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Information Assurance and Security

Focuses on ensuring the availability, integrity, authentication, confidentiality, and non-repudiation of information and systems.

information security

information technology

roadmap security

security roles

data security

it security

regulatory compliance

personnel security

personal security

physical security

Always closely guard their personal effects when it comes to identity theft.

  • True
  • False

_____ the inherent technical features and functions that collectively contribute to an IT infrastructure achieving and sustaining confidentiality, integrity, availability, accountability, authenticity, and reliability.”

  • IT security
  • Blyth and Kovacich

Information and data manipulation abilities in cyberspace.

  • Noise
  • Information infrastructure

Accepted facts, principles, or rules of thumb that are useful for specific domains.

  • Knowledge
  • Unknowledge

To be useful, a _____ must not only state the security need (e.g., for confidentiality—that data shall be disclosed only to authorized individuals), but also address the range of circumstances under which that need must be met and the associated operating standards.

  • security policy
  • guard policy

Processed data

  • Information infrastructure
  • Information

_____ assurance that information is not disclosed to unauthorized persons.

  • Information
  • Confidentiality

______ involves the implementation of standard operational security procedures that define the nature and frequency of the interaction between users, systems, and system resources, the purpose.

  • Debra Herrmann
  • Operational security

A _____ that must be restored within an hour after disruption represents, and requires, a more demanding set of policies and controls than does a similar system that need not be restored for two to three days.

  • system
  • program

The Importance of Information Security

  • Feeling confident about their organization's security level
  • Feeling confident about their organization's security level
  • The need for skilled workers and allocation of funds for security within their budget
  • Disruptions in their day-to-day business

_____ is a nonhostile environment that may be protected from external hostile elements by physical, personnel, and procedural countermeasures.

  • Knowledge
  • Benign environment

First Reason why investing in information security is significant

  • Rising cost of breaches
  • Rising cost of breach

Raw facts with a known coding system

  • Information
  • Data

Computers are _____ entities, and programs can be changed in a twinkling, so that past happiness is no predictor of future bliss.

  • active
  • passive

In any particular circumstance, some threats are more probable than others, and a _____ must assess the threats, assign a level of concern to each, and state a policy in terms of which threats are to be resisted.

  • prudent policy setter
  • prudent policy getter

_____ is the study of how to protect your information assets from destruction, degradation, manipulation and exploitation. But also, how to recover should any of those happen.

  • Availability
  • Information Assurance

Disruptions in their day-to-day business: Time is money.

  • True
  • False

Method of reducing criminal opportunity.

  • Be alert and aware, Display confidence, Keep your hands free, Don't Trust your instincts, Ask for help, Closely Guard your personal Effects
  • Not alert and aware, Display confidence, Keep your hands free, Trust your instincts, Ask for help, Closely Guard your personal Effects
  • Be alert and aware, Display confidence, Keep your hands free, Trust your instincts, Ask for help, Closely Guard your personal Effects
  • Be alert and aware, Display no confidence, Keep your hands free, Trust your instincts, Ask for help, Closely Guard your personal Effects

_____ :controlling who gets to read information.

  • Confidentiality
  • Inconfidentiality

An _____ must have administrative procedures in place to bring peculiar actions to the attention of someone who can legitimately inquire into the appropriateness of such actions, and that person must actually make the inquiry.

  • organization
  • happy birthday

_____ may prevent people from doing unauthorized things but cannot prevent them from doing things that their job functions entitle them to do.

  • Technical measures
  • admin measures

While you are walking, keep your mind on what is going on around you.

  • True
  • False

A _____ is a concise statement, by those responsible for a system (e.g., senior management), of information values, protection responsibilities, and organizational commitment.

  • security policy
  • privacy policy

The need for skilled workers and allocation of funds for security within their budget: Companies are making the effort to allocate more funds in their budgets for security.

  • True
  • False

Criminals are constantly surveying the environment for an opportunity to commit crimes.

  • True
  • False

According to______, IA can be thought of as protecting information at three distinct levels.

  • enclave
  • Blyth and Kovacich

Data and data processing activities in physical space.

  • Operational security
  • Physical

_____ are the mechanisms and techniques—administrative, procedural, and technical—that are instituted to implement a security policy.

  • Management controls
  • Manger controls

Types of private security.

  • Technology, Private Alarm Response, Private Patrol Services, Private Security Guards
  • Technology, Private Alarm Response, Private Guard Patrol Services, Private Security Guards
  • Technology, Private Alarm Response, Private Patrol Services, Private Service Guards
  • Technology, Private Guard Alarm Response, Private Patrol Services, Private Security Guards

_____ security measures to establish the validity of a transmission, message, or originator.

  • Integrity
  • Authentication

As viruses have escalated from a hypothetical to a commonplace threat, it has become necessary to rethink such policies in regard to methods of distribution and acquisition of _____

  • software
  • hardware

The weight given to each of the three major requirements describing needs for information security—confidentiality, integrity, and availability—depends strongly on _____

  • circumstances
  • circle

What jobs in information security is this? Salary: $95,510 Responsibilities: Information security analysts monitor their companies' computer networks to combat hackers and compile reports of security breaches.

  • Information Security Analyst
  • Information Security

_____ is a requirement whose purpose is to keep sensitive information from being disclosed to unauthorized recipients.

  • Confidentiality
  • Confidentialities

For a _____ , the chief concern may be ensuring the confidentiality of classified information, whereas a funds transfer system may require strong integrity controls.

  • national defense system
  • international defense system

What jobs in information security is this? Salary: $139,000 Responsibilities: Information systems managers work toward ensuring a company's tech is capable of meeting their IT goals.

  • Computer and Information Systems Managers
  • Computer and Knowledge Systems Managers

The framework within which an organization strives to meet its needs for information security is codified as _____

  • security policy
  • terms of policy

What jobs in information security is this? Salary: $103,560 Responsibilities: Software developers can be tasked with a wide range of responsibilities that may include designing parts of computer programs and applications and designing how those pieces work together.

  • Software Developer
  • Software Engineer

Walk without purpose, scan the area around you and make casual eye contact with others to display confidence.

  • True
  • False

______ is a weakness or fault in a system that exposes information to attack.

  • Physical
  • Vulnerability

One can implement that policy by taking specific actions guided by management control principles and utilizing specific security standards, procedures, and _____

  • mechanisms
  • mechanisms time

a data endowed with relevance and purpose.

  • prudent policy setter
  • Information

_____ is a collection of computing environments connected by one or more internal networks under the control of a single authority and security policy, including personnel and physical security.

  • Vulnerability
  • enclave

_____ a variety of ongoing measures taken to reduce the likelihood and severity of accidental and intentional alteration, destruction, misappropriation, misuse, misconfiguration, unauthorized distribution, and unavailability of an organization’s logical and physical assets, as the result of action or inaction by insiders and known outsiders, such as business partners.”.

  • Physical security
  • Personnel security

Theft of personal items such as pursues can result in more criminal opportunities such as:

  • Identity Theft, Stolen Auto, Residential Burglary
  • Illegal Theft, Stolen Auto, Residential Burglary
  • Identity Stolen, Stolen Auto, Residential Burglary
  • Identity Auto, Stolen Auto, Residential Auto

With _____ attacks, for example, even legitimate and honest users of an owner mechanism can be tricked into disclosing secret data.

  • Trojan horse
  • Heran Questers

_____ :assuring that information and programs are changed only in a specified and authorized manner.

  • Integrity
  • Dignity

Raw facts with an unknown coding system

  • Benign environment
  • Noise

Carrying items makes you more vulnerable targets for criminals.

  • True
  • False

_____ protection against unauthorized modification or destruction of information.

  • Confidentiality
  • Integrity

_____ refers to the protection of hardware, software, and data against physical threats to reduce or prevent disruptions to operations and services and loss of assets.”.

  • Authentication
  • Physical security

If you feel vulnerable do not ask Police or Security to escort you to your car

  • True
  • False

An effective _____ controls is needed to cover all aspects of information security, including physical security, classification of information, the means of recovering from breaches of security, and above all training to instill awareness and acceptance by people.

  • program of management
  • display of management

Some _____ are explicitly concerned with protecting information and information systems, but the concept of management controls includes much more than a computer's specific role in enforcing security.

  • management controls
  • management controls system

_____ timely, reliable access to data and information services for authorized users.

  • Non-repudiation
  • Availability

According to _____, IA has four major categories: physical security personnel security IT security operational security.

  • Information Assurance
  • Debra Herrmann

Information is one of the most significant _____ resources

  • non-substantial
  • substantial

_____ : assuring that authorized users have continued access to information and resources.

  • Availability
  • Unavailability

List the Jobs in Information Security

  • Information Security Analyst
  • Software Developer
  • Computer Network Architects
  • Computer and Information Systems Managers
  • Computer and Information Systems Managers

Feeling confident about their organization's security level: When information security community members participated in the Cybersecurity Trends Report, they were asked how positive they felt about their security stance.

  • True
  • False

The requirements for applications that are connected to _____ will differ from those for applications without such interconnection.

  • external systems
  • internal systems

20 different risk markers grouped under five main categories

  • System , Medical, Political, Environmental and Infrastructural Risks
  • Security, Medical, Political, Island and Infrastructural Risks
  • Security, Government, Political, Environmental and Infrastructural Risks
  • Security, Medical, Political, Environmental and Infrastructural Risks

A major conclusion of this report is that the lack of a clear _____ of security policy for general computing is a major impediment to improved security in computer systems.

  • articulation
  • article

The _____ must be managed by auditing, backup, and recovery procedures supported by general alertness and creative responses.

  • residual risk
  • residual hazzard

______ for assets are one that has known threats.

  • Hostile environment
  • Friendly environment

Cybersecurity professionals traditionally understand the technology, firewalls, and intrusion protection systems needed, but weren’t necessarily brought up in the ___________________.

  • Information security professional
  • Data evaluation business

According to ______ taxonomy of information security, a computing environment is made up of five continuously interacting components

  • Hostile environment
  • Raggad’s

_____ assurance that the sender is provided with proof of a data delivery and recipient is provided with proof of the sender’s identity, so that neither can later deny having processed the data.

  • Personnel security
  • Non-repudiation

Fifth Reason why investing in information security is significant

  • Regulatory compliances
  • Regular compliances

Early disclosure may jeopardize _____ advantage, but disclosure just before the intended announcement may be insignificant.

  • competitive
  • recitation

What jobs in information security is this? Salary: $104,000 Responsibilities: Create an in-office network for a small business or a cloud infrastructure for a business with corporate locations in cities on opposite coasts.

  • Computer Network Architects
  • Computer Engineer Architects

Knowledge and understanding in human decision space.

  • Raggad’s
  • Perceptual

If your data is stored physically or digitally, you need to be sure you have all the right ____________________ in place to prevent unauthorized individuals from gaining access.

  • Perceptual
  • Physical access controls

In some scenarios, an __________________ would help a cybersecurity professional prioritize data protection — and then the cybersecurity professional would determine the best course of action for the data protection.

  • Cyber risk management
  • Information security professional

Over the last decade, we’ve seen a _________________ between cybersecurity and information security, as these previously siloed positions have come together.

  • Physical access controls
  • Fusion

Third Reason why investing in information security is significant

  • Proliferation of IoT devices
  • Proliferation of IT devices

Both individuals need to know what data is most critical to the organization so they can focus on placing the right ____________________ and monitoring controls on that data.

  • Fusion
  • Cyber risk management

If you have an intuitive feeling something is wrong, trust your instincts.

  • True
  • False
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