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Focuses on ensuring the availability, integrity, authentication, confidentiality, and non-repudiation of information and systems.
To be useful, a _____ must not only state the security need (e.g., for confidentiality—that data shall be disclosed only to authorized individuals), but also address the range of circumstances under which that need must be met and the associated operating standards.
_____ security measures to establish the validity of a transmission, message, or originator.
According to ______ taxonomy of information security, a computing environment is made up of five continuously interacting components
If you have an intuitive feeling something is wrong, trust your instincts.
_____ may prevent people from doing unauthorized things but cannot prevent them from doing things that their job functions entitle them to do.
A _____ that must be restored within an hour after disruption represents, and requires, a more demanding set of policies and controls than does a similar system that need not be restored for two to three days.
_____ assurance that information is not disclosed to unauthorized persons.
Fifth Reason why investing in information security is significant
One can implement that policy by taking specific actions guided by management control principles and utilizing specific security standards, procedures, and _____
According to______, IA can be thought of as protecting information at three distinct levels.
Carrying items makes you more vulnerable targets for criminals.
If your data is stored physically or digitally, you need to be sure you have all the right ____________________ in place to prevent unauthorized individuals from gaining access.
Computers are _____ entities, and programs can be changed in a twinkling, so that past happiness is no predictor of future bliss.
Method of reducing criminal opportunity.
_____ is a requirement whose purpose is to keep sensitive information from being disclosed to unauthorized recipients.
Data and data processing activities in physical space.
_____ refers to the protection of hardware, software, and data against physical threats to reduce or prevent disruptions to operations and services and loss of assets.”.
A _____ is a concise statement, by those responsible for a system (e.g., senior management), of information values, protection responsibilities, and organizational commitment.
The Importance of Information Security
Criminals are constantly surveying the environment for an opportunity to commit crimes.
_____ :controlling who gets to read information.
_____ assurance that the sender is provided with proof of a data delivery and recipient is provided with proof of the sender’s identity, so that neither can later deny having processed the data.
The _____ must be managed by auditing, backup, and recovery procedures supported by general alertness and creative responses.
_____ is a collection of computing environments connected by one or more internal networks under the control of a single authority and security policy, including personnel and physical security.
______ for assets are one that has known threats.
For a _____ , the chief concern may be ensuring the confidentiality of classified information, whereas a funds transfer system may require strong integrity controls.
Feeling confident about their organization's security level: When information security community members participated in the Cybersecurity Trends Report, they were asked how positive they felt about their security stance.
As viruses have escalated from a hypothetical to a commonplace threat, it has become necessary to rethink such policies in regard to methods of distribution and acquisition of _____
Both individuals need to know what data is most critical to the organization so they can focus on placing the right ____________________ and monitoring controls on that data.
_____ is the study of how to protect your information assets from destruction, degradation, manipulation and exploitation. But also, how to recover should any of those happen.
Accepted facts, principles, or rules of thumb that are useful for specific domains.
List the Jobs in Information Security
Early disclosure may jeopardize _____ advantage, but disclosure just before the intended announcement may be insignificant.
_____ : assuring that authorized users have continued access to information and resources.
If you feel vulnerable do not ask Police or Security to escort you to your car
_____ timely, reliable access to data and information services for authorized users.
Information is one of the most significant _____ resources
The weight given to each of the three major requirements describing needs for information security—confidentiality, integrity, and availability—depends strongly on _____
_____ the inherent technical features and functions that collectively contribute to an IT infrastructure achieving and sustaining confidentiality, integrity, availability, accountability, authenticity, and reliability.”
Some _____ are explicitly concerned with protecting information and information systems, but the concept of management controls includes much more than a computer's specific role in enforcing security.
What jobs in information security is this? Salary: $104,000 Responsibilities: Create an in-office network for a small business or a cloud infrastructure for a business with corporate locations in cities on opposite coasts.
20 different risk markers grouped under five main categories
Theft of personal items such as pursues can result in more criminal opportunities such as:
Always closely guard their personal effects when it comes to identity theft.
_____ :assuring that information and programs are changed only in a specified and authorized manner.
_____ is a nonhostile environment that may be protected from external hostile elements by physical, personnel, and procedural countermeasures.
An effective _____ controls is needed to cover all aspects of information security, including physical security, classification of information, the means of recovering from breaches of security, and above all training to instill awareness and acceptance by people.
With _____ attacks, for example, even legitimate and honest users of an owner mechanism can be tricked into disclosing secret data.
The need for skilled workers and allocation of funds for security within their budget: Companies are making the effort to allocate more funds in their budgets for security.
Third Reason why investing in information security is significant
______ is a weakness or fault in a system that exposes information to attack.
______ involves the implementation of standard operational security procedures that define the nature and frequency of the interaction between users, systems, and system resources, the purpose.
Walk without purpose, scan the area around you and make casual eye contact with others to display confidence.
Information and data manipulation abilities in cyberspace.
The framework within which an organization strives to meet its needs for information security is codified as _____
Types of private security.
First Reason why investing in information security is significant
What jobs in information security is this? Salary: $139,000 Responsibilities: Information systems managers work toward ensuring a company's tech is capable of meeting their IT goals.
Raw facts with a known coding system
What jobs in information security is this? Salary: $103,560 Responsibilities: Software developers can be tasked with a wide range of responsibilities that may include designing parts of computer programs and applications and designing how those pieces work together.
According to _____, IA has four major categories: physical security personnel security IT security operational security.
While you are walking, keep your mind on what is going on around you.
Cybersecurity professionals traditionally understand the technology, firewalls, and intrusion protection systems needed, but weren’t necessarily brought up in the ___________________.
An _____ must have administrative procedures in place to bring peculiar actions to the attention of someone who can legitimately inquire into the appropriateness of such actions, and that person must actually make the inquiry.
In some scenarios, an __________________ would help a cybersecurity professional prioritize data protection — and then the cybersecurity professional would determine the best course of action for the data protection.
In any particular circumstance, some threats are more probable than others, and a _____ must assess the threats, assign a level of concern to each, and state a policy in terms of which threats are to be resisted.
_____ protection against unauthorized modification or destruction of information.
Over the last decade, we’ve seen a _________________ between cybersecurity and information security, as these previously siloed positions have come together.
Knowledge and understanding in human decision space.
The requirements for applications that are connected to _____ will differ from those for applications without such interconnection.
What jobs in information security is this? Salary: $95,510 Responsibilities: Information security analysts monitor their companies' computer networks to combat hackers and compile reports of security breaches.
A major conclusion of this report is that the lack of a clear _____ of security policy for general computing is a major impediment to improved security in computer systems.
_____ a variety of ongoing measures taken to reduce the likelihood and severity of accidental and intentional alteration, destruction, misappropriation, misuse, misconfiguration, unauthorized distribution, and unavailability of an organization’s logical and physical assets, as the result of action or inaction by insiders and known outsiders, such as business partners.”.
a data endowed with relevance and purpose.
Raw facts with an unknown coding system
_____ are the mechanisms and techniques—administrative, procedural, and technical—that are instituted to implement a security policy.
Disruptions in their day-to-day business: Time is money.
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