchel
  • Jeremy Bentham

Aristotle is known as the Angelic Doctor because his chastity remained intact until the day of his death.

  • True
  • False

___________________ is kind of value that develops a man mental fulfillment like truth, science, art and religion

  • Psychological Values
  • Biological Values
  • Intellectual Values
  • Moral Values

Aristotle believed that life has a purpose and it is called ____________

  • Virtue
  • Eudemonia
  • Telos
  • Empathos

According to Aquinas human happiness can ultimately be found in God ALONE.

  • True
  • False