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Teaching Social Studies in Elementary Grades: Culture and Geography

It Equips educators with strategies and resources to teach cultural diversity and geography concepts to young learners effectively.


social studies











global awareness



Benigno Aquino III is the __ President of the Philippines in June 2010.

  • 15th

__ is characterized by their natural features, geological and physiographic, while the size of our oceanic waters reaches up to 1.93 million square kilometer

  • Natural heritage


  • They reside in the mountainous interior region of Basilan Island.

__ is a Chinese Filipino businessman and the founder of SM Group and chairman of SM Prime Holdings, the largest retailer and shopping mall operator in the Philippines.

  • Henry Sy

The Spaniards tried to establish theocratic rule over the islands but failed to subdue the Muslims, __, and other aboriginal communities.

  • Igorots


  • People that are traditionally an agrarian in society.

Pinakbet is a vegetable stew that usually consists of eggplant, string beans, okra, bitter melon and squash and it is usually flavored with bagoong.

  • True
  • False

The bolo knife a tool used for clearing jungle brush and for various agricultural purposes.

  • True
  • False

Filipino wooden slippers also known as "Bakya".

  • True
  • False

What article states that the national language of the Philippines is Filipino?

  • Article XIV, Section 6

Lumad is a Cebuano term meaning “native” or “indigenous”.

  • True
  • False

The design of the UST building is in the Renaissance Revival style.

  • True
  • False

What article in the 1987 Constitution state the definition of the Philippines’ national language?

  • Sections 6 and 7 of Article XIV

__ was a prominent Filipino historian, literary critic, artist, scholar, civil servant and patriot.

  • Epifanio de los Santos

In the Philippines there are 75 indigenous tongues, including eight major ones, are spoken. The official one is Tagalog.

  • True
  • False

The Igorots became a "cultural minority" on account of __-years of resistance against foreign aggression.

  • 350

Fe del Mundo improvise the medical incubator.

  • True
  • False

Awit is a secular literature that is metrical tale written in octosyllabic quatrains.

  • True
  • False


  • Polygyny (having more than one wife at a time) is common, and is allowed according to a man's wealth.

Philippine forests comes in various forms, most of which are populated by __ , a considerable source of lumber.

  • dipterocarps

Sinigang refers to a soup soured by a sour fruit or leaf. It can be pork, beef, salmon or shrimp cooked in a broth with vegetables.

  • True
  • False

The ideal of a multicultural democratic society is often celebrated today with a clear understanding of the difficulties or problems its realization entails.

  • True
  • False

Philippine General Hospital was designed by architect William E. Parsons and was completed in 1911.

  • True
  • False

Most Filipino dishes are named for cooking techniques and not specific ingredients or dishes.

  • True
  • False

The __ had a total land area of about 64,000 hectares,

  • Mount Apo Natural Park

__ in the Philippines is considered as one of the biggest holidays in the archipelago.

  • Christmas

Director __ along with his partners win the 62nd Cannes film festival Best Director plum in 2009, the first Filipino to win the award.

  • Brillante Mendoza

E-Jeepneys are noiseless and smokeless, it uses electricity than diesel.

  • True
  • False

Mount Kitangland was declared a Protected Area through Republic Act No. __ in 2000.

  • 8978

Serenading or Harana

  • Most popular forms of courtship to show that a man is very serious with his intentions to a woman.

Bahay kubo comes from the Filipino language, translating to “house cube”.

  • True
  • False

The flat gong commonly known as __ and played by indigenous groups in the Cordillera region of Northern Philippines

  • gangsa

Close Family Ties

  • The family takes care of each other and are taught to be loyal to family and elders by simply obeying their authorities.

Kubing is made of bamboo and about 25 cm long.

  • True
  • False

Mount Hamiguitan Range Wildlife Sanctuary Located in the __ Biodiversity Corridor.

  • Eastern Mindanao

Mount hibok hibok covers more than 2,000-hectare area which also includes Mount Mambajao, which has __ as its highest peak, and Mount Catarman.

  • Mount Timpoon

Malacañang Palace was originally the summer statehouse of Spanish noble Don Luis Rocha.

  • True
  • False

Manila City Hall was designed by architect Antonio Toledo and was built in 1949.

  • True
  • False

A ceremonial mass is held at the end of this __ period.

  • 40-day

Superstitious Beliefs

  • Beliefs have come from the different sayings and beliefs of our ancestors that aim to prevent danger

Malacañang Palace the official residence of the Philippine president.

  • True
  • False

Mount Makiling hosts the Makiling Botanical Garden, the National Arts Center, and the __ on its slopes.

  • Makiling-Banahaw Geothermal Plant

Philippines provides shelter to __ species of flora and fauna.

  • 52,177

What act established the Institute of National Language (INL) in 1936?

  • Commonwealth Act 184

__ was the 11th President of the Philippines and the first woman to hold that office in Philippine history.

  • Corazon Aquino

__ was in the south-western part of the Philippine Archipelago on the mid-western coast of Palawan.

  • [No Answer]

Filipino cuisine encourages the use of sawsawan or dipping sauces.

  • True
  • False

Filipinos devetion to touch the __ (in Quiapo Manila) has been part of the Filipino culture.

  • Black Nazarene

Rice terraces is developed __ years ago by the Ifugao people

  • 2000

Ferdinand Marcos was the tenth President of the Philippines from __ to __

  • 1965, 1986

__ was a Filipino polymath, patriot and the most prominent advocate for reforms in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial era.

  • Jose Rizal

Mano Po

  • When children or young people greet or say goodbye to their elders.

__ is a Filipino singer and actress. She is best known for her musical role Kim in Miss Saigon.

  • Lea Salonga


  • One of the tribal groups, they inhabit the six provinces of Abra, Apayao,Benguet, Kalinga, Ifugao, and Mountain Province; plus the lone city of Baguio.

Minorities are typically assimilated and absorbed in the mainstream culture, their own cultures forgotten, trapped in the recesses of the rich historical past we typically romanticize.

  • True
  • False

Gunong is the most famous Moro weapon.

  • True
  • False

Joseph Estrada was the 13th President of the Philippines, serving from __ until __

  • 1998, 2001

The Makiling Forest Reserve was established in 1910, and then declared as a National Botanic Garden in __ .

  • 1920

A policy of multiculturalism was devised and applied in order to disintegrate former cohesive groups, foster antagonisms between and among their members, and prevent any sense of national unity that would challenge colonial rule.

  • True
  • False

The MNLF was persuaded to accept a limited form of regional autonomy in __.

  • September 1996

Fiestas in the Philippines are held to celebrate a __.

  • Patron Saint

The Philippine start Christmas season as early as __.

  • September

Mestizos make up 2 percent of the population but garner 55 percent of the personal income.

  • True
  • False

What type of folk song is the 7-syllable per line poem that are about human relationships and social entertainment?

  • Ambahan

Malacañang in the vernacular means “May lakan diyan” or “There lives a noble man.”

  • True
  • False

Calvo building was built in 1938 in the Beaux-Arts style by Fernando H. Ocampo.

  • True
  • False

Balisong is a folding pocket knife with two handles counter-rotating around the tang.

  • True
  • False

__ is a covenant between two who love each other in God and with God.

  • Sacred marriage

Brillante Mendoza was also named the recipient of __ by the French Minister of Culture.

  • the Knight of the Order of Arts and Letters

__ has been called “the greatest living player in the world” by his peers and “the best one pocket player of all time” in the field of billiard.

  • Efren “Bata” Reyes

Charice Pempengco is a Filipina recording artist who rose to popularity through

  • Youtube

Gloria Macapagal Arroyo served as the __ President of the Philippines from 2001 to 2010.

  • 14th

Family Reunions

  • During secular and religious holidays such as Christmas and New Year’s eve, all family members gather to see each other.

The __ is the main festival held each year on the third Sunday of January in Cebu City to honor the Santo Niño.

  • Sinulog

Okir or okkil refers to the ranfe of folk motifs, usually of plants and geometric form that are prominent in Maranao art work.

  • True
  • False

The Moros

  • Consist of various ethnolinguistic groups in southern and western Mindanao who have a similar ancestry to other lowland Filipinos, but whose religion is Islam.

The MNLF of leader was __.

  • Nur Misuari

Jaclyn Jose is the Filipino actress won the Best Actress award at the __ – a first for the country.

  • Cannes Film Festival

What article removed English and Spanish as official languages of the Philippines?

  • Article IX, Section 2 of the 1943 Constitution

Living with Parents

  • Adult children living with their parents are another Filipino traditional, many Filipinos continue living with parents until they get married.


  • The generic name for the eight indigenous groups found in the Philippine Island of Mindoro.

Tausug are the second group in the archipelago to be converted to Islam.

  • True
  • False

The Igorots are known for being industrious, honest, and faithful to their ancestors.

  • True
  • False

In the case of first world societies in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, colonialism introduced a politics of difference that multiplied boundaries.

  • True
  • False

Most Filipino dishes are a combination of salty, sour, sweet and bitter.

  • True
  • False

The __ is one of two predominantly Roman Catholic nations in Asia-Pacific.

  • Philippines

The fight between christian and muslim that started in spanish colonization up American established a present conflicts in __ and politics.

  • economic

What is a form of folk lyric which expresses the hopes and aspirations, the people's lifestyles as well as their loves?

  • Folk song

Efren "Bata" Reyes is __ -time world champion and the most successful tournament player in Derby City Classic history, a five-time overall champion.

  • two

__ is a sacred union of man and women after a period of courtship and engagement.

  • Marriage

Balikbayan Box

  • A box of items sent by the balikbayan to their family in the Philippines. The box can be sent or it can be brought by the sender when they themselves return to the Philippines.

The word Moro in English means 'mor'

  • True
  • False

Philippine __ are the first and only two-time champions in the European Grand Prix for Choral Singing (1997, and 2007).

  • Madrigal Singers

Puerto-princesa underground river was comprise an area of approximately 22,202 ha, contains an __ long underground river.

  • 8.2km

Religious Literature are religious lyrics written by ladino poets or those versed in both Spanish and Tagalog were included in early catechism and were used to teach Filipinos the Spanish language.

  • True
  • False

__ is the first and only Asian singer in history to land in the Top 10 of the Billboard 200 album charts.

  • Charice Pempengco

Aeta, Ati or Negritos

  • Indigenous people that lived in scattered, isolated mountainous parts of Luzon, Philippines.

The Mount Kitanglad Range Natural Park had a total land area of 47,270 hectares, is located in __ in the province of Bukidnon in Region 10.

  • northern mindanao

A few landowners have acquired massive wealth, while almost three quarters of the population of 45 million live in direst poverty, unable to satisfy basic needs.

  • True
  • False

Multiculturalism is based on a construction of community through a celebration and fossilization of differences.

  • True
  • False

The Philippine General Hospital is a fine example of Filipino-American architecture.

  • True
  • False

The bantustan phenomenon is the index of such segregation in both public and private domains.

  • True
  • False

The tubbataha reef ecosystems support over __ of coral and almost 500 species of fish.

  • 350

Mount Hamiguitan is estimated to have __ different species of plants and animals, 341 of which can only be found in the Philippines, and 12 of which are found only at Mount Hamiguitan.

  • 1,380

__ refers to a racked gong chime instrument played in the southern islands of the Philippines, along with its varied accompanying ensembles

  • Kulintang

In Bukidnon, most marriages are monogamous.

  • True
  • False

__ believes that the ideal of multiculturalism is consonant with equality of opportunity, a basic democratic principle, when a society is unified in the public domain but at the same time encourages

  • John Rex
  • diversity in private or communal matters.

Cultural minorities are led to marginalization through corroborative state-sponsored mechanisms.

  • True
  • False

President Corazon Aquino enacted into law by Executive Order No. __, which required FM radio stations to play locally-produced songs (i.e. OPM) on an hourly basis.

  • 255

What article directed to create the National Assembly to “take steps toward the development and adoption of a common national language based on one of the existing native languages.”?

  • Article XIII, Section 3 of the 1935 Constitution

Allan Pineda Lindo, popularly known as, became known for being a member of the Grammy award-winning American group

  • The Black Eyed Peas

What type of folk tale explain how the world was created, how certain animals possess certain characteristics, why some places have waterfalls, volcanoes, mountains, flora or fauna?

  • Myth

Manny Pacquiao, is a Filipino professional boxer and politician. He is an __ -division world champion.

  • eight

One of the eight indigenous group in mangyan Samal.

  • True
  • False

Panagbenga, it is a Kankanaey word meaning __.

  • blooming

Yoyo was used by the natives 400 years ago as a combat weapon against Spaniards and intruders.

  • True
  • False

In the Philippines, Francis M and __ are cited as the most influential rappers in the country.

  • Andrew E.

Batchoy is one of the Philippines’ most popular noodle soup dishes that features egg noodles, beef and pork meat, liver, marrow and intestines, in a pork and beef broth with a hint of guinamos (shrimp paste).

  • True
  • False

__ was a Philippine Senator, Governor of Tarlac, and an opposition leader against President Ferdinand Marcos.

  • Benigno Aquino, Jr.

Philippine Rice Terraces in __ are outstanding because of their altitude (up to 1500 meters) and steep slopes (maximum of 70 degrees).

  • [No Answer]

Jose Garcia Villa earned the international title “Poet of the Century”.

  • True
  • False

The main television outlets for music videos in the Philippines are the music-centered networks MTV Philippines, Channel V Philippines, and __.

  • MYX

The UST was established through the initiative of Bishop Miguel de Benavides, O.P., third Archbishop of Manila. On July 29, 1605.

  • True
  • False

In __, the U.S. devised the Organic Act for the Moro provinces which provided for a measure of local autonomy except in the area of customs and forest revenues.

  • June 1907

The __ (meaning loving or affectionate one) is a Philippine national dance.

  • Cariñosa


  • They are composed of 18 ethonolinguistic groups.

Jaclyn Jose lead role in Brillante Mendoza’s film __ She played a mother forced to sell drugs to support her children.

  • Ma’ Rosa

Ibaloi language is closely related to the Pangasinan language.

  • True
  • False

A __ of relatives is an opportunity to strengthen ties in the Family.

  • death

The two main unifying features of the Philippine formation are the racial type (Mongoloid) and the __ language family.

  • Austronesian


  • They are the graceful "people of the lake", living on the northern edge of Lake Lanao.

Lechon refers to the method of cooking meat on a spit over an open flame, so it can refer to a whole pig or just the belly, calf, goat or even chicken.

  • True
  • False

Aetas or Negritos are believed to be the earliest inhabitants of the Philippines, preceding the Austronesian migrations.

  • True
  • False

What is the battle of wits among participants?

  • Riddles

__ period of having a novena of prayers and Masses offered up to the deceased is held.

  • Nine-day

Mount Apo Natural Park was declared a Protected Are a and a component of the National Protected Areas System under Republic Act No. __ in 2003.

  • 9237

Tubbataha reef was the first-ever national marine park to be declared in the country after it was established in 1988 by __.

  • President Corazon Aquino

Napoleon Abueva make the Allegorical Harpoon.

  • True
  • False

Write CORRECT if the statement is true and INCORRECT otherwise.


Yakan people are known as fierce warriors and primary farmers.

  • True
  • False

What is a mono-riming heptasyllabic quatrain expressing insights and lessons on life?

  • Tanaga

Rap music released in the Philippines has appeared in different languages such as Tagalog, __, Cebuano, Ilocano and English.

  • Chavacano

Eating with Hands (Kamayan)

  • A style of eating the food without the use of utensils, just bare hands.

Matching type

  • During secular and religious holidays such as Christmas and New Year’s eve, all family members gather to see each other.

The Manila City Hall was one of the key government buildings constructed during the Japanese regime.

  • True
  • False

Mount hibok hibok is located in __ .

  • Camiguin

The United States, based not on a tributary but capitalist mode of production, applied a dual policy of __ and diplomacy.

  • violence


  • The spirit of communal unity or effort to achieve a particular objective.

The country houses an estimated 7,620 species of plants, __ of which are endemic.

  • 5,832


  • Foreign visitors in the country are treated with the utmost respect.


  • Traditionally, sailors, pearl divers and traders, their ancestral homelands in the Sulu Archipelago.

U.S. colonial rule established the __ in 1901 to integrate ethnic minorities into the polity.

  • Bureau of Non-Christian Tribes