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The process of protecting an organization's data and assets against potential threats of the primary goals of these processes is to protect data availability.
Information and data manipulation abilities in cyberspace;
Security measures to establish the validity of a transmission, message, or originator.
The substantiation of the identity of a person or entity related to the enterprise or system in some way.
The ability to test and prove that the enterprise architecture has the security attributes required to uphold the stated security policies.
To affect the technical performance and the capability of physical systems, to disrupt the capabilities of the defender.
Involves the implementation of standard operational security procedures that define the nature and frequency of the interaction between users, systems, and system resources, the purpose of which is to.
Is a collection of all the trust mechanisms of a computer system which collectively enforce the policy.
Those units outside the scoped enterprise who will need to enhance their security architecture for interoperability purposes
True or False: Identify soft enterprise (units) - those who will see change to their capability and work with core units but are otherwise not directly affected
Information Assurance (IA) is the study of how to protect your information assets from destruction, degradation, manipulation and exploitation.
The ability of the enterprise to function without service interruption or depletion despite abnormal or malicious events.
Is it true or false. An additional risk occurs when personal information is stored in client accounts on commercial websites, which may become the target of cyber-attacks anytime, so stored data becomes vulnerable is some basic steps in storing personal data.
Are applicable to ensuring that security requirements are addressed in subsequent phases of the ADM
Is data endowed with relevance and purpose.
Type of Concept for Cybercrime
Security architecture composes its own discrete views and viewpoints.
True or False: Codified data/information asset ownership and custody
Risks not avoided or transferred are retained by the organization.
Development of the business scenarios and subsequent high-level use-cases of the project concerned will bring to attention the people actors and system actors involved. What phase is that?
Concept of Cybercrime
Risk Management Procedure consists of six steps.
True or False: Identify the security governance involved, including legal frameworks and geographies (enterprises)
After the first six phases, an attacker can act to achieve the goals. These actions typically consist of collecting information, modifying data integrity, or attacking the availability of services and devices, but the victim system can also be used as a starting point for infecting other systems or for expanding access to the local network.
Those who will see change to their capability and work with core units but are otherwise not directly affected
From the Baseline Security Architecture and the Enterprise Continuum, there will be existing security infrastructure and security building blocks that can be applied to the requirements derived from this architecture development engagement. What phase is that?
Security architecture introduces its own normative flows through systems and among applications.
Three Features of Security
True or False: Identify communities involved (enterprises) - those stakeholders who will be affected by security capabilities and who are in groups of communities
Is it true or false. Using encrypted versions of protocols when sensitive information is exchanged so as to ensure data confidentiality and prevent identity theft is some basic steps in storing personal data.
Availability:Assurance that the systems responsible for delivering, storing and processing information are accessible when needed, by those who need them.
Making a malware application (for example, a computer trojan) that, combined with an exploitable security breach, allows remote access. Moreover, PDF (Portable Document Format) files or Microsoft Office suite-specific files can be regarded as weapons available to the attacker;
Security architecture addresses non-normative flows through systems and among applications.
Is a process, not an end state
True or False: Business rules regarding handling of data/information assets
Physical attack and destruction, including: electromagnetic attack, visual spying, intrusion, scavenging and removal, wiretapping, interference, and eavesdropping.
ailure of the mechanism may destroy the basis for trust.
Is it true or false. The use of complex, unique, hard to guess or break passwords, consisting of numbers, upper/lower case letters and special characters is some basic steps in storing personal data.
Is it true or false. Encrypting all personal information when saved on different storage media is some basic steps in storing personal data.
Not performing an activity that would incur risk.
This ensures that internal networks are secure by protecting the infrastructure and inhibiting access to it.
Are applicable to ensuring that security requirements are addressed in subsequent phases of the ADM. What phase is that?
This is an assurance that the systems responsible for delivering, storing, and processing information are accessible when needed, by those who need them.
Usually an infected host must be accessible outside of the local network to establish a command and control channel between the victim and the attacker. Once this bidirectional communication has been made, an attacker has access inside the target environment and can usually control the activity by manually launching commands;
It should be: accurate, timely, complete, verifiable, consistent, available.
Once this bidirectional communication has been made, an attacker has access inside the target environment and can usually control the activity by manually launching commands;
Are the security features of a system that provide enforcement of a security policy.
Information security technical measures such as: encryption and key management, intrusion detection, anti-virus software, auditing, redundancy, firewalls, policies and standards.
Six Concept of CyberCrime
The infected file can be used by the self-execution facility to launch the malware code, or it can be executed by the user himself;
Data and data processing activities in physical space;
Shift the risk to someone else.
Cyber security, also referred to as information technology security, focuses on protecting computers, networks, programs and data from unintended or unauthorized access, change or destruction.
Security architecture introduces unique, single-purpose components in the design.
Is roughly equivalent to privacy
Infecting a victim system with a computer trojan, backdoor or other malware application of this type that ensures the attacker’s presence in the target environment;
Transmitting the weapon to the target environment.
Cyberspace is "the environment in which communication over computer networks occurs.“
Integrity is the most important character trait of Information Assurance.
Many security vulnerabilities originate as design or code errors and the simplest and least expensive method to locate and find such errors is generally an early review by experienced peers in the craft. What phase is that?
Revisit assumptions regarding interconnecting systems beyond project control, Identify and evaluate applicable recognized guidelines and standards and Identify methods to regulate consumption of resources. What phase is that?
Raw facts with a known coding system
The ability to provide forensic data attesting that the systems have been used in accordance with stated security policies.
True or False: Identify extended enterprise (units) - those units outside the scoped enterprise who will need to enhance their security architecture for interoperability purposes
Security architecture has its own discrete security methodology.
Assurance that information is not disclosed to unauthorized persons
Assurance that the information is authentic and complete.
Determine who are the legitimate actors who will interact with the product/service/process. What phase is that?
Changes in security standards are usually less disruptive since the trade-off for their adoption is based on the value of the change. However, standards changes can also be mandated. What phase is that?
Is a variety of ongoing measures taken to reduce the likelihood and severity of accidental and intentional alteration, destruction, misappropriation, misuse, misconfiguration, unauthorized distribution, and unavailability of an organization’s logical and physical assets, as the result of action or inaction by insiders and known outsiders, such as business partners.”
True or False: Data classification policy documentation
IA is a special subject under Information Technology program.
Accepted facts, principles, or rules of thumb that are useful for specific domains.
Protection against unauthorized modification or destruction of information
Converting data into information thus requires knowledge
Is the study of how to protect your information assets from destruction, degradation, manipulation and exploitation.
Availability: Availability of information refers to ensuring that authorized parties are able to access the information when needed
Assess the impact of new security measures upon other new components or existing leveraged systems. What phase is that?
Negotiations are much more accessible over networks, causing the adoption of security measures during the development phase to be an imperative phase of the project.
Research, target identification and selection: it may be looking for e-mail addresses, social relationships, or data about a particular technology, information displayed on various websites;
Seven Stages of lifecycle model
Changes in security requirements are often more disruptive than a simplification or incremental change. Changes in security policy can be driven by statute, regulation, or something that has gone wrong. What phase is that?
Is a generic term that implies a mechanism in place to provide a basis for confidence in the reliability/security of the system.
Identify existing security services available for re-use
Timely, reliable access to data and information services for authorized users;
Is it true or false. Storage the minimum required data online and maximum discretion in providing them to a third party (users, companies) is some basic steps in storing personal data.
True or False: Written and published security policy
Acronym for TCB?
Acceptance, avoidance, mitigation, transfer—are with respect to a specific risk for a specific pary.
The protection of information assets from loss or unintended disclosure, and resources from unauthorized and unintended use.
Physical security consist in the closure of IT equipment in a dedicated space and the provision of access control.
As the volume and sophistication of cyber attacks grow, companies and organizations need to take steps to protect their sensitive business and personnel information.
Assurance that the sender is provided with proof of a data delivery and recipient is provided with proof of the sender’s identity, so that neither can later deny having processed the data.
These are constantly creating and implementing new security tools to help enterprise users better secure their data.
Four Security Domains
Security architecture calls for its own unique set of skills and competencies of the enterprise and IT architects.
What are the steps in intrusion model?
After the weapon is delivered to the victim, follows the targeting of an application or vulnerability of the operating system. The infected file can be used by the self-execution facility to launch the malware code, or it can be executed by the user himself;
Those who are most affected and achieve most value from the security work
Every system will rely upon resources that may be depleted in cases that may or may not be anticipated at the point of system design. What phase is that?
Is the process of maintaining an acceptable level of perceived risk
Identify existing security services available for re-use. What phase is that?
Assess and baseline current security-specific technologies. What phase is that?
Taking actions to reduce the losses due to a risk; many technical countermeasures fall into this category.
Assurance that information is shared only among authorized persons or organizations.
The main ways of transport are e-mails (attachment of infected files), web platforms (running malware scripts), or removable USB memories;
IA takes steps to maintain integrity, such as having anti-virus software in place so that data will not be altered or destroyed, and having policies in place.
True or False: Identify core enterprise (units) - those who are most affected and achieve most value from the security work
Is the inherent technical features and functions that collectively contribute to an IT infrastructure achieving and sustaining confidentiality, integrity, availability, accountability, authenticity, and reliability.”
True or False: Risk analysis documentation
Logical security consists in software that are necessary to control the access to information and services of a system. The logical level is divided into two categories: access security level and service security level.
Refers to the protection of hardware, software, and data against physical threats to reduce or prevent disruptions to operations and services and loss of assets.”
In information security, data integrity means maintaining and assuring the accuracy and consistency of data over its entire life-cycle.
Establish architecture artifact, design, and code reviews and define acceptance criteria for the successful implementation of the findings. What phase is that?
Assess and baseline current security-specific architecture elements. What phase is that?
A full inventory of architecture elements that implement security services must be compiled in preparation for a gap analysis. What phase is that?
Is a measure of confidence that the security features, practices, procedures, and architecture of a system accurately mediates and enforces the security policy.
Those stakeholders who will be affected by security capabilities and who are in groups of communities
Consists of employees, former employees and contractors.
In a phased implementation the new security components are usually part of the infrastructure in which the new system is implemented. The security infrastructure needs to be in a first or early phase to properly support the project. What phase is that?
Definition of relevant stakeholders and discovery of their concerns and objectives will require development of a high-level scenario. What phase is that?
The organization's attitude and tolerance for risk.
Raw facts with an unknown coding system
Is the process by which an asset is managed from its arrival or creation to its termination or destruction.
Three distinct levels:
The ability to add and change security policies, add or change how policies are implemented in the enterprise, and add or change the persons or entities related to the systems.
Actions taken that protect and defend information and information systems by ensuring their availability, integrity, authentication, confidentiality and non-repudiation
Cybersecurity is the collection of tools, policies, security concepts, security safeguards, guidelines, risk management approaches, actions, training, best practices, assurance and technologies that can be used to protect the cyber environment and organization and user’s assets.
These actions typically consist of collecting information, modifying data integrity, or attacking the availability of services and devices, but the victim system can also be used as a starting point for infecting other systems or for expanding access to the local network.
The following security specifics appropriate to the security architecture must be addressed within each phase in addition to the generic phase activities. What phase is that?
Four Security Domain
The definition and enforcement of permitted capabilities for a person or entity whose identity has been established.
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