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Financial Accounting and Reporting

Provides financial information of an entity to external users in order to enable them to take relevant decisions based on the entity's financial performance.

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When an investor uses the cost method to account for an investment in common stock, cash dividends are classified by the investor as:

Financial Reporting and Analysis Qu...
Financial Reporting and Analysis Quiz | Examsegg
  • Dividend income.
  • A return of capital.
  • A deduction from the investment account.
  • A loss.

Which of the following is a characteristic of intangible assets?

  • They are shown net of accumulated depreciation.
  • There is certainty about their future benefits.
  • They are recorded at cost.
  • They must be developed internally.

On July 1, year 1, a company obtained a two-year 8% note receivable for services rendered. At that time the market rate of interest was 10%. The face amount of the note and the entire amount of the interest are due on June 30, year 3. Interest receivable at December 31, year 1, was

  • 4% of the face value of the note.
  • 5% of the July 1, year 1, present value of the amount due June 30, year 3.
  • 4% of the July 1, year 1, present value of the amount due June 30, year 3.
  • 5% of the face value of the note.

Which of the following would not be reported as inventory?

  • Partially completed goods held by a manufacturing company
  • Land acquired for resale by a real estate firm
  • Stocks and bonds held for resale by a brokerage firm
  • Machinery acquired by a manufacturing company for use in the production process

Wilkinson Corporation factored, with guarantee (recourse), P400,000 of accounts receivable with Huskie Financing. The finance charge is 3%, and 5% was retained to cover sales discounts, sales returns, and sales allowances. What amount of cash would Wilkinson receive on the sale of receivables?

  • P380,000.
  • P400,000.
  • P388,000.
  • P368,000.

Which item found on a bank reconciliation would not involve an adjustment to the bank statement?

  • Deposits in transit.
  • Outstanding checks.
  • Bank service charge.
  • A deposit credited to the company's account error.

Which is not valid with respect to revaluation of property?

  • The entire class of property, plant and equipment should be revalued.
  • A class of assets may be revalued on a rolling basis provided the revaluation is completed within a short period of time and kept up to date.
  • The items within a class of property, plant and equipment are revalued selectively.
  • A class of property, plant and equipment is a grouping of assets of similar use and nature.

A revaluation decrease

  • is debited to retained earnings
  • is always debited to revaluation surplus
  • is always debited to revaluation loss
  • is debited to revaluation surplus to the extent that the decrease does not exceed the amount held in the revaluation surplus in respect of that same asset

Other financial assets excluded from the scope of PAS 39 and addressed under other PFRS are the following except:

  • Employee benefit plans
  • Leases
  • Subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures
  • Business Separations

Assets purchased on long-term credit contracts should be recorded at the present value of the consideration exchanged.

  • Flase
  • True

On July 1, 2017, an entity obtained a two-year 8% note receivable for services rendered. At that time, the market rate of interest was 10%. The face amount of the note and the entire amount of interest are due on June 30, 2019. Interest receivable on December 31, 2017 was

  • 4% of the July 1, 2017 present value of the amount due on June 30, 2019
  • 5% of the July 1, 2017 present value of the amount due on June 30, 2019
  • 5% of the face value of the note
  • 4% of the face value of the note

_____________ is comprised of growth, degeneration, production, and procreation that cause qualitative or quantitative changes in a biological asset

  • Agricultural activity
  • Biological transformation
  • Biological Asset
  • Management activity

When the equity method is used to account for investments in common stock, which of the following affects the investors reported investment income?

  • Equipment amortization related to purchase (No); Cash dividends from investee (No)
  • Equipment amortization related to purchase (Yes); Cash dividends from investee (No)
  • Equipment amortization related to purchase (No); Cash dividends from investee (Yes)
  • Equipment amortization related to purchase (Yes); Cash dividends from investee (Yes)

The required disclosures for the impairment of long-lived assets include all of the following except;

  • The recommendation of the auditor, signed and dated as of the date of discovery.
  • The amount of the impairment loss and how fair value was determined.
  • The business segment(s) affected, if applicable.
  • The facts and circumstances leading to the impairment.

Which of the following should be considered as cash in the balance sheet?

  • IOUs from officers to be deducted from their salaries of the following month
  • NSF checks
  • Post dated checks received
  • Undelivered checks

When the allowance method of recognizing bad debt expense is used, the allowance for doubtful accounts would decrease when

  • Account previously written off is collected
  • Specific uncollectible account is written off
  • Specific account receivable is collected
  • Account previously written off becomes collectible

What should happen when the financial statements of an associate are not prepared to the same date as the investors accounts?

  • The financial statements of the associate prepared up to a different accounting date will be used as normal.
  • As long as the gap is not greater than three months, there is no problem
  • The associate should prepare financial statements for the use of the investor at the same date as those of the investor
  • Any major transactions between the date of the financial statements of the investor and that of the associate should be accounted for.

Significant change in the market value of trading securities occurring after the balance sheet date should

  • Not be considered in the valuation of the securities at the balance sheet date but disclosed in the notes to the financial statements
  • Result in an adjustment of the market value used in the lower of cost or market valuation at balance sheet date
  • Be considered in the valuation of securities at balance sheet date and disclosed in the notes to the financial statements
  • Be treated as a prior period error in next year's financial statements

Two independent companies, Hager Co. and Shaw Co., are in the home building business. Each owns a tract of land held for development, but each would prefer to build on the other's land. They agree to exchange their land. An appraiser was hired, and from her report and the companies' records, the following information was obtained: Hager's Land Shaw's Land Cost and book value P192,000 P120,000 Fair value based upon appraisal 240,000 210,000 The exchange was made, and based on the difference in appraised fair values, Shaw paid P30,000 to Hager. The exchange lacked commercial substance. The new land should be recorded on Shaw's books at

  • P240,000.
  • P210,000.
  • P120,000.
  • P150,000.

The determination of the value or settlement amount of a derivative involves a calculation which uses: I. An underlying. II. A notional amount.

  • Neither I nor II.
  • Both I and II.
  • I only.
  • II only.

Bonds which may be called in or redeemed by the issuing entity prior to their date of maturity

  • Callable bonds
  • Convertible bonds
  • Bearer Bonds
  • Serial bonds

Which of the following describes the appropriate accounting for intangible assets with finite useful lives?

  • The cost of the asset is amortized over 40 years.
  • The cost of the asset is not amortized but is periodically tested for impairment.
  • The cost of the asset is amortized over its useful life and the asset is never tested for impairment.
  • The cost of the asset is amortized over its useful life and the asset is periodically tested for impairment.

Companies should test indefinite life intangible assets at least annually for:

  • recoverability.
  • estimated useful life
  • amortization.
  • impairment.

If a sinking fund is used to purchase securities, the sinking fund

  • Decreases when revenue is earned on the securities
  • Is not affected by revenue earned on the securities
  • Decreases when the securities are purchased
  • Increases when revenue is earned on the securities

When a corporation pays a note payable and interest,

  • they will debit Cash.
  • they will debit Notes Payable and interest expense.
  • the account Interest Expense will be decreased.
  • the account Notes Payable will be increased.

The discount or premium is amortized to interest revenue over thee term of the note using the

  • Stated interest method
  • Effective interest method
  • Allowance method
  • Straight line method

Bonds which give the bondholders the right to exchange their bonds for share capital of the issuing entity at any time prior to maturity.

  • Serial bonds
  • Convertible bonds
  • Callable bonds
  • Bearer Bonds

The entry to replenish the petty cash fund for P100 of various minor expenditures would include a____?

  • debit to Petty Cash
  • credit to Petty Cash
  • credit to Cash
  • debit to Cash

Simpson Company applies revaluation accounting to plant assets with a carrying value of P800,000, a useful life of 4 years, and no salvage value. Depreciation is calculated on the straight-line basis. At the end of year 1, independent appraisers determine that the asset has a fair value of P750,000. The journal entry to record depreciation for year one will include a

  • debit to Accumulated Depreciation for P200, 000.
  • credit to Accumulated Depreciation for P50,000.
  • debit to Depreciation Expense for P50,000.
  • debit to Depreciation Expense for P200,000.

Which of the following nonmonetary exchange transactions represents a culmination of the earning process?

  • Exchange of products by companies in the same line of business with no difference in future cash flows.
  • Exchange of assets with no difference in future cash flows.
  • Exchange of assets with a difference in future cash flows.
  • Exchange of an equivalent interest in similar productive assets that causes the companies involved to remain in essentially the same economic position.

Morgan Manufacturing Company has the following account balances at year end: Office supplies 4,000 Raw materials 27,000 Work-in-process 59,000 Finished goods 73,000 Prepaid insurance 6,000 What amount should Morgan report as inventories in its statement of financial position?

  • 76,000
  • 158,000
  • 162,000
  • 72,000

After being held for 30 days, a 90-day, 15 percent interest-bearing note receivable was discounted at a bank at 18 percent. The proceeds received form the bank upon discounting would be the:

  • Maturity value less the discount at 18%
  • Maturity value less the discount at 15%
  • Face value less the discount at 18%
  • Face value less the discount at 15%

Jae Corporation purchased land for P100,000. Jae is holding the land for future use and appropriately classifies the land as investment property. Jae prepares its financial statements in accordance with PFRS. What valuation model(s) may Jae use to report the land?

  • Fair value model or revaluation model.
  • Cost model or fair value model.
  • Fair value through profit or loss or revaluation model.
  • Cost model or revaluation model.

The commonly used method in accounting for sales discount is

  • Aging method
  • Net method
  • Allowance method
  • Gross method

Which of the following is required before a transfer of receivables can be recorded as a sale?

  • The transferor maintains continuing involvement
  • The transferee can pledge or sell the transferred receivables.
  • The transferor has not kept effective control over the transferred receivables through a repurchase agreement.
  • The transferred receivables are beyond the reach of the transferor and its creditors.

XYZ Industries, a company who uses GAAP reporting standards, is installing a new plant. The company has incurred the following costs 1. Operating losses before commercial production P 200,000 2. Cost of the plant 1,500,000 3. Initial delivery and handling charges 300,000 4. Cost of site preparation 175,000 Which of these costs can XYZ capitalize in accordance with GAAP?

  • 1, 2, & 4
  • 2 & 4
  • 1, 2, 3, & 4
  • 2, 3, & 4

What is an imputed interest?

  • Interest based on implicit rate
  • Interest based on average interest rate
  • Interest based on stated rate
  • Interest based on bank rate

An entity neglected to amortize the premium on outstanding bonds payable. What is the effect of the failure to record premium amortization on interest expense and bond carrying value, respectively?

  • Overstate and understate
  • Understate and overstate
  • Understate and understate
  • Overstate and overstate

For a bond issue which sells for less than its par value the market rate of interest is

  • Higher than rate stated on the bond
  • Dependent on rate stated on the bond
  • Less than rate stated on the bond
  • Equal to rate stated on the bond

An asset meets the identifiability criterion in the definition of an intangible when I. It is separable, meaning the asset is capable of being separated from the entity and sold, transferred licensed, rented or exchanged. II. It arises from contractual or other legal rights regardless whether or not those rights are transferable or separable from the entity or from other rights and obligations.

  • I only
  • Both I and II
  • II only
  • Neither I nor II

Debit always means

  • increase.
  • none of these.
  • right side of an account.
  • decrease.

Which of the following would be classified as a product that is the result of processing after harvest?

  • Wool
  • Cotton
  • Bananas
  • Cheese

Which of the following risks are inherent in an interest rate swap agreement? I. The risk of exchanging a lower interest rate for a higher interest rate. II. The risk of nonperformance by the counter party to the agreement.

  • I only.
  • II only.
  • Both I and II.
  • Neither I nor II.

The payment of accounts payable made after the close of the accounting period are recorded as if it were made at the end of the current.

  • Window dressing
  • Fishing
  • Lapping
  • Kiting

On January 1, 2007, Russell Company purchased a copyright for P1,000,000, having an estimated useful life of 16 years. In January 2011, Russell paid P150,000 for legal fees in a successful defense of the copyright. Copyright amortization expense for the year ended December 31, 2011, should be

  • P62,500.
  • P0.
  • P71,875.
  • P75,000.

Adjustments to the carrying amount of the investment in associate may be necessary for changes in the investors proportionate interest in the investee arising from changes in the investees equity that have not been recognized in the investees profit or loss. Which of the following may not necessitate an adjustment to the investment in associate account?

  • Changes in valuation of the associates FVOCI securities.
  • Changes in revaluation surplus of associate.
  • Changes in the actuarial gains and losses of the associate not amortized through the corridor approach.

Which disclosure is not required with respect to intangible assets?

  • Fair value of similar intangible assets used by its competitors
  • Useful lives of the intangible assets
  • Contractual commitments for the acquisition of intangbile assets
  • Reconciliation of carrying amount at the beginning and the end of the year

When the revaluation model is used for reporting plant, property, and equipment, the gain or loss should be included in

  • A revaluation surplus account in other comprehensive income.
  • An extraordinary gain or loss on the income statement.
  • Income for the period.
  • Gain from revaluation on the income statement.

Losses recognized currently, due to market decline, that are connected with purchase commitments should be

  • Subtracted from ending inventory.
  • Presented as current liability
  • Presented as an appropriation of retained earnings.
  • Correct answer not given.

An entity has an asset that was classified as held for sale. However, the criteria for it to remain as held for sale no longer apply. The entity should therefore

  • recognize the noncurrent asset at its carrying amount prior to its classification as held for sale as adjusted for subsequent depreciation, amortization, or revaluation.
  • leave the noncurrent asset in the financial statements at its current carrying value.
  • measure the noncurrent asset at the lower of its carrying amount before the asset was classified as held for sale (as adjusted for subsequent depreciation, amortization, or revaluations) and its recoverable amount at the date of the decision not to sell.
  • remeasure the noncurrent asset at fair value.

When property, plant and equipment are recorded at revalued amount, charging depreciation on the appraisal increase to the revaluation surplus is not acceptable because:

  • Taxable income will be overstated.
  • There will be no proper matching of revenue and costs.
  • Depreciation charges in the income statement will not be consistent with the valuation of property, plant and equipment in the balance sheet.
  • There will be no systematic allocation of the appraisal increase.

A company has a tangible operational asset and company officials are attempting to determine whether the asset needs to be tested for possible impairment of its value. Which of the following would not indicate a need to make such a test?

  • Construction of the asset was at a cost significantly higher than anticipated.
  • The use of the asset has been significantly changed during the current year.
  • The company has undergone operational losses for each of the last two years.
  • The asset is being depreciated over a life of 20 years but company officials now assume that it will be sold well before the end of that time.

A deficiency in cash control that may conceal cash shortage through bank-to-bank transactions.

  • Window dressing
  • Lapping
  • Kiting
  • Defalcation

In which of the following does X have significant influence?

  • X owns 15% of the voting shares of ABC Co., all other shares are held in very small blocks and therefore X has representatives in the board of directors.
  • X owns 80% of Y, and Y owns 40% of Z. In Ys separate financial statements, the investment in Z is classified as held for sale in accordance with PFRS 5.
  • X owns 30% of the preference shares of Z Co.
  • X owns 30% of the voting shares of ABC Co., the other 60% is held by Y and all seats on the board of directors are appointed by Y.

Select the incorrect statement.

  • Select one:
  • The equity method of accounting for long-term investments in equity securities is based on the presumption that the investor owns a sufficient number of the outstanding voting shares of another company to exercise significant influence over the operating and financial policies of the other company.
  • Under the equity method of accounting for long-term investments in equity securities, the investor's investment account is decreased by all cash dividends received from the investee.
  • The net cumulative unrealized gains and losses on investments in equity securities classified as FVOCI and are accounted for under the cost method are usually measured by the difference between cost and current selling price.
  • The cost method of accounting for an investment in a subsidiary recognizes the legal fact that the parent and subsidiary are one economic unit.

Colt Football Co. had a player contract with Watts that is recorded in its books at P3,600,000 on July 1, 2016. Day Football Co. had a player contract with Kurtz that is recorded in its books at P4,500,000 on July 1, 2016. On this date, Colt traded Watts to Day for Kurtz and paid a cash difference of P450,000. The fair value of the Kurtz contract was P5,400,000 on the exchange date. The exchange had no commercial substance. After the exchange, the Kurtz contract should be recorded in Colt's books at;

  • P4,500,000.
  • P5,400,000.
  • P4,050,000.
  • P4,950,000.

Usually, an investment of 20 to 50 percent in another company's voting stock is reported under the:

  • full consolidation method
  • cost method
  • fair value method
  • equity method

All costs incurred in the construction of a plant building, from excavation to completion, should be considered as part of the asset's cost. The appropriate attribute to use when measuring land currently used in the business is

  • Historical cost.
  • Current market value.
  • Net realizable value.
  • Current cost.

During 2016, Kimmel Co. incurred average accumulated expenditures of P400,000 during construction of assets that qualified for capitalization of interest. The only debt outstanding during 2016 was a P500,000, 10%, 5-year note payable dated January 1, 2014. What is the amount of interest that should be capitalized by Kimmel during 2016?

  • P0.
  • P40,000.
  • P10,000.
  • P50,000.

On April 1, 2015, Verlin Co. purchased new machinery for P240,000. The machinery has an estimated useful life of five years, and depreciation is computed by the sum-of-the-years'-digits method. The accumulated depreciation on this machinery at March 31, 2017, should be

  • P160,000.
  • P80,000.
  • P96,000.
  • P144,000.

Which of the following controls most likely would assure that all billed sales are correctly posted to the accounts receivable ledger?

  • The accounts receivable ledger is reconciled daily to the control account in the general ledger.
  • Daily sales summaries are compared to daily postings to the accounts receivable ledger.
  • Each shipment on credit is supported by a pre-numbered sales invoice.
  • Each sales invoice is supported by a pre-numbered shipping document.

Which of the following costs should not be included on the statement of financial position as part of the cost of inventory?

  • Import duties.
  • Abnormal freight.
  • All of the choices are included on the statement of financial position as part of the cost of inventory
  • Conversion costs.

Which of the following expenditures qualifies for asset capitalization?

  • Legal costs associated with obtaining a patent on a new product.
  • Costs of testing a prototype and modifying its design.
  • Salaries of engineering staff developing a new product.
  • Cost of materials used in prototype testing.

The following information was derived from the 2016 accounting records of Perez Co: Perez's Central Warehouse Perez's Goods Held by Consignees Beginning inventory 130,000 14,000 Purchases 575,000 70,000 Freight-in 10,000 Transportation to consignees 5,000 Freight-out 30,000 8,000 Ending inventory 145,000 20,000 Perez's 2016 cost of sales was?

  • 600,000
  • 570,000
  • 634,000
  • 639,000

Under the reporting requirements for impaired assets, impairment losses for assets to be held and used shall be reported

  • As a component of discontinued operations.
  • As a change in accounting estimate.
  • As a component of income from continuing operations.
  • As an extraordinary item.

During periods of rising prices, when the FIFO inventory method is used, a perpetual inventory system results in an ending inventory cost that is;

  • lower than in a periodic inventory system.
  • the same as in a periodic inventory system.
  • higher or lower than in a periodic inventory system, depending on whether physical quantities have increased or decreased.
  • higher than in a periodic inventory system.

Under the perpetual inventory method, in addition to making the entry to record a sale, a company would

  • Debit Cost of Goods Sold and credit Merchandise Inventory.
  • Debit cost of Goods Sold and credit Purchases.
  • Debit Merchandise Inventory and credit Cost of Goods Sold.
  • Make no additional entry until the end of the period.

Which of the following methods shall be used after initial recognition of property, plant and equipment? I. An entity shall choose either the cost model or the revaluation model as if s accounting policy and shall apply that policy to an entire class of property, plant and equipment. II. An entity shall choose either the cost model or the revaluation model as its accounting policy and shall apply that policy selectively to different classes of property, plant and equipment.

  • Both I and II
  • I only
  • Neither I nor II
  • II only

I. IFRS 5 sets out detailed requirements for the prominent presentation of amounts relating to non-current assets held for sale, disposal groups and discontinued operations. II. If a non-current asset (or disposal group) meets the criteria to be classified as held for sale after the reporting date but before the financial statements are authorized for issue, no disclosure were required by the standard.

  • I– True; II – False
  • Both True
  • Both False
  • I– False; II - True

The following information is available for Barkley Company's patents: Cost P1,720,000 Carrying amount 860,000 Expected future net cash flows 800,000 Fair value 650,000 Barkley would record a loss on impairment of

  • P920,000.
  • P60,000.
  • P210,000.
  • P860,000.

Which of the following accounts is reported in the Equity section statement of financial position?

  • Dividends.
  • Revenues.
  • All of the choices are reported in the Equity section of the statement of financial position.
  • Share capital-ordinary.

If a company chooses the revaluation model permitted in IAS 16 for fixed asset measurement:

  • annual revaluations must be performed on each class of assets.
  • the depreciated replacement cost must be used as the fair value of the fixed asset.
  • it must update the valuation so that the balance sheet represents fair value on the balance sheet date.
  • appraisals must be performed by an official of the IASB.

In the gross method, sales discounts are reported as a deduction from sales.

  • True
  • False

These statements are referred to in the Standard as "financial statements".

  • All-purpose financial statements
  • General purpose financial statements
  • Special purpose financial statements
  • Audited financial statements

Which of the following inventories carried by a manufacturer is similar to the merchandise inventory of a retailer?

  • Supplies.
  • Raw materials.
  • Finished goods.
  • Work-in-process.

The same recoverability test that is used for impairments of property, plant, and equipment is used for impairments of indefinite-life intangibles.

  • True
  • False

When using the retail inventory method, departmental transfer -in is an _______________.

  • Addition to cost amount of purchases only
  • Addition to both cost and retail amount of purchases
  • Deduction to both cost and retail amount of purchases
  • Addition to retail amount of purchases only

Under PAS 40, investment property is defined as

  • Property held to earn rentals or for capital appreciation
  • Property held for sale in the ordinary course of business
  • Property held for use in the production and supply of goods or services and property held for administrative purposes
  • Identifiable nonmonetary asset without physical substance

Wrath Co. uses the equity method to account for its January 1, 2003 purchase of Anger Inc.s common stock. On January 1, 2003, the fair values of Angers FIFO inventory and land exceeded their carrying amounts. How do these excesses of fair values over carrying amounts affect Wraths reported equity in Angers 2003 earnings?

  • Inventory excess (Increase); Land excess (Increase)
  • Inventory excess (Increase); Land excess (No effect)
  • Inventory excess (Decrease); Land excess (Decrease)
  • Inventory excess (Decrease); Land excess (No effect)

In the books of the consignor, goods out on consignment should be

  • Excluded in inventory and included in accounts receivable.
  • Excluded in inventory and excluded in accounts receivable.
  • Included in inventory and included in accounts receivable.
  • Included in inventory and excluded from accounts receivable

For a nonmonetary exchange of plant assets, accounting recognition should not be given to;

  • a loss when the exchange has no commercial substance.
  • part of a gain when the exchange has no commercial substance and cash is received (cash paid or received is less than 25% of the fair value of the exchange).
  • a gain when the exchange has commercial substance.
  • part of a gain when the exchange has no commercial substance and cash is paid (cash paid/received is less than 25% of the fair value of the exchange).

Trade receivables advances to officers and employees.

  • True
  • False

The discounted value of the note received by the endorser of the note from the bank is called;

  • Proceeds
  • Principal
  • Net realizable value
  • Maturity value

Two independent companies, Hager Co. and Shaw Co., are in the home building business. Each owns a tract of land held for development, but each would prefer to build on the other's land. They agree to exchange their land. An appraiser was hired, and from her report and the companies' records, the following information was obtained: Hager's Land Shaw's Land Cost and book value P192,000 P120,000 Fair value based upon appraisal 240,000 210,000 The exchange was made, and based on the difference in appraised fair values, Shaw paid P30,000 to Hager. The exchange lacked commercial substance. 58. The new land should be recorded on Hager's books at

  • P210,000.
  • P192,000.
  • P168,000.
  • P240,000.

The carrying value of an equipment equals (is)

  • The same as residual value.
  • Cost minus residual value.
  • The expired cost of the asset.
  • Cost minus accumulated depreciation.

A bond is a debt security because the issuer is a creditor and the bondholder is a debtor.

  • True
  • False

The periodic inventory method is most commonly used by companies

  • High-priced, high-volume merchandise.
  • High-priced, low-volume merchandise.
  • Low-priced, high-volume merchandise
  • Low-priced, low-volume merchandise.

When a corporation issues bonds, the price that buyers are willing to pay for the bonds does not depend on which of the following below

  • denominations the bonds are sold
  • market rate of interest
  • periodic interest to be paid on the bonds
  • face value of the bonds

Is an outright sale of receivables, since the transfer of these receivables is without recourse.

  • Assignment of accounts receivable
  • Pledge of accounts receivable
  • Discounting of notes receivables
  • Factoring of accounts receivable

Archer Company purchased equipment in January of 2006 for P90,000. The equipment was being depreciated on the straight-line method over an estimated useful life of 20 years, with no salvage value. At the beginning of 2016, when the equipment had been in use for 10 years, the company paid P15,000 to overhaul the equipment. As a result of this improvement, the company estimated that the useful life of the equipment would be extended an additional 5 years. What should be the depreciation expense recorded for this equipment in 2016.

  • P3,000
  • P4,500
  • P5,500
  • P4,000

It is an unsecured, short-term corporate obligation usually issued at a discount from face value.

  • Commercial paper
  • Convertible debt
  • Medium-term notes
  • Convertible stocks

Shares received in lieu of cash dividend are recorded as

  • Stock dividends
  • Income at par value of the shares received
  • Income at the cash dividend that would have been received
  • Income at fair value of the shares received

Valuation of property, plant and equipment in the balance sheet (E)

  • Net realizable value.
  • Replacement cost
  • Net book value.
  • Acquisition cost.

Transaction costs directly attributable to the acquisition of financial asset held for trading or financial asset at fair value through profit or loss shall be expensed immediately.

  • True
  • False

A secured bond would require

  • a claim on specific assets in the event of default
  • no restrictive covenants
  • a plan for paying off the bond at maturity
  • an independent trustee

Pat Company incurred costs to modify its building and rearrange its production line. As a result, an overall reduction in production costs is expected. However, the modifications did not increase the building's market value and the rearrangement did not extend the production line's life. What is the treatment of the costs incurred?

  • The rearrangement costs are capitalized and the modification costs are expensed
  • This modification costs are capitalized and the rearrangement costs are expensed
  • Capitalized
  • Expensed immediately

Which accounting assumption or principle is being violated if a company is a party to major litigation that it may lose and decides not to include the information in the financial statements because it may have a negative impact on the company's stock price?

  • Historical cost
  • Going concern
  • Full disclosure
  • Matching

Revaluation of plant asset should be made

  • every two years
  • every three years
  • annually
  • at sufficient regularity

After initial recognition, an item of PPE may be carried in the books

  • at cost
  • at revalued amounts, being its fair value at the date of the revaluation less any subsequent accumulated depreciation and any subsequent impairment losses
  • at revalued amounts, being its fair value at the date of the revaluation plus any subsequent accumulated depreciation and any subsequent impairment losses
  • at revalued amounts, without any subsequent depreciation

In relation to the impairment of assets, IAS 36 Impairment of Assets, requires the following disclosures for each class of assets: I. The line of the income statement in which impairment losses are included. II. The amount of reversals of impairment losses during the period. III. The amount of impairment losses recognized directly in equity. IV. The beginning and ending balances of any 'provision for impairment' account.

  • II and IV
  • I, II and III
  • I, II, III and IV
  • IV only

The percentage-of-receivables approach of estimating uncollectible accounts emphasizes matching over valuation of accounts receivable.

  • True
  • False

The major problem of accounting for intangibles is determining

  • separability.
  • fair value.
  • salvage value.
  • useful life

An early extinguishment of bonds payable, which were originally issued at a premium, is made by purchase of the bonds between interest dates. At the time of reacquisition

  • interest must be accrued from the last interest date to the purchase date
  • any costs of issuing the bonds must be amortized up to the purchase date
  • the premium must be amortized up to the purchase date
  • all of these

The market price of a bond issued at a discount is the present value of its principal amount at the market rate of interest

  • Plus the present value of all future interest payments at the rate of interest stated on the bond
  • Less the present value of all future interest payments at the market rate of interest
  • Less the present value of all future interest payments at the rate of interest stated on the bond
  • Plus the present value of all future interest payments at the market rate of interest

Amortization of an intangible asset with a finite useful life shall commence when

  • It is available for the intended use.
  • The cost can be measured with reasonable certainty.
  • It is first recognized as an asset.
  • It is probable that it will generate future economic benefits

On January 2, 2016, Rapid Delivery Company traded in an old delivery truck for a newer model. The exchange lacked commercial substance. Data relative to the old and new trucks follow:

  • P30,000.
  • P38,000.
  • P40,000.
  • P36,000.

What is the effective interest rate of a bond measured at amortized cost?

  • The basic risk-free interest rate that is derived from observable government bond prices.
  • The interest rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash payments through the expected life of the bond or when appropriate, a shorter period to the net carrying amount of the bond
  • The interest rate currenly charged by the entity or by others for similar bond
  • The stated rate of the bond

A gain or loss arising on the initial recognition of a biological asset and from a change in the fair value less to cost to sell of a biological asset shall be included in

  • Other comprehensive income
  • An appropriation reserve
  • Profit or loss for the period
  • A separate revaluation reserve

A change from the cost method to the equity method of accounting for an investment in common stock resulting from an increase in the number of shares held by the investor requires;

  • that the cumulative amount of the change be shown as a line item on the income statement, net of tax
  • that the change be accounted for as an unrealized gain included in other comprehensive income
  • retroactive restatement as if the investor always had used the equity method
  • only a footnote disclosure

Pike Co. purchased a machine on July 1, 2016, for P400,000. The machine has an estimated useful life of five years and a salvage value of P80,000. The machine is being depreciated from the date of acquisition by the 150% declining-balance method. For the year ended December 31, 2016, Pike should record depreciation expense on this machine of

  • P80,000.
  • P60,000.
  • P48,000.
  • P120,000.

Jamison Company purchased the assets of Booker Company at an auction for P1,400,000. An independent appraisal of the fair value of the assets is listed below: Land P475,000 Building 700,000 Equipment 525,000 Trucks 850,000 Assuming that specific identification costs are impracticable and that Jamison allocates the purchase price on the basis of the relative fair values, what amount would be allocated to the Trucks?

  • P840,000
  • P850,000
  • P700,000
  • P466,667

Platteville Corporation has the following account balances at 12/31/10: Amortization expense 10,000 Goodwill 140,000 Patent, net of P30,000 amortization 70,000 What amount should Platteville report for intangible assets on the 12/31/10 balance sheet?

  • P210,000
  • P100,000
  • P220,000
  • P70,000

According to the IASB Conceptual Framework, the elements-assets, liabilities, and equity-describe amounts of resources and claims to resources at/during a

  • Moment in Time: Yes Period of Time: No
  • Moment in Time: No Period of Time: Yes
  • Moment in Time: No Period of Time: No
  • Moment in Time: Yes Period of Time: Yes

If there is an evidence that an impairment loss on loan receivable has been incurred, the amount of the loss is equal to the;

  • Excess of the principal amount of the loan over its carrying amount
  • Excess of the present value of cash flows related to the loan over the carrying amount of the loan receivable.
  • Excess of the carrying amount of the loan over the principal amount of the loan.
  • Excess of the carrying amount of the loan receivable over the present value of the cash flows related to the loan.

From an investor's point of view, a liquidating dividend from an investee is:

  • A dividend declared by the investee in excess of its earnings since acquisition by the investor
  • A dividend declared by the investee in excess of the investee's retained earnings
  • A dividend declared by the investee in excess of its earnings in the current year
  • Any dividend declared by the investee since acquisition

Notes receivable are issued at face value when the stated rate of interest is the as the effective (market) rate.

  • Same
  • Greater than
  • None
  • Less than

What is the treatment of the accumulated depreciation on the date of revaluation? I. Eliminated against the gross carrying amount of the asset and the net amount restated to the revalued amount of the asset. II. Restated proportionately with the change in the gross carrying amount of the asset so that the carrying amount after revaluation equals the revalued amount.

  • II only
  • Neither I nor II
  • Both I or II
  • I only

All of the following can be classified as cash and cash equivalent, except;

  • Redeemable preference shares acquired and due in 60 days
  • Loan notes held due for repayment in 90 days
  • Equity investments
  • A bank overdraft

The international financial reporting environment includes challenges in financial reporting including all of the following except;

  • Expectations gap.
  • Political environment.
  • Decision-usefulness.
  • Ethics.

Under U.S. GAAP, impairment loss is measured as the excess of the carrying amount over the assets discounted cash flow.

  • True
  • False

According to the Conceptual Framework, an entity's revenue may result from a/an

  • A decrease in an asset from primary operations.
  • An increase in a liability from incidental transactions.
  • A decrease in a liability from primary operations.
  • An increase in an asset from incidental transactions.

Which is not a major characteristic of property, plant and equipment?

  • The property, plant and equipment are tangible assets.
  • The property, plant and equipment are subject to depreciation.
  • The property, plant and equipment are expected to be used over a period of more than one year.
  • The property, plant and equipment are used in business.

It is a financial instrument that derives its value from another underlying item such as a share price, exchange rate or interest rate.

  • Derivative
  • Financial asset
  • Equity instrument
  • Financial liability

The fair value option allows an entity to

  • Record income when the fair value of its investment increases.
  • All of these are true of the fair value option.
  • Report most financial instruments at fair value by recording gains and losses as a separate component of shareholders' equity.
  • Value its debt investments at fair value in some years but not other years.

Which of the following statements best describes the "carrying amount" of an asset?

  • The amount at which the asset is recognized in the statement of financial position after deducting any accumulated depreciation and impairment losses.
  • The cost or an amount substituted for cost of the asset less residual value.
  • The fair value of the asset at the date of revaluation less any subsequent accumulated impairment losses.
  • The higher of net selling price and value in use.

hen an asset's carrying amount is decreased as a result of a revaluation, the decrease shall be

  • Recognized in profit or loss
  • Charged to retained earnings
  • Charged to revaluation surplus
  • Debited to equity

If an investors ownership interest in an associate is reduced but significant influence is not lost

  • the investor shall reclassify to profit or loss or directly in equity only a proportionate amount of the gain or loss previously recognized in other comprehensive income.
  • the investor continues to use the equity method and since significant influence is not lost, no adjustment is needed.
  • do nothing.
  • the investor should cease applying the equity method and use PFRS 9 if ownership interest is reduced below 20% or PFRS 3 and PAS 27 if ownership interest is increased above 50%.

An improvement made to a machine increased its fair market value and its production capacity by 25% without extending the machine's useful life. The cost of the improvement should be

  • debited to accumulated depreciation.
  • capitalized in the machine account.
  • allocated between accumulated depreciation and the machine account.
  • expensed.

The advantage of relating bad debt experience to accounts receivable is that this approach;

  • Gives a reasonably correct amount of receivables in the balance sheet
  • Does not require estimates of uncollectible accounts
  • Relates bad debt expense to the period of sale
  • Does not require knowledge of the balance in the allowance for doubtful accounts

According to International Financial Reporting Standards, the revaluation of equipment when fair value exceeds book value, results in:

  • An increase in accumulated other comprehensive income.
  • An increase in net income.
  • A decrease in net income.
  • A decrease in accumulated other comprehensive income.

________________ is a decrease in the selling price over the original retail price.

  • Markdown
  • Initial price
  • Markup
  • Net cancellation

The primary PFRS related to intangible assets and impairments is found in

  • PAS 38 and PAS 36.
  • PAS 16 and PAS 36.
  • PAS 1 and PAS 34.
  • PAS 38 and PAS 10.

Samson Company applies revaluation accounting to plant assets with a carrying value of P800,000, a useful life of 4 years, and no salvage value. Depreciation is calculated on the straight-line basis. At the end of year 1, independent appraisers determine that the asset has a fair value of P750,000. The financial statements for year one will include the following information: The financial statements for year one will include the following information:

  • Depreciation expense P50,000.
  • Revaluation surplus P50,000.
  • Accumulated depreciation P200,000.
  • Plant assets P750,000.

Which of the following is true for properties that comprise a portion that is held to earn rentals or for capital appreciation and another portion that is held for use in the production or supply of goods or services or for administrative purposes? I. If the portions could not be sold separately, the property is owner occupied property only if an insignificant portion is held for use in the production or supply of goods or services or for administrative purposes. II. If the portions could be sold separately (or leased out separately under a finance lease), an entity accounts for the portions separately

  • I only
  • II only
  • Neither I nor II
  • Both I and II

The purpose of assigning accounts receivable is to;

  • Provide collateral for a loan.
  • Comply with form and content rules of bankruptcy proceedings.
  • Satisfy a court order.
  • Complete the legal prerequisites to record their sale.

If there is evidence that an impairment loss on loan receivable has been incurred, the amount of the loss is equal to the

  • Excess of the present value of cash flows related to the loan over the carrying amount of the loan receivable.
  • Excess of the carrying amount of the loan receivable over the present value of the cash flows related to the loan.
  • Excess of the principal amount of the loan over its carrying amount
  • Excess of the carrying amount of the loan over the principal amount of the loan.

For the sale of a non-current asset held for sale to be highly probable (choose the incorrect one)

  • The sale should be expected to qualify for recognition as a completed sale within two years from the date of classification of the asset as "held for sale".
  • An active program to locate a buyer and complete the plan must have been initiated.
  • Management must be committed to a plan to sell the asset
  • The asset must on actively marketed for sale at a reasonable price in relation to its current fair value.

Which of the following is not considered investment property?

  • Land held for capital gains
  • Land to be leased out under a finance lease.
  • Building being constructed for use as
  • Investment property Building held for undetermined use

June Corp. sells one product and uses a perpetual inventory system. The beginning inventory consisted of 10 units that cost 20 per unit. During the current month, the company purchased 60 units at 20 each. Sales during the month totaled 45 units for 43 each. What is the number of units in the ending inventory?

  • 10 units.
  • 25 units.
  • 15 units.
  • 70 units

A plant asset with a five-year estimated useful life and no residual value is sold at the end of the second year of its useful life. How would using the sum-of-the-years'-digits method of depreciation instead of the double-declining balance method of depreciation affect a gain or loss on the sale of the plant asset?

  • Gain: Increase Loss: Decrease
  • Gain: Decrease Loss: Decrease
  • Gain: Decrease Loss: Increase
  • Gain: Increase Loss: Increase

On August 1, 2016, Hayes Corporation purchased a new machine on a deferred payment basis. A down payment of P3,000 was made and 4 monthly installments of P2,500 each are to be made beginning on September 1, 2016. The cash equivalent price of the machine was P12,000. Hayes incurred and paid installation costs amounting to P500. The amount to be capitalized as the cost of the machine is

  • P13,500.
  • P12,500.
  • P12,000.
  • P13,000.

Revenues are

  • All of the choices are correct regarding revenues.
  • Reported on the statement of financial position as a current item.
  • Impacted by debits and credits in the same way that expenses are impacted by debits and credits.
  • A subdivision of equity, providing information about why equity increased.

On December 1, Miser Corporation exchanged 2,000 shares of its P25 par value common stock held in treasury for a parcel of land to be held for a future plant site. The treasury shares were acquired by Miser at a cost of P40 per share, and on the exchange date the common shares of Miser had a fair market value of P50 per share. Miser received P6,000 for selling scrap when an existing building on the property was removed from the site. Based on these facts, the land should be capitalized at

  • P94,000.
  • P74,000.
  • P80,000.
  • P100,000.

Lanky Company has the following account balances at year-end: Accounts receivable 60,000 Allowance for doubtful accounts 3,600 Sales discounts 2,400 Lanky should report accounts receivable at a net amount of

  • 56,400.
  • 54,000.
  • 60,000.
  • 57,600.

If a depreciable property is revalued in the middle of the current fiscal year how is the depreciation expense for the year (assuming the company has a calendar year-end) determined?

  • Depreciation for the entire year is based on revalued amount
  • Depreciation for the entire year is based on the cost
  • Depreciation for the year is based on the average of the depreciation based on cost and on revalued amount of the property
  • Depreciation for the first half of the year is based on cost and for the second half, on revalued amount

The term used for bonds that are unsecured as to principal is

  • debenture bonds
  • callable bonds
  • junk bonds
  • indebenture bonds

Date on which the payment of dividends is approved by the BOD

  • ex-dividend
  • Date of declaration
  • Share Split
  • Cash dividends

Which is incorrect concerning the reversal of an impairment loss?

  • The reversal of the impairment loss should be recognized immediately as an adjustment of the opening balance of retained earnings.
  • Any reversal of an impairment loss on a revalued asset should be treated as a revaluation increase.
  • The increased carrying amount of the asset due to a reversal of an impairment loss should not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognized in the prior years.
  • The carrying amount of the asset should be increased to its new recoverable amount.

Which of the following should be reported under the "Other Expenses and Losses" section of the income statement?

  • Trade name amortization expense.
  • None of the choices
  • Goodwill impairment losses.
  • Patent impairment losses

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of inventory?

  • They are currently consumed in the production of goods or services to made available for sale.
  • They are tangible or intangible items of personal property
  • They are in the process of production for such sale
  • They are held for sale in the ordinary course of business operations

Under the cost model, subsequent to initial recognition as an asset, an item of property, plant and equipment shall be carried at;

  • Cost less accumulated depreciation and any accumulated impairment loss
  • Revalued amount less accumulated depreciation and any accumulated impairment loss
  • Revalued amount
  • Cost

A revaluation increase is credited to

  • Revaluation surplus only
  • Income to the extent that it reverses a revaluation decrease of the same asset previously recognized as an expense
  • Income to the extent that it reverses a revaluation decrease of another asset previously recognized as an expense
  • Additional paid in capital

It is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date

  • Carrying amount
  • Fair Value
  • Original Cost
  • Amortized Cost

In order for a non-current asset to be classified as held for sale, the sale must be highly probable. "Highly probable" means that

  • The probability is higher than more likely than not.
  • The future sale is likely to occur.
  • The sale is certain.
  • The future sale is more likely than not to occur.

The advantage of relating a company's bad debt expense to its outstanding accounts receivable is that this approach

  • gives a reasonably correct statement of receivables in the statement of financial position.
  • is the only generally accepted method for valuing accounts receivable.
  • makes estimates of uncollectible accounts unnecessary.
  • best relates bad debt expense to the period of sale.

This method of estimating inventory cost is based on an assumed relationship between gross profit and sales or between gross profit and cost of sales.

  • Gross profit method
  • Retail inventory method
  • Purchase commitments
  • FiFO

Assume that employees confessed to a $500,000 inventory theft but are not able to make restitution. How should this material fraud be shown in the company's financial statements?

  • Included in cost of goods sold because the goods are not on hand, losses on inventory shrinkage are ordinary, and it would cause the least amount of attention.
  • Classified as a loss and shown as a separate line item in the income statement.
  • Initially classified as an accounts receivable because the employees are responsible for the goods. Since they cannot pay, the loss would be recognized as a write-off of accounts receivables.
  • Recorded directly to retained earnings since it is not an income-producing item

The following statements pertain to the cash short or over account. Which statement is true?

  • If the cash short or over account has a debit balance at the end of the period it must be debited to an expense account
  • A credit balance in a cash short or over account should be considered a liability because the short changed customer will demand return of this amount
  • The entry to account for daily cash sales for which a small amount of cash shortage existed would include a debit to cash short or over account
  • It would be impossible to have cash shortage or overage if employees were paid in cash rather than by check

Hong Company began business in 2014. An examination of the entity's allowance for bad debts account reveals the following: Estimated bad debts Actual bad debts 2014 550,000 225,000 2015 650,000 350,000 2016 825,000 450,000 2017 No adjustment yet 475,000 In the past, the entity has estimated that 4% of credit sales would be uncollectible. The auditor for Hong Company has determined that the percentage used in estimating bad debts has been inappropriate. The auditor would like to revise the estimate downward to 2%. The entity president has stated that if the previous estimate of bad debt expense is incorrect, the financial statements should be restated using the more accurate estimate. The credit sales for 2017 amounted to P35,000,000. What is the bad debt expense for 2017?

  • 1,400,000
  • 700,000
  • 475,000
  • 375,000

On July 1 of the current year, an entity received a one-year note receivable bearing interest at the market rate. The face amount of the note receivable and the entire amount of the interest are due in one year. The interest receivable account would show a balance on

  • July 1 and December 31
  • Neither July 1 nor December 31
  • July 1 but not December 31
  • December 31 but not July 1

Which of the following is considered a sale of receivables?

  • Pledging receivables.
  • Factoring receivables without recourse.
  • Assigning receivables.
  • None of the choices.

Which of the following statements is incorrect in relation to the recognition criteria for elements of the financial statements?

  • Assets are recognised when it is probable that future economic benefits will flow to the entity and the asset has a cost or value that can be measured reliably.
  • Because equity is the arithmetic difference between assets and liabilities, a separate recognition criteria for equity is not needed in The Framework.
  • Liabilities are recognised when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will result from the settlement of a present obligation and the amount at which settlement will take place can be measured reliably.
  • Income is recognised when an increase in future economic benefits related to a decrease in an asset or an increase in a liability that has arisen can be measured reliably.

Non-financial liabilities includes the ff. except;

  • Income tax payable
  • Constructive obligations
  • Leased assets
  • Deferred revenue and warranty obligations

When the accounting policies used by the investor and the associate do not match

  • In no instance should the accounting policies used by the investor and the associate be different.
  • PAS 28 does not require appropriate adjustments to the associates financial statements to conform them to the investors accounting policies for reporting like transactions and other events in similar circumstances when it was not practicable to use uniform accounting policies.
  • PAS 28 requires appropriate adjustments to the associates financial statements to conform them to the investors accounting policies for reporting like transactions and other events in similar circumstances.
  • PAS 28 requires the entity to discontinue the use of the equity method.

Bonds that are secured by investment in equity securities are called

  • Collateral trust bonds
  • Debenture bonds
  • Term bonds
  • Commodity-backed bonds

Composite or group depreciation is a depreciation system whereby

  • the years of useful life of the various assets in the group are added together and the total divided by the number of items.
  • the original cost of all items in a given group or class of assets is retained in the asset account and the cost of replace-ments is charged to expense when they are acquired.
  • a straight-line rate is computed by dividing the total of the annual depreciation expense for all assets in the group by the total cost of the assets.
  • the cost of individual units within an asset group is charged to expense in the year a unit is retired from service.

When computing the amount of interest cost to be capitalized, the concept of "avoidable interest" refers to

  • the total interest cost actually incurred.
  • that portion of average accumulated expenditures on which no interest cost was incurred.
  • that portion of total interest cost which would not have been incurred if expenditures for asset construction had not been made.
  • a cost of capital charge for stockholders' equity.

Stock dividends when received are recognized as income

  • True
  • False

The summary of significant accounting policies should disclose the

  • Terms for convertible debt to be exchanged for common stock
  • Concentration of credit risk of all financial instruments by geographical region
  • Criteria for determining which investments are treated as cash equivalents
  • Maturity dates of noncurrent debts

Which of the following intangible assets should be shown as a separate item on the statement of financial position?

  • Goodwill
  • Trademark
  • Franchise
  • Patent

Samson Company applies revaluation accounting to plant assets with a carrying value of P800,000, a useful life of 4 years, and no salvage value. Depreciation is calculated on the straight-line basis. At the end of year 1, independent appraisers determine that the asset has a fair value of P750,000. The entry to record depreciation for this same asset in year two will include a

  • debit to Depreciation Expense for P250,000.
  • credit to Accumulated Depreciation for P150,000.
  • debit to Depreciation Expense for P200,000.
  • debit to Accumulated Depreciation for P200,000.

It is the power to govern the financial and operating policies of an entity so as to obtain benefits from its activities.

  • joint control
  • control
  • telekinesis
  • significant influence

Which of the following information shall be disclosed in relation to biological assets and agricultural produce?

  • There is no requirement to disclose separately any gains or losses.
  • The total gain or loss from biological assets, agricultural produce, and from changes in fair value less cost to sell of biological assets.
  • Separate disclosure of the gain or loss relating to biological assets and agricultural produce.
  • The aggregate gain or loss arising on the initial recognition of biological assets and agricultural produce and from the change in fair value less cost to sell of biological assets.

If the cash balance shown in a company's accounting records is more than the correct cash balance and neither the company nor the bank has made any errors, there must be

  • Deposits credited by the bank but not yet recorded by the company
  • Deposits in transit
  • Bank charges not yet recorded by the company
  • Outstanding checks

________________ is the management by an entity of the biological transformation and harvest of biological assets for sale or for conversion into agricultural produce or into additional biological assets.

  • Agricultural activity
  • Management activity
  • Degeneration
  • Biological Asset

At the beginning of the current year, an entity had capitalized cost for a new computer software product with an economic life of five years. Sales for the current year were 30 percent of expected total sales of the software. However, the pattern of future sales cannot be measured reliably. At year-end, the software had a net realizable value equal to 90 percent of the capitalized cost. What percentage of the original capitalized cost should be reported as the net amount at year-end?

  • 80%
  • 90%
  • 70%
  • 72%

The residual value of an intangible asset with a finite life shall be assumed zero, unless I. There is a commitment by a third party to purchase the asset at the end of its useful life. II. There is an active market for the asset and the residual value can be determined by reference to that market and it is probable that such market will exist at the end of the asset's useful life.

  • Both I and II
  • II only
  • Neither I nor II
  • I only

Property, plant and equipment are tangible items that I. Are held for use in production or supply of goods and services, for rental to others or for administrative purposes. II. Are expected to be used during more than one period.

  • Both I and II
  • I only
  • II only
  • Neither I nor II

Sloan Corporation is performing its annual test of the impairment of goodwill for its Financing reporting unit. It has determined that the fair value of the unit exceeds it carrying value. Which of the following is correct concerning this test of impairment?

  • The assets and liabilities should be valued to determine if there has been an impairment of goodwill.
  • Goodwill should be written down as impaired.
  • Goodwill should be retested at the entity level.
  • Impairment is not indicated and no additional analysis is necessary.

Bank overdrafts that are repayable on demand and the bank balance often fluctuates from positive to overdrawn shall be classified as

  • Component of cash and cash equivalents
  • Financing activities
  • Operating activities
  • Investing activities

According to PAS 16, Property, plant and equipment includes all of the following except

  • Property used for extraction of minerals, oil or natural gas
  • Property used in production or supply of goods and services
  • Property for rental purposes and administrative purposes
  • Biological assets related to agricultural activity and mineral rights

ABC Company, operates a plant in a foreign country, it is probable that the plant will be expropriated. However, the foreign government has indicated that ABC will receive a definite amount of compensation for the plant. The amount of compensation is less than the fair market value but exceeds the carrying amount of the plant. The contingency should be reported

  • In notes to financial statements
  • As a valuation allowance as part of stockholders' equity
  • As a fixed asset valuation allowance account
  • In the income statement

Depreciation is normally computed on the basis of the nearest

  • day and to the nearest cent.
  • full month and to the nearest cent.
  • day and to the nearest dollar.
  • full month and to the nearest dollar.

All but one of the following are required before a transfer of receivables can be recorded as a sale.

  • The transferor has not kept effective control over the transferred receivables through a repurchase agreement.
  • The transferred receivables are beyond the reach of the transferor and its creditors.
  • The transferor maintains continuing involvement.
  • The transferee can pledge or sell the transferred receivables.

All of the following are true regarding the revaluation model allowed under GAAP except;

  • Revaluations must be made regularly to ensure that the carrying value is not materially different from fair value.
  • Once selected, the revaluation policy applies to an entire class of property, plant and equipment.
  • After initial recognition, the revalued amount is fair value less subsequent depreciation and impairment losses.
  • When an asset is revalued, any increase in carrying amount is reported as miscellaneous revenue.

Companies frequently use the composite approach when the assets are similar in nature and have approximately the same useful lives.

  • False
  • True

The process of assigning the costs of intangibles with a limited life to periodic revenue in some systematic manner is called;

  • Depreciation.
  • None of the choices.
  • Depletion.
  • Amortization.

Which among the following is not considered as a cash equivalent for purposes of a cash flow statement?

  • A three-year treasury note maturing on May 30, 2003 purchased by the enterprise on April 15, 2003
  • A 90-day T-bill
  • A three-year treasury note maturing on May 30, 2003 purchased by the enterprise on January 2, 2003
  • A 60-day money market placement

An exclusive right or privilege received by a business or individual to perform certain business functions or use certain products or services is referred to as

  • Copyright.
  • None of the choices
  • Patents.
  • Franchise.

Biological assets are living animals or plants.

  • False
  • True

Which statement is incorrect concerning the class of property, plant and equipment to be revalued?

  • The items within a class of property, plant and equipment are revalued selectively.
  • When an item of property, plant and equipment is revalued, the entire class of property, plant and equipment to which that asset belongs should be revalued.
  • A class of assets may be revalued on a rolling basis provided revaluation of the class of assets is completed within a short period of time and provided the revaluations are kept up to date.
  • A class of property, plant and equipment is a grouping of assets of a similar nature and use in an enterprise's operations.

Which is correct concerning measurement of property, plant and equipment? I. An entity shall choose either the cost model or the revaluation model as its accounting policy and shall apply that policy to an entire class of property, plant and equipment. II. The cost model means that property, plant and equipment are carried at are carried at cost less any accumulated depreciation and any accumulated impairment loss. III. The revaluation model means that property, plant and equipment revalued amount, being the fair value at date of revaluation less any subsequent accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment loss.

  • I and II only
  • II and III only
  • I, II and III
  • I and III only

Forester Co. on adoption of PAS 41 has reclassified certain assets as biological assets. The total value of the forest assets is P6.0 million which comprises of freestanding trees (P5.1 million), land under trees (P0.6 million), and roads in forests (P0.3 million). In Forester Co.'s statement of financial position, how much of the forest assets would be classified as biological assets?

  • 6,000,000
  • 5,100,000
  • 5,700,000
  • 5,400,000

The following statements pertain to accounting for petty cash fund. Which statement is false?

  • With the establishment of an imprest petty cash fund, one person is given the authority and responsibility for issuing checks to cover minor disbursements
  • At any time, the sum of the cash in the petty cash fund and the total of petty cash vouchers should equal the amount for which the imprest petty cash fund was established
  • Each disbursement from petty cash should be supported by a petty cash voucher
  • The creation of a petty cash fund requires a journal entry to reflect the transfer of fund out of the general cash account

DEF Co. purchased a P250,000 life insurance policy on the life of one of its key officers. When is the value of this policy an asset of the company?

  • If the company is the beneficiary and has the right to cancel the policy at its option.
  • If the premiums are paid by the company and, for income tax purposes, represent income to the officer.
  • If the officers of his heirs are the beneficiaries.
  • If the policy is either ordinary life or limited payment.

Formed by the FRSC in August 2006 to assist the FRSC in establishing and improving financial reporting standards in the Philippines.

  • Bureau of Internal Revenue
  • Securities and Exchange Commission
  • PICPA
  • Philippine Interpretations Committee

When bonds are acquired on interest date, the purchase price is initially recognized as the acquisition cost

  • False
  • True

When the revaluation surplus is realized because of the use of the asset by the enterprise or disposal of the asset, it may be transferred directly to

  • Income
  • Deferred income
  • Retained earnings
  • Donated capital

The declining-balance method does not deduct the salvage value in computing the depreciation base.

  • True
  • False

The FRSC is the successor of the

  • Accounting Standards Council
  • Standing Interpretations Committee.
  • Financial Reporting Committee.
  • Philippine Accounting Standards Board.

The following statements pertain to recognition and measurement of an impairment loss. Which statement is incorrect? I. An impairment loss is the amount by which the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount and should be recognized as an ordinary loss. II. After the recognition of an impairment loss, depreciation of the asset for the future periods should be equal to the revised carrying amount less its residual value allocated on a systematic basis over its original life.

  • Neither I nor II
  • II only
  • Both I and II
  • I only

The four principal qualitative characteristics that make information in financial statements useful to investors identified within The Framework are:

  • Comparability, understandability, relevance and reliability
  • Comparability, understandability, timeliness and reliability
  • Relevance, reliability, timeliness and comparability
  • Timeliness, reliability, relevance and understandability

Which of the following accounts is not reported in inventory?

  • Finished goods.
  • Supplies
  • Equipment.
  • Raw materials.

The process of identifying, measuring, analyzing, and communicating financial information needed by management to plan, evaluate, and control an organization's operations is called;

  • financial accounting.
  • tax accounting.
  • managerial accounting.
  • auditing.

A promissory note on which the borrower is a bank.

  • Certificate of Deposit
  • Time Deposit
  • Cash
  • Commercial Paper

Which of the following statements is true? I. Computer software for a computer controlled machine tool that cannot operate without specific software is an integral part of the related hardware and is treated as property, plant and equipment. II. Computer software that is not an integral part of the related hardware is treated as intangible asset.

  • II only
  • Neither I nor II
  • Both I and II
  • I only

Accounting for Agriculture is covered by International Accounting Standards _______?

  • 16
  • 9
  • 41
  • 2

Which of the following best describes interest rate swaps?

  • traded on the over-the-counter market.
  • customized to meet the needs of the specific parties.
  • a type of Futures Contract.
  • required an initial cash flow in the form of a margin.

On January 2, 2016, Indian River Groves began construction of a new citrus processing plant. The automated plant was finished and ready for use on September 30, 2017. Expenditures for the construction were as follows: January 2, 2016 P200,000 September 1, 2016 600,000 December 31, 2016 600,000 March 31, 2017 600,000 September 30, 2017 400,000 Indian River Groves borrowed P1,100,000 on a construction loan at 12% interest on January 2, 2016. This loan was outstanding during the construction period. The company also had P4,000,000 in 9% bonds outstanding in 2016 and 2017. The interest capitalized for 2017 was:

  • P99,000
  • P124,740
  • P118,305
  • P25,740

Public Accountants usually offer three kinds of services except;

  • Taxation
  • Auditing
  • Government Accounting
  • Management Advisory

Doubtful Accounts Expense is treated as a/an

  • Operating expense
  • Selling expense
  • Finance expense
  • Other expense

Trading on the equity is

  • The "revaluation surplus" related to increases or decreases in items such as property, plant, and equipment.
  • The amount each share would receive if the entity were liquidated.
  • The ratio of the entity's cash dividends to net income.
  • A return on assets that is higher than the cost of financing these assets.

When all bonds mature on a single date, they are called;

  • None of the choices
  • Serial bonds
  • Term bonds
  • Bearer Bonds

On April 1 of the current year, Throw Company factored receivables with a carrying value of P85,000 for P60,000 in cash from Scratch Lenders. The transfer was made without recourse. On April 1, Troubled would;

  • Debit loss on sale of receivables for P25,000.
  • Debit discount on liability for P25,000.
  • Credit deferred interest expense for P25,000.
  • Credit factored accounts receivable for P85,000.

Investments in long term funds shall be carried at the

  • Amount of securities and other assets in the fund.
  • Amount of cash plus cost of securities and other assets in the fund.
  • Amount of cash plus the cost of securities adjusted for any discount or premium amortization and other assets in the fund
  • Amount of cash

Which of these is not a major characteristic of a plant asset?

  • Acquired for use in operations
  • Possesses physical substance
  • All of these are major characteristics of a plant asset.
  • Yields services over a number of years

The inventory account of Nike Trading at December 31, 2016 included the following items: Good purchased in transit, FOB Shipping point 130,000 Merchandise out on consignment at sales price (including markup on 30% cost) 104,000 Goods held on consignment 56,000 Goods out on approval, at sales price (cost, 25,000) 32,500 The inventory at December 31, 2016 should be reduced by:

  • 84,500
  • 81,500
  • 91,600
  • 87,500

Which of the following should be recorded in Accounts Receivable?

  • None of these
  • Receivables from officers
  • Dividends receivable
  • Receivables from subsidiaries

A complete set of financial statements includes the following items except;

  • Comparative information in respect of the succeeding period.
  • A statement of changes in equity for the period.
  • A statement of cash flows for the period.
  • A statement of financial position as at the end of the period.

Which of the following is not a major characteristic of a plant asset?

  • Acquired for use
  • Acquired for resale
  • Possesses physical substance
  • Long-term in nature

Cash surrender value is classified as

  • Property, plant and equipment
  • Current asset
  • Intangible asset
  • Noncurrent asset

The acquisition cost of a heavily used raw material changes frequently. The book value of the inventory of this material at year-end will be the same if perpetual records are kept as it would be under a periodic inventory method only if the book value is computed under the

  • FIFO method.
  • moving average method.
  • weighted-average method.
  • LIFO method

On December 31, year 1, Jetro Co. received two P10,000 notes receivable from customers in exchange for services rendered. On both notes, interest is calculated on the outstanding balance at the interest rate of 3% compounded annually and payable at maturity. The note from Harty Corp., made under customary trade terms, is due in nine months and the note from Maxwell, Inc. is due in five years. The market interest rate for similar notes on December 31, year 1, was 8%. The compound interest factors are as follows: Future value of P1 due in nine months at 3% = 1.0225 Future value of P1 due in five years at 3% = 1.1593 Present value of P1 due in nine months at 8% = .944 Present value of P1 due in five years at 8% = .680 Jet does not elect the fair value option for reporting its financial assets. At what amounts should these two notes receivable be reported in Jet's December 31, year 1 balance sheet?

  • Harty - 9,440 Maxwell - 6,800
  • Harty - 9,652 Maxwell - 7,820
  • Harty -10,000 Maxwell - 7,883
  • Harty -10,000 Maxwell - 6,800

Which is INCORRECT concerning the qualitative characteristics of financial statements?

  • Information has the quality of relevance when it influences the economic decisions of users by helping them evaluate past, present or future events or confirming or correcting their past evaluations
  • To achieve the quality of understandability, users are assumed to have a reasonable knowledge of business and economic activities and accounting, and a willingness to study the information with reasonable diligence
  • When information that are a result of related party transactions are shown in the financial statements these financial statements lose their reliability
  • The need for comparability dictates that the seasonality nature of the activities of an entity be disclosed in interim financial statements

Fences and parking lots are reported on the balance sheet as

  • land.
  • current assets.
  • land improvements.
  • property and equipment.

Inventories shall be measured at ___________ of cost and net realizable value at the financial statements.

  • Same
  • Higher
  • Lower
  • Neither

Which of the following items is a component of the cost of an internally-generated intangible assets?

  • Selling, administrative and other general overhead expenditures that cannot be directly attributed to preparing the asset for use.
  • Expenditure of training staff to operate the asset.
  • Fees to register a legal right.
  • Identified inefficiencies and initial operating losses.

Which of the following statements is not normally an objective of financial reporting?

  • To provide information that is useful in lending and investing decisions.
  • To provide information about an entity's assets and claims against those assets.
  • To provide information that is useful in assessing an entity's sources and uses of cash.
  • To provide information about an entity's liquidation value.

Cost of goods sold is equal to

  • The cost of the inventory on hand at the beginning of the period minus net purchases plus the cost of the inventory on hand at the end of the period.
  • The cost of the inventory on hand at the beginning of the period plus net sales minus the cost of the inventory on hand at the end of the period.
  • The cost of the inventory on hand at the beginning of the period plus net purchases minus the cost of the inventory on hand at the end of the period.
  • The cost of the inventory on hand at the end of the period plus net purchases minus the cost of the inventory on hand at the beginning of the period.

Which of the following accurately describes the appropriate accounting for goodwill acquired through a business combination?

  • It should be recorded at cost and tested for impairment every three years.
  • It should be recorded at cost and amortized over a 10-year period.
  • It should be recorded at cost and tested for impairment on an annual basis and more often if certain events occur.
  • It should be recorded at cost and amortized over a 40-year period.

Compensating balances represents;

  • Accounts that are subject to bank service charges.
  • Accounts on which banks pay interest, e.g., NOW accounts.
  • Funds in a bank account that can't be spent.
  • Balances in a payroll checking account.

Use the information above in no. 29, what amount shall be presented on the statement of financial position as at December 31 under the account "Biological Asset"?

  • 320,000
  • 410,000
  • 350,000
  • 390,000

This is a formal unconditional promise made under seal to pay a specified sum of money at a determinable future date, and to make periodic interest payments at a stated rate until the principal amount is paid.

  • All of the choices
  • Chemistry
  • None of the choices
  • Bond

Mendenhall Corporation constructed a building at a cost of P10,000,000. Average accumulated expenditures were P4,000,000, actual interest was P600,000, and avoidable interest was P300,000. If the salvage value is P800,000, and the useful life is 40 years, depreciation expense for the first full year using the straight-line method is

  • P237,500.
  • P245,000.
  • P257,500.
  • P337,500.

An entity shall assess at each reporting date whether there is an evidence that its receivable or group of receivables is impaired.

  • Preventive
  • Objective
  • Subjective
  • Prescriptive

Tay Corp. factored P400,000 of accounts receivable to Rick Corp. on July 1, year 2. Control was surrendered by Tay. Rick accepted the receivables subject to recourse for nonpayment. Rick assessed a fee of 2% and retains a holdback equal to 5% of the accounts receivable. In addition, Rick charged 15% interest computed on a weighted-average time to maturity of the receivables of forty-one days. The fair value of the recourse obligation is P12,000. Assuming all receivables are collected, Tay's cost of factoring the receivables would be;

  • P 8,000
  • P42,740
  • P14,740
  • P34,740

Rosa Co. uses the gross method to record sales made on credit. On June 10, 2017, it made sales of P100,000 with terms 2/10, n/30 to Fin Farms, Inc. On June 19, 2017, Rosa received payment for 1/2 the amount due from Fin Farms. Rosa's fiscal year end is on June 30, 2011. What amount will be reported in the statement of financial position for the accounts receivable due from Fin Farms, Inc.?

  • P48,000
  • P49,000
  • P50,000
  • P51,000

Information in a company's financial statements is considered to be reliable when it: I is relevant to the decision making needs of users. II represents faithfully the financial position, financial performance and cash flows of the entity. III is neutral. IV is prudent. V reflects the economic substance of transactions, other events and conditions.

  • I, II, III and IV only
  • I, II, III, IV and V
  • II, III, IV and V only
  • II, III and IV only

When is revenue generally recognized?

  • When cash is received.
  • When the sale occurs.
  • When production is completed.
  • When the warranty expires.

Which of the following statements is true with regard to the accountant's concept of Materiality?

  • Relevant items are always material
  • Materiality judgments generally may be based solely on the magnitude of the item
  • Materiality is the threshold of recognition as to what accountable events will be recognized in the balance sheet and which will be recognized in the income statement.
  • Materiality judgments are made only by accounting standard setters, not by management

Which of the following statements is true for measuring an asset at fair value?

  • The fair value is based upon an entry price to purchase the asset
  • The fair value of the asset should be adjusted for costs to sell
  • The price of the asset should be adjusted for transaction costs
  • The price should be adjusted for transportation costs to transport the asset to its principal market

Glen Inc. and Armstrong Co. have an exchange with no commercial substance. The asset given up by Glen Inc. has a book value of P12,000 and a fair market value of P15,000. The asset given up by Armstrong Co. has a book value of P20,000 and a fair market value of P19,000. Boot of P4,000 is received by Armstrong Co. What amount should Glen Inc. record for the asset received?

  • P19,000
  • P20,000
  • P15,000
  • P16,000

A gain on subsequent increase in fair value less cost to sell of a non-current asset classified as held for sale should:

  • Be recognized but not in excess of the cumulative impairment loss
  • Be recognized in full.
  • Not be recognized.
  • Be recognized but only in retained earnings

An issuer of bonds uses a sinking fund for the retirement of the bonds. Cash was transferred to the sinking fund and subsequently used to purchase investments. The sinking fund

  • Increases by revenue earned on the investments.
  • Is not affected by revenue earned on the investments.
  • Increases when the investments are purchased.
  • Decreases when the investments are purchased.

Storm Corporation purchased a new machine on October 31, 2016. A P1,200 down payment was made and three monthly installments of P3,600 each are to be made beginning on November 30, 2016. The cash price would have been P11,600. Storm paid no installation charges under the monthly payment plan but a P200 installation charge would have been incurred with a cash purchase. The amount to be capitalized as the cost of the machine on October 31, 2016 would be

  • P11,600.
  • P12,200.
  • P11,800.
  • P12,000.

The Mountain Top Corporation owns a large restaurant in Texas. It used to be very profitable but, in recent years, because a new highway was constructed in the area, it has been losing money. This restaurant has a historical cost of P6 million but accumulated depreciation of P2 million so that the book value is P4 million. Despite the recent problems, Mocksville plans to continue operating this restaurant for ten more years. Company officials expect to generate a positive cash inflow each year of P440,000. Those cash flows have a present value of P2.6 million based on an acceptable interest rate. In addition, company officials believe they could sell the restaurant today at a fair value of P3.5 million. Which of the following statements is true?

  • The reported value of the restaurant is impaired and a loss of P500,000 should be recorded because the fair value is only P3.5 million.
  • The reported value of the restaurant is not impaired because its fair value is greater than the discounted cash flows that are anticipated.
  • The reported value of the restaurant is not impaired because the future cash flows are greater than the current book value.
  • The reported value of the restaurant is impaired and a loss of P1.4 million should be recorded because the discounted cash flows are only P2.6 million.

The underlying theme of the conceptual framework is

  • Reliability
  • Decision usefulness
  • Understandability
  • Comparability

Which of the following statement is the correct statement?

  • Long-term investments in equity securities are written down only when there has been a material and apparently permanent decline in the market value of the investment below its cost
  • At the acquisition date of a long-term investment, the entry would be the same whether the investor uses PFRS 9 or the equity method under PAS 28.
  • Impairment losses on investments in associates are not accounted for under PAS 28
  • Under PAS 27, an investment in a subsidiary is shown as an asset, while under the equity method, it is shown as part of equity

The cost of a nonmonetary asset acquired in exchange for another nonmonetary asset and the exchange has commercial substance is usually recorded at

  • the fair value of the asset given up, and a gain but not a loss may be recognized.
  • either the fair value of the asset given up or the asset received, whichever one results in the largest gain (smallest loss) to the company.
  • the fair value of the asset given up, and a gain or loss is recognized.
  • the fair value of the asset received if it is equally reliable as the fair value of the asset given up.

Which of the following is (are) external sources of information on impairment of an asset? I. Significant decline in market value of an asset which is more than would be expected as a result of passage of time or normal use. II. Significant changes in technological, market, economic, or legal environment with an adverse effect on the enterprise or in the market to which the asset is dedicated. III. Evidence of obsolescence or physical damage of the asset.

  • I only.
  • I, II and III.
  • II and III only
  • I and II only.

On the loss of significant influence, the investor shall do any of the following, except

  • recognize gain or loss for the difference between the fair value of the interest retained and the carrying amount of the previous interest held.
  • account for the discontinuance of equity method retrospectively.
  • recognize gain or loss for the difference between the net disposal proceeds received and the carrying amount of the investment sold.
  • measure at fair value any investment retained in the former associate.

The cost of inventories of a service provider consists primarily of

  • Cost of materials used, direct labor incurred and attributable overhead
  • Operating supplies
  • Labor and other cost relating to sales and general administrative personnel
  • Labor and other cost of personnel directly engaged in providing the service, including supervising personnel and attributable overhead

Net losses on firm purchase commitments for goods for inventory result from a contract price that exceeds the current market price. If a firm expects that losses will occur when the purchase is effected, expected losses, if material, should

  • be recognized in the accounts and separately disclosed as a loss on the income statement of the period during which the decline in price takes place.
  • be recognized in the accounts and separately disclosed as a loss on the income statement of the period during which the contract is executed.
  • not be recognized in the accounts until the contract is executed and need not be separately disclosed in the financial statements.
  • be recognized in the accounts and separately disclosed as a net unrealized loss of the period during which the decline in price takes place.

The fair value at initial recognition is

  • The price paid to transfer or sell the asset
  • The price paid to acquire the asset
  • The carrying amount of the asset acquired
  • The price paid to acquire the asset less transaction costs

Money given/paid to stockholders

  • Split up
  • ex-dividend
  • Share Split
  • Cash dividends

Promissory notes may be used except:

  • When a notes receivable is dishonored.
  • In settlement of accounts receivable.
  • When individuals and companies lend or borrow money,
  • When the amount of the transaction and the credit period exceed normal limits, or

On January 1, 2017, Chan Company's allowance for doubtful accounts had a credit balance of P300,000. During 2017, Chan charged P640,000 to doubtful accounts expense, wrote off P460,000 of uncollectible accounts receivable, and unexpectedly recovered P 120,000 of bad debts written off in the prior year. The allowance for doubtful accounts at December 31, 2017 should be

  • 480,000
  • 640,000
  • 940,000
  • 600,000

An intangible asset that was acquired separately shall initially be recognized at

  • Either cost or fair value at the choice of the acquirer
  • Cost
  • Fair value
  • Recoverable amount

The methods used in estimating doubtful accounts expense includes the following except:

  • Percentage of discount
  • Percentage of receivables
  • Aging the accounts receivable
  • Percentage of sales

The profit margin on sales ratio is a measure for analyzing the use of property, plant, and equipment.

  • True
  • False

Josh Corporation owns an office building where nine out of ten floors are leased out to a third party under operating lease, while the 10th floor is occupied by Millenium as its head office. What is the proper treatment for this in Josh financial statements?

  • The entire building is reported as Investment Property
  • Nine floors are reported as Property and Equipment while the tenth floor as Investment Property
  • The entire building is reported as Property and Equipment
  • Nine floors are reported as Investment Property while the tenth floor as Property and Equipment

On February 1, 2010, Henson Company factored receivables with a carrying amount of P300,000 to Agee Company. Agee Company assesses a finance charge of 3% of the receivables and retains 5% of the receivables. Relative to this transaction, you are to determine the amount of loss on sale to be reported in the income statement of Henson Company for February. Assume that Henson factors the receivables on a without guarantee (recourse) basis. The loss to be reported is;

  • P24,000.
  • P9,000.
  • P15,000.
  • P0.

Which of the following is not true about accounting for inventory under PAS 2?

  • FIFO is allowed.
  • Interest cost may be capitalized if there is a lengthy production period to prepare goods for sale.
  • The weighted-average method is acceptable.
  • Inventories are always valued at net realizable value.

The following are explicitly excluded in the scope of PAS 41

  • Neither of the choices
  • Both of the choices
  • Intangible assets related to agricultural activity
  • Land related to agricultural activity

On September 10, 2016, JKL Co. incurred the following costs for one of its printing presses: Purchase of attachment P55,000 Installation of attachment 5,000 Replacement parts for renovation of press 18,000 Labor and overhead in connection with renovation of press 7,000 Neither the attachment nor the renovation increased the estimated useful life of the press. However, the renovation resulted in significantly increased productivity. What amount of the costs should be capitalized?

  • P85,000. (WRONG IN FEXAM)
  • P67,000.
  • 0.
  • P78,000.

Under PFRS 9, all investments in equity must be measured at fair value.

  • False
  • True

An air-conditioning unit was installed in the ambulance used by a hospital. This type of expenditure is a (an)

  • Addition.
  • Replacement.
  • Ordinary repair and maintenance.
  • Betterment.

The most common method of recording depletion for accounting purposes is the

  • percentage depletion method.
  • straight-line method.
  • decreasing charge method.
  • units-of-production method.

After being held for 30 days, a 90-day 10% interest bearing note was discounted at a bank at 12%: Discount will be based on;

  • 60 days at 12%
  • 30 days at 10%
  • 60 days at 10%
  • 30 days 12%

A transfer of financial assets should be reported as a sale if certain conditions are met. Which of the following is one of the conditions?

  • The transferor has an option to repurchase the assets.
  • The transferor receives beneficial interests in the assets as consideration
  • The assets are within the reach of the transferor's creditors.
  • Transferees may pledge or exchange the assets.

As a benchmark treatment, subsequent to initial recognition as an asset, an item of property, plant and equipment should be carried at

  • Cost less any accumulated depreciation and any accumulated impairment loss
  • Cost
  • Revalued amount less any accumulated depreciation and any accumulated impairment loss
  • Revalued amount

DEF Company, a company who uses IFRS reporting standards, sells a non-current asset classified as held-for-sale. Which of the following statements is true regarding the treatment of a gain on a subsequent increase in the fair value less cost?

  • The gain should not be recognized.
  • The gain should be recognized but only in retained earnings.
  • The gain should be recognized to the extent that it is not in excess of the cumulative impairment loss that has been recognized.
  • The gain should be recognized in full in the income statement.

Leeper Corporation incurred the following costs in 2010: Acquisition of R&D equipment with a useful life of 4 years in R&D projects P800,000 Cost of making minor modifications to an existing product 140,000 Advertising expense to introduce a new product 700,000 Engineering costs incurred to advance a product to full production stage 600,000 What amount should Leeper record as research & development expense in 2010?

  • P1,300,000
  • P940,000
  • P1,640,000
  • P800,000

Assuming that the ideal measure of short-term receivables in the statement of financial position is the discounted value of the cash to be received in the future, failure to follow this practice usually does not make the statement of financial position misleading because

  • most receivables can be sold to a bank or factor.
  • the amount of the discount is not material.
  • the allowance for uncollectible accounts includes a discount element.
  • most short-term receivables are not interest-bearing.

Where there is a production cycle of more than one year, PAS 41 encourages separate disclosure of the:

  • Physical and price change
  • Physical Change
  • Price change only
  • Total change in value

Goods purchased in transit which are shipped with terms FOB shipping point should be;

  • Included in the inventory of the buyer
  • Included in the inventory of the shipping company
  • Included in the inventory of the seller
  • excluded in the inventory of the buyer and seller

If a company employs the gross method of recording accounts receivable from customers, then sales discounts taken should be reported as

  • a deduction from accounts receivable in determining the net realizable value of accounts receivable.
  • a deduction from sales in the income statement.
  • sales discounts forfeited in the cost of goods sold section of the income statement
  • an item of "other income and expense" in the income statement.

Which of the following best describes the forward rate in a forward contract?

  • said to be at a discount if it exceeds the spot rate at the inception of the contract.
  • changes as the spot rate changes.
  • the spot rate at the expiration date of the contract.
  • None of the these are true.

PFRS allows reversal of impairment losses when

  • reversal of impairment losses is never allowed.
  • there has been a change in economic conditions or in the expected use of the asset.
  • the reversal is greater than the amount of the original impairment.
  • the reversal falls in a subsequent fiscal year of the company's operations.

Receivables, as an asset, normally has

  • Impaired balance
  • Debit balance
  • Credit balance
  • Cannot be determined

Biological transformation results from asset changes through all of the following, except;

  • Procreation
  • Degeneration
  • Processing of agricultural produce
  • Growth

A material credit balance in the 'cash in bank' account

  • Is netted against cash and a net cash amount is reported
  • Is treated as an error
  • May be offset against a demand deposit account maintained in another bank
  • Is treated as a current liability

Which of the following statement is incorrect regarding receivables on the statement of financial position?

  • Receivables are a financial asset
  • Non-trade receivables are generally reported as separate items in the statement of financial position.
  • Receivables are financial instruments.
  • accounts receivable are written promises of the purchaser to pay for goods or services.

The following relate to consumable biological assets: I. livestock intended for the production of meat. II. livestock held for sale. III. trees from which firewood is harvested while the tree remains. IV. crops such as maize and wheat V. trees being grown for lumber VI. fish in farms

  • All of the above
  • II, IV, V, VI
  • I, II, IV, V, VI
  • IV, V, VI

The revaluation surplus resulting from initial revaluatidn of property, plant, and equipment shall be treated in which one of the following?

  • Credited to retained earnings.
  • Released to the income statement an amount equal to the difference between the depreciation calculated on historical cost vis-a-vis revalued amount.
  • Debited to the class of property, plant and equipment revalued and credited to "revaluation surplus".
  • Deducted from current assets and added to the property, plant and equipment.

The journal entry a company records for the payment of interest, interest expense, and amortization of bond premium is

  • debit Interest Expense, credit Cash and Premium on Bonds Payable
  • debit Interest Expense, credit Cash
  • debit Interest Expense and Premium on Bonds Payable, credit Cash
  • debit Interest Expense, credit Interest Payable and Premium on Bonds Payable

Transaction costs directly attributable to the issuance of shares include following, except

  • Documentary stamp tax and other percentage tax
  • Stock listing fee
  • SEC registration fee for new shares
  • Underwriting fee

A noncurrent asset that ceases to be classified as held for sale shall be measured at

  • Higher between the-carrying amount before the asset was classified as held for sale adjusted for depreciation that would have been recognized if the asset had not been classified as held for sale and the recoverable amount at the date of the subsequent decision not to sell.
  • Carrying amount.
  • Lower between the carrying amount before the asset was classified as held for sale adjusted for depreciation that would have been recognized if the asset had not been classified as held for sale and the recoverable amount at the date of the subsequent decision not to sell.
  • Recoverable amount at the date of the subsequent decision not to sell.

Which of the following is true about depreciation accounting?

  • It retains funds by reducing income taxes and dividends.
  • It is part of the matching of revenues and expenses.
  • All of these.
  • It is not a matter of valuation.

An accounting record where a company initially records transactions and selected other events is called the;

  • ledger.
  • journal.
  • trial balance.
  • account.

Is the financial flexibility of an entity to raise money out of its receivables.

  • Receivable financing
  • Troubled-debt restructuring
  • Receivable trading
  • Receivable sourcing

Under IAS 16 (Property, Plant, and Equipment), subsequent revaluation decreases are:

  • recognized as an expense on the Income Statement.
  • first recognized as a reduction in any related revaluation surplus.
  • never recognized.
  • credited to a revaluation surplus account.

General-purpose financial statements are the product of

  • neither financial nor managerial accounting.
  • both financial and managerial accounting.
  • managerial accounting.
  • financial accounting.

The major difference between the service life of an asset and its physical life is that;

  • physical life is always longer than service life.
  • service life refers to the time an asset will be used by a company and physical life refers to how long the asset will last.
  • physical life is the life of an asset without consideration of salvage value and service life requires the use of salvage value.
  • service life refers to the length of time an asset is of use to its original owner, while physical life refers to how long the asset will be used by all owners.

On January 1 of the current year, an entity issued bonds at a discount. The entity incorrectly used the straight line method instead of the effective interest method to amortize the discount. How were the following amounts, as of December 31 of the current year affected by the error?

  • Bond carrying amount (Overstated); Retained earnings (Understated)
  • Bond carrying amount (Overstated); Retained earnings (Overstated)
  • Bond carrying amount (Understated); Retained earnings (Overstated)
  • Bond carrying amount (Understated); Retained earnings (Understated)

The focus of government accounting is the custody and administration of;

  • Public funds
  • Public projects
  • Public infrastructure
  • Mutual funds

Under PFRS, which of the following is a criterion that must be met in order for an item to be recognized as an intangible asset other than goodwill?

  • The item is identifiable and lacks physical substance
  • The item's fair value can be measured reliably.
  • The item is part of the entity's activities aimed at gaining new scientific or technical knowledge.
  • The item is expected to be used in the production or supply of goods or services.

An expenditure made in connection with a machine being used by an enterprise should be

  • capitalized if it maintains the machine in normal operating condition.
  • expensed immediately if it merely improves the quality but does not extend the useful life.
  • capitalized if it increases the quantity of units produced by the machine.
  • expensed immediately if it merely extends the useful life but does not improve the quality.

Avoidable interest is the amount of interest cost that a company could theoretically avoid if it had not made expenditures for the asset.

  • True
  • Flase

Using the information in no. 39, what is the gain from the birth of animal on July 1?

  • 70,00 gain due to physical change
  • No gain or loss
  • 70,00 gain due to price change
  • 140,000 total gain due to price and physical change

The cost of an asset less its salvage value is its depreciation base.

  • False
  • True

When are dividends recognized as income by an investor in equity securities?

  • When dividends are constructively received
  • When the stock and transfer book is closed for registration.
  • When the right to receive dividends is established
  • When the dividends are actually received

Using the information in no. 37, what total amount should be included in property, plant and equipment?

  • 1,900,000
  • 2,900,000
  • 3,400,000
  • 5,400,000

On January 2, 2016, YCA Corp. replaced its boiler with a more efficient one. The following information was available on that date: Purchase price of new boiler P150,000 Carrying amount of old boiler 10,000 Fair value of old boiler 4,000 Installation cost of new boiler 20,000 The old boiler was sold for P4,000. What amount should YCA capitalize as the cost of the new boiler?

  • P150,000.
  • P166,000.
  • P160,000.
  • P170,000.

Green Co. received merchandise on consignment. As of January 31, Green included the goods in inventory, but did not record the transaction. The effect of this on its financial statements for January 31 would be

  • net income and current assets were overstated and current liabilities were understated.
  • net income was correct and current assets were understated.
  • net income, current assets, and retained earnings were overstated.
  • net income, current assets, and retained earnings were understated.

Which of the following events is most appropriately recorded as a reduction to accumulated depreciation?

  • an addition that increases the anticipated benefits of the old asset
  • a replacement of a better asset for the one currently used
  • an improvement that extends an asset's useful life
  • an improvement that increases the asset's expected benefits beyond that originally expected

Which of the following is not an objective evidence of impairment of a financial asset?

  • A decline in the fair value of the asset below its previous carrying amount
  • Observable data indicating that there is a measurable decrease in the estimated future cash flows from a group of financial assets although the decrease cannot yet be associated with any individual financial asset
  • A breach of contract, such as default or delinquency in interest or principal payment
  • Significant financial difficulty of the issuer or obligor

A transaction whereby the outstanding shares are called in and replaced by a larger number, accompanied by a reduction in the par or stated value of each share.

  • Split up
  • Cash dividends
  • ex-dividend
  • Share Split

Which is incorrect concerning acquisition of an intangible asset as part of a business combination?

  • If there is an active market from the intangible asset the fair value is equal to the quoted market price which is usually the current bid price.
  • The fair value of an intangible asset acquired in a business combination cannot be measured with sufficient reliability separately from goodwill.
  • If there is no active market for the intangible asset, the fair value is equal to the amount that would be paid by the entity in an arm's length transaction between knowledgeable and willing parties.
  • The cost of the intangible asset is based on its fair value at the date of acquisition.

Which of the following best describes PFRS and U.S. GAAP?

  • are diametrically opposed in their accounting for impairments of assets held for disposal.
  • are moving toward common ground in their accounting for impairments of assets held for disposal.
  • are similar in the accounting for impairments of assets held for disposal.
  • are moving further apart in their accounting for impairments of assets held for disposal.

Which of the following methods of determining annual bad debt expense best achieves the matching concept?

  • Percentage of average accounts receivable
  • Direct write-of
  • Percentage of sales
  • Percentage of ending accounts receivable

Moon Inc assigns P1,500,000 of its accounts receivables as collateral for a P1 million loan with a bank. The bank assesses a 3% finance fee and charges interest on the note at 6%. What would be the journal entry to record this transaction?

  • Debit Cash for P970,000, debit Finance Charge for P30,000, and credit Accounts Receivable for P1,000,000.
  • Debit Cash for P910,000, debit Finance Charge for P90,000, and credit Notes Payable for P1,000,000.
  • Debit Cash for P970,000, debit Finance Charge for P30,000, debit Due from Bank for P500,000, and credit Accounts Receivable for P1,500,000.
  • Debit Cash for P970,000, debit Finance Charge for P30,000, and credit Notes payable for P1,000,000.

The accounting term "book value" is best described as which of the following?

  • A measure of the difference between the historical cost of the asset and the total of the estimated salvage value and the accumulated depreciation recognized to the time book value is determined
  • A measure of the difference between the historical cost of the asset and the accumulated depreciation recognized to the time book value is determined
  • A measure of the market value, less estimated salvage value, of the asset at the time book value is determined
  • A measure of the market value of the asset at the time book value is determined

Which of the following terms best describes property held to earn rentals or for capital appreciation?

  • Leasehold property
  • Freehold property
  • Investment property
  • Owner-occupied property

Property, plant and equipment are conventionally presented in the balance sheet at

  • Historical cost minus accumulated depreciation.
  • Original cost adjusted for general price-level changes.
  • Replacement cost minus accumulated depreciation.
  • Historical cost minus depreciated portion thereof

Unreleased checks (checks drawn before balance sheet date but held for later delivery to creditors) should be

  • treated as outstanding checks if the date is shortly after balance sheet date.
  • treated as outstanding checks if they are ultimately encashed.
  • treated as outstanding checks.
  • restored to the cash balance.

When a customer purchases merchandise inventory from a business organization, she may be given a discount which is designed to induce prompt payment. Such a discount is called aNo

  • cash discount.
  • enhancement discount.
  • trade discount.
  • nominal discount.

Unreleased checks (checks drawn before the balance sheet date but held for later delivery to creditors)

  • Should be restored to the cash balance
  • Should be a book-reconciling item since the bank has deducted this amount at arriving at the cash balance in the bank statement.
  • Should be treated as outstanding checks
  • Are treated as certified checks

It refers to the face value of the note.

  • Principal
  • Maturity value
  • Net Realizable value
  • Carrying Value

In relation to assets that have been sold during the reporting period, PFRS 5 Non-current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations, requires disclosure of the following items: I. A description of the non-current asset or disposal group. II. The gain or loss recognized in profit or loss. III. A description of the facts or circumstances of the sale. IV. The segment in which the non-current asset is reported.

  • I, II and IV only.
  • I, II, III and IV.
  • I, III and IV only.
  • II, and IV only.

As defined by PAS 38, how are intangible assets unlike other assets?

  • They must have arisen from past events.
  • They must be controlled by the enterprise.
  • They are non-monetary and lack physical substance.
  • Their value cannot be reasonably measured.

On January 2, 2016, Indian River Groves began construction of a new citrus processing plant. The automated plant was finished and ready for use on September 30, 2017. Expenditures for the construction were as follows: January 2, 2016 P200,000 September 1, 2016 600,000 December 31, 2016 600,000 March 31, 2017 600,000 September 30, 2017 400,000 Indian River Groves borrowed P1,100,000 on a construction loan at 12% interest on January 2, 2016. This loan was outstanding during the construction period. The company also had P4,000,000 in 9% bonds outstanding in 2016 and 2017. The interest capitalized for 2016 was:

  • P48,000
  • P180,000
  • P60,000
  • P192,000

On December 1, 2016, HI Co. purchased a tract of land as a factory site for P800,000. The old building on the property was razed, and salvaged materials resulting from demolition were sold. Additional costs incurred and salvage proceeds realized during December 2016 were as follows: Cost to raze old building P70,000 Legal fees for purchase contract and to record ownership 10,000 Title guarantee insurance 16,000 Proceeds from sale of salvaged materials 8,000 In HI's December 31, 2016 balance sheet, what amount should be reported as land?

  • P888,000.
  • P826,000.
  • P896,000.
  • P862,000.

Examples of physical assets include the following except;

  • property, plant and equipment
  • commodities
  • Inventories
  • equity instruments

Bearer animals are classified as;

  • Property, plant and equipment
  • Agricultural products
  • Biological asset
  • Inventory

What is due process in the context of standard setting at the IASB?

  • All of the choices
  • Public hearings are held on proposed accounting standards.
  • FASB operates in full view of the public.
  • Interested parties can make their views known.

Which of the following statements about accounting standards is true?

  • An accounting standards board was established with the purpose of narrowing the range of divergence in accounting standards throughout the world.
  • The BIR is able to enforce its standards by prohibiting the listing of companies which do not comply on stock exchanges.
  • Conceptual framework will override accounting standards.
  • Accounting professionals should not comply with standards

Is the universal language of business.

  • Accounting
  • Accounting System
  • Marketing
  • Information Technology

Scary Corp. factored P600,000 of accounts receivable to Brave Corp. on October 1, year 2. Control was surrendered by Scary. Brave accepted the receivables subject to recourse for nonpayment. Brave assessed a fee of 3% and retains a holdback equal to 5% of the accounts receivable. In addition, Brave charged 15% interest computed on a weighted-average time to maturity of the receivables of fifty-four days. The fair value of the recourse obligation is P9,000. Scar will receive and record cash of;

  • P556,685
  • P538,685
  • P547,685
  • P529,685

The trial balance will not balance when a company

  • Posts a journal entry twice.
  • Fails to journalize a transaction.
  • Debits two statement of financial position accounts and no income statement accounts.
  • Omits posting a correct journal entry.

Which is INCORRECT about compensating balance agreement?

  • Reduces the amount of cash available to the borrower.
  • Always involves the legal restriction on the compensating cash balance.
  • Increases the effective interest rate to the borrower.
  • Should be disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.

Bank statements provide information about all of the following except;

  • errors made by the company.
  • bank charges for the period.
  • NSF checks.
  • checks cleared during the period

Which of the following is a characteristic of a perpetual inventory system?

  • Inventory purchases are debited to a Purchases account.
  • Inventory records are not kept for every item
  • Cost of goods sold is recorded with each sale.
  • Cost of goods sold is determined as the amount of purchases less the change in inventory.

An asset that is purchased with the expectation that this asset will be beneficial in the near future.

  • All of the choices
  • Noncurrent investments
  • Current investments
  • Investment

The Chairman and members of the FRSC shall have a term of renewable for another term.

  • 4 years
  • 3 years
  • 2 years
  • 5 years

In a periodic inventory system that uses the weighted average cost flow method, the beginning inventory is the;

  • Net purchases minus the ending inventory.
  • Total goods available for sale minus the cost of goods sold
  • Total goods available for sale minus the net purchases.
  • Net purchases minus the cost of goods sold.

Cash planning is important because a company wants

  • ensure that it has adequate cash available to meet maturing obligations
  • ensure the safeguarding of its available cash
  • prepare a cash budget so it can invest all cash
  • forecast all available cash surpluses

Which of the following is not a condition that must be satisfied before interest capitalization can begin on a qualifying asset?

  • Activities that are necessary to get the asset ready for its intended use are in progress.
  • Interest cost is being incurred.
  • The interest rate is equal to or greater than the company's cost of capital.
  • Expenditures for the assets have been made.

Michael owns 10% of the common stock of Maine Co. throughout the year. Maine Co. has no preferred stock outstanding. Michael as stock gives him the right to

  • be paid 10% of the firms profits in cash each year.
  • receive dividends equal to 10% of the total dividends paid by the corporation for the year to common stockholders.
  • keep the corporation from issuing any additional stock unless he is willing to buy 10% of the newly issued shares.
  • receive dividends equal to 10% of the par value each year.

A loss on impairment of an intangible asset is the difference between the asset's

  • book value and its fair value.
  • carrying amount and its fair value.
  • carrying amount and the expected future net cash flows.
  • fair value and the expected future net cash flows.

An impairment loss is the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the sum of the expected future net cash flows from the use of that asset.

  • True
  • False

Elkins Corporation uses the perpetual inventory method. On March 1, it purchased 10,000 of inventory, terms 2/10, n/30. On March 3, Elkins returned goods that cost 1,000. On March 9, Elkins paid the supplier. On March 9, Elkins should credit:

  • inventory for 200.
  • purchase discounts for 200.
  • purchase discounts for 180.
  • inventory for 180.

Which of the following is a characteristic of a financial instrument?

  • There are at least two parties to the contract
  • The contract shall not give rise to a financial asset of one party and financial liability or equity instrument of another party.
  • The contract shall give rise to a financial asset of one party and financial liability or equity instrument of another party.
  • There must be a contract

On January 1, 2010, Forbes Company purchased equipment at a cost of P50,000. The equipment was estimated to have a salvage value of P5,000 and it is being depreciated over eight years under the sum-of-the-years'-digits method. What should be the charge for depreciation of this equipment for the year ended December 31, 2017?

  • P5,625
  • P2,500
  • P1,389
  • P1,250

One of the basic features of financial accounting is the

  • Direct measurement of economic resources and obligations and changes in them in terms of money
  • Direct measurement of economic resources and obligations and changes in them in terms of money and sociological impact
  • Direct measurement of economic resources and obligations and changes in them in terms of money and psychological impact.
  • Direct measurement of economic resources and obligations and changes in them in terms of money and sociological and psychological impact

Equity method shall cease to be applied only when the investor loses significant influence over the associate. Which of the following is not true?

  • The loss of significant influence can occur with or without a change in the percentage of ownership.
  • There is a presumption of loss of significant influence if the ownership interest falls below 20%.
  • An entity loses significant influence over an investee when it loses the power to participate in the financial and operating policy decisions of that investee.
  • There is a presumption of loss of significant influence when the associate is operating under severe long-term restrictions that significantly impair its ability to transfer funds to the investor.

Depreciation is based on the decline in the fair market value of the asset.

  • False
  • True

Generally speaking, biological assets relating to agricultural activity shall be measured using

  • Historical cost less depreciation less impairment
  • Net realizable value
  • Historical cost
  • A fair value approach

Which of the following is not an appropriate basis for measuring the cost of property, plant, and equipment?

  • Proceeds obtained in the process of readying land for its intended purpose, such as from the sale of cleared timber, should be recognized immediately as income.
  • The costs of improvements to equipment incurred after its acquisition should be added to the asset's cost if they increase future service potential.
  • The purchase price, freight costs, and installation costs of a productive asset should be included in the asset's cost.

Intangible development costs and restoration costs are part of the depletion base.

  • True
  • False

Sutherland Company purchased machinery for P320,000 on January 1, 2013. Straight-line depreciation has been recorded based on a P20,000 salvage value and a 5-year useful life. The machinery was sold on May 1, 2017 at a gain of P6,000. How much cash did Sutherland receive from the sale of the machinery?

  • P86,000.
  • P66,000.
  • P46,000.
  • P54,000.

Which of the following is a reason why the specific identification method may be considered ideal for assigning costs to inventory and cost of goods sold?

  • Able to use on all types of inventory.
  • The cost flow matches the physical flow.
  • There is no arbitrary allocation of costs
  • The potential for manipulation of net income is reduced.

The percentage specified on the note on an annual basis.

  • Term
  • Maturity
  • Rate
  • Interest

Usually provide a specific dividend that is paid before any dividends are paid to ordinary shareholders.

  • Subscription
  • Common shares
  • Preferred shares
  • Dividend

If bonds are issued at a discount, it means that;

  • bondholder will receive effectively less interest than the contractual rate of interest.
  • market interest rate is higher than the contractual interest rate.
  • market interest rate is lower than the contractual interest rate.
  • financial strength of the issuer is suspect.

Under PAS 28, adjustments to share in profit or loss of an associate may differ if the transaction is downstream or upstream. Which of the following statements is true? I. Jack Co. owns 20% interest in Old Man, Inc. During the year Old Man sold magic beans to Jack. This is an upstream transaction. II. Goldilocks Co. owns 20% interest in Papa Bear, Inc. During the year Goldilocks purchased porridge from Papa Bear. This is a downstream transaction.

  • True, True
  • False, True
  • False, False
  • True, false

The legal life of a patent is:

  • Twenty years.
  • Indefinite
  • Forty years.
  • Life of the inventor plus fifty years.

Long-term notes receivable which nominally bear no interest or an interest which is unreasonably low shall be recognized initially at;

  • Current value
  • Present value
  • Maturity value
  • Face value

The cost of a separately acquired intangible asset comprises its purchase price, including import duties and nonrefundable purchase taxes, and;

  • Administration and other general overhead cost
  • Directly attributable cost of preparing the asset for its intended use.
  • Cost of introducing a new product or service
  • Cost of conducting a business in a new location

An investor in equity securities received cash dividends in excess of the investors share of investees earnings subsequent to the date of the investment. How will the investors investment account be affected by those dividends for each of the following investments?

  • FVOCI securities (Decrease); Equity method (No effect)
  • FVOCI securities (No effect); Equity method (No effect)
  • FVOCI securities (Decrease); Equity method (Decrease)
  • FVOCI securities (No effect); Equity method (Decrease)

Which of the following statement is incorrect regarding how the IASB requires that the impairment assessment be performed?

  • Receivables that are individually significant should be considered for impairment separately, if impaired, the company recognizes it.
  • Any receivables not individually assessed should be collectively assessed for impairment.
  • Any receivable individually assessed that is not considered impaired should be included with a group of assets with similar credit-risk characteristics and collectively assessed for impairment.
  • Receivables that are not individually significant are assessed individually. If impaired, the company recognizes it.

Which of the following is not a characteristic of all long-term nonmonetary assets?

  • Useful life of more than one year.
  • Possess physical substance.
  • Not for resale.
  • Used in operations of business.

Information regarding inventories that should be disclosed in the financial statements or notes

  • Amount of inventories pledged on indebtedness.
  • Amount of any substantial and unusual write-downs.
  • All of these.
  • Basis on which inventories are stated

It refers to any contract that evidences a residual interest in the assets of an entity after deducting all of its liabilities

  • Equity instrument
  • Residual contract
  • Financial liability
  • Credit instrument

A debit balance in the allowance for doubtful accounts

  • Should never occur
  • May exist even after year-end adjustment of uncollectibles
  • May occur before year-end adjustment for uncollectibles
  • Is always the result of management not providing a large enough allowance in order to manage earnings

Dolan Co. received merchandise on consignment. As of March 31, Dolan had recorded the transaction as a purchase and included the goods in inventory. The effect of this on its financial statements for March 31 would be

  • net income was correct and current assets and current liabilities were overstated.
  • net income, current assets, and current liabilities were overstated.
  • no effect.
  • net income and current liabilities were overstated.

The following statements related to agricultural produce. Which statement is correct? I. In all cases, an entity shall measure agricultural produce at the point of harvest at fair value less cost to sell. II. PAS 41 reflects the view that the fair value of agricultural produce at the point of harvest can always be measured reliably.

  • I only
  • Neither I nor II
  • Both I and II
  • II only

Which of the following statements are in accordance with PAS 28? I When the associate has cumulative preference shares, the investor computes its share in the profit or loss of the investee after deducting the preferred dividends, only when such dividends are declared. II When the associate has non-cumulative preference shares, the investor computes its share in the profit or loss of the investee after deducting the preferred dividends,

  • false, false
  • false, true
  • true, false
  • true, true

According to IAS 16, a decrease in the carrying amount of a fixed asset that is identified on an asset's first revaluation should be recorded as:

  • a prior period adjustment to Retained Earnings.
  • a debit to Revaluation Surplus.
  • an expense on the Income Statement.
  • a credit to Revaluation Surplus.

Which of the following best describes a swap?

  • traded on an organized exchange and is customized to meet the needs of the parties.
  • not traded on an organized exchange and is subject to formal regulations which results in standardized contrasts
  • traded on an organized exchange and is subject to formal regulations which results in standardized contrasts.
  • not traded on an organized exchange and is customized to meet the needs of the parties.

Bonds for which the owners' names are not registered with the issuing corporation are called

  • All of the chocies
  • Bearer Bonds
  • Term bonds
  • Serial bonds

Which is not a required disclosure in relation to inventory?

  • The fair value less cost to sell of inventories pledged as security for liabilities
  • The amount of any writedown of inventories recognized as expense
  • The circumstances or events that led to the reversal of a writedown of inventories
  • The amount of any reversal of writedown of inventories

The fair value option

  • Must be applied to all instruments the entity holds
  • May be selected as a valuation method by the entity at any time during the first two years of ownership
  • Reports all gains and losses in income
  • All of the choices are correct

This form of joint venture maintains own records and prepares and presents financial statements in accordance with GAAP.

  • Jointly controlled operations
  • Jointly controlled assets
  • Jointly controlled entities
  • All of the choices

Biological asset are measured at

  • Net realizable value
  • Cost
  • Fair value less cost to sell
  • Lower of cost or net realizable value

Messersmith Company is constructing a building. Construction began in 2016 and the building was completed 12/31/10. Messersmith made payments to the construction company of P1,000,000 on 7/1, P2,100,000 on 9/1, and P2,000,000 on 12/31. Average accumulated expenditures were

  • P3,100,000.
  • P5,100,000.
  • P1,025,000.
  • P1,200,000.

Glen Inc. and Armstrong Co. have an exchange with no commercial substance. The asset given up by Glen Inc. has a book value of P12,000 and a fair market value of P15,000. The asset given up by Armstrong Co. has a book value of P20,000 and a fair market value of P19,000. Boot of P4,000 is received by Armstrong Co. What amount should Armstrong Co. record for the asset received?

  • P19,000
  • P20,000
  • P15,000
  • P16,000

If the balance shown on an entity's bank statement is less than the correct cash balance and neither the entity nor the bank made any errors, there must be?

  • Deposits created by the bank but not yet recorded by the entity
  • Outstanding checks
  • Deposits in transit
  • Bank charges not yet recorded by the entity

Under IFRS, ABC Company, who has a non-current asset which has been classified as held-for-sale, should

  • Depreciate the asset over its remaining life.
  • Value the asset at its depreciated historical cost.
  • Test the asset's value monthly for impairment.
  • Not depreciate the asset.

When using the retail inventory method, normal losses, shortage, shrinkage are ____________.

  • deducted from goods available for sale at retail, after computing the cost ratio.
  • deducted from goods available for sale at retail, before computing the cost ratio.
  • added from goods available for sale at retail, before computing the cost ratio.
  • added from goods available for sale at retail, after computing the cost ratio.

Which statement is correct about the effective interest method of amortization?

  • Amortization of a premium decreases from period to period
  • Amortization of a discount decreases from period to period.
  • The effective interest method applies the effective interest rate to the beginning carrying amount for each interest period.
  • The effective-interest method applied to debt investments is different from that applied to bonds payable

Which of the following statements in relation to non-current asset held for sale is true? I. An asset that meets the criteria for classification as held for sale after the end of the reporting period but before the authorization of the financial statements shall be measured in the statement of financial position at the lower of carrying amount and fair value less cost to sell. II. To be classified as asset held for sale, the sale must be expected to be completed within 12 months from the end of the financial year.

  • Neither I nor II
  • II only
  • I only
  • Both I and II

Investments that are acquired in accordance with a financial policy looking to the accumulation of funds for such purposes as plant expansion.

  • Funding of reserves.
  • Long-term investments.
  • Temporary investments.
  • Marketable securities.

This method provides for an equal amount of premium or discount amortization each accounting period.

  • Straight line method
  • Effective interest method
  • Bond outstanding method

On January 2, 2020, Kent Corp. paid 1,600,000 for the purchase of 40% of the ordinary shares of Kara Company. The statement of financial position of Kara at the date of acquisition shows the following information: Assets subject to depreciation (remaining useful life is 8 years) 2,400,000 Assets not subject to depreciation 800,000 Liabilties 400,000 Both book value and fair value are the same for assets not subject to depreciation and liabilities. The fair market value of Karas assets subject to depreciation is 2,720,000. Kara depreciates its assets using the straight-line method. Karas intangibles are amortized over a 20-year period. Net income for the year ended December 31, 2020, is 640,000. It declares and pays dividends of 500,000 in 2020. What amount of the investment cost is attributable to goodwill?

  • 480,000
  • 608,000
  • 128,000
  • 352,000

When funds are borrowed to pay for construction of assets that qualify for capitalization of interest, the excess funds not needed to pay for construction may be temporarily invested in interest-bearing securities. Interest earned on these temporary investments should be

  • recognized as revenue of the period.
  • multiplied by an appropriate interest rate to determine the amount of interest to be capitalized.
  • offset against interest cost incurred during construction.
  • used to reduce the cost of assets being constructed.

Which of the following is not an intangible asset?

  • Patents
  • Research and development costs
  • Franchise
  • Trade name

Stock dividends affect the total cost of the investment

  • False
  • True

The categories of biological assets includes

  • Both of the choices
  • None of the choices
  • Consumable
  • Bearer

Shangra-La Company incurred P1,500,000 (P400,000 in 2009 and P1,100,000 in 2010) to develop a computer software product. P500,000 of this amount was expended before technological feasibility was established in early 2010. The product will earn future revenues of P4,000,000 over its 5-year life, as follows: 2010 – P1,000,000; 2011 – P1,000,000; 2012 – P800,000; 2013 – P800,000; and 2014 – P400,000. What portion of the P1,500,000 computer software costs should be expensed in 2010?

  • P350,000
  • P1,100,000
  • P250,000
  • P300,000

An exclusive 20-year right to manufacture a product or use a product is a:

  • Trademark.
  • Copyright.
  • Patent.
  • Franchise

Which of the following best describes a trial balance?

  • Is useful in preparing the statement of financial position.
  • Uncovers any errors in journalizing and posting prior to preparation of the statement of financial position.
  • All of the choices are correct.
  • Proves that debits are greater than credits when the company has net income.

Which of the following should be disclosed in a summary of significant accounting policies? I. Management's intention to maintain or vary the dividend payout ratio. II. Criteria for determining which investments are treated as cash equivalents. III. Composition of the sales order backlog by segment.

  • II only.
  • I and III.
  • II and III.
  • I only.

It violates the matching principle because the bad debt loss is often recognized in later accounting period than the period in which the sales revenue was recognized.

  • Direct write-off method
  • Gross method
  • Net method
  • Allowance method

PAS 28 applies to which of the following?

  • a 20% investment in preference shares
  • investments in associates held by a venture capital organization or mutual fund measured at fair value through profit or loss
  • a 60% investment in ordinary shares of another entity
  • an interest in a partnership which gives the investor significant influence over the partnership

In order to be classified as a cash equivalent, an investment must have a maturity date of

  • to twelve months
  • three to six months
  • three months or less
  • less than six months

If the company is the owner and designated beneficiary of a life insurance policy covering the company's officer, any increase in cash surrender value is

  • ignored.
  • recorded as an income.
  • charged to life insurance expense.
  • credited to life insurance expense.

The entry to record the amortization of a premium on bonds payable is

  • debit Interest Expense, debit Premium on Bonds Payable, credit Cash
  • debit Bonds Payable, credit Interest Expense
  • debit Premium on Bonds Payable, credit Interest Expense
  • debit Interest Expense, credit Premium on Bond Payable

The term "financial instruments" encompasses the following except;

  • Equity instrument
  • Financial income
  • Financial liability.
  • Financial asset

Which of the following is not one of the basic questions that must be answered before the amount of depreciation charge can be computed?

  • What is the depreciation base to use for the asset?
  • What method of cost apportionment is best for this asset?
  • What is the asset's useful life?
  • What product or service is the asset related to?

A component of an entity is classified as "held for sale" when the component is available for immediate sale and the sale is highly probable. For the sale to be highly probable (choose the incorrect one)

  • The component is actively marketed for sale at an unreasonable price in relation to its cost.
  • The sale is expected to qualify as a completed sale within one year from the date of classification as "held for sale"
  • An active program to locate a buyer is initiated.
  • Management is committed to a plan to sell the component.

Which of the following controls most likely would help ensure that all credit sales transactions of an entity are recorded?

  • The accounting department supervisor controls the mailing of monthly statements to customers and investigates any differences reported by customers.
  • The accounting department supervisor independently reconciles the accounts receivable subsidiary ledger to the accounts receivable control account monthly.
  • The billing department supervisor sends copies of approved sales orders to the credit department for comparison to authorized credit limits and current customer account balances.
  • The billing department supervisor matches pre-numbered shipping documents with entries in the sales journal.

An example of an inventory accounting policy that should be disclosed is the

  • identification of major suppliers.
  • method used for inventory costing.
  • effect of inventory profits caused by inflation.
  • classification of inventory into raw materials, work in process, and finished goods.

Which will not require an adjusting entry on the depositor's books?

  • Deposit of another company is credited to the account of our enterprise
  • Bank service charge
  • Check in payment of account payable amounting to P50,000 is recorded by the depositor as P5,000
  • NSF check from customer

The best method of inventory valuation for a dealer of jewelry is

  • Base-stock method.
  • Specific identification.
  • Last invoice price.
  • Weighted-average method.

Which is not considered as a cash equivalent?

  • A 90-day T-bill Equity
  • A 60-day money market placement
  • A three-year treasury note maturing on May 30 of the current year purchased by the entity on January 15 of the current year
  • A three-year treasury note maturing on May 30 of the current year purchased by the entity on April 15 of the current year

Use the same information on no. 27 above, what amount shall be included in gross income of MG Farm as a result of the transactions on its dairy livestock?

  • 284,000
  • 290,000
  • 64,000
  • 220,000

Impaired assets held for disposal should be reported at the lower of cost or net realizable value.

  • False
  • True

Sun Inc. factors P2,000,000 of its accounts receivables without guarantee (recourse) for a finance charge of 5%. The finance company retains an amount equal to 10% of the accounts receivable for possible adjustments. What would be recorded as a gain (loss) on the transfer of receivables?

  • Loss of P200,000.
  • Loss of P300,000.
  • Loss of P100,000.
  • Gain of P100,000.

Companies that are listed on a stock exchange are required to submit their financial statements to the

  • AICPA.
  • SEC.
  • FASB.
  • APB

Philip, Inc. acquires 10% of Erwin Corporation on January 1, 2012, for P90,000 when the book value of Erwin was P 1,000,000. During 2012, Erwin reported net income of P215,000 and paid dividends of P50,000. On January 1, 2013, Philip purchased an additional 30% of Erwin for P325,000. Any excess of cost over book value is attributable to goodwill with an indefinite life. During 2013, Philip reported net income of P320,000 and paid dividends of P50,000. How much is the adjustment to the Investment in Erwin Corporation for the change from the fair-value method to the equity method on January 1, 2013?

  • A debit of P16,500.
  • A debit of P21,500.
  • There is no adjustment.
  • A debit of P165,000.

The term "betterment" refers to;

  • An expenditure made to help insure continuity of service capacity.
  • An expenditure made for new facilities, which increase "capacity".
  • An expenditure made to improve existing facilities by increasing "capacity".
  • An expenditure made to restore "capacity" after abandonment or retirement.

If an entity has a calendar year-end and a depreciable property is revalued at the middle of the current year, how is the depreciation expense for the year determined?

  • Depreciation for the entire year is based on revalued amount.
  • Depreciation for the first half of the year is based on cost and for the second half on revalued amount.
  • Depreciation for the entire year is based on cost.
  • Depreciation for the year is based on the average of the depreciation based on cost and on revalued amount of the property.

Justin Corporation has investment property that is held to earn rental income. Justin prepares its financial statements in accordance with PFRS. Justin uses the fair value model for reporting the investment property. Which of the following is true?

  • Changes in fair value are reported as profit or loss in the current period
  • Changes in fair value are reported as deferred revenue for the period
  • Changes in fair value are reported as other comprehensive income for the period
  • Changes in fair value are reported as an extraordinary gain on the income statement

A transfer of receivables, with recourse, in exchange for cash should

  • Not be recorded until all of the receivables have been collected.
  • Be recorded as a sale of receivables.
  • Be recorded as a borrowing transaction.
  • Be recorded as a sale or a borrowing transaction, depending on the provisions of the transfer agreement.

All are non-financial assets except:

  • Property, plant and equipment
  • Cash
  • Inventory
  • Intangible assets

In accordance with IFRS 5, Noncurrent assets held for sale and discontinued operations, an asset should be classified as held for sale when which TWO of the following criteria are satisfied? I. The sale is highly probable. II. The asset has a readily observable market value. III. The sale is expected to be completed within 3 months of the end of the reporting period. IV. The asset is available for immediate sale in its present condition.

  • I and IV.
  • III and IV.
  • I and III.
  • I and II.

Of the following items, which would be included in cash on hand and classified as a current asset? A. Negotiable checks B. Certificates of deposit C. Bank drafts D. Coins and currency

  • D.B, C, and D
  • A, B, C, and D
  • A, B, and C
  • A, C, and D

______________ is an increase in the selling price which does not bring the new selling price below the original retail.

  • Markup Cancellation
  • Markdown
  • Markdown cancellation
  • Markup

Which of the following is false?

  • A servicing liability shall be assessed for increased obligation based on its fair value.
  • A servicing asset or liability should be amortized for a period of five years.
  • A servicing asset shall be assessed for impairment based on its fair value.
  • An obligation to service financial assets may result in the recognition of a servicing asset or servicing liability.

Assuming that the ideal measure of short-term receivable in the balance sheet is the discounted value of the cash to be received in the future, failure to follow this practice usually does not make the balance sheet misleading because

  • The amount of discount is not material
  • Most receivables can be sold to a bank or factor
  • The allowance for uncollectible accounts includes a discount element
  • Most short term receivables are not interest bearing

Net income is understated if, in the first year, estimated salvage value is excluded from the depreciation computation when using the

  • Straight-line Method: Yes Production or Use Method: Yes
  • Straight-line Method: Yes Production or Use Method: No
  • Straight-line Method: No Production or Use Method: Yes
  • Straight-line Method: No Production or Use Method: No

Information concerning Atis Co.s portfolio of debt securities at December 31, 2019, and December 31, 2020, are shown below. These debt securities were purchased by Atis Co. during 2019. Prior to January 1, 2019, Atis Co. had non investments in debt or equity securities. As of December 31, 2019 Amortized cost Fair value Cloning Co. bonds 493,578 442,800 Blooming Corp. bonds 614,892 613,500 Maalindog, Inc. bonds 917,355 874,200 Totals 2,025,825 1,930,500 Assuming that the above securities are property classified as available-for-sale securities under PAS 39 (Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement), the unrealized gain or loss as of December 31, 2020, would;

  • Not be recognized.
  • Be recognized in other comprehensive income by a year-end debit of 24,015.
  • Be recognized in other comprehensive income by a year-end credit of 24,015.
  • Be recognized as a 24,015 unrealized holding gain in the 2020 profit or loss.

When an asset's carrying amount is decreased as a result of a revaluation, the decrease shall be

  • Charged to revaluation surplus
  • Charged to retained earnings
  • Recognized in profit or loss
  • Debited to equity

Agricultural produce is the harvested product of the entity's biological assets.

  • False
  • True

The following are the standards which deal primarily with the accounting for financial instruments except;

  • PAS 39
  • PAS 32
  • PFRS 7
  • PFRS 10

A real estate company converts one of its products to property for commercial lease. The entity elected to use the fair value model on recognition of this property. The difference between the fair value and carrying amount of the property shall be recognized in

  • Profit or loss
  • Reserves as other comprehensive income
  • Retained earnings as a prior period error
  • Reserves as revaluation surplus

After allocating cost in excess of book value, which asset or liability would not be amortized over a useful life?

  • Property, plant, & equipment.
  • Cost of goods sold.
  • Goodwill
  • Bonds payable.

Represent the rules, procedures, practice and standard followed in the preparation and presentation of financial statements.

  • Code of Ethics
  • Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting
  • Internal Revenue Regulations
  • Generally accepted accounting principles

Bank overdrafts should be reported in the balance sheet as part of?

  • other liabilities
  • sinking funds.
  • current liabilities.
  • cash deductions.

Use of the sum-of-the-years'-digits method

  • means the book value should not be reduced below salvage value.
  • results in salvage value being ignored.
  • all of these.
  • means the denominator is the years remaining at the beginning of the year.

The Andrews Company owns a small manufacturing plant that has just been properly classified as held for sale on the company's balance sheet. Which of the following statements is true?

  • In some cases but not all, a gain might be recognized at the time of the classification to held for sale is made.
  • The plant must be recorded at its net realizable value when the classification to held for sale is made.
  • In some cases but not all, a loss might be recognized at the time of the classification to held for sale is made.
  • Depreciation will not cease being recorded when the classification to held for sale is made.

Postage stamps and IOU's found in cash drawers should be reported

  • Cash because they represent the equivalent of money.
  • Supplies and receivables.
  • Investments.
  • Petty cash.

In accordance with PFRS 9, bond investments are recognized initially at fair value plus transaction cost that are directly attributable to the acquisition.

  • True
  • False

Intangible assets are reported on the statement of financial position

  • as a separate item.
  • in the property, plant, and equipment section.
  • none of the above
  • with an accumulated depreciation account.

Culver Company purchases the majority of its inventory from three primary suppliers for re-sale to customers around the world. Culver Company's statement of financial position will include

  • Merchandise inventory.
  • All of the choices are correct.
  • Work-in-process inventory.
  • Finished goods inventory.

Which of the following is included in the normal journal entry to record the collection of accounts receivable previously written off when using the allowance method?

  • Debit Accounts Receivable, credit Allowance for Doubtful Accounts.
  • Debit Allowance for Doubtful Accounts, credit Bad Debt Expense.
  • Debit Bad Debt Expense, credit Allowance for Doubtful Accounts.
  • Debit Allowance for Doubtful Accounts, credit Accounts Receivable.

Subsequent to initial recognition, investment property shall be measured at;

  • Either fair value or cost.
  • Either fair value or cost less accumulated depreciation and any accumulated impairment losses.
  • Cost less accumulated depreciation and any accumulated impairment losses
  • Fair value

Insurance on equipment purchased, while the equipment is in transit, is part of the cost of the equipment.

  • True
  • Flase

The cash surrender value of the insurance policy on the corporation's president would be presented on the balance sheet as

  • cash
  • long-term investment
  • prepaid expense
  • marketable securities

_____________ comprises growth, degeneration, production, and procreation that cause qualitative or quantitative changes in a biological asset.

  • Biological transformation
  • Agricultural produce
  • Agricultural activity
  • Biological asset

Pacific Corp. uses a perpetual inventory system. At year-end, Pacific inventory account had a balance of P3, 680, 000, as against a completed physical inventory indicating foods on hand to cost only P3, 610, 000. Pacific should

  • Reduce the balance in the inventory controlling account and record a current liability, both in the amount of P70,000.
  • Reduce its cost of goods sold by P70,000.
  • Record a P70,000 current liability.
  • Reduce the balance in its inventory controlling account and inventory subsidiary ledger by P70,000.

On March 1, 2008, a company established a sinking fund in connection with an issue of bonds due in 2019. At December 31, 2010, the independent trustee held cash in the sinking fund account representing the annual deposits to the fund and the interest earned on those deposits. How should the sinking fund be reported in the company's balance sheet at December 31, 2010?

  • Only the accumulated deposits should appear as a noncurrent asset.
  • The entire balance in the sinking fund account should appear as a current asset.
  • The cash in the sinking fund should appear as a current asset.
  • The entire balance in the sinking fund account should appear as a noncurrent asset.

During self-construction of an asset by Samuelson Company, the following were among the costs incurred:

  • P35,000
  • 0
  • P40,000
  • P75,000

When at the date of initial classification and subsequent measurement of assets held for sale, the amount of fair value less costs to sell is less than the carrying amount, an impairment loss shall be recognized in

  • Cash flows
  • Profit or Loss
  • Changes in equity
  • Balance Sheet

On the part of the shareholders, special assessment are recorded as additional cost of the investment and on the part of the entity as share premium.

  • True
  • False

Fogelberg Company purchased equipment for P12,000. Sales tax on the purchase was P600. Other costs incurred were freight charges of P240, repairs of P420 for damage during installation, and installation costs of P270. What is the cost of the equipment?

  • P13,110.
  • P12,000.
  • P13,530.
  • P12,600.

Dividends shall be recognized at the date of

  • Declaration
  • ex-dividend
  • Share Split
  • Cash dividends

Which of the following computations may properly result to the correct amount of share in associates profit or loss for the period?

  • Share in profit of associate minus amortization of share in the overvaluation of associates asset.
  • Share in profit of associate minus amortization of share in the undervaluation of associates asset.
  • Share in profit of associate minus amortization of share in the undervaluation of associates asset minus separate impairment loss on goodwill included in the carrying amount of the investment.
  • Share in profit of associate minus amortization of share in the undervaluation of associates asset minus share in dividends declared by associate.

In its financial statements, Pulham Corp. uses the equity method of accounting for its 30% ownership of Angles Corp. At December 31, 2010, Pulham has a receivable from Angles. How should the receivable be reported in Pulham's 2010 financial statements?

  • The total receivable should be disclosed separately.
  • None of the receivable should be reported, but the entire receivable should be offset against Angles' payable to Pulham.
  • The total receivable should be included as part of the investment in Angles, without separate disclosure.
  • 70% of the receivable should be separately reported, with the balance offset against 30% of Angles' payable to Pulham.

Historical cost is a measurement base used in financial accounting. Which of the following measurement bases is also currently used in financial accounting?

  • Current cost (No); Present discounted value (Yes); Net settlement value (Yes)
  • Current cost (Yes); Present discounted value (Yes); Net settlement value (Yes)
  • Current cost (Yes); Present discounted value (No); Net settlement value (Yes)
  • Current cost (Yes); Present discounted value (No); Net settlement value (No)

In addition to financial assets at fair value through profit or loss, which of the following categories of financial assets is measured at fair value?

  • Investments in unquoted equity instruments
  • Loans and receivables
  • Available for sale financial assets
  • Held to maturity investments

An unconditional government grant related to a biological asset that has been measured at fair value less costs to sell should be recognized as

  • A deferred credit when the grant has been approved
  • Income when the grant becomes receivable
  • A deferred credit when the grant becomes receivable
  • Income when the grant application has been submitted

Which of the following is true for a bond maturing on a single date when the effective interest method of amortizing bond discount is used?

  • Interest expense as a percentage of the bond's book value varies from period to period
  • Interest expense increases each 6 month period
  • Interest expense remains constant each 6 month period
  • Nominal interest rate exceeds effective interest rate

On January 2, 2016, Indian River Groves began construction of a new citrus processing plant. The automated plant was finished and ready for use on September 30, 2017. Expenditures for the construction were as follows: January 2, 2016 P200,000 September 1, 2016 600,000 December 31, 2016 600,000 March 31, 2017 600,000 September 30, 2017 400,000 Indian River Groves borrowed P1,100,000 on a construction loan at 12% interest on January 2, 2016. This loan was outstanding during the construction period. The company also had P4,000,000 in 9% bonds outstanding in 2016 and 2017. What were the weighted-average accumulated expenditures for 2017 by the end of the construction period?

  • P1,986,000
  • P1,386,000
  • P1,635,000
  • P390,000

If the fair value less cost to sell cannot be determined

  • The asset is not impaired.
  • The net realizable value is used.
  • The carrying amount of the asset remains the same.
  • The recoverable amount is the value in use.

Proper authorization of write-offs of uncollectible accounts should be approved in which of the following departments?

  • Treasurer.
  • Accounts receivable.
  • Accounts payable.
  • Credit.

Which of the following are observable inputs used for fair value measurement?

  • Bank prime rate and default on loan
  • Bank prime rate
  • Default rate on loan
  • Financial forecast

Interest in life insurance contract should be carried at

  • Total amount of insurance premiums paid
  • Face of policy
  • Cash surrender value
  • NIL

Which of the following should be amortized over the periods of estimated benefit?

  • Legal cost in successful defense of a patent infringement suit
  • Patent registration cost for a successfully developed product for commercial sale
  • Costs incurred in organizing a corporation
  • Goodwill arising from the purchase of an existing business

Which of the following statements is correct?

  • Only investments which give the investor voting rights can be classified as Investment in Associate.
  • Goodwill included in the carrying amount of an investment in an associate is tested for impairment separately.
  • Only investments in ordinary shares can be classified as Investment in Associate.
  • According to PAS 28 Investments in Associates, a partnership cannot be an associate.

Bonds that pay no interest unless the issuing company is profitable are called

  • collateral trust bonds
  • revenue bonds
  • debenture bonds
  • income bonds

On January 2, 2016, Indian River Groves began construction of a new citrus processing plant. The automated plant was finished and ready for use on September 30, 2017. Expenditures for the construction were as follows: January 2, 2016 P200,000 September 1, 2016 600,000 December 31, 2016 600,000 March 31, 2017 600,000 September 30, 2017 400,000 Indian River Groves borrowed P1,100,000 on a construction loan at 12% interest on January 2, 2016. This loan was outstanding during the construction period. The company also had P4,000,000 in 9% bonds outstanding in 2016 and 2017. What were the weighted-average accumulated expenditures for 2016?

  • P1,000,000
  • P533,333
  • P500,000
  • P400,000

What is the effect of a 50,000 overstatement of last year's inventory on current years ending retained earning balance?

  • Need more information to determine.
  • No effect.
  • Understated by 50,000.
  • Overstated by 50,000.

If bonds are initially sold at a discount and the straight line method of amortization is used, interest expense in the earlier years

  • Will be the same as what it would have been had the scientific method of amortization been used
  • Will be less than the coupon rate of interest.
  • Will be less than what it would have been had the scientific method of amortization been used

All of the following may be included under the heading of "cash" except;

  • money market funds.
  • savings account balance
  • checking account balance.
  • currency.

Which statement is incorrect concerning revaluation of property, plant and equipment?

  • Any revaluation increase should be credited to equity as revaluation surplus.
  • The revaluation surplus included in equity may be transferred directly to retained earnings when the surplus is realized.
  • Any revaluation decrease should be debited to revaluation loss, a contra equity account.
  • When an item of property, plant and equipment is revalued, any accumulated depreciation at the date of revaluation is restated proportionately with the change in the gross carrying amount of the asset so that the carrying amount of the asset after revaluation should equal its revalued amount, or eliminated against the gross carrying amount of the asset and the net amount restated to the revalued amount of the asset.

Which the basic purpose of the Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting?

  • To assist the BOA in carrying out its powers and functions under R.A. 9298, otherwise known as the Philippine Accountancy Act of 2004.
  • To promulgate rules and regulations affecting the practice of the accountancy profession in the Philippines
  • To develop a single set of high quality IFRS
  • To assist preparers of financial statements in applying accounting standards and in dealing with issues that have yet to faint the subject of accounting standards

What is the normal journal entry for recording bad debt expense under the allowance method?

  • Debit Allowance for Doubtful Accounts, credit Bad Debt Expense.
  • Debit Accounts Receivable, credit Allowance for Doubtful Accounts.
  • Debit Allowance for Doubtful Accounts, credit Accounts Receivable.
  • Debit Bad Debt Expense, credit Allowance for Doubtful Accounts.

The possible causes of the inventory cost becoming not recoverable includes

  • Physical damage
  • Fall in selling price
  • Controllers' budget
  • Obsolescence (partially or wholly obsolete)

The covenants and other terms of the agreement between the issuer of bonds and the lender are set forth in the

  • bond coupon
  • registered bond
  • bond indenture
  • bond debenture

All of the following are problems associated with the valuation of accounts receivable except for

  • uncollectible accounts.
  • cash discounts under the net method.
  • returns.
  • allowances granted.

If the beginning inventory for 2015 is overstated, the effects of this error on cost of goods sold for 2015, net income for 2015, and assets at December 31, 2016, respectively, are

  • overstatement, understatement, no effect.
  • overstatement, understatement, overstatement.
  • understatement, overstatement, no effect.
  • understatement, overstatement, overstatement.

Blanco Company purchased 200 of the 1,000 outstanding shares of Darby Company's common stock for P300,000 on January 2, 2010. During 2010, Darby Company declared dividends of P50,000 and reported earnings for the year of P200,000. If Blanco Company used the fair value method of accounting for its investment in Darby Company, its Investment in Darby Company account on December 31, 2010 should be

  • P290,000.
  • P340,000.
  • P300,000.
  • P330,000.

Revaluation is based on I. Fair value which is usually the market value of an item of property, plant and equipment. II. Depreciated replacement cost, in the absence of fair value.

  • II only
  • Both I and II
  • I only
  • Neither I nor II

Under the effective-interest method of bond discount or premium amortization, the periodic interest expense is equal to

  • the market rate multiplied by the beginning-of-period carrying amount of the bonds
  • the stated rate multiplied by the beginning-of-period carrying amount of the bonds
  • the market rate of interest multiplied by the face value of the bonds
  • the stated (nominal) rate of interest multiplied by the face value of the bonds

Number of share increases, but the total value of the shares remain the same

  • Split up
  • ex-dividend
  • Share Split
  • Cash dividends

Entries to record the replenishment of petty cash fund result in a debit to petty cash fund and a credit to cash in bank. This accounting procedure typically exemplifies the

  • Administrative control
  • Imprest petty cash system
  • Internal control
  • Fluctuating petty cash system

When the company pays insurance premium on a life insurance policy of an officer and the officer or his heirs are the designated beneficiary, any cash surrender value is

  • shown as part of non-current assets on the statement of financial position.
  • recorded as an income.
  • ignored.
  • credited to life insurance expense.

Those who have ready access to accounting information for their decision-making needs;

  • External Users
  • Initial Users
  • Primary Users
  • Internal Users

When an entity increases its interest in an investment in equity securities accounted for by the fair value method and changes to the equity method. What is the initial carrying amount for purposes of subsequent application of the equity method?

  • Original cost of the investment
  • The amount that would be reflected in the investment account had the equity method been in use continually since the purchase of the securities.
  • Carrying amount at the date of change
  • Market value at the date of change

The following information are made available by MG Farms of its dairy livestock: Carrying amount, 1/1 450,000 FV less cost to sell of livestock purchased during the period 250,000 Increase in FV less cost to sell attributable to physical change 220,000 Increase in FV less cost to sell attributable to price change 64,000 Total selling price less cost to sell of livestock sold during the period 290,000 At what amount should the biological assets be carried on the statement of financial position as at 12/31?

  • 1,274,000
  • 694,000
  • 764,000
  • 630,000

The Jones Company owns a large warehouse that it plans to sell. Which of the following is true?

  • If Jones is actively looking for a buyer, the warehouse must be reported as being held for resale.
  • The asset must now be reported at the lower of its book value or its net realizable value.
  • If Jones does not believe that it is probable that a sale will occur within the next 12 months, the warehouse cannot be reported as being held for sale.
  • If the asset is classified as being held for sale, it qualifies as a discontinued operation.

In deciding whether financing with receivables is a secured borrowing or a sale, the critical element is the extent to which;

  • The transferee has received substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership.
  • The transferee relies on funds from the transferor to maintain operations.
  • The age of the receivables transferred differs from the average age of the receivables.
  • The transferor of the receivable surrenders control over the assets transferred.

For purposes of revaluation, if there is no market-based evidence of fair value because of the specialized nature of the item of property, plant and equipment and the item is rarely sold, the estimate of fair value is equal to

  • Replacement cost
  • Depreciated replacement cost
  • Historical cost restated in terms of the current price level
  • Current cost

Which of the following items should be included in a company's inventory at the statement of financial position date?

  • Goods in transit which were purchased f.o.b. destination.
  • Goods sold to a customer which are being held for the customer to call for at his or her convenience.
  • Goods received from another company for sale on consignment.
  • None of these.

Significant influence is the power to control or joint control over the financial and operating policy decisions of the investee.

  • False
  • True

Required disclosure for property, plant, and equipment in the financial statements is based upon

  • age and nature
  • nature and function
  • function and depreciation method
  • age and depreciation method

Which of the following is a valid statement regarding "assets-held-for sale"?

  • No further loss is taken up on the decline in the fair value of the asset from the date it is classified as held for sale until the date of actual disposal.
  • Assets intended for sale within a period of twelve months from the statement of financial position date are classified as current assets.
  • No maintenance costs shall be reported in the income statement during the period in which the asset is held for sale.
  • Depreciation ceases while the assets are being held for sale.

Which of the following is not true of the perpetual inventory method?

  • Purchase returns are recorded by debiting Accounts Payable and crediting Purchase Returns and Allowances.
  • Purchases are recorded as debits to the inventory account.
  • The entry to record a sale includes a debit to Cost of Goods Sold and a credit to Inventory.
  • After a physical inventory count, Inventory is credited for any missing inventory.

Dole Corp.'s accounts payable at December 31, 2015, totaled 800,000 before any necessary year-end adjustments relating to the following transactions: On December 27, 2015, Dole wrote and recorded checks to creditors totaling 350,000 causing an overdraft of 100,000 in Dole's bank account at December 31, 2015. The checks were mailed out on January 10, 2016. On December 28, 2015, Dole purchased and received goods for 150,000, terms 2/10, n/30. Dole records purchases and accounts payable at net amounts. The invoice was recorded and paid January 3, 2016. Goods shipped f.o.b. destination on December 20, 2015 from a vendor to Dole were received January 2, 2016. The invoice cost was 65,000. At December 31, 2015, what amount should Dole report as total accounts payable?

  • 1,362,000
  • 1,297,000
  • 950,000
  • 1,050,000

It is defined as a market in which transactions for the asset or liability take place with sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis

  • Active market
  • Global market
  • Stock market
  • Principal market

An entity shall recognize any subsequent increase in fair value less cost to sell of a non-current asset or disposal group classified as held for sale as

  • Gain to be included in profit or loss but not in excess of the cumulative impairment loss previously recognized
  • Deferred gain as component of liability
  • Deferred gain as component of equity
  • Gain entirely to be included in profit or loss

The journal entry to adjust the plant assets to fair value and record revaluation surplus in year one will include a

  • debit to Accumulated Depreciation for P50,000.
  • credit to Plant Assets for P150,000.
  • credit to Revaluation Surplus for P150,000.
  • credit to Depreciation Expense for P150,000.

To be consistent with the historical cost principle, overhead costs incurred by an enterprise constructing its own building should be

  • allocated on the basis of lost production.
  • allocated on a pro rata basis between the asset and normal operations.
  • eliminated completely from the cost of the asset.
  • allocated on an opportunity cost basis.

The FRSC consists of members with a number of

  • 15
  • 13
  • 14
  • 16

Wellness Corp. has outstanding accounts receivable totaling P3 million as of December 31 and sales on credit during the year of P15 million. There is also a debit balance of P12,000 in the allowance for doubtful accounts. If the company estimates that 8% of its outstanding receivables will be uncollectible, what will be the balance in the allowance for doubtful accounts after the year-end adjustment to record bad debt expense

  • 228,000.
  • 240,000.
  • 1,200,000.
  • 252,000.

These are the result of statutory requirements imposed by governments and are not considered contractual obligations.

  • Government contributions
  • Statutory contracts
  • Government requirements
  • Income taxes.

The following statements relate to intangible assets. Which statement is correct? I. Subsequent to initial recognition, an intangible asset is measured at cost less accumulated amortization and any accumulated impairment loss. II. Subsequent expenditure on an intangible asset may be capitalized when it is probable that this expenditure will generate future economic benefits in excess of the originally assessed standard of performance and the expenditure can be measured reliably and attributed directly to the intangible asset.

  • II only
  • I only
  • Neither I nor II
  • Both I and II

Which is false concerning valuation of cash and cash equivalents?

  • Cash in foreign currency is valued at the current exchange rate
  • If a bank or financial institution holding the funds of the company is in bankruptcy of financial difficulty, cash should be written down to estimated realizable value
  • Cash equivalents should be valued at maturity value, meaning face value plus interest
  • Cash is valued at face value

When the stated rate is greater than the market rate, the note is at (a)

  • Cannot be determined
  • Premium
  • Discount
  • Face Value

IFRS allows plant, property, and equipment to be valued using the cost model or the revaluation model. Which statement is true about the revaluation model for valuing plant, property, and equipment?

  • There is no rule for the frequency or date of revaluation.
  • Revaluation of assets must be made on the last day of the fiscal year.
  • Revaluation of assets must be made on the same date each year.
  • Revaluation of assets must be made every two years.

All of the following may qualify as cash equivalents except;

  • U.S. Treasury bills. S&S 6e
  • Newly issued corporate bonds.
  • Certificates of deposit.
  • Money market accounts.

Which of the following costs are not included in costs to sell?

  • Levies by regulatory agencies
  • Commissions to brokers and traders
  • Transport and other costs necessary to get the assets to a market
  • Transfer taxes and duties

Bliss Co. uses the equity method to account for its investment in Nirvana, Inc. common stock. How should Bliss record a 2% stock dividend received from Nirvana?

  • As a reduction in the total cost of Nirvana stock owned.
  • As a memorandum entry reducing the unit cost of all Nirvana stock owned.
  • As dividend revenue at the market value of the stock.
  • As dividend revenue at Nirvana's carrying value of the stock.

An active market is a market where all of the following conditions exist, except;

  • Willing buyers and sellers can normally be found at anytime
  • The items traded are heterogeneous
  • Prices are available to the public
  • The items traded are homogeneous

Accrual accounting is used because

  • it recognizes revenues when cash is received and expenses when cash is paid.
  • none of the choices
  • it provides a better indication of ability to generate cash flows than the cash basis.
  • cash flows are considered less important.

The debit and credit analysis of a transaction normally takes place;

  • when the trial balance is prepared.
  • at some other point in the accounting cycle.
  • when the entry is posted to the ledger.
  • before an entry is recorded in a journal.

Revaluation surplus account is reported as (M1)

  • a separate component of income from continuing operations
  • a liability
  • a contra-asset account
  • a separate component of stockholders' equity

According to PAS 41, all of the following would be classified as biological asset, except,

  • Chickens
  • Eggs
  • Trees
  • Dairy cattle

Culver Company purchases the majority of its inventory from three primary suppliers for re-sale to customers around the world. Culver Company's statement of financial position will include?

  • Finished goods inventory.
  • All of the choices are correct
  • Merchandise inventory
  • Work-in-process inventory.

Bearer plants that are expected to be used in production of agricultural produce are classified as;

  • Biological asset
  • Inventory
  • Agricultural products
  • Property, plant and equipment

From an investor's point of view, a liquidating dividend from an investee is;

  • Any dividend declared by the investee since acquisition
  • A dividend declared by the investee in excess of its earnings in the current year
  • A dividend declared by the investee in excess of its earnings since acquisition by the investor
  • A dividend declared by the investee in excess of the investee's retained earnings

After initial recognition, a class of intangible assets, whose fair value can be reliably measured, may be carried in the financial statement

  • at cost.
  • at revalued amount, without any subsequent amortization.
  • at revalued amount, being the fair value at the date of the revaluation plus any subsequent accumulated amortization and any subsequent accumulated impairment losses
  • at revalued amount, being the fair value at the date of the revaluation less any subsequent accumulated amortization and any subsequent accumulated impairment losses

If Pop Company exercises significant influence over Son Company and owns 40% of its common stock, then Pop Company:

  • Would record dividends received from Son Company as investment revenue.
  • Would record 40% of the net income of Son Company as investment income each year.
  • All of the choices are correct.
  • Would increase its investment account when Son Company declares dividends.

______________ is the management by an entity of the biological transformation and harvest of biological assets for sale or for conversion into agricultural produce or into additional biological assets which covers a diverse range of activities; for example, raising livestock, forestry, annual or perennial cropping, cultivating orchards and plantations, floriculture, and aquaculture (including fish farming).

  • Biological transformation
  • Agricultural activity
  • Harvest
  • Biological asset

Generally, the lower of cost and net realizable value test should generally be applied on:

  • Aggregate basis
  • item-by-item basis
  • By classification
  • By location

On August 1, 2016, Mendez Corporation purchased a new machine on a deferred payment basis. A down payment of P2,000 was made and 4 annual installments of P6,000 each are to be made beginning on September 1, 2016. The cash equivalent price of the machine was P23,000. Due to an employee strike, Mendez could not install the machine immediately, and thus incurred P300 of storage costs. Costs of installation (excluding the storage costs) amounted to P800. The amount to be capitalized as the cost of the machine is

  • P23,800.
  • P26,000.
  • P23,000.
  • P24,100.

One potential advantage of financing corporations through the use of bonds rather than common stock is

  • the interest expense is deductible for tax purposes by the corporation
  • the corporation must pay the bonds at maturity
  • the interest on bonds must be paid when due
  • a higher earnings per share is guaranteed for existing common shareholders

Hall Co. incurred research and development costs in 2011 as follows: Materials used in research and development projects 450,000 Equipment acquired that will have alternate future uses in future research and development projects 3,000,000 Depreciation for 2011 on above equipment 300,000 Personnel costs of persons involved in research and development projects 750,000 Consulting fees paid to outsiders for research and development projects 300,000 Indirect costs reasonably allocable to research and development projects 225,000 Total 5,025,000 The amount of research and development costs charged to Hall's 2011 income statement should be

  • P4,500,000.
  • P1,500,000.
  • P2,025,000.
  • P1,900,000.

This is defined as the plan of organization and all the methods and measures adopted within an entity to safeguard assets, check the accuracy of accounting data, promote operational efficiency, and encourage adherence to managerial policies

  • Accounting control
  • Internal control
  • Managerial control
  • Administrative control

If there is any excess of the investors share of the net fair value of the associates identifiable assets and contingent liabilities over the cost of the investment, that is, negative goodwill, how should that excess be treated?

  • It should be included as income in the determination of the investors share of the associates profit or loss for the period.
  • It should be included in the carrying amount of the investment.
  • It should be disclosed separately as part of the investors equity.
  • It should be written off against retained earnings.

If you elect to not take a discount on trade credit, the effective interest rate on the funds thus obtained __________ as the time you take to pay increases

  • Falls
  • Remains constant
  • Falls first, then rises
  • Rises

If a transfer of receivables with recourse is not classified as a sale, and the proceeds received are less than the net receivables, the difference shall be treated as aNo

  • Ordinary gain allocated over the borrowing period.
  • Ordinary loss recognized in the current period.
  • Extraordinary loss recognized in the current period.
  • Discount on transferred receivables that is to be amortized to interest expense over the borrowing period.

The exclusive right to display a symbol of product identification is a:

  • Patent.
  • Franchise.
  • Trademark.
  • Copyright. Franchise.

In January 1, 2003 Cameron Company established a sinking fund with its issue of bonds due in 2013. A bank was appointed as an independent trustee of the fund. On December 31, 2009, the trustee held P364,000 cash in the sinking fund account representing P300,000 in annual deposits to the fund and P64,000 of interest earned on those deposits. How should the sinking fund be reported in Cameron's balance sheet at December 31, 2009?

  • P364,000 should appear as a noncurrent asset
  • P364,000 should appear as a current asset
  • No part of the sinking fund should appear in Cameron's balance sheet
  • P64,000 should appear as a current asset

Which of the following statements is true regarding capitalization of interest?

  • Interest cost capitalized in connection with the purchase of land to be used as a building site should be debited to the land account and not to the building account.
  • The amount of interest cost capitalized during the period should not exceed the actual interest cost incurred.
  • The minimum amount of interest to be capitalized is determined by multiplying a weighted average interest rate by the amount of average accumulated expenditures on qualifying assets during the period.
  • When excess borrowed funds not immediately needed for construction are temporarily invested, any interest earned should be offset against interest cost incurred when determining the amount of interest cost to be capitalized.

Using the information in no. 41, what is the cost of sales for the sales on January to March?

  • 1,600,000
  • 2,100,000
  • 1,500,000
  • 1,344,000

PFRS allows reversal of impairment losses when there has been a change in economic conditions or in the expected use of the asset. Under U.S GAAP, impairment losses cannot be reversed for assets to be held and used.

  • True
  • False

On January 2, year 1, Emo Co. sold equipment with a carrying amount of P480,000 in exchange for a P600,000 noninterest-bearing note due January 2, year 4. There was no established exchange price for the equipment. The prevailing rate of interest for a note of this type at January 2, year 1, was 10%. The present value of P1 at 10% for three periods is 0.75. In Emo's year 1 income statement, what amount should be reported as gain (loss) on sale of machinery?

  • 270,000 gain.
  • 30,000 gain.
  • 120,000 gain.
  • 30,000loss.

Investments accounted for under the equity method are initially recognized at

  • cost plus or minus share in profit or loss of associate
  • cost
  • fair value
  • fair value plus direct acquisition cost

Under the ___, the petty cash fund is replenished by writing a check equal to the payments that have been made.

  • internal control system.
  • voucher system.
  • fluctuating fund method.
  • imprest system

The pricing of issues from inventory must be deferred until the end of the accounting period under which of the following methods of inventory valuation?

  • Weighted-average.
  • Moving-average.
  • LIFO perpetual.
  • FIFO.

The category "trade receivables" includes

  • income tax refunds receivable.
  • claims against insurance companies for casualties sustained.
  • advances to officers and employees.
  • none of these.

Which of the following items should properly form part of the Cash account?

  • Checks returned by bank.
  • Savings account in bank.
  • Post-dated checks.
  • Advances to employees.

Seldom does the balance of the cash in bank account in the depositor's books agree with the balance appearing in the bank statement at a particular date because of

  • Bank secrecy requirements.
  • Negligence by the bookkeeper.
  • A tax avoidance scheme.
  • Time-lapse differences.

In accordance with accounting for transfers and servicing, all of the following would be disclosed except;

  • Accounting policies for measuring interests that continue to be held.
  • Description of assets or liabilities with estimable fair values.
  • Policy for requiring collateral or other security due to repurchase agreements or securities lending transactions.
  • Cash flows between the securitization special-purpose entity (SPE) and the transferor.

Advantages of using historical cost as the basis of valuation of property, plant, and equipment include all of the following except;

  • cost equals the fair market value at the date of acquisition
  • gains and losses from holding the asset are recognized in the period of value change
  • it is a very reliable valuation
  • it is consistent with the valuation of other assets, liabilities, and stockholders' equity

The cost of inventories shall comprise all costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Which of the following cost shall be included in the cost of inventories?

  • Abnormal amounts of wasted materials, labor or other production costs.
  • Import duties and other taxes, transport, handling and other costs directly attributable to the acquisition of finished goods, materials and services.
  • Administrative overheads that do not contribute to bringing inventories to their present location and condition.
  • Storage costs unnecessary in its production process.

Biological assets is to be measured at _____________ both on initial recognition and at the end of each reporting period.

  • Purchase price less transaction cost
  • Fair value
  • Fair value less costs to sell
  • Purchase price

A general journal

  • contains one record for each of the asset, liability, equity, revenue, and expense accounts.
  • contains only adjusting entries.
  • lists all the increases and decreases in each account in one place.
  • chronologically lists transactions and other events, expressed in terms of debits and credits.

General Products Company bought Special Products Division in 2010 and appropriately recorded P500,000 of goodwill related to the purchase. On December 31, 2011, the fair value of Special Products Division is P4,000,000 and it is carried on General Product's books for a total of P3,400,000, including the goodwill. An analysis of Special Products Division's assets indicates that goodwill of P400,000 exists on December 31, 2011. What goodwill impairment should be recognized by General Products in 2011?

  • P50,000.
  • P300,000.
  • P0.
  • P200,000.

Biological assets are

  • Living plants only
  • Living animals only
  • Neither living plants and living animals
  • Both living plants and living animals

Which of the following best describes the characteristics of a financial instrument?

  • There must be a contract
  • The contract shall give rise to a financial asset of one party and financial liability or equity instrument of another party.
  • The contract shall not give rise to a financial asset of one party and financial liability or equity instrument of another party.
  • There are at least two parties to the contract

A legal right granted to shareholders to subscribe for new shares issued by a corporation at a specified price during a definite period.

  • ex-dividend
  • Split up
  • Stock right
  • Share Split

The Folk Arts Development Trading Co. has P1,250,000 appropriated for land acquisition and site development. The accountant should reflect this sum on his financial statement. On the

  • Balance sheet as a current asset.
  • Balance sheet as a fixed asset, part of plant cost.
  • Balance sheet as a non-current item.
  • Income statement as a non-operating expense item.

When an entity has acquired a "passive interest" in another entity, the acquiring entity should account for the investment

  • None of these.
  • By using the fair value method
  • By using the equity method
  • By using the effective interest method

An entity provided the following assets in a plantation forest: Freestanding trees 5,000,000 Land under trees 600,000 Roads in forest 300,000 Animals related to recreational activities 1,000,000 Bearer plants 1,500,000 Bearer animals 2,000,000 Agricultural produce growing on bearer plants 800,000 Agricultural produce harvested 1,200,000 What amount should be classified as biological asset?

  • 7,800,000
  • 8,500,000
  • 7,000,000
  • 7,500,000

As the economy becomes more and more depressed, a company's management decides to slash spending on research and development. What is the likely effect of this action on net income? Net income will be;

  • higher this period and higher in future periods.
  • lower this period and higher in future periods.
  • higher this period and lower in future periods.
  • lower this period and lower in future periods.

Is a group of accounts which are systematically categorized into asset, liability, equity, revenue and expense accounts. It is used to accumulate all the effects of the transactions during a period in specific accounts.

  • Ledger
  • Financial statements
  • Journal
  • Cash flow

Which one of the following is not a component of the cost of internally generated intangible asset?

  • Fees to register a legal right
  • Cost of employee benefits arising from the generation of the intangible asset.
  • Cost of materials and services used or consumed in generating the intangible asset.
  • Expenditure on training staff to operate the asset.

Which of the following is not used as basis on determining the fair value of biological assets:

  • Benchmarks of prices within the sector
  • Appraised value based on an independent appraisal
  • Most recent transaction price
  • Price in an active market

Plant assets purchased on long-term credit contracts should be accounted for at

  • the present value of the future payments.
  • none of these.
  • the total value of the future payments.
  • the future amount of the future payments.

Variable overhead costs incurred to self-construct an asset should be included in the cost of the asset.

  • True
  • Flase

For PFRS reporting, what valuation methods are used for intangible assets?

  • The cost model or the revaluation model.
  • The cost model or the fair value model.
  • The revaluation model or the fair value model.
  • The cost model or the fair value through profit or loss model.

EX Roads sold P50,000 of goods and accepted the customer's P50,000 10% 1-year note receivable in exchange. Assuming 10% approximates the market rate of return, what would be the debit in this journal entry to record the sale?

  • Debit Notes Receivable for P50,000.
  • Debit Notes Receivable for P45,000.
  • No journal entry until cash is collected.
  • Debit Accounts Receivable for P50,000.

What does the standard require with respect to accounting for goodwill?

  • Goodwill should be amortized over the expected useful life.
  • Goodwill should be recorded and periodically evaluated for impairment.
  • Goodwill should be recorded and never adjusted.
  • Goodwill should be amortized over a five-year period.

Carrying amount is the I. Amount at which an asset is recognized in the balance sheet after deducting any accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment loss II. Cost of an asset or other amount substituted for cost in the financial statements less its residual value.

  • I only
  • Neither I nor II
  • II only
  • Both I and II

All of the following are true regarding the revaluation model allowed under iGAAP except;

  • When an asset is revalued, any increase in carrying amount is reported as miscellaneous revenue.
  • Revaluations must be made regularly to ensure that the carrying value is not materially different from fair value.
  • Once selected, the revaluation policy applies to an entire class of property, plant and equipment.
  • After initial recognition, the revalued amount is fair value less subsequent depreciation and impairment losses.

How can accounting for bad debts be used for earnings management?

  • Changing the percentage of sales recorded as bad debt expense.
  • Using an aging of the accounts receivable balance to determine bad debt expense.
  • Determining which accounts to write-off.
  • Reversing previous write-offs.

When the stated rate is equal to the market rate, the note is at (a)

  • Cannot be determined
  • Face Value
  • Discount
  • Premium

Is the assigning of peso amounts to the accountable economic transactions and events.

  • Summarizing
  • Measuring
  • Communication
  • Identifying

Entity shall recognize a financial asset or a financial liability in its statement of financial position when, and only when, the entity becomes party to the contractual provisions of the instrument.

  • True
  • False

This method of estimating the cost of inventories requires the maintenance of records of both cost and selling price wherein cost to retail is calculated ad applied to ending inventory.

  • FiFO
  • Purchase commitments
  • Retail inventory method
  • Gross profit method

An investment property is recognized when I. It is probable that the future economic benefits that are associated with the investment property will flow to the enterprise. II. The cost of the investment property can be measured reliably.

  • II only
  • Both I and II
  • Neither I nor II
  • I only

Peachy Co. uses the installment sales method to recognize revenue. Customers pay the installment notes in twenty-four equal monthly amounts, which include 12% interest. What is an installment note's receivable balance six months after the sale?

  • The present value of the remaining monthly payments discounted at 12%.
  • 75% of the original sales price.
  • Less than 75% of the original sales price.
  • Less than the present value of the remaining monthly payments discounted at 12%.

Walsh Retailers purchased merchandise with a list price of 50,000, subject to trade discounts of 20% and 10%, with no cash discounts allowable. Walsh should record the cost of this merchandise as:

  • 35,000
  • 50,000
  • 36,000
  • 39,000

At the current year-end, a trustee held cash in the sinking fund account representing annual deposits to the fund and the interest earned on these deposits. How should the sinking fund be reported?

  • The cash in the sinking fund should appear as a current asset
  • The entire balance in the sinking fund account should appear as current asset
  • The entire balance in the sinking fund account should appear as noncurrent asset
  • Only the accumulated deposits should appear as noncurrent asset

The cost of inventory pledged as collateral for 90-day loan should be reported in the balance sheet as

  • A current asset
  • A deduction from the related loan payable in the noncurrent liabilities section
  • A noncurrent asset
  • A deduction from the related loan payable in the current liabilities section

Like other assets, the cost of a leasehold improvement is allocated as depreciation expense over its useful life to the lessee, which will be: (E)

  • A time period determined by management.
  • The physical life of the asset.
  • The shorter of the physical life of the asset or the lease term.
  • The lease term.

Which of the following items should be included in the cost of property, plant, and equipment under IAS 16? (M)

  • All of the choices should be considered part of the cost of the asset.
  • estimated costs of removing the asset
  • all costs directly attributable to getting the asset to the proper location
  • import duties and taxes

If the excess of the acquisition cost of an investment accounted for under equity method over the book value of net assets acquired is attributable to an undervalued depreciable asset and an unidentifiable asset, which of the following statements is correct

  • The carrying amount of the investment is increased by the proportionate share in the profits earned by the investee and decreased by the depreciation of the interest in the undervaluation and unaffected by the separate impairment of the unidentifiable asset.
  • The carrying amount of the investment is decreased by the depreciation of the interest in the undervaluation and decreased by the separate impairment on the unidentifiable asset.
  • Investment income is decreased by the depreciation of the interest in the undervaluation and amortization of the unidentifiable asset.
  • The carrying amount of the investment is increased by the depreciation of the interest in the undervaluation and amortization of the unidentifiable asset.

Special journals normally include the following except;

  • Sales Journal
  • Purchases Journal
  • Cash Payments Journal
  • Cash Deposits Journal

Once recognized, intangible assets can be carried at

  • Cost less accumulated amortization and impairment losses
  • Cost less accumulated amortization
  • Revalued amount less accumulated amortization
  • Cost plus notional increase in fair value since the intangible asset is acquired.

Hamilton Company purchased a depreciable asset for P200,000. The estimated salvage value is P20,000, and the estimated useful life is 10 years. The straight-line method will be used for depreciation. What is the depreciation base of this asset?

  • P200,000
  • P20,000
  • P180,000
  • P18,000

A company buys a large truck for P176,000 that should last for eight years. After 5 years, the company spends another P27,000 on this truck for the sole purpose of extending its life by three additional years. How is this expenditure recorded?

  • As an increase to the truck account
  • As an increase to maintenance expense
  • As a decrease to accumulated depreciation
  • As an increase to repair expense

On July 1 of the current year, an entity received a one-year note receivable bearing interest at the market rate. The face amount of the note receivable and the entire amount of the interest are due in one year. The interest receivable account would show a balance on;

  • Neither July 1 nor December 31
  • July 1 and December 31
  • July 1 but not December 31
  • December 31 but not July 1

Which of the following disclosures is not required in relation to property, plant and equipment?

  • The existence and amounts of restrictions on title
  • The depreciation method used
  • A narrative discussion of future capital expenditure plans
  • The measurement bases used for determining the gross carrying amount

Equity investments acquired by an entity which are accounted for by recognizing unrealized holding gains or losses as other comprehensive income and as a separate component of equity are

  • Investments where an entity has holdings of between 20% and 50%
  • Nontrading where an entity has holdings of less than 20%
  • Investments where an entity has holdings of more than 50%
  • Trading investments where an entity has holdings of less than 20%

Which statement is incorrect when a venturer reports a jointly controlled operation in its separate and consolidated financial statements? (M)

  • The venturer should recognize the expenses it incurs.
  • The venturer should recognize the assets it controls and the liabilities it incurs.
  • The venturer should adjust its assets, liabilities, income and expenses when it presents consolidated financial statements.
  • The venturer should recognize the share of the income it earns from the joint venture operations.

Subsequent to the date of the note or the draft, the present value of an interest-bearing note is equal to

  • Face value
  • Face value less accrued interest
  • Maturity value
  • Face value plus accrued interest

When the effective-interest method is used to amortize bond premium or discount, the periodic amortization will

  • increase if the bonds were issued at a premium
  • decrease if the bonds were issued at a premium
  • increase if the bonds were issued at a discount
  • increase if the bonds were issued at either a discount or a premium

Shell Company has the following account balances at year-end: Accounts receivable P80,000 Allowance for doubtful accounts 4,800 Sales discounts 3,200 Shell should report accounts receivable at a net amount of

  • 76,800.
  • 75,200.
  • 80,000.
  • 72,000.

Classifying is the sorting or grouping of similar and interrelated economic transactions into their respective classes. It is actually accomplished by

  • Posting to the ledger
  • Journalizing
  • Assigning of peso amounts
  • Preparation of financial statements

When a note receivable is dishonored, it is debited to;

  • Accounts receivable at face value plus interest and other charges
  • Accounts receivable at face value
  • Dishonored note receivable at face value
  • Dishonored note receivable at face value plus interest and other charges

Grayson Co. incurred significant costs in defending its patent rights. Which of the following is the appropriate treatment of the related litigation costs?

  • Litigation costs would be capitalized if the patent right is successfully defended.
  • Litigation costs would be capitalized only if the patent was purchased rather than internally developed.
  • Litigation costs would be capitalized regardless of the outcome of the litigation.
  • Litigation costs would be expensed regardless of the outcome of the litigation.

Which of the following statements is false?

  • A certified check is a liability of the bank certifying it
  • A certified check should not be included in the outstanding checks
  • A certified check will be accepted by many persons who would not otherwise accept a personal check
  • A certified check is one drawn by a bank upon itself

A petty cash fund of P50,000 was composed of the following on December 31, 200x:

  • 48,000
  • 45,000
  • 43,000
  • 50,000
  • Coins and currencies 5,000 Petty cash vouchers 43,000 Return value of 20 cases of soft drinks 2,000 Total 50,000 A check of P43,000 was drawn on December 31, 200x payable to Petty Cash. How much should be the petty cash balance on December 31, 200x? {

Ideally, a company should measure receivables in terms of their present value, that is, the discounted value of the cash to be received in the future.

  • True
  • False

The two major standard-setting organizations in the world are;

  • Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) and the International Organization of Securities Commission (IOSCO).
  • The International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and International Organization of Securities Commission (IOSCO).
  • The International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and the Standards Advisory Council (SAC).
  • Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) and the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB).

A corporation issues for cash P8,000,000 of 8%, 30-year bonds, interest payable semiannually. The amount received for the bonds will be

  • present value of 30 annual interest payments of P640,000, plus present value of P8,000,000 to be repaid in 30 years
  • present value of P8,000,000 to be repaid in 30 years, less present value of 60 semiannual interest payments of P320,000
  • present value of 60 semiannual interest payments of P320,000, plus present value of P8,000,000 to be repaid in 30 years
  • present value of 30 annual interest payments of P640,000

If a note receivable is discounted without recourse

  • The transaction shall be accounted for as a borrowing as opposed to a sale
  • Note receivable shall be credited
  • The contingent liability may be disclosed in either a contra account to note receivable or in a note to the financial statement
  • Liability for note receivable discounted shall be credited

When an investment previously classified as held for sale no longer meets the criteria to be so classified, it must be accounted for using the equity method retrospectively, as from the date that it was classified as held for sale.

  • True
  • False

Using the information in no. 39, what is the adjusted carrying amount of biological assets on December 31?

  • 1,320,000
  • 1,392,000
  • 1,440,000
  • 1,400,000

Which of the following should be considered cash?

  • Money market savings certificates
  • Postdated checks
  • Certificates of deposit
  • Money market checking accounts

If the asset's carrying amount is increased as a result of a revaluation, the increase shall be

  • credited directly to retained earnings.
  • ignored.
  • credited directly to equity under the heading of revaluation surplus.
  • recognized in profit or loss.

Use the information above in no. 29, how much shall be taken to profit or loss as a gain arising from change in fair value due to price change?

  • 30,000
  • 60,000
  • 110,000
  • 90,000

Which of the following cost should not be included in cost to sell?

  • Commissions paid to the brokers and dealers
  • Transport costs
  • Transfer taxes and duties
  • Levies by regulatory agencies

PAS 40 (Investment Property) does not apply to;

  • mineral rights and mineral reserves such as oil, natural gas and similar nonregenerative resources.
  • biological assets related to agricultural activity
  • neither a nor b
  • both a and b

At the middle of the current year, an entity received a one-year note receivable bearing interest at the market rate. The face amount of the note receivable and the entire amount of the interest are due in one year. When the note receivable was initially recorded, which of the following was debited? I Interest receivable II Unearned discount on note receivable

  • II only
  • I only
  • Neither I nor II
  • Both I and II

The carrying amount of property, plant and equipment subsequent to acquisition is the

  • Revalued amount less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses thereon
  • Fair value less accumulated impairment losses thereon
  • Amount at which an asset is recognized in the balance sheet less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses thereon
  • Historical cost less accumulated depreciation

The proceeds from bonds issued with nondetachable share warrants shall he accounted for

  • Entirely as bonds payable
  • Partly as bonds payable and partly as shareholders equity
  • Partly, us unearned revenue and partly as bonds payable
  • Entirely as shareholders' equity

The following statements relate to revaluation of property, plant and equipment. Which statement is incorrect?

  • When an asset's carrying amount is increased as a result of a revaluation, the increase should be credited to revaluation surplus.
  • The basis of revaluation is the fair value of the asset or the depreciated replacement cost in the absence of fair value.
  • The items within a class of property, plant and equipment are revalued selectively.
  • When an asset's carrying amount is decreased as a result of revaluation, the decrease should be recognized as expense.

The units-of-production approach to depreciation is appropriate when depreciation is a function of time instead of activity.

  • True
  • False

Worthington Chandler Company purchased equipment for P10,000. Sales tax on the purchase was P500. Other costs incurred were freight charges of P200, repairs of P350 for damage during installation, and installation costs of P225. What is the cost of the equipment?

  • P11,275
  • P10,925
  • P10,500
  • P10,000

If receivables are hypothecated against borrowings, the amount of receivables involved should be;

  • Escluded from the total receivables and a gain or loss is recognized between the face amount and the amount of borrowings
  • Excluded from the total receivables with no disclosure
  • Disclosed in the notes
  • Excluded from the total receivables with disclosure

An entity shall classify a noncurrent asset or disposal group as "held for sale" when

  • The noncurrent asset or disposal group is to be abandoned.
  • the carrying amount of the asset or disposal group will be recovered through continuing use.
  • The noncurrent asset or disposal group is idle or retired from active use.
  • the carrying amount of the asset or disposal group will be recovered through a sale transaction.

Fair value is;

  • Market-based measurement and not an entity-specific measurement
  • Neither a market based measurement nor an entity-specific measurement
  • And entity-specific measurement and not a market-based measurement
  • Market-based measurement and an entity-specific measurement

The factors that are considered in determining the useful life of an intangible asset include all of the following, except;

  • Residual value
  • Technical obsolescence
  • Expected action of competitors
  • Expected usage of the asset by the entity

Under generally accepted accounting principles

  • Income and expenses are recognized on the basis of cash receipts and payments, including depreciation of property, plant and equipment.
  • Assets and liabilities are measured on the basis of their liquidation value.
  • Financial position and financial performance are measured on the basis of cash received and cash paid.
  • Income and expenses, assets and liabilities are measured based on the occurrence of changes in the economic resources and obligations.

separate and consolidated financial statements (choose the incorrect)

  • Any liabilities incurred by the venturer for the purposes of the joint venture.
  • All of the jointly controlled assets
  • Its share of the liabilities incurred jointly with the other venturer.
  • Any expenses which the venturer has incurred and its prorata share of expenses incurred by the joint venture.

Are the following statements about classification according to PAS 41 Agriculture true or false? I. Sugar should be classified as agricultural produce II. Wool should be classified as agricultural produce.

  • True, False
  • False, True
  • Both False
  • Both True

Which of the following may provide evidence of significant influence even if the percentage of ownership interest is less than 20%? I Representation on the board of directors or equivalent governing body of the investee. II Participation in policy-making processes, including participation in decisions about dividends or other distributions. III Material transactions between the investor and the investee. IV Interchange of managerial personnel. V Provision of essential technical information.

  • I, II, IV
  • I, II
  • any of these
  • I, II, III

______________ is the process of facilitating the biological transformation by enhancing or stabilizing the conditions necessary for the process to take place.

  • Biological transformation
  • Management change
  • Biological Asset
  • Agricultural activity

An entity shall classify an non-current asset as held for sale if

  • its carrying amount will be recovered through continuing use
  • its carrying amount will be recovered through a sale transaction
  • the asset is intended to be disposed of through a sale transaction or abandonment
  • its carrying amount will be recovered through a sale transaction or continuing use

Samson Company applies revaluation accounting to plant assets with a carrying value of P800,000, a useful life of 4 years, and no salvage value. Depreciation is calculated on the straight-line basis. At the end of year 1, independent appraisers determine that the asset has a fair value of P750,000.

  • debit to Depreciation Expense for P50,000.
  • debit to Accumulated Depreciation for P200,000.
  • credit to Accumulated Depreciation for P50,000.
  • The journal entry to record depreciation for year one will include a
  • debit to Depreciation Expense for P200,000.

AYL Inc. recognized a loss in 2015 related to long-lived assets that it intended to sell. These assets were not sold during 2016, and the company estimated, at December 31, 2016, that the loss recognized in 2015 had been more than recovered. On the December 31, 2016 balance sheet, AYL should report these long-lived assets at their

  • Fair value on December 31, 2016.
  • Carrying amount on December 31, 2015.
  • Fair value on December 31, 2015.
  • Fair value less cost to sell on December 31, 2015.

Bonds Payable has a balance of P1,000,000 and Premium on Bonds Payable has a balance of P8,000. If the issuing corporation redeems the bonds at 101, what is the amount of gain or loss on redemption?

  • P2,000 gain
  • P8,000 loss
  • P8,000 gain
  • P2,000 loss

If a corporation purchases a lot and building and subsequently tears down the building and uses the property as a parking lot, the proper accounting treatment of the cost of the building would depend on

  • the intention of management for the property when the building was acquired.
  • the contemplated future use of the parking lot.
  • the length of time for which the building was held prior to its demolition.
  • the significance of the cost allocated to the building in relation to the combined cost of the lot and building.

Tracing shipping documents to pre-numbered sales invoices provides evidence that;

  • Shipments to customers were properly invoiced.
  • No duplicate shipments or billings occurred.
  • All goods ordered by customers were shipped.
  • All pre-numbered sales invoices were accounted for.

On the acquisition date, TJ Company designates purchased debt and equity securities as available-for-sale. TJs intent in buying investment securities is to make them available for sale when circumstances warrant, not to earn profit from short-term fluctuations in price, and not necessarily to hold debt securities to maturity. TJ Companys fiscal year ends on December 31. No investments were held by the company at the beginning of the year. Described below are the companys investment-related transactions: 2020 March 1 Purchased 30,000 PG, Inc. ordinary shares for 750,000, including brokerage fees and commissions. April 15 Purchased 1,000,000 of 10% bonds at face value from OW Corporation. July 23 Received cash dividends of 60,000 on the investment in PG, Inc. ordinary shares. October 15 Received semiannual interest on the investment in OW Corporations bonds. October 16 Sold the OW Corporation bonds for 1,100,000. November 2 Purchased 250,000 ESP Co. preference shares for 12,500,000, including brokerage fees and commissions. December 31 Recorded the necessary adjusting entries relating to the investments. The market values of the investments are 30 per share for PG, Inc. and 44 per share for ESP Co. preference shares. 2021 January 27 Sold half the PG, Inc. shares for 65 per share. March 2 Sold the ESP Co. preference shares for 78 per share. What amount of gain on sale of PG, Inc. shares on January 27, 2021, should TJ recognize?

  • 300,000
  • 600,000
  • 450,000
  • 75,000

Is the successor of the Accounting Standards Council

  • Financial Reporting Standards Council
  • Auditing Standards Council
  • Bureau of Internal Revenue
  • Accounting System Council

Which of the following is not a consideration in determining the useful life of an intangible asset?

  • Expected actions of competitors.
  • Provisions for renewal or extension.
  • Initial cost.
  • Legal, regulatory, or contractual provisions.

Common internal controls for accounts receivable include the following except:

  • Authorize credit memos
  • Verify contract terms
  • Require credit approval prior to shipment
  • Review accounts payable journal entries

It pertains to the debt instruments with maturities ranging between 5 to 10 years. Medium-term notes provide the issuer with flexibility in raising cash by, in effect, arranging for long-term financing at short-term rates.

  • Commercial paper
  • Convertible stocks
  • Medium-term notes
  • Convertible debt

The Standard, PAS 41, applies to agricultural produce only __________ and is measured at ______________.

  • at the point of harvest and not prior or subsequent to harvest; fair value less cost to sell
  • at the point of harvest and subsequent to point of harvest; fair value less cost to sell
  • prior to point of harvest; cost
  • subsequent to point of harvest; cost

Which of the following is a realistic assumption of the straight-line method of depreciation?

  • The repair and maintenance expense is essentially the same each period.
  • The rate of return analysis is enhanced using the straight-line method.
  • Depreciation is a function of time rather than a function of usage.
  • The asset's economic usefulness is the same each year.

When the investor's level of influence changes, it may be necessary to change to the equity method from another method. When the level of ownership rises from less than 20% to a range of 20% to 50%, the equity method would become appropriate and the investment account balance should be:

  • Carried over at fair market value on date of transfer.
  • Carried over as is with no adjustment necessary.
  • Adjusted to reflect amortized cost.
  • Retroactively adjusted to the balance that would have existed if the equity method had been in effect for prior years.

Subsequent expenditure relating to an item of property, plant and equipment should be added to the carrying amount of the asset when it is

  • probable that future economic benefits will flow to the enterprise.
  • possible that future economic benefits in excess of the originally assessed standard of performance of the existing asset will flow to the enterprise.
  • probable that future economic benefits in excess of the originally assessed standard of performance of the existing asset will flow to the enterprise.
  • possible that future economic benefits will flow to the enterprise.

Assets classified as Property, Plant, and Equipment must be both long-term in nature and possess physical substance.

  • Flase
  • True

If the fair value less cost to sell is lower than the carrying amount of a noncurrent asset classified as held for sale, the difference is

  • Charged to depreciation.
  • Debited to retained earnings.
  • Accounted for as an impairment loss.
  • Not accounted for.

A financial asset is recognized initially at

  • fair value
  • realizable value
  • present value
  • amortized cost.

The cost of land does not include

  • costs of grading, filling, draining, and clearing.
  • costs of removing old buildings.
  • costs of improvements with limited lives.
  • special assessments.

An owner-occupied property is held by an owner or finance lessee I. For use in the production of goods or services. II. For administrative purposes.

  • I only
  • II only
  • Neither I and II
  • Both I and II

When bond investment is held for "trading" or measured at fair value through profit or loss, it is necessary to amortize any premium or discount.

  • False
  • True

Which of the following statements is in accordance with the provisions of PAS 28? I. The income or loss on the investment in associate is computed on the net income after tax of the associate. II. The income or loss on the investment in associate is presented in the statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income after the line item Income Tax Expense but before discontinued operations.

  • I
  • I and II
  • II
  • Neither I nor II

Bank reconciliation are normally prepared on a monthly basis to identify adjustments needed in the depositor's records and to identify bank errors. Adjustments on the part of the depositor should be recorded for_______.

  • Book errors, bank errors, deposits in transit and outstanding checks
  • Outstanding checks and deposits in transit
  • All items except bank errors, outstanding checks and deposits in transit
  • Bank errors, outstanding checks and deposits in transit

The revaluation model means property, plant and equipment

  • shall be carried at its cost less any accumulated depreciation and any accumulated impairment losses.
  • whose fair value can be measured reliably shall be carried at a revalued amount, being its fair value at the date of the revaluation less any subsequent accumulated depreciation and subsequent accumulated impairment losses.
  • shall be carried at the lower of its fair value less cost to sell and value in use.
  • shall be carried at its current replacement cost.

The Conceptual Framework

  • Is used as a guide by Philippine Financial Reporting Standards
  • Is guided by the Philippine Financial Reporting Standards
  • Is considered a Philippine Financial Reporting Standard
  • Overrides Philippine Financial Reporting Standards

Solar Products purchased a computer for P13,000 on July 1, 2016. The company intends to depreciate it over 4 years using the double-declining balance method. Salvage value is P1,000. Depreciation for 2017 is

  • P4,875
  • P3,000
  • P3,250
  • P6,500

ABC Ltd. uses the revaluation model for its head office building, which was acquired on January 1, 2016. At the end of 2016, the fair value of the building was lower than its carrying value by P500, 000. At the end of 2017, fair value had increased such that its fair value was only P100,000 less than its carrying value. Which of the following is true regarding the use of the revaluation model by ABC for its building?

  • Revaluation would be required to be done annually by ABC.
  • Depreciation would be taken annually prior to any revaluation by ABC.
  • The increase in fair value in 2017 would be recorded in other comprehensive income.
  • The decrease in fair value in 2016 would be recorded in other comprehensive income.

If a company uses the periodic inventory system, what is the impact on net income of including goods in transit f.o.b. shipping point in purchases, but not ending inventory?

  • Understate net income.
  • Not sufficient information to determine effect on net income.
  • No effect on net income.
  • Overstate net income.

It is a predetermined amount withheld by a factor as a protection against customer returns allowances and other special adjustments.

  • Factor's holdback
  • Equity in assigned accounts
  • Commission
  • Service charge

Is composed of individual practitioners, small accounting firms and large multi-national organizations that render independent and expert financial services to the public.

  • Private Accounting
  • Management Accounting
  • Government Accounting
  • Public Accounting

Which of the following is NOT true regarding accounting for transfers of receivables under PFRS?

  • Transfers of receivables sometimes are treated as a sale of receivables.
  • Transfers of receivables can be treated as a sale if the transferee is a QSPE.
  • Transfers of receivables sometimes are treated as a secured borrowing.
  • Transfer of substantially all the risk and rewards of ownership is an important consideration.

10 On July 1, 2016, TRNFI Furniture established a P150 petty cash fund. A check for P150 was made out to the petty cash custodian. During July, the petty cash custodian paid the following bills from the petty cash fund: Office supplies P 36 Postage 22 Delivery charges 40 Bottled water 28 Total P126 At the end of July the petty cash fund was replenished. The journal entry to establish the petty cash fund includes:

  • A credit to cash and a debit to various expenses for P126.
  • A credit to petty cash and a debit to cash for P150.
  • A credit to petty cash and a debit to various expenses for P126.
  • A debit to petty cash and a credit to cash for P150.

Bonds payable issued with scheduled maturities at various dates are called

  • None of the choices
  • Serial bonds
  • Term bonds
  • Bearer Bonds

The key characteristic for the classification of an asset as 'held for sale' is that the carrying amount of the asset must:

  • principally be recovered through a sale transaction.
  • principally be recovered through continuing use.
  • be higher than its net realizable value.
  • be lower than initial cost of the asset.

Information concerning Atis Co.s portfolio of debt securities at December 31, 2019, and December 31, 2020, is shown below. These debt securities were purchased by Atis Co. during 2019. Prior to January 1, 2019, Atis Co. had non investments in debt or equity securities. As of December 31, 2019 Amortized cost Fair value Cloning Co. bonds 493,578 442,800 Blooming Corp. bonds 614,892 613,500 Maalindog, Inc. bonds 917,355 874,200 Totals 2,025,825 1,930,500 Assuming that the above securities are property classified as available-for-sale securities under PAS 39 (Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement), the unrealized gain or loss as of December 31, 2020, would.

  • Be recognized in other comprehensive income by a year-end credit of 24,015.
  • Be recognized in other comprehensive income by a year-end debit of 24,015.
  • Not be recognized.
  • Be recognized as a 24,015 unrealized holding gain in the 2020 profit or loss.

Which of the following is correct?

  • Managers may value their own companies and recognize goodwill in the company accounts even though an entity has not been acquired in a business acquisition.
  • The fair value of internally generated intangible assets may be estimated but should not be recorded on the books or displayed on the financial statements of the entity.
  • The fair value of internally generated intangible assets should be estimated and recorded on the books of the entity that developed the assets even in the absence of a business acquisition
  • Goodwill should be recognized in the accounts whenever the value of the firm increases based on current market prices of the firm's share capital.

Barry Corp. transferred financial assets to Chop, Inc. The transfer meets the conditions to be accounted for as a sale. As the transferor, Barry should do each of the following, except;

  • Recognize any gain or loss on the sale.
  • Remove all assets sold from the balance sheet.
  • Measure the assets received and liabilities incurred at cost.
  • Record all assets received and liabilities incurred as proceeds from the sale.

Equity is not affected by all

  • dividends.
  • cash receipts.
  • expenses.
  • revenues.

After initial recognition, an item of PPE may be carried in the books;

  • None of the choices
  • Both I and II
  • I only
  • II only

Bojun Company assigned its receivable to Joy Bank on a without-recourse basis. Control was surrendered in the transaction to Joy Bank. Bojun received cash as a result of the transaction, which is best described as;

  • Sale of Bojun's accounts receivable to Joy, with the risk of uncollectible accounts transferred to Joy
  • Loan from Joy to be repaid by the proceeds from Bojun's accounts receivable
  • Sale of Bojun's accounts receivable to Joy, with the risk of uncollectible accounts retained by Bojun
  • Loan from Joy collateralized by Bojun's accounts receivable

If a company scraps an asset without any cash recovery, it recognizes a loss equal to the asset's book value.

  • True
  • Flase

Samson Company applies revaluation accounting to plant assets with a carrying value of P800,000, a useful life of 4 years, and no salvage value. Depreciation is calculated on the straight-line basis. At the end of year 1, independent appraisers determine that the asset has a fair value of P750,000. The financial statements for year one will include the following information:

  • Depreciation expense P50,000.
  • Revaluation surplus P50,000.
  • Accumulated depreciation P200,000.
  • Plant assets P750,000.

When the market rate of interest was 11%, Welch Corporation issued P100,000, 8%, 10-year bonds that pay interest semiannually. Using the straight-line method, the amount of discount or premium to be amortized each interest period would be

  • 1,793
  • 17,926
  • 896
  • 4,000

Under IFRS, how is the account revaluation surplus reported?

  • The account is not reported in the financial statements.
  • As part of other comprehensive income which can be reported presented in separate statement, combined with income statement, or in changes in stockholders' equity statement.
  • As "other revenues and expenses" on the income statement.
  • It is included with Reserves in the stockholders' equity section of the Statement of Financial Position.

Investments that are intended to be held for more than one year or are not expected to be realized within twelve months after the end of the reporting period.

  • Investment
  • Noncurrent investments
  • None of the choices
  • Current investments

When an entity reclassification a financial asset from amortized cost to fair value through profit or loss, the fair value is determined at reclassification date.

  • False
  • True

The financial statements for year one will include the following information

  • Depreciation expense P50, 000.
  • Plant assets P750,000.
  • Revaluation surplus P50,000.
  • Accumulated depreciation P200, 000.

____________ is the detachment of produce from a biological asset or the cessation of a biological asset's life processes.

  • Procreation
  • Harvest
  • Biological transformation
  • Agricultural Activity

If a petty cash fund is established in the amount of P250, and contains P150 in cash and P95 in receipts for disbursements when it is replenished, the journal entry to record replenishment should include credits to the following accounts

  • Petty Cash, P100.
  • Petty Cash, P75.
  • Cash, P95; Cash Over and Short, P5.
  • Cash, P100.

On March 31, 2016, the store inventory of Gotesco was destroyed by fire. The following information was obtained from available records:

  • 500,000
  • 532,000
  • 450,000
  • 600,000

Unamortized debt discount shall be reported in the balance sheet of the issuer as a

  • Direct deduction from the face value of the debt
  • Direct deduction from the present value of the debt
  • Deferred charge
  • Part of the issue costs

An intangible asset shall be recognized if I. It is probable that future economic benefits attributable to the asset will flow to the entity. II. The cost of the intangible asset can be measured reliably.

  • I only
  • II only
  • Both I and II
  • Neither I nor II

Investment in bonds shall be measured subsequently at amortized cost.

  • False
  • True

Which of the following methods of determining bad debt expense most closely matches expense to revenue?

  • Charging bad debts only as accounts are written off as uncollectible
  • Estimating the allowance for doubtful accounts by aging the accounts receivable
  • Estimating the allowance for doubtful accounts as a percentage of accounts receivable
  • Charging bad debts with percentage of sales for that period

The following data are given for Ryu Corp: September October November December Cash sales P7,000 P6,000 P8,000 P6,000 Credit sales P50,000 P48,000 P62,000 P80,000 Total sales P57,000 P54,000 P70,000 P86,000 Past experience indicates that credit sales collections normally occur in the following pattern:

  • 69,380
  • 47,900
  • 55,900
  • 61,380

Under U.S. GAAP, impairment losses

  • cannot be reversed for assets to be held and used.
  • can be reversed but only if the reversal falls in a subsequent fiscal year of the company's operations.
  • can be reversed but only if the reversal is greater than the amount of the original impairment.
  • none of the choices.

All intangibles are subject to periodic consideration of impairment with corresponding potential write-downs.

  • True
  • False

In preparing its December 31, year 2 bank reconciliation, Apex Corp. has available the following information: Balance per bank statement, 12/31/Y2 P18,050 Deposit in transit, 12/31/Y2 3,250 Return of customer's check for insufficient funds 12/31/Y2 600 Outstanding checks, 12/31/ Y2 2,750 Bank service charges for December 100 At December 31, year 2, Apex's correct cash balance is?

  • P18,550
  • P17,950
  • P17,850
  • P17,550

The double-entry accounting system means

  • Each transaction is recorded with two journal entries.
  • The dual effect of each transaction is recorded with a debit and a credit.
  • More than one of the above.
  • Each item is recorded in a journal entry, then in a general ledger account.

If an impairment of property, plant and equipment is indicated, any impairment loss is recorded at an amount equal to the

  • Excess of the carrying amount over the fair value of the asset regardless of the discounted net cash flows from the asset.
  • Excess of the recoverable amount of the carrying amount of the asset
  • Excess of the carrying amount over the discounted net cash flows from the asset, regardless of the fair value of the asset.
  • Excess of the carrying amount over the recoverable amount of the asset

Which of the following is a note that is not paid in full at maturity?

  • Interest-bearing note
  • Paid note
  • Matured note
  • Dishonored note

When using the periodic inventory system, which of the following generally would not be separately accounted for in the computation of cost of goods sold?

  • Purchase returns and allowances of merchandise during the period
  • Cash (purchase) discounts taken during the period
  • Cost of transportation-in for merchandise purchased during the period
  • Trade discounts applicable to purchases during the period

On January 1, 2012, Jordan Inc. acquired 30% of Nico Corp. Jordan used the equity method to account for the investment. On January 1, 2013, Jordan sold 2/3 of its investment in Nico. It no longer had the ability to exercise significant influence over the operations of Nico. How should Jordan have accounted for this change?

  • Jordan should continue to use the equity method to maintain consistency in its financial statements.
  • Jordan has the option of using either the equity method or the fair-value method for 2012 and future years.
  • Jordan should use the fair-value method for 2013 and future years but should not make a retrospective adjustment to the investment account.
  • Jordan should restate the prior years' financial statements and change the balance in the investment account as if the fair-value method had been used since 2012.

Africa Company purchased 2000 llamas at the beginning of current year. These llamas will be sheared semiannually and their wool sold to specialty clothing manufacturers. The llamas were purchased for P5, 000, 000. During the current year, the change in fair value due to growth and price changes is P350, 000, the wool harvested but not yet sold is valued at net realizable value of P100, 000 and the decrease in fair value due to harvest is P50, 000. What is the carrying amount of the biological asset at year-end?

  • 5,300,000
  • 5,500,000
  • 5,400,000
  • 5,200,000

Under PFRS, costs in the development phase are

  • capitalized once technological feasibility is achieved.
  • capitalized if they exceed development phase costS incurred for previously successful ventures.
  • never capitalized, but expensed as they are under U.S. GAAP.
  • capitalized on an interim basis, but then expensed prior to the end of the company's fiscal year.

Agricultural activity includes all of the following, except;

  • Perennial cropping
  • Raising livestock
  • Ocean fishing
  • Aquaculture

Well Corp. has outstanding accounts receivable totaling P6.5 million as of December 31 and sales on credit during the year of P24 million. There is also a credit balance of P12,000 in the allowance for doubtful accounts. If the company estimates that 8% of its outstanding receivables will be uncollectible, what will be the amount of bad debt expense recognized for the year?

  • 1,920,000.
  • 532,000.
  • 520,000.
  • 508,000.

Webby uses the average retail method of inventory valuation. The following information are available: Cost Retail January 1 23,000 60,000 Purchases 120,000 220,00 Net markups 20,000 Net markdown 40,000 Total COGAS 143,000 260,000 Sales revenue 180,000 What is the cost to retail ratio:

  • 25%
  • 50%
  • 55%
  • 35%

How would the amortization of premium on bonds payable affect each of the following?

  • Carrying value of the bond (Decrease); Net income (Decrease)
  • Carrying value of the bond (Increase); Net income (Decrease)
  • Carrying value of the bond (Increase); Net income (Increase)
  • Carrying value of the bond (Decrease); Net income (Increase)

When capitalizing interest during construction of an asset, an imputed interest cost on stock financing must be included.

  • True
  • Flase

Costs incurred subsequent to the acquisition of an asset are capitalized if they provide future benefits.

  • True
  • Flase

S1. In applying the cost vs. net realizable value test, it is relevant to consider the form in which the inventories will be sold which means that materials and other supplies held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. S2: A broad-brush approach that looks at inventories in large categories would not meet the requirements of PAS 2, because losses in value of individual items of inventory would be masked by unrealized gains on others.

  • S2 is only true
  • S1 is only true
  • Both statement are true
  • Both statement are false

Which of the following controls most likely would be effective in offsetting the tendency of sales personnel to maximize sales volume at the expense of high bad debt write-offs?

  • Employees responsible for authorizing sales and bad debt write-offs are denied access to cash.
  • Subsidiary accounts receivable records are reconciled to the control account by an employee independent of the authorization of credit.
  • Shipping documents and sales invoices are matched by an employee who does not have authority to write off bad debts.
  • Employees involved in the credit-granting function are separated from the sales function.

Which of the following is not a long-term investment?

  • Cash surrender value of life insurance
  • A sinking fund.
  • Franchise.
  • Land held for speculation.

Which of the following best describes a cash over or a short account?

  • Is not generally accepted
  • Is credited when the petty cash fund proves out over
  • Is a contra account to cash
  • Is credited when the petty cash fund proves out short

An investors share in the losses of an associate equals or exceeds its interest in the associate. Which of the following cannot be undertaken by said investor?

  • The investor shall continue recognizing its share of further losses
  • The investment is reduced to zero
  • Additional losses shall be provided only to the extent that the investor has incurred legal or constructive obligators or made payments in behalf of the associate
  • If the associate subsequently reports profit, the investor resumes recognizing its share of profit only after its share of profit equals the share of the losses not previously recognized.

Which of the following statements regarding revaluation of asset is incorrect?

  • Revaluation of assets should be done annually.
  • The revaluation surplus included in equity may be transferred directly to retained earnings when the surplus is realized, either upon sale or disposal, as the asset is used in the enterprise.
  • When an item of property, plant and equipment is revalued, accumulated depreciation s either restated proportionately with the change in the carrying amount of the asset or eliminated against the gross carrying amount of the asset and the net amount restated to the revalued amount.
  • When an item of property and equipment is revalued, the entire class of property in which the asset belongs should be revalued.

If financial assets are exchanged for cash and other consideration but the transfer does not meet the criteria for a sale, the transferor and the transferee should account for the transaction as (I) Secured borrowing and (II) Pledge of collateral

  • I only
  • Neither I nor II
  • II only
  • Both I and II

When computing for its share in the associates profit or loss, an investor shall use

  • the potential voting rights percentage
  • its present ownership interest adjusted for the effect of any potential voting rights
  • its present ownership interest
  • the effective interest rate

Won Company follows the procedure of debiting bad debt expense for 2% of all new sales. Sales for three consecutive years and year-end allowance account balances were as follows: Sales Allowance for bad debts 2015 3,000,000 40,000 2016 2,800,000 60,000 2017 3,500,000 80,000 What is the amount of accounts written off in 2017?

  • 10,000
  • 50,000
  • 70,000
  • 86,000

Which of the following should be disclosed in the summary of significant accounting policies?

  • Adequacy of pension plan assets in relation to vested benefits.
  • Interest capitalized for the period.
  • Valuation method used for work-in-process inventory
  • Depreciation charges for the period.

Vair Company owns a copyright. A material amount of legal fees and other costs it incurred in successfully defending a copyright suit should be

  • Charged to an expense account in the period incurred.
  • Charged to a loss account in the period incurred.
  • Capitalized as part of the cost of the copyright and amortized over the remaining estimated useful life of the copyright, not to exceed 40 years.
  • Capitalized in a separate asset account and amortized over 40 years.

Cash equivalents would not include short-term investments in

  • commercial paper
  • certificates of deposit.
  • available-for-sale securities
  • money market funds

A depreciable asset has an estimated 15% salvage value. At the end of its estimated useful life, the accumulated depreciation would equal the original cost of the asset under which of the following depreciation methods?

  • Straight-line: Yes Productive Output: No
  • Straight-line: No Productive Output: Yes
  • Straight-line: No Productive Output: No

Which of the following statements is correct concerning reversal of an impairment loss? I. The increased carrying amount of the asset due to a reversal of an impairment loss shall not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognized in the prior years. II. An impairment loss recognized for goodwill shall not be reversed in a subsequent period.

  • II only
  • I only
  • Neither I nor II
  • Both I and II

Which of the following describes the flow of product costs through the inventory accounts of a manufacturer?

  • Raw materials, direct labor, factory overhead
  • Raw materials, goods in process, finished goods
  • Raw materials, goods in process, factory overhead, finished goods
  • Raw materials, direct labor, factory overhead, finished goods

Use the information above in no. 29, and assume that ten 3-year old cattle were sold realizing net proceeds of P15, 000 on each cattle. How much gross income shall be presented on the company's profit or loss for the year ended December 31?

  • 260,000
  • 80,000
  • 150,000
  • 110,000

Long-term debt that matures within one year and is to be converted into stock should be reported

  • in a special section between liabilities and stockholders' equity
  • as noncurrent
  • as a current liability
  • as noncurrent and accompanied with a note explaining the method to be used in its liquidation

Information regarding accounting policies adopted by an enterprise is essential to financial statement users. An example of an accounting policy that should be disclosed for inventory is the

  • Method used for pricing inventory.
  • Market value of the inventory when it is lower than cost.
  • Identification of major customers.
  • Composition of inventory, i.e., raw material, work-in-progress, and finished goods.

Peterson Company purchased machinery for P160,000 on January 1, 2013. Straight-line depreciation has been recorded based on a P10,000 salvage value and a 5-year useful life. The machinery was sold on May 1, 2017 at a gain of P3,000. How much cash did Peterson receive from the sale of the machinery?

  • P33,000
  • P27,000
  • P23,000
  • P43,000

It is otherwise known as general assignment of accounts receivable

  • Pledge of accounts receivable
  • Factoring of accounts receivable
  • Discounting of notes receivables
  • Assignment of accounts receivable

IAS 16 require that revaluation surplus resulting from initial revaluation of property, plant and equipment should be treated in which of the following way?

  • Released to the income statement at the amount equal to the difference between the depreciation calculated on historical cost vis-a-vis revalued amount.
  • Deducted from current assets and added to the property, plant and equipment.
  • Debited to the class of property, plant and equipment that is being revalued and credited to "revaluation surplus", which is presented under "equity".
  • Credited to retained earnings as this is unrealized gain.

On January 1, 2010, Reston Co. purchased 25% of Ace Corp.'s common stock; no goodwill resulted from the purchase. Reston appropriately carries this investment at equity and the balance in Reston's investment account was P720,000 at December 31, 2010. Ace reported net income of P450,000 for the year ended December 31, 2010, and paid common stock dividends totaling P180,000 during 2010. How much did Reston pay for its 25% interest in Ace?

  • 787,500
  • 765,000
  • 877,500
  • 652,500

Which of the following concepts relates to using the allowance method in accounting for accounts receivable?

  • Bad debt expense is an estimate that is based only on an analysis of the receivables aging.
  • Bad debt expense is an estimate that is based on historical and prospective information.
  • Bad debt expense is management's determination of which accounts will be sent to the attorney for collection.
  • Bad debt expense is based on the actual amounts determined to be uncollectible.

All of the following are included in cash and cash equivalents, except?

  • Money market placement
  • Savings deposit
  • Sinking fund to redeem currently maturing bonds
  • Cash fund to pay for the purchase of equipment

Which of the following statements regarding cash equivalents is true?

  • Management's policy for classifying items as cash equivalents cannot be changed.
  • The date a security is purchased determines its "original maturity" for cash equivalent classification purposes.
  • All investments must be reported as cash equivalents.
  • A one-year Treasury note could not qualify as a cash equivalent.

When a patent or trademark is acquired in a business combination, what does PAS 38 say about recording these intangibles?

  • They should be recorded as separate intangible assets if their fair value can be reliably measured.
  • They should be recorded as separate intangible assets only if their useful life is indefinite.
  • The cost of the intangibles should be expensed by the acquiring company on the merger date.
  • If they had not been previously recorded as separate assets by the acquired company, they should always be recorded as "Goodwill" on the balance sheet of the company acquiring them.

If the fair value of the biological asset previously measured at cost less accumulated depreciation, becomes reliably measurable

  • The entity must continue to measure the same asset at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses
  • The entity must switch to the fair value less point of sale cost measurement basis, the amount of adjustment taken to profit or loss
  • The entity must switch to the fair value less point of sale cost measurement basis, the amount of adjustment taken to equity under heading "Revaluation Surplus"
  • The entity must switch to the fair value less point of sale cost measurement basis, the amount of adjustment taken as an adjustment to the beginning balance of retained earnings

Ferguson Company purchased a depreciable asset for P100,000. The estimated salvage value is P10,000, and the estimated useful life is 10 years. The straight-line method will be used for depreciation. What is the depreciation base of this asset?

  • P10,000
  • P90,000
  • P9,000
  • P100,000

In relation to the financial statements, PAS 16 Property, Plant and Equipment, requires that the following disclosures be made for each class of asset: I. The carrying amount at the beginning and end of the reporting period. II. Accumulated depreciation. III. Total additions and disposals. IV. The total of impairment losses. V. Fair value at reporting date.

  • I, II, IV and V only
  • I, III, and IV only
  • I, II, III and IV only
  • II, III, IV and V only

A general description of the depreciation methods applicable to major classes of depreciable assets

  • is not a current practice in financial reporting.
  • is needed in financial reporting when company policy differs from income tax policy.
  • should be included in corporate financial statements or notes thereto.
  • is not essential to a fair presentation of financial position.

It is a formal claim against another that is evidenced by a written promise, called promissory note, or a written order to pay at a later time, called time draft.

  • Letter of Credit
  • Accounts Receivable
  • Certificate of Deposit
  • Notes Receivable

Which of the following most accurately reflects the concept of depreciation as used in accounting?

  • A method of allocating asset cost to an expense account in a manner which closely matches the physical deterioration of the tangible asset involved.
  • An accounting concept that allocates the portion of an asset used up during the year to the contra asset account for the purpose of properly recording the fair market value of tangible assets.
  • The process of allocating the cost of tangible assets to expense in a systematic and rational manner to those periods expected to benefit from the use of the asset.
  • The process of charging the decline in value of an economic resource to income in the period in which the benefit occurred.

Stock dividends on common stock should be recorded at their fair market value by the investor when the related investment is accounted for under which of the following methods?

  • Cost Yes Equity Yes
  • Cost No Equity Yes
  • Cost No Equity No
  • Cost Yes Equity No

Risers Inc. reported total assets of 1,200,000 and net income of 135,000 for the current year. Risers determined that inventory was overstated by 10,000 at the beginning of the year (this was not corrected). What is the corrected amount for total assets and net income for the year?

  • 1,190,000 and 125,000.
  • 1,210,000 and 145,000.
  • 1,200,000 and 135,000.
  • 1,200,000 and 145,000.

Which of the following is not correct in regard to trading investments?

  • Unrealized holding gains and losses are reported as part of net income.
  • Any discount or premium is not amortized
  • Trading investments are held with the intention of selling them in a short period of time
  • All of these are correct.

The following statements relate to the frequency of revaluation of property, plant and equipment. Which statement is incorrect?

  • Frequent revaluations are unnecessary for items of property, plant and equipment with only insignificant movements in fair value and instead, revaluation every 5 to 10 years may be sufficient.
  • The frequency of revaluations depends upon the movements in the fair value of the items of property, plant and equipment being revalued.
  • Some items of property, plant and equipment may experience significant and volatile movements in fair value, thus necessitating annual revaluation.
  • Revaluations should be made with sufficient regularity such that the carrying amount does not differ materially from that which would be determined using the fair value on balance sheet date. The frequency of revaluations depends upon the movements in the fair value of the items of property, plant and equipment being revalued.

Harrel Company acquired a patent on an oil extraction technique on January 1, 2010 for P5,000,000. It was expected to have a 10 year life and no residual value. Harrel uses straight-line amortization for patents. On December 31, 2011, the expected future cash flows expected from the patent were expected to be P600,000 per year for the next eight years. The present value of these cash flows, discounted at Harrel's market interest rate, is P2,800,000. At what amount should the patent be carried on the December 31, 2011 balance sheet?

  • P4,000,000
  • P2,800,000
  • P4,800,000
  • P5,000,000

Inventories include assets which are held for sale in the ordinary course of business, in the process of production for such sale or in the form of materials or supplies to be consumed in the production process or in the rendering of services.

  • True
  • False

If material, deposits in foreign bank which are subject to foreign exchange restriction shall be classified ______.

  • Separately as current asset, with appropriate disclosure
  • Separately as noncurrent asset with appropriate disclosure
  • As part of cash and cash equivalents
  • Be written off as an extraordinary loss

The following are indications that a receivable is impaired except;

  • Financial reorganization
  • Default in interest payments
  • Bankruptcy proceedings
  • Occurrence of labor union in an organization

Cash equivalents do not include short-term investments in

  • Certificates of deposit
  • Financial assets held for trading
  • Commercial paper
  • Money market funds

After initial recognition, an intangible asset shall be carried using the

  • Neither cost model nor revaluation
  • Either cost model or revaluation model
  • Cost model only
  • Revaluation model only

It refers to the savings certificate that entitles the bearer to receive interest.

  • Savings account
  • Certificate of interest
  • Promissory note
  • Certificate of deposit

Which is not a current fund?

  • Petty cash fund
  • Sinking fund
  • Tax fund
  • Payroll fund

Pledges the specifically described receivables to a lender and signs a promissory note

  • Assignee
  • Creditor
  • Assignor
  • Guarantor

It refers to the amount of cash expected to be collected or the estimated recoverable amount?

  • Maturity value
  • Principal
  • Net Realizable value
  • Present Value

PFRS and U.S. GAAP are similar in the accounting for impairments of assets held for disposal.

  • True
  • False

When liquidating dividends exceed the cost of investment, the difference is credited to________

  • Liquidating dividends
  • Gain on investment
  • Cash dividends
  • ex-dividend

Which of the following assets do not qualify for capitalization of interest costs incurred during construction of the assets?

  • ssets not currently undergoing the activities necessary to prepare them for their intended use.
  • Assets intended for sale or lease that are produced as discrete projects.
  • Assets financed through the issuance of long-term debt.
  • Assets under construction for an enterprise's own use.

Items to be noted in recognizing accounts receivable include the following except;

  • Allowance for spoilage
  • Uncollectible accounts
  • Sales returns and allowances
  • Trade discounts

Why would a company sell receivables to another company?

  • To limit its legal liability.
  • To accelerate access to amounts collected.
  • To comply with customer agreements.
  • To improve the quality of its credit granting process.

The trial balance

  • Is used to prepare the statement of financial position while the general ledger is used to prepare the income statement.
  • Can be used to uncover errors in journalizing and posting.
  • Is a listing of all the accounts and their balances in the order the accounts appear on the statement of financial position.
  • Has as its primary purpose to prove (check) that all journal entries were made for the period.

May Roads sold P50,000 of goods and accepted the customer's P50,000 10%1-year note receivable in exchange. Assuming 10% approximates the market rate of return, what would be the debit in this journal entry to record the sale?

  • Debit Notes Receivable for P50,000
  • No journal entry until cash is collected
  • Debit Notes Receivable for P45,000
  • Debit Accounts Receivable for P50,000

Which of the following statements is correct concerning reversal of an impairment loss? I. The increased carrying amount of the asset due to a reversal of an impairment loss shall not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognized in the prior years. II. An impairment loss recognized for goodwill shall not be reversed in a subsequent period.

  • II only
  • I only
  • Neither I nor II
  • Both I and II

Groh Co. recorded the following data pertaining to raw material X during January 2016: Date Received Cost Issued On hand 1/1/16 Inventory 8.00 3,200 1/11/16 Issue 16,000 1,600 1/22/16 Purchase 4,000 9.4 5,600 The moving-average unit cost of X inventory at January 31, 2016 is

  • 8.70
  • 9.40
  • 9.00
  • 8.85

The cost of inventories may not be recoverable under all of the following conditions, except;

  • The inventories have become wholly or partially obsolete.
  • The estimated costs of completion or the estimated costs to be incurred to make the sale have increased.
  • The selling prices of the inventories have increased.
  • The inventories are damaged.

All the following are differences between financial and managerial accounting in how accounting information is used except to

  • evaluate borrowing capacity to determine the extent of a loan to grant.
  • All the choices
  • decide whether to invest in the company.
  • plan and control company's operations.

Land that is related to agricultural activity is valued:

  • At the resale value separate from the biological asset that has been grown on the land
  • In accordance with PAS 16, Property, Plant and Equipment, or PAS 40, Investment Property
  • At fair value in combination with the biological asset that is being grown on the land
  • At fair value

Factoring of accounts receivables is;

  • All three of the choices.
  • A way of selling them.
  • A way of raising cash quickly.
  • A way of pledging them as collateral for a loan.

An item of property, plant and equipment should be recognized as an asset when I. It is probable that future economic benefits associated with the asset will flow to the enterprise. II. The cost of the asset to the enterprise can be measured reliably. (E)

  • Neither I nor II
  • I only
  • Both I and II
  • II only

Which of the following statements regarding inventory accounting systems is true?

  • A disadvantage of the perpetual inventory system is that the inventory dollar amounts used for interim reporting purposes are estimated amounts
  • An advantage of the perpetual inventory system is that the recordkeeping required to maintain the system is relatively simple
  • An advantage of the periodic inventory system is that it provides a continuous record of the inventory balance.
  • A disadvantage of the periodic inventory system is that the cost of goods sold amount used for financial reporting purposes includes both the cost of inventory sold and inventory shortages

Which statement is incorrect concerning property, plant and equipment?

  • The useful life of property, plant and equipment is the period of time over which an asset is expected to be used by the enterprise or the number of production or similar units expected to be obtained from the asset.
  • The amount at which an asset is recognized in the balance sheet after deducting any accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses thereon is known as the depreciable amount.
  • An item of property, plant and equipment should be recognized as an asset when it is probable that future economic benefits will flow to the enterprise and the cost of the asset can be measured readily.
  • Fair value is the amount for which an item of property, plant and equipment could be exchanged between knowledgeable willing parties in an arm's length transaction.

This means that the shares can be sold and still the original shareholder has the right to receive the dividends on the payment date.

  • Cash dividends
  • Date of declaration
  • Share Split
  • ex-dividend

The frequency of revaluations of property, plant and equipment depends upon the movements in the fair value of the items of property, plant and equipment. If the items of property, plant and equipment experience insignificant movements in fair value, revaluation may be sufficient if made every

  • Five to ten years
  • Five years
  • Three to five years
  • Ten years

This refers to the inducements to customers for prompt payment of an account.

  • Uncollectible accounts
  • Sale promos
  • Cash Discounts
  • Trade discounts

Chess Top uses the periodic inventory system. For the current month, the beginning inventory consisted of 200 units that cost 65 each. During the month, the company made two purchases: 300 units at 68 each and 150 units at 70 each. Chess Top also sold 500 units during the month. Using the FIFO method, what is the amount of cost of goods sold for the month?

  • 33,400.
  • 33,770.
  • 32,500.
  • 34,150.

Which of the following is not considered a cash equivalent?

  • US Treasury bills.
  • Accounts receivable.
  • High-grade commercial paper.
  • Money market funds.

A proof of cash would be useful for_______.

  • Discovering cash receipts that have not been recorded in the journal
  • Discovering cash receipts that have been recorded but not been deposited
  • Discovering time lag in making deposits
  • Discovering an inadequate separation of incompatible duties of employees

If market value of an impaired asset recovers after an impairment has been recognized, the impairment may be reversed in a subsequent period.

  • True
  • False

Which of the following computations may properly result to the correct balance of an investment in associate account at year-end?

  • Beginning balance of investment plus share in associates profit plus share in dividends declared by associate, and minus amortization of share in undervaluation of associates asset.
  • Beginning balance of investment plus share in associates profit minus share in dividends declared by associate, and minus amortization of share in undervaluation of associates asset.
  • Beginning balance of investment plus share in associates profit minus share in dividends declared by associate, minus amortization of share in undervaluation of associates asset, and minus separate impairment loss on goodwill included in the carrying amount of the investment.
  • Beginning balance of investment plus share in associates profit minus share in dividends declared by associate, and plus amortization of share in undervaluation of associates asset.

A perfectly faithful representation would be all of the following except:

  • Complete
  • Comparable
  • Free from error
  • Neutral

In accordance with ASC Topic 360, long-lived assets are required to be reviewed for impairment

  • When circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset might not be recoverable.
  • At the balance sheet date, every three years.
  • When the asset is fully depreciated.
  • At the balance sheet date, every year.

Transaction costs attributable to the acquisition of bond investments held for trading or at fair value through profit or loss are expenses immediately.

  • True
  • False

Under IFRS, when an entity chooses the revaluation model as its accounting policy for measuring property, plant, and equipment, which of the following statements is correct?

  • When an asset is revalued, the entire class of property, plant, and equipment to which that asset belongs must be revalued.
  • Increases in an asset's carrying value as a result of the first revaluation must be recognized as a component of profit or loss.
  • Revaluations of property, plant, and equipment must be made at least every three years.
  • When an asset is revalued, individual assets within a class of property, plant, and equipment to which that asset belongs can be revalued.

Which of the following is not a required disclosure regarding goodwill for each period a company presents a balance sheet?

  • the amount of goodwill sold
  • the amount of goodwill acquired
  • the amount of any impairment loss recognized
  • the amount of any goodwill included in the disposal of a reporting unit

Notes receivable discounted with recourse should be;

  • Excluded from total receivables with disclosure of the contingent liability
  • Included in total receivables with disclosure of the contingent liability
  • Included in total receivables without disclosure of the contingent liability
  • Excluded from total receivables without disclosure of the contingent liability

Two independent companies, Hager Co. and Shaw Co., are in the home building business. Each owns a tract of land held for development, but each would prefer to build on the other's land. They agree to exchange their land. An appraiser was hired, and from her report and the companies' records, the following information was obtained: Hager's Land Shaw's Land Cost and book value P192,000 P120,000 Fair value based upon appraisal 240,000 210,000 The exchange was made, and based on the difference in appraised fair values, Shaw paid P30,000 to Hager. The exchange lacked commercial substance. For financial reporting purposes, Hager should recognize a pre-tax gain on this exchange of

  • P48,000.
  • P30,000.
  • P6,000.
  • P0.

Biological assets are presented as ______________ in the Statement of Financial Position.

  • Revenue
  • Asset
  • Equity
  • Liability

It pertains to the total amount due on the note at maturity date.

  • Total value
  • Principal
  • Discounted value
  • Maturity value

The recognition criteria for biological assets and agricultural produce which must be met includes:

  • control of assets as a result of a past event
  • probable flow of future economic benefit associated with the asset will flow to the entity
  • reliable measurement of fair value or cost
  • All of the choices must be met

Costs directly attributable to bringing the asset to the location and condition for its intended use include all of the following, except

  • Initial delivery and handling costs
  • Costs of employee benefits not arising directly from the construction and acquisition of property, plant and equipment
  • Installation, assembly and testing costs
  • Costs of site preparation

The entity shall reclassify financial assets when, and only when, an entity changes its business model for managing its financial assets.

  • True
  • False

The equity of the assignor in assigned accounts is equal to;

  • Assigned accounts receivable minus the bank loan balance
  • Bank loan balance minus the assign ed accounts receivable
  • Assigned accounts receivable
  • Bank loan balance

Cash equivalents are

  • Short-term and highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into cash
  • Short-term and highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into cash with remaining maturity of three months
  • Short-term and highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into cash and acquired three months before maturity
  • Short-term and highly liquid marketable equity securities

If an asset's carrying amount is increased as a result of a revaluation, the increase shall be recognized in

  • Revaluation surplus as component of other comprehensive income and in profit or loss to the extent that it reverses a revaluation decrease previously recognized
  • Retained earnings
  • Equity under the heading unrealized gain
  • Revaluation surplus as component of profit or loss

Trade-offs between the characteristics that make information useful may be necessary or beneficial. Issuance of interim financial statements is an example of a trade-off between;

  • reliability and periodicity
  • understandability and timeliness
  • timeliness and materiality.
  • relevance and reliability

Which of the following would not be included in the cost of work in process inventory?

  • Depreciation on factory equipment
  • Depreciation on office equipment in the sales manager's office
  • Maintenance cost of factory equipment
  • Cost of electricity to operate factory equipment

Accounting for Inventories are covered by International Accounting Standards _______?

  • 2
  • 16
  • 41
  • 9

Revaluation surplus account is reported as

  • a contra-asset account
  • a separate component of income from continuing operations
  • a liability
  • a separate component of stockholders' equity

Which of the following is not a required disclosure regarding intangible assets in the period a company acquires intangible assets?

  • the cost of any intangible assets acquired, separated into assets subject to amortization, assets not subject to amortization, and goodwill
  • for assets subject to amortization, the residual value and the weighted-average amortization period
  • the rate of return used to estimate the value of goodwill purchased
  • the cost of any research and development acquired and written off, and where it is included in the income statement

Which of the following is considered "cash"?

  • Customer's post-dated checks.
  • 6-month money market savings certificates.
  • Money market checking accounts.
  • 30-day certificate of deposit.

Economic factors that shorten the service life of an asset include

  • inadequacy.
  • obsolescence.
  • supersession.
  • all of these.

The following statements are based on the Conceptual Framework of Accounting: I The Conceptual Framework is a reporting standard. II In cases of conflict, the requirements of the Conceptual Framework prevail over those of the PFRS. III The Conceptual Framework states that transaction must be accounted for according to their legal form.

  • Statements I and III are true, statement II is false
  • Statement I is true; statements II and III are false
  • All of the statements are true
  • All of the statements are false

On January 1, 2017, an entity has a herd of 100 2-year old animals. Ten animals aged 2.5 years were purchased on July 1, 2017 for P10, 800 each. Ten animals were born July 1, 2017. No animals were sold or disposed during the year. The fair value less cost to sell per unit were: 2-year old animal, 1/1 10,000 2.5-year old animal, 7/1 10,800 New born animal, 7/1 7,000 2-year old animal, 12/31 10,500 2.5-year old animal, 12/31 11,100 Newborn animal on 12/31 7,200 3-year old animal on 12/31 12,000 0.5-year old animal on 12/31 8,000 What is the carrying amount of biological assets before adjustment on December 31?

  • 1,070,000
  • 1,108,000
  • 1,178,000
  • 1,000,000

Non trade receivables are classified as current assets only if they are reasonably expected to be realized in cash

  • Within the normal operating cycle
  • Within one year, the length of the operating cycle notwithstanding
  • Within one year or within the operating cycle, whichever is shorter
  • Within one year or within the operating cycle, whichever is longer

All of the following are cash equivalents, except;

  • investments in BSP treasury bills.
  • investments in available for sale equity securities.
  • money market instruments.
  • commercial paper.

During 2016, Farver Company incurred P240,000 in legal fees in defending a patent with a carrying value of P2,500,000 against an infringement. Farver's lawyers were not successful with the defense of the patent. The legal fees should be;

  • expensed in 2016 and classified as ordinary expense
  • capitalized and amortized over the remaining economic life or legal life of the patent, whichever is shorter
  • classified as an extraordinary item on the income statement for 2016
  • capitalized and amortized over the remaining legal life of the patent

Partnership A advances P1 million to Corporation B to perform research and development. The terms of the agreement specify that B must repay the funds upon successful completion of the project. Partnership A accounts for the P1 million as

  • Accounts receivable.
  • Deferred research and development costs.
  • Advances on contract.
  • Research and development expense.

The standard requires that companies assess their receivables for impairment each reporting period and begin the impairment assessment by considering whether objective evidence indicates that one or more loss events have occurred.

  • True
  • False

Tony's AutoParts Store is a small retailer. Tony Brown owns the business and has purchased a microcomputer system equipped with bar coding devices. Tony Brown uses the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method to value inventory and is concerned about the impact on inventory valuation of a switch from a periodic inventory system to a perpetual inventory system. Which one of the following statements is correct?

  • The impact cannot be calculated
  • Inventory will be valued higher under a perpetual inventory system.
  • Inventory will be valued lower under a perpetual inventory system.
  • Inventory and cost of goods sold will be the same whether or not a perpetual or periodic inventory system is used.

Plant assets may properly include

  • land held for possible use as a future plant site.
  • none of these.
  • idle equipment awaiting sale.
  • deposits on machinery not yet received.

Which of the following authoritative iGAAP guidance specifically addresses issues related to cash?

  • IRFS No. 7 (Financial Instruments: Disclosures)
  • IAS No. 39 (Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement)
  • AIS No.1 (Presentation of Financial Statements)
  • None of these standards specifically addresses cash issues.

Which of the following is not a disadvantage of using the FIFO cost flow assumption?

  • provides a relevant ending inventory value
  • includes all the holding gains in income during periods of rising prices
  • creates the highest outflow for income taxes during periods of rising prices
  • does not match current costs against current revenues

Upon the death of an officer, Jung Co. received the proceeds of a life insurance policy held by Jung on the officer. The proceeds were not taxable. The policy's cash surrender value had been recorded on Jung's books at the time of payment. What amount of revenue should Jung report in its statements? (M)

  • Proceeds received.
  • None of these.
  • Proceeds received plus cash surrender value.
  • Proceeds received less cash surrender value.

An entity neglected to amortize the discount on outstanding bonds payable. What is the effect of the failure to record discount amortization on interest expense and bond carrying value, respectively?

  • Understate and understate
  • Overstate and understate
  • Understate and overstate
  • Overstate and overstate

While PFRS requires an impairment test at each reporting date for long-lived assets, it requires no such test for intangibles once a legal or useful life has been determined.

  • False
  • True

The cost of inventory shall be measured using

  • All of the choices
  • FIFO
  • Average method
  • Specific identification

Tay Corp. factored P400,000 of accounts receivable to Rick Corp. on July 1, year 2. Control was surrendered by Tay. Rick accepted the receivables subject to recourse for nonpayment. Rick assessed a fee of 2% and retains a holdback equal to 5% of the accounts receivable. In addition, Rick charged 15% interest computed on a weighted-average time to maturity of the receivables of forty-one days. The fair value of the recourse obligation is P12,000.

  • P377,260
  • P357,260
  • P365,260
  • P385,260

Which is least likely to be classified as a sale of a component?

  • sale by a meat-packing company of its (entire) 20% interest in a professional football team
  • sale by a food distributor of its wholesale supermarket division while maintaining its wholesale fast-food restaurants division
  • sale by an apparel manufacturer of a woolen suit manufacturing plant in order to concentrate on the manufacture of suits from synthetic products
  • sale by a communications company of its radio stations, but none of its television stations

If the cash balance shown on entity's accounting records is less than the correct cash balance and neither the entity nor the bank has made any errors, there must be______.

  • Bank charges not yet recorded by the entity
  • Outstanding checks
  • Deposits in transit
  • Deposits created by the bank but not yet recorded by the entity

Vivo, Inc had net sales in 2017 of P700,000. At December 31, 2016, before adjusting entries, the balances in selected accounts were: accounts receivable P125,000 debit, and allowance for doubtful accounts P1,200 debit. Vivo estimates that 2% of its net accounts receivable will prove to be uncollectable. What is the cash realizable value of the receivables reported on the statement of financial position at December 31, 2017?

  • 109,800
  • 112,200
  • 111,000
  • 122,500

Identifiable intangible assets include all of the following except

  • Patent
  • Goodwill
  • Computer software
  • Copyright

An investor uses the cost method to account for investment. Dividends received in excess of the investor's share of investee's earnings subsequent to the date of investment.

  • Decrease the investment account
  • Increase other comprehensive income
  • Increase dividend revenue
  • Increase the investment account

Financial information exhibits the characteristics of consistency when

  • Gains and losses are not included on the income statement
  • Accounting entities give accountable events the same accounting treatment from period to period
  • Expenses are reported as charges against revenue in the period in which they are paid
  • Accounting procedures are adopted which give a consistent rate of net income

Which of the following observations is not consistent with the cost method of accounting?

  • Investments are carried by the investor at historical cost
  • Differential is not amortized or written off
  • Investee dividends from earnings since acquisition by investor are treated as reduction of investment
  • It is consistent with the treatment normally accorded noncurrent assets

Laugh Co. purchased from Oak Co. a P20,000, 8%, five-year note that required five equal annual year-end payments of 5,009. The note was discounted to yield a 9% rate to Laugh. At the date of purchase, Laugh recorded the note at its present value of P19,485. Laugh does not elect the fair value option for reporting its financial liabilities. What should be the total interest revenue earned by Leaf over the life of this note?

  • 9,000
  • 5,560
  • 5,045
  • 8,000

An example of an item which is not a liability is

  • the portion of long-term debt due within one year
  • advances from customers on contracts
  • accrued estimated warranty costs
  • dividends payable in stock

On January 1, 2011, Garry Co. redeemed its 15-year bonds of P2,500,000 par value for 102. They were originally issued on January 1, 1999 at 98 with a maturity date of January 1, 2014. The bond issue costs relating to this transaction were P150,000. Garry amortizes discounts, premiums, and bond issue costs using the straight-line method. What amount of loss should Garry recognize on the redemption of these bonds (ignore taxes)?

  • 0
  • 60,000
  • 90,000
  • 50,000

Which of the following would be classified as agricultural produce?

  • Tree
  • Butter
  • Bush
  • Apple

The following information applied to Howe, Inc. for 2016: Merchandise purchased for resale 300,000 Freight-in 8,000 Freight-out 5,000 Purchase returns 2,000 Howe's 2016 inventoriable cost was

  • 311,000
  • 300,000
  • 306,000
  • 303,000

The exclusive right to benefit from a creative work, such as a film, is a:

  • Copyright.
  • Franchise.
  • Patent.
  • Trademark.

These dividends represent return of invested capital

  • ex-dividend
  • Liquidating dividends
  • Cash dividends
  • Gain on investment

When the fair value of the biological asset cannot be determined reliably, the biological assets shall be measures at

  • Net realizable value
  • Cost less accumulated depreciation less accumulated impairment losses
  • Cost
  • Cost less accumulated depreciation

An entity purchased bonds at a discount on the open market as an investment and intends to hold these bonds to maturity. The entity should account for these bonds at

  • Lower of cost and fair value
  • Fair value
  • Amortized cost
  • Cost

When an insurance policy has a coinsurance clause, the minimum amount recoverable by the insured is never limited by the;

  • Coinsurance requirement.
  • Book value of the asset.
  • Insured's loss.
  • Face amount of the policy.

The costs of conversion of inventories include all of the following, except;

  • Systematic allocation of fixed production overhead
  • Systematic allocation of administrative production overhead
  • Systematic allocation of variable production overhead
  • Costs directly related to the units of production, such as direct labor

Which of the following best defines debentures?

  • Serial bond
  • Unsecured bonds
  • Secured bonds
  • Ordinary bonds